Awarded: April 2000
(b. Sept. 18, 1951)
After graduating with honors from high school, Benjamin Solomon Carson was accepted to Yale on a scholarship. There he developed a strong interest in the functioning of the brain and decided to become a physician. He went to medical school at the University of Michigan, specializing in neurosurgery. At the age of 32, he became Director of Pediatric Neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Md., where he still practices today. In 1987, Carson achieved world-wide notice for performing a remarkable medical feat. After a 22 hour operation, he and a 70-person medical team successfully separated Siamese twins who had been joined since birth at the back of their heads.