Philip Alston is Professor of International Law at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy and co-Director of the Academy of European Law. Prior to his current position, he held teaching positions at the Australian National University and several law schools in the United States. In 2000 Alston will be a Visiting Professor at that Global Law School, New York University. He was appointed as an independent expert by the UN Secretary General to report on measures to ensure long-term effectiveness of the UN treaty bodies and he chaired the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights for eight years (1991-98). He has been a consultant to several United Nations agencies and other international organizations, among them, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), International Labor Organization (ILO), Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Alston serves on the editorial or advisory boards of numerous journals and he is editor of the European Journal of International Law.