Ruth Bader Ginsburg was nominated by President Clinton as Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court in June 1993 and took the oath of office on August 10, 1993. She served from 1980 to 1993 on the bench of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. From 1972 to 1980, Justice Ginsburg was a professor at Columbia University School of Law. She has taught at several law schools both in the U.S. and abroad and in 1978 she was a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in Stanford, California. In addition to her earned LL.B. (J.D.) degree from Columbia Law School, Justice Ginsburg has been awarded honorary degrees from 21 colleges and universities.
In 1971, then-Professor Ginsburg was instrumental in launching the Women's Rights Project of the American Civil Liberties Union. Throughout the 1970s she litigated a series of cases solidifying a constitutional principle against gender-based discrimination. Her bar association activities have included service on the Board of Editors of the American Bar Association Journal, and as Secretary, Board member, and Executive Committee member of the American Bar Foundation. Justice Ginsburg served on the Council of Foreign Relations and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She has written widely in the areas of civil procedure, conflict of laws, constitutional law, and comparative law.