Inder Kumar Gujral served as Prime Minister of India from 1997 to 1998. He was India's Minister of External Affairs in 1989-90 and again in 1996-97. Gujral participated in India's struggle for independence from Great Britain and was jailed in 1942 during the "Quit India" Movement. He was an alternate leader of the Indian delegation to the UNESCO sessions in 1970, 1972, and 1974 and was a member of the Indian delegation to the U.N. session on the environment in Stockholm in 1974. He served as a special envoy to several nations in Africa, and to Bulgaria and was the accompanying Minister to Presidents of India during state visits to Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Egypt and Sudan. He was Union Minister of State in Indira Gandhi's cabinet. As Prime Minister, Gujral held 8 ministerial portfolios. Gujral's academic degrees include an M.A., B.Com., Ph.D. and D.Litt. Among his many honorary positions has been Chancellor of Vishva Bharati University and of Maulana Azad National Urdu University.