Fali Sam Nariman is a Member of the Indian Parliament (Rajya Sabha). He is also Senior Advocate of the Supreme Court of India and has practiced law for 47 years. He has been the President of the Bar Association of India since 1991. Since October 1994 he has served as President of the International Council for Commercial Arbitration (ICCA); and Vice-Chairman of the Internal Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) in Paris since 1989. He has served as a member of the London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA) since 1988. Mr. Nariman is widely respected for his expertise in constitutional law, international law, human rights and international arbitration. His many distinguished former positions include Chairman, Executive Committee of the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), Geneva ,1995-97, and President of the Law Association for Asia and the Pacific (LAWASIA), 1985-87. He was Additional Solicitor-General of India from May 1972 to June 1975, and resigned his office the day after the proclamation of the Internal Emergency of June 26, 1975. In January 1991 the President of India awarded him the Padma Bhushan, India's second-highest Civil Honor, in recognition of his distinguished service in the field of jurisprudence. No more than four or five people receive this award in any single year.