The RCCD chief oversees the activities of the Library's inter-divisional Bibliographic Enrichment Advisory Team (BEAT), which is responsible for initiating research and development projects to increase the value to users and end-users of cataloging products. The hallmarks of the BEAT efforts are to investigate and test new approaches to bibliographic access that transcend the normal and to do so by bringing together teams involving public, technical, and automation staff.
The subject of external links was one of intense debate this year, but convinced of their utility the team continues to work with H-NET to provide these links from the catalog record. During the year various issues such as multiple or problem links were resolved or corrected and with this project BEAT dramatically expands access to information about these books, facilitating access to additional information detailed in the reviews and though the searching made possible both at H-NET as well as through links BEAT simultaneously provides to the LC Online Catalog.
In FY 2004 new links were made to 1,022 items, keeping within the projected range of 1,000 links to reviews per year.
Additional information about H-Net Reviews may be viewed by following the link here.
Additional information regarding all of the ONIX projects is available from links provided on the BEAT main page at http://www.loc.gov/catdir/beat/beat.html
Samples themselves might consist of such things as a first chapter, book jacket illustration, images, etc. - - information that readers or prospective users of a book would find of interest. This project makes links from LC catalog records to copies of these sample texts, which with the publisher's permission have been stored at the Library to insure long-term availability. This project now has over 16,500 samples available.
With more than 100,000 descriptions now available, LC researchers can access and view publishers' descriptions of books fro which BEAT has received such records. The LC cataloging record carries a hot link to the description, thus extending the information about an item that can be provided to the reader.
In this still experimental project, BEAT provides links to publishers' discussion guidelines or topics for book groups for which the information is not on LC's Web server as it is with the Table of Contents and Publishers Description projects. Thus, these bibliographic records will be closely monitored by BEAT to determine the reliability of the URLs involved. To date, 44 of these guides have been made
The original of the ONIX projects now in place, the initiative utilizes the data to create Table of Contents (TOC) records that the Library makes available on the Web. Hyper-links are made from this TOC data to the catalog record, and the reverse, thus allowing researchers to move from or to the Library's online catalog where they can make additional searches for related or other material. A catalog record with a related TOC file retrieved in an online search has the hot-link to the TOC displayed on screen. In FY04 5,816 ONIX TOC links were created.
LC often receives a number of dust jacket images along with data utilized in the ONIX TOC and ONIX Descriptions projects. As the provision of the dust jacket image further enriches the information about an item for the researcher, BEAT intends to add links for such data through its dust jacket initiative. The project will begin by linking to some 2,300 images currently on-hand.
ONIX data often includes information about contributors, and BEAT has undertaken a biographical information initiative that makes this information available to researchers. The information is being linked from the catalog record to data stored on the Web. This allows Web users to encounter the information and in turn access the underlying catalog record as well as utilize the consequent access to the LC catalog and to identify related items therein.
To date more than 12,600 files have been created and linked to the catalog record where the contributor was represented
This year saw a dramatic re-introduction of an idea that the AOC fist demonstrated in 2002: the use of electronic source material to create E-CIP TOC on the web. In the earliest iteration approximately 150 E-CIP TOC were created but after that point source files were no longer available to the project. At the start of Fiscal Year 2004, a way was found a way to provide the project with this data, and it began again in earnest.
Using a program written by the AOC in RCCD, a BEAT Team member, source files are received from CIP division. The programs convert the source files into HTML-encapsulated text files and those are in turn placed on the Library's Web server. Overnight, the 'batch cat process is run to add data in the MARC catalog record, resulting in reciprocal links being made between the web- based TOC and the LC local catalog. In its first year of full-scale production approximately 35,000 E-CIP TOC were created, and the RCCD AOC recently handed-off the responsibility for production to the CIP division
In a second aspect of the E-CIP TOC initiative, publishers send the Library electronic versions of their publications and as part of the cataloging process staff are being encouraged to incorporate TOC information within the body of the catalog record. At the end of the Fiscal Year,10,490 E- CIPs had received TOC treatment, which represents 36% of all E-CIP materials received by the Library.
Many social science monographic series of the "working paper/ discussion paper" type are now available in electronic form. One of the major components of this project determines which, from among the titles LC has (of those within scope for the project) are available in electronic form and adds the URLs to the LC serial records for these series. To date, this project has resulted in links to the electronic versions of 245 monographic series, of which 40% were previously not represented in the LC catalog. A second major facet is the creation of electronic serial records for a number monographic series that have not been represented in LC's catalogs, and in turn has led to the creation of electronic resource records for the individual monographs within those selected series. By way of example, 521 monographs have appeared in just one series alone, as in the Federal Reserve Board's Finance and economic discussion series In turn, this operation has led to yet another contribution: the creation of electronic resource records for the individual monographs within selected series.
The Library has a Web page on Technical Reports and Working Papers in Business and Economics at http://www.loc.gov/rr/business/techreps/techrepshome.php providing brief information on the organizations creating these working papers and reports, and offering an additional access point for researchers to both the electronic versions as well as links to the print versions of these publications at the Library of Congress.
By harvesting bibliographic data directly from the series issuer's web site it is possible to provide access to the abstracts and full electronic texts of the monographs as soon as they are published. In that way access is provided to high research value monographic series that have not been represented in the LC catalogs, thereby opening up a rich, new source of information for researchers who may now access electronic versions of these items.
A third related aspect, often described as a separate BEAT project, is providing significantly improved access to pre-1970 Congressional hearings, resulting in improved service to the Congress, centralized availability of information now widely dispersed throughout the Library's collections, modernization and uniformity of catalog formats for the hearings, and addition or inclusion of other information, such as the existence and location of alternate data sources. Approximately 6,500 hearings have been identified.
The project has also improved the timeliness and consistency of the classification of Congressional hearings by facilitating the addition to the LC Classification Web of classification cutter numbers for all Congressional Committees and subcommittees. The availability of this data has allowed novices, with little cataloging experience to process the hearings efficiently and also permitted the reduction of a sizeable arrearage. An additional benefit was the compilation of the most complete list of Congressional committees and subcommittees to date.
More information about the Pre-1970 Congressional Hearings initiative is provided at http://www.loc.gov/catdir/beat/pre1970.hearings.html and information concerning web access to publications in series, as well as its other related projects may be linked by going directly to http://www.loc.gov/catdir/beat/web.series.html
More information about this project can be found at http://www.loc.gov/catdir/beat/webcat.html
There were two additions to this project during the year.
Links were made to the Harvard University Library Open Collections Program's Women Working 1870-1930, where 214 titles were identified and linked from the Library's collections. The Harvard Open Collections Program aims to "to increase the availability and use of historical resources for teaching, learning, and research by digitizing selected resources in broad topic areas and providing access to them through the World Wide Web and the Harvard Library catalogs," and Women Working 1870-1930 provides access to digitized books and other materials on the topic of women in the U.S. economy from 1870-1930.
Links to 379 items from the Library's collections to The California Digital Library's eScholarship texts have been made publicly available. The texts to which we were granted permission to link are predominantly recent imprints and current scholarship materials, whereas prior Public Domain projects were for retrospective material primarily of historical value.
In the BEAT project, links to these digitized materials in the public domain are made for items in the LC collections that meet requirements insuring that LC editions match the digitized items, thus insuring that the print version at LC is an exact match with electronic version available remotely. Information and updates to the project are found at http://www.loc.gov/catdir/beat/pub.domain.html
BECITES+(Bibliographies plus: Enhanced Citations with Indexes, Tables of contents, Electronic resources and Sources cited) not only enhances staff-produced bibliographies by creating and then adding links to their respective tables of contents, indexes, and sources cited, but also creates enhanced electronic "webliographies" of these earlier publications, replete with new additional references to electronic resources on these topics that serve to supplement the material contained in the original publications. And, in an initiative that only began in 2002, the project is also scanning and OCR'ing of the full text of heavily used but out-of-print guides and related publications prepared by LC staff. Particular emphasis is placed on publications identifying Library resources not easily identified in the Library's online catalog or on out-of-print publications that describe Library collections or activities that continue to be in high demand. In that vein, the project has just made available the full text of eight publications originally issued by the Center for the Book at the Library. Long out of print, but still in high demand, these publications detail the history and activities of the Center.
Completed "webliographies" include
In addition, two digitized publications have also been completed:
A list of the enhanced bibliographies as well as digitized LC publications are available at the BeCites+ web address: http://www.loc.gov/rr/business/guide/
|Project||FY04||Total to date|
|ONIX Contributor Information||N/A||12,675|
|ONIX Publishers' Descriptions||51,791||109,279|
|ONIX Sample Texts||9,223||16,741|
|Web Access to Works in Public Domain||593||2,626|
|E-CIP TOC (TOC Web-linked)||35,819||35,819|
|E-CIP TOC (TOC in record)||10,490||28,639|
|Web Access to Publications in Series||N/A||24,000 (links to monographs)|
|Web page hits on all TOC projects||N/A||3,600,000|
This page last updated October 18, 2004