Online Newsletter of the Cataloging Directorate, Library of Congress

Volume 3, no. 8, ISSN 1066-8829, July 1995

LC-Cooperative Cataloging Discussion Group at ALA
Task Group on the Core Record for Audiovisual Materials
Series Institute
Crimea '95
Dewey Home Page and Internet Address
Format Integration '95
International Society for Knowledge Organization
Class R: Medicine
America Preserved


Sarah Thomas, LC's acting director for Public Service and Collection Management I and Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) Executive Council chair, welcomed the audience, which included over 200 PCC participants and guests. She gave an update on the program, including the announcement that the PCC will soon call for volunteers to serve as BIBCO trainers and to attend the Training-the-BIBCO-Trainer session at the Library of Congress in September 1995. BIBCO is the PCC program for the contribution of bibliographic records. These trainers will provide BIBCO training to the first round of NACO libraries to implement the PCC core record. The Executive Council discussed PCC membership requirements and decided that there will be no minimum number of records required for PCC membership. All NACO libraries are PCC members. Dr. Thomas also reported that both Cornell University and the University of California, Los Angeles have conducted experiments on the production of core records in their libraries and the subsequent use by other libraries. Both institutions felt that the experiments demonstrated the use of the core record produces efficiencies. They also found that other libraries usually loaded the core records into their databases without modification in any significant way, although a core record contains fewer access points than a full-level record. The PCC Executive Council encourages further experimentation with core records and will be developing recommended procedures for testing the results.

Ann Della Porta, Cooperative Cataloging Team Leader, welcomed the 28 new NACO libraries trained since ALA 1994, giving a special welcome to new public library partners. She congratulated the ten new NACO trainers who attended the "Training-the-NACO-Trainer" course and are now available to provide NACO training on a regional basis. NACO libraries were also invited to attend a series workshop this fall.

Special libraries have played an increasingly important role in the Program for Cooperative Cataloging. In recognition of these contributions and to encourage other special libraries to participate in the program, two representative librarians (Sherman Clarke, Amon Carter Museum Library and coordinator of ArtNACO; and Adam Schiff, California Academy of Sciences) gave presentations on their respective cooperative cataloging activities and the advantages NACO and SACO offer to special libraries.

The PCC Executive Council benefits from input of two volunteer operational advisors, who advise it on operational matters and technical issues in program cataloging. Marty Joachim, Indiana University, and Margaret Shen, Cleveland Public Library, described their differing approaches to their assignments.

LC and the PCC Executive Council regard the LC-Cooperative Cataloging Discussion Group meeting as an opportunity to exchange information and opinions on cooperative programs with the PCC participants. To this end, PCC librarians were asked to submit questions and points for discussion in advance of the Sunday evening meeting. These and other questions and points raised from the floor provided a lively conclusion to the meeting. A fuller report of the meeting is available on LC MARVEL.


The Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) has announced the formation of the Task Group on the Core Record for Audiovisual Materials. The PCC has already defined core records for monographs, musical scores, sound recordings, and non-roman script monographs. These core records are distinguished by having all access points under authority control and containing at least one subject heading and classification number. CONSER has defined a core record for serials. Libraries encountering program records would be able to accept them without modification or enhance them as their resources permit and local cataloging practices dictate.

Eric Childress, Elon College, will serve as chair of the task group, whose charge is to define a minimum set of data elements that will serve to streamline the cataloging of audiovisual materials and still meet the basic needs of a wide range of institutions. Members of the task group will represent the many constituencies in audiovisual materials processing. Specialists will be sought to serve as expert reviewers of the draft core record. The task group's report is due in Spring 1996.


Ten catalogers from libraries participating in the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) attended the Series Institute held at the Library of Congress July 26-28, 1995. Judy Kuhagen, senior policy specialist in the Cataloging Policy and Support Office, was the instructor for the course, which was sponsored by the Cooperative Cataloging Team. Several LC catalogers also attended the course in order to gain expertise and familiarize themselves with new developments in this area of descriptive cataloging.

Since LC's announcement last year that series authority records would continue to be created and maintained in the national authority file, many libraries have expressed an interest in expanding their NACO participation to include series. The Cooperative Cataloging Team has been gratified by the enthusiastic response to these institutes. Another institute is being planned for October of this year. A general invitation will go out to all independent NACO libraries by Labor Day. The team expects to offer these institutes on a regular basis.


Joan Mitchell, editor, Dewey Decimal Classification, organized and presented a workshop at Crimea '95, Eupatory, Crimea, Ukraine, June 10-18. The conference attracted over six hundred delegates, primarily librarians from Russia, Ukraine, and other countries of the former Soviet Union.

Ms. Mitchell, along with Lois Mai Chan, professor, University of Kentucky, and Russell Sweeney, information and systems consultant, Leeds, England, presented a full day of lectures on the Dewey Decimal Classification and a demonstration of Electronic Dewey. The full-day workshop was followed by a half day of Dewey technical training. The group also presented a technical introduction to Dewey at the Russian National Public Library for Science and Technology in Moscow. Discussions are underway with the Russian National Public Library for Science and Technology on a Russian translation of the Dewey Decimal Classification.


OCLC Forest Press introduced the Dewey home page in February 1995. Recent additions include the DDC summaries in French, an extensive DDC bibliography, and a new section on Internet resources classified according to Dewey. The Dewey home page also includes the OCLC Forest Press catalog, hot classification topics, Internet addresses for online catalogs using Dewey, the DDC summaries, press releases, and the Dewey research agenda. The Dewey home page is available over the World Wide Web at: Questions and comments on the Dewey Decimal Classification may be sent to [email protected]


Format Integration '95 will include all the changes contained in Update no. 1 (March 1995) to the 1994 edition of USMARC Format for Bibliographic Data. That update should be available from LC's Cataloging Distribution Service (CDS) by the end of August 1995. Actual availability will be announced on the USMARC list ([email protected]).

The Network Development and MARC Standards Office has posted the summary list of the changes included in Appendix F to the update. It can be accessed through the USMARC list or LC MARVEL as follows:

Through the list :

Send a message to [email protected] with the text:

get usmarc ufbdfi95.cha

No subject is necessary.

Through LC MARVEL:

Telnet to and login as marvel. The document is listed under "Libraries and Publishers (Technical Services)," "USMARC Standards," "USMARC Documentation," "UFBD FI95 Change List."

This summary list and the 1995 (final) version of the publication Format Integration and Its Effect on the USMARC Bibliographic Format (available from CDS) provide a complete list of the changes for 1995. The update fills in the details.

Both FI95 and Update no. 1 include the format integration changes to the leader through the 00X area, other changes to this area approved since 1992, and all the changes approved at the June 1994 and February 1995 meetings.


Knowledge organization in the coming century will differ markedly from that of this past century. Continued information and document growth, expansion and change in user needs and information-seeking behaviors, and changes in technological, political, economic, educational, and social environments mandate increased development and improvement in knowledge organization tools, techniques, schemes, and systems. In light of the challenges and promises of this situation, the International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO) will hold its 4th international conference (ISKO 4), co-sponsored by the Library of Congress and in cooperation with OCLC Forest Press, the Classification Research Special Interest Group of the American Society for Information Science (ASIS SIG/CR) and the College of Library and Information Services (CLIS) of the University of Maryland, at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C., USA, July 15-18, 1996, to address the theme: Knowledge Organization and Change.

Papers and panels addressing knowledge organization and change from any of the below listed interlocking perspectives are invited.

From an environmental perspective: the impact of ongoing changes in technological, political, economic, educational, and social environments on how knowledge is produced, organized, and used.

From an information/knowledge perspective: the challenges created by changing views of knowledge (e.g., theories of knowledge, stores of knowledge) across time, cultures, languages, disciplines, users, and uses.

From a document perspective: new methods of creating and presenting documents (e.g., collaborative documents, hypertext, multimedia); changes in text composition, genres, and discourse; dynamic documents; managing document versions, variants, and views.

From a user perspective: expansion of and change in user needs and user information-seeking behaviors; the effect of user interface design on users' abilities to access and assimilate information; the effect of discourse and interpretive communities, disciplinary/ interdisciplinary communication, and network communications on users' conceptions of knowledge.

From a knowledge organization perspective: new developments in knowledge organization tools, techniques, schemes, and systems; natural language processing and expert systems; response of knowledge organization theory and practice to change in other arenas; management of change in knowledge organization schemes and systems.

The conference will also celebrate the 120th anniversary of the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), and papers addressing the conference theme with respect to DDC are especially welcome.

Prospective speakers or panels are asked to submit extended abstracts of 500-1000 words by September 30, 1995, to Rebecca Green, program chair (see contact information below; electronic submissions welcome; please include ISKO in subject line). An international program committee will review the papers, and authors will be notified of acceptance decisions by January 31, 1996. The deadline for submission of papers for the printed conference proceedings will be March 31, 1996.

For further information, contact: conference chair, Sarah Thomas, Director for Cataloging, Collections Services, Library of Congress, LM 642 (COLL/O), Washington, D.C. 20540-4300, USA; +1 202 707-5333 (voice); +1 202 707-6269 (fax); [email protected] (Internet). Local arrangements chair: Jolande Goldberg, Cataloging Policy and Support Office, Library of Congress, LM 556 (COLL/CPSO), Washington, D.C. 20540-4305, USA; +1 202 707-4386 (voice); +1 202 707-6629 (fax); [email protected] (Internet).


Library of Congress Classification R: Medicine, 1995 edition, is now available from the Cataloging Distribution Service of the Library of Congress. The new edition of Class R, the first revision since 1986, includes classification data created through early 1995 and has new class numbers and captions for such topics as DNA fingerprints, exercise addiction, and Lyme disease.

The 1995 edition has been produced using the new, automated system which will make revising easier and updating more rapid. It has also been printed with a more legible typeface and bound with a sturdy, laminated plastic cover to stand up to the wear and tear of daily use.

Library of Congress Classification R: Medicine, 1995 edition--as will all of the new classification schedules--comes in a new, smaller and less bulky 7 1/4" x 10 1/4" format with two-sided printing. Tables and indexes are marked with thumb tabs for easy content location. The new schedules also have new cover designs and colors to help users quickly distinguish older schedules from the new ones. Library of Congress Classification R: Medicine, 1995 edition sells for $34 for delivery in North America and $35 for delivery outside North America. ISBN 0-8444-0879-4. 465 Pages. Order it directly from Library of Congress, Customer Services Section, Cataloging Distribution Service, P.O. Box 75840, Washington, D.C. 20541-5017; telephone 1-800-255-3666 (U.S. only) or (202) 707-6100; Fax: (202) 707-1334. TDD: (202) 707-0012. Internet: [email protected]


America Preserved: A Checklist of Historic Buildings, Structures, and Sites is now available from the Library's Cataloging Distribution Service. It is a comprehensive checklist of over 30,000 structures and sites documented by the National Park Service through its Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) programs. The sites and structures, many of which no longer exist, are permanently recorded in the form of measured drawings, photographs, written descriptive historical data, photo captions, and field records. This volume supersedes the 1983 edition Historic America: Buildings, Structures, and Sites with the addition of over 14,000 new entries.

America Preserved includes many features that make it an especially valuable reference tool for librarians and an important resource for architects, historians, and the general public. It features a comprehensive checklist of structures and an index by county, which has been fully updated and enhanced since the publication of the 1983 survey. For the first time, each entry includes the number of items for each type of material cited (the number of measured drawings, photographs and/or pages of text). It also includes Library of Congress shelflist numbers to help librarians locate materials more quickly. Finally, the revised introduction provides guidelines for using the book and for ordering copies of measured drawings and photographs from the Photoduplication Service of the Library of Congress.

America Preserved is hardbound in navy blue bonded leather with gold printing. It includes sixty black and white photographs and thirty-two measured drawings. (There is at least one illustration from each state and territory.)

America Preserved: A Checklist of Historic Buildings, Structures, and Sites sells for $74. ISBN 0-16-045255-4. 1,184 pages. Order it directly from Library of Congress, Customer Services Section, Cataloging Distribution Service, P.O. Box 75720, Washington, D.C. 20541-5017; telephone 1-800-255-3666 (U.S. only) or (202) 707-6100; Fax: (202) 707-1334. TDD: (202) 707-0012. Internet: [email protected]

LC CATALOGING NEWSLINE (ISSN 1066-8829) is published at least quarterly by the Cataloging Directorate, Collections Services, Library of Congress, and contains news of cataloging activities throughout the Library of Congress. Editorial Office: Cataloging Policy and Support Office, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540-4305. Editor, Robert M. Hiatt; Editorial Advisory Group: John Byrum, Roselyne Chang, Rebecca Guenther, Angela Kinney, Albert Kohlmeier, John Mitchell, Susan Morris, Geraldine Ostrove, Regina Reynolds, David Smith, Richard Thaxter, Susan Toulmin, and David Williamson. Address editorial inquiries to the editor at the above address or [email protected] (eMail), (202) 707-5831 (voice), or (202) 707-6629 (fax). Listowner: David Williamson. Address subscription inquiries to the listowner at [email protected].

LC CATALOGING NEWSLINE is available in electronic form only and is free of charge. To subscribe, send a mail message to [email protected] with the text: subscribe lccn [firstname lastname]. Back issues of LCCN are available through the listserver. To find out what is available, send a mail message to [email protected] with the text: index lccn. To get a specific file, send a mail message to [email protected] with the text: get lccn [filename].

All materials in the newsletter are in the public domain and may be reproduced, reprinted, and/or redistributed as desired. Citation to the source is requested.