Sarah Thomas to Head Cornell University Library
PCC Participants Discussion Group
Brochure for the Program for Cooperative Cataloging
University of Queensland and LC Expand Law Classification
Dewey Decimal Classification
Sarah E. Thomas, acting director for public service collections at LC, became university librarian at Cornell University on August 19. She came to the Library of Congress as director for cataloging in March 1992 and became acting director, Public Service and Collection Management I, in January 1995. In November 1995 her duties at LC expanded further as she became acting director of the newly formed Public Service Collections Directorate, which consists of 15 divisions within the reorganized Library Services.
During her tenure at LC, Dr. Thomas led the formation of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) and was elected as the first chair of the PCC Executive Council. She oversaw the introduction of copy cataloging at LC and achieved significant reductions in cataloging costs. She holds the Ph. D. from Johns Hopkins University, an M.S. from the Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Simmons College, and an A.B. from Smith College.
Following Dr. Thomas' departure from LC, Diane Nester Kresh, director for preservation, will also assume duties as acting director for public service collections. Beacher J. Wiggins will continue as acting director for cataloging.
Sarah Thomas, Library of Congress, opened the meeting of the PCC Participants Discussion Group (formerly the LC-Cooperative Cataloging Discussion Group) on July 7 at the ALA Annual Conference in New York. She announced the availability of the newly printed PCC informational brochure (see article below). She reported on the PCC Executive Council Meeting held May 13, 1996, at the Library of Congress, stating that BIBCO expansion is the highest priority for the PCC. She spoke about the goals of increasing the membership and the number of contributed records. The current goal is a total of 80,000 BIBCO records by the year 2000, averaging approximately 15,000 records annually. Participants themselves are to set their annual individual institutional goals.
Dr. Thomas then discussed the changes to the 5-year PCC Strategic Plan (1996-2000), which include adjusting program goals to make them more realistic and adjusting program startup time to reflect current productivity. The plan reflects 1) increased emphasis on BIBCO; 2) expansion of NACO by adding ten new members annually; 3) record exchanges; 4) increased importance of training aspects, including values; and 5) format alignment. This information is available on the PCC home page (URL: http://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/pcc/pcc.html).
The statement "Responsibilities of Fully Independent Members of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging" was then discussed. The statement addresses the proven ability of trained and independent PCC participants and emphasizes self-reliance and confidence in seeking solutions in cataloging without looking to the Library of Congress for the "final word." It confirms the role of the Cooperative Cataloging Team, Library of Congress, as a resource for PCC libraries and points out that the team's primary function is to serve as the PCC Secretariat. The statement reminds participants that the team is available for consultation and will continue to accept notifications of duplicate records as well as notification of bibliographic file maintenance (BFM) necessitated by the creation of or changes to name authority records.
Dr. Thomas then presented citations for distinguished service to Willy Cromwell-Kessler, Michael Kaplan, Carol Mandel, Joan Swanekamp, and Linda West for their efforts and hard work in advancing the cause of the PCC.
Sue Phillips gave the CONSER report. She began by announcing the reception to be given in honor of Jean Hirons, recipient of the Bowker/Ulrich's Serials Librarianship Award. She reported on the work of the Task Force on AACR Review, which is charged with identifying aspects of the code that should be revised for serials. The group is looking at rule 12.0A of AACR2 and has decided to grapple with the issue of what constitutes a "serial work," examining when a new successive entry record would be required by a change in title, heading, or numbering.
CONSER has also created a new membership level called CONSER Enhance to allow more institutions to participate in maintaining and/or enhancing the CONSER database. CONSER Enhance members will work with CONSER institutions in a mentoring environment.
The proposed merger of BIBCO and CONSER was mentioned. One model presented for discussion would include a general policy group to discuss major issues affecting both programs; an executive committee to deal with budget, funding, and administrative issues; and two operational committees, one for CONSER members, and the other for BIBCO participants.
Ann Della Porta then presented the Cooperative Cataloging Team's report. The names of the new NACO libraries were announced. (Since June 1995, eighteen new libraries have received NACO training: Blackwell/North America, Bowling Green State University, Brooklyn School of Law, Brown University, Central Washington University, Cooperative Computer Services, Freer Gallery of Art, Indiana Historical Society, Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis, Indiana School of Law at Indianapolis, Michigan State University, Oliveira Lima Collection at Catholic University, Pace University Law School, University of California at Santa Barbara, University of Kansas, University of Wyoming, Washington University, and Western Washington University.) Brown University is now coordinating a NACO funnel project for Online Audiovisual Catalogers (OLAC). Georgetown University Law Center will coordinate a funnel project for university law libraries in the Washington, D.C., area. The University of Washington; Indiana University, Bloomington; the University of North Carolina; and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have taken steps to increase their NACO participation by expanding training for catalogers at their libraries.
Three forthcoming training opportunities were announced. The fifth Series Institute will be held at the Library of Congress on September 18-20, 1996. It will be taught by Judy Kuhagen, Cataloging Policy and Support Office (CPSO), Library of Congress. A SACO workshop to be taught by Lynn El-Hoshy, CPSO, will be held at the Library of Congress on February 13, 1997. The second Training the NACO Trainer will be held February 18-19, 1997, with CPSO and Cooperative Cataloging Team staff serving as faculty.
The final portion of the program, entitled "New Alternatives to the Traditional: NACO and BIBCO enter a New Age of Contributions," featured Michael Kaplan (Harvard University), Glenn Patton (OCLC), and David Williamson (Library of Congress) speaking about innovation in the electronic transfer and sharing of cataloging resources. Michael Kaplan demonstrated the new OCLC macro to create name authority records from bibliographic records; Glenn Patton described OCLC batch processing of name authority records; and David Williamson demonstrated "ClipSearch" and "MUMS Little Helper," programs used to automate searching and name authority generation at the Library of Congress.
The Library of Congress Cooperative Cataloging Team, in conjunction with the PCC Executive Council, has developed an informational brochure for the Program for Cooperative Cataloging. The brochure includes a brief overview of the PCC, detailing its history, organizational structure, goals, and accomplishments. Information on PCC training offered through NACO, SACO, and BIBCO is outlined with instructions on how to apply to the program. For more information on PCC activities and documents, visit the PCC home page (URL: http://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/pcc/pcc.html).
The number of BIBCO participants continues to grow as the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) expands. There are currently seventeen contributing BIBCO members, and within the next six months, the California Academy of Sciences and Brigham Young University will receive BIBCO training and begin contributions. The current BIBCO participants are Cleveland Public Library; Columbia University; Harvard University; Indiana University, Bloomington; National Agricultural Library; National Library of Medicine; New York Public Library; Northwestern University; Oberlin College; Saint Louis University School of Law; Stanford University; University of California, Berkeley; University of California, Los Angeles; University of Colorado, Boulder; University of Maryland, College Park; University of Texas at Austin; and Yale University.
Through the end of June 1996, 7,281 bibliographic records had been contributed. It is projected that 15,000 bibliographic records will be contributed during the first full year of the program.
The Central Library of the University of Queensland has been sending law classification expansion proposals to be added to the KL-KWX classification schedules. The university's contributions are providing enrichment to the development of the Australian law KU schedule at the Library of Congress.
Edition 21 of the Dewey Decimal Classification now available. It includes three major revisions: 350 - 354 Public administration (a complete revision), 370 Education, and 560 - 590 Life sciences, two parts of which are completely revised: 570 (Biology in general) and 583 (Dicotyledons). Other notable revisions include 296 Judaism; 297 Islam; 368 Insurance; and Table 2 area numbers --47 for the former Soviet Union and --499 for Bulgaria. Terminology throughout the classification has been updated and many new topics that have gained literary warrant since the publication of Edition 20 are now mentioned in the classification, e.g., bungee jumping, family leave, neural nets. The Decimal Classification Division expects to begin assignment of DDC 21 numbers on August 26, 1996. With its adoption of Edition 21, the division will no longer assign Option B 340 Law numbers.
Dewey for Windows, a Microsoft Windows-based version of Edition 21, has also just been released. Dewey for Windows includes all the features of the previous DOS version (Electronic Dewey), plus multiple user views, LAN compatibility, and local annotation.
A discussion paper on approaches to revision of the Table 2 development for South Africa has been posted to the Dewey home page (URL: http://www.oclc.org/fp/). It is also available in hard copy from the Decimal Classification Division.
OCLC is mounting a Dewey Cuttering Project to explore the feasibility of adding book numbers to DDC class numbers in the OCLC Online Union Catalog (OLUC). Initial plans call for making full book numbers available in the OCLC OLUC using both the Cutter- Sanborn and Cutter three-figure tables. An expansion of existing Cutter tables to four figures based on the distribution of items in the OCLC OLUC is also under consideration. A discussion paper and survey is available on the Dewey home page.
Exploring the theme "Knowledge Organization and Change," the International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO) held its fourth international conference at the Library of Congress, July 15-19. The conference also celebrated the 120th anniversary of the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC). ISKO, LC, OCLC Forest Press, and the University of Maryland College of Library and Information Services were co-sponsors. Sarah Thomas, Library of Congress, was conference chair.
Following a day of pre-conference talks and demonstrations on the automation projects and digital resources being developed at LC, celebration of the DDC anniversary began with the anniversary address by Francis Miksa of the Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Texas at Austin, who spoke on "The DDC, the Universe of Knowledge, and the Post-Modern Library." He examined the nature of the Dewey Decimal Classification, its origins in the nineteenth-century classification of knowledge and the sciences movement, and the ways in which electronic access introduces a new focus on "personal-space" libraries, as distinct from the familiar "public-space" institutions. Following Dr. Miksa's talk, the anniversary celebration continued at a reception in the Library's Madison Hall, where conferees were guests of OCLC/Forest Press.
The conference proper began on July 16 with a keynote address by Roland Hjerppe, Linkoeping University. Dr. Hjerppe noted the dynamic and diffuse nature of the Internet as a new model for knowledge organization and compared it to the static nature of past models. He proposed areas for reflection, research, and action in redefining knowledge organization for the future. In the fifteen sessions that followed, nearly seventy speakers addressed such issues as the cross-cultural and cross-linguistic settings of knowledge organization; the role of relationships in knowledge organization; management of change in knowledge organization schemes; thesauri and metathesauri; knowledge organization and images; knowledge organization in the business and economic environments; user focus in knowledge organization; interdisciplinary approaches; interplay of epistemology and knowledge organization; natural language processing; and the Library of Congress and Dewey Decimal Classification schemes. Conferees also heard an address by Douglas C. Bennett, vice president of the American Council of Learned Societies, on "The Internationalization of Scholarship and Scholarly Societies in the Humanities and Social Sciences." Following Dr. Bennett's address ISKO's traditional banquet was held at the Supreme Court. Other special events were a dinner reception hosted by the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany and post-conference tours of the National Library of Medicine and the National Agricultural Library.
Proceedings of the conference have been published as vol. 5 in the series, Advances in Knowledge Organization, available from Indeks-Verlag.
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