LC Cataloging Newsline

Online Newsletter of the Cataloging Directorate, Library of Congress

Volume 6, No. 5, ISSN 1066-8829, April 1998

John Byrum to Receive Margaret Mann Citation
LC Welcomes ALA to DC: Reception, Programs Highlight Conference
CONSER Production
Music Library Association Annual Meeting
Sabbatical Program for Music Librarians

John Byrum to Receive Margaret Mann Citation

John D. Byrum, chief of the Regional and Cooperative Cataloging Division and chair of the Editorial Advisory Group of LC Cataloging Newsline, is the recipient of the 1998 Margaret Mann Citation given by the Cataloging and Classification Section (CCS) of the Association for Library Collections and Technical Services (ALCTS) for outstanding professional achievement in cataloging or classification. Carlen Ruschoff, head of cataloging at Georgetown University and chair of this year's Margaret Mann Citation Committee, said that Byrum was being recognized "for his sustained leadership in the continuing development of cataloging standards, nationally and internationally," including service on International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) committees to define and review various international standard bibliographic descriptions and his ongoing contributions to the work of NACO and the Program for Cooperative Cataloging. He will receive the citation at the ALCTS President's Program and Membership Meeting on June 29 at 9:30 A.M. The Margaret Mann Citation also carries a donation of $2,000 from OCLC, Inc., to the library school of the winner's choice. Byrum will designate the School of Communication, Information & Library Studies at Rutgers--The State University of New Jersey, from which he received a master's degree, ranking first in his graduating class. Byrum came to LC in 1976 as chief of the former Descriptive Cataloging Division. He led that division, with a collateral assignment as acting chief of the Subject Cataloging Division during 1988-1992, until the Cataloging Directorate reorganization in June 1992, when he became chief of the new Regional and Cooperative Cataloging Division. Before joining the Library of Congress, he earned a bachelor's degree magna cum laude from Harvard, completed his master's degree, and spent eight years as chief cataloger at the Princeton University Library. For his contributions to the development of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules as chair of the ALA Catalog Code Revision Committee and ALA representative to the Joint Steering Committee for Revision of AACR, he won the 1975 Esther J. Piercy Award, given annually to a technical services librarian with not more than ten years of professional experience who has shown outstanding promise for continuing contribution and leadership.

At LC Byrum has continued his work in the development of cataloging rules and standards for bibliographic description; has played a key role in the administration of the Cataloging Directorate; has been a leader in the development of bibliographic control of and access to electronic resources; and has promoted the growth of national and international cooperative cataloging programs. He has chaired IFLA's ISBD Review Committee since 1986 and served on IFLA's Study Group on the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. He participated in the International Conference on the Principles and Future Development of AACR, held in Toronto, October 23-25, 1997. He chaired the MARC Harmonization Project which resulted in the alignment of USMARC and CAN/MARC into a single format to be published by the end of 1998. He continues this work as chair of the MARC Harmonization Format Committee, which includes members from the British Library, National Library of Canada, and LC.

To promote bibliographic control of electronic resources, Byrum chaired the IFLA ISBD(CF) Working Group, which issued the International Standard Bibliographic Description for Computer Files (ISBD(CF)) in 1990. The ISBD(CF) Review Group developed subsequently a greatly expanded ISBD issued in August 1997 as International Standard Bibliographic Description--Electronic Resources (ISBD(ER)), covering electronic resources of all types including interactive multimedia. Byrum was a member of the ALCTS Task Force on MetaData Access in the Electronic Environment and the IFLA representative on the Advisory Board of the Text Encoding Initiative. He also chairs the Bibliographic Enrichment Advisory Team (BEAT), the LC group that conducts research and development efforts to enrich bibliographic records, such as providing links to tables of contents.

Byrum is the only individual who has been directly involved with NACO since it was established in 1977, and has guided its growth into an international program with more than 225 participating institutions creating more than 130,000 new name authority records annually. As the LC division chief responsible for the Cooperative Cataloging Team, he has worked closely with the PCC Executive Council and contributed to the merger of the PCC and CONSER, the serials cooperative cataloging program, in October 1997.

LC Welcomes ALA to DC: Reception, Programs Highlight Conference

At the Annual Conference of the American Library Association in Washington, D.C., this summer, the Library of Congress will host the All Conference Reception to welcome all attendees on Saturday evening, June 27, in the newly restored Great Hall of the Thomas Jefferson Building. The Library will offer many other special programs and tours designed to appeal to a broad range of interests.

The Library is also offering dozens of opportunities for conference attendees to "Experience LC" by spending a day or more with employees in an LC unit that matches their interests. You can apply to spend a day in the Cataloging Directorate, in a public service division to work in collection development, in the Law Library, or in the Copyright Office.

Information about ALA events at the Library of Congress, including applications for the "Experience LC" program, can be found on the Library's Web site at URL:

CONSER Production

The CONSER database contained 822,733 serial records in October 1997. The number of new records for the fiscal year was 32,495 (July 1996 to June 1997), and maintenance transactions were 47,596. Several new CONSER Enhance libraries accounted for the nine percent rate of growth in maintenance transactions. Maintenance transactions again outpaced new record authentications which represented forty-one percent of the total transactions. The CONSER Statistical Summary is available as part of the CONSER annual report at URL:

Music Library Association Annual Meeting

Several staff from LC attended the annual meeting of the Music Library Association (MLA), held this year in Boston, Feb. 11-15. Preceding the conference were the annual meeting of the Music OCLC Users Group (MOUG) and an MLA workshop on the cataloging of music moving image materials. LC staffers with official responsibilities from the Special Materials Cataloging Division (SMCD) included chief Susan Vita, LC representative to the Bibliographic Control Committee (BCC). From SMCD's music teams, Deta Davis serves on the BCC's Descriptive Cataloging Subcommittee. At MOUG she spoke on "Correct AACR2 Transcription of Contents into Bibliographic Records for Music Materials," and she also delivered a paper at the open meeting of the BCC's Authorities Subcommittee on the portion devoted to machine-derived authority records for musical works of an LC/OCLC joint research project (see below). Phillip De Sellem serves as LC liaison to the BCC Task Force to Advise the Music Thesaurus Project. Steven Yusko serves on the MARC Formats Subcommittee of the BCC. From CPSO, Geraldine Ostrove is a member of the Subject Access Subcommittee of the BCC.

Music Division attendees included Jennifer Dahmus, on assignment to that division from the National Digital Library, who attended MLA as one of the winners of the Kevin Freeman Travel Grant for first-time attendees. Robin Rausch presented the paper "There and Back Again: Adventures on a Job" about her job exchange with Peter Baxter from the music library of the Edinburgh City Libraries. Raymond White, as a member of MLA's Education Committee, helped plan the workshop, "Cataloging Music Materials on Videorecordings." Mary Bucknum, curator of sound recordings from the Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division serves on MLA's Preservation Committee.

Of particular interest to the music library community is the joint research project between LC and OCLC that has resulted in the recent loading of approximately 66,000 machine-derived authority records for musical works--mainly name/uniform title headings--into the name authority file. The project and the nature of the records created were briefly described in a CDS Technical Notice issued in December 1997. Davis' MLA paper, "Machine-Derived Authorities, a Reality: the Library of Congress Experience," described the music portion of the project in greater detail. The project and the records created have prompted comments and questions from music users outside LC. As indicated in various announcements about the project that have appeared in recent library information sources, questions may be directed to Davis at the electronic mail address [email protected] or by phone, (202) 707-5259.

Sabbatical Program for Music Librarians

The Special Materials Cataloging Division (SMCD) hosted three music catalogers in its sabbatical program for 1997. The program was developed to give music catalogers from other libraries a chance to cultivate their sound recording cataloging skills while lending their own expertise to catalog some of LC's sound recording collections.

Margaret Kaus, associate librarian, University of North Florida, completed almost four months at LC in December 1997. A NACO-Music participant, she generated enough authority records while at LC to become an independent contributor. Two librarians participated during the summer. Laurie Phillips Gibson, Loyola University, New Orleans, and Barry Zaslow, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, who are also singers, brought special knowledge of vocal repertoire to catalog items in the Secrist Collection of 78 rpm recordings. This collection of vocal music includes many rare operatic items, including a large selection of pieces sung by Enrico Caruso. Zaslow also achieved NACO-Music independence during his tenure.

All the participants cataloged LPs from the Sondheim Collection. These older recordings feature a wide variety of lesser-known composers and performers. In such cases cataloging challenges are plentiful for the catalogers who must constantly identify obscure works and people from the barest of information.

The librarians on sabbatical all reported that they enjoyed working at LC. In particular they enjoyed the availability of rare scores and reference sources not readily found elsewhere and the chance to work directly with a number of other music librarians. They noted this was a valuable experience for their own development and for the increased expertise they take back to their home institutions.

LC CATALOGING NEWSLINE (ISSN 1066-8829) is published irregularly by the Cataloging Directorate, Library Services, Library of Congress, and contains news of cataloging activities throughout the Library of Congress. Editorial Office: Cataloging Policy and Support Office, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540-4305. Editor, Robert M. Hiatt; Editorial Advisory Group: William Anderson, John Byrum, Roselyne Chang, Angela Kinney, Albert Kohlmeier, John Mitchell, Susan Morris, Geraldine Ostrove, David Smith, Linda Stubbs, and David Williamson. Address editorial inquiries to the editor at the above address or [email protected] (email), (202) 707-5831 (voice), or (202) 707-6629 (fax). Listowner: David Williamson. Address subscription inquiries to the listowner at [email protected]

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