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 Home    Documentary Heritage of the Civil War    Part 5, 2015: "At War's End: A Nation Mourns and Rebuilds"    Galusha Pennypacker papers, 1860-1914

Galusha Pennypacker papers, 1860-1914

Galusha Pennypacker

Lithograph of Galusha Pennypacker

U.S. Army Military History Institute

Capture of Fort Fisher

Capture of Fort Fisher, North Carolina. Chromolithograph facsimile of a print by J.O. Davidson.

Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division

Chester County Historical Society (West Chester, Pa.) External Link
Galusha A. Pennypacker, 1842-1916, of Philadelphia, Pa., was the son of Joseph J. and Tamson Amelia Workizer Pennypacker. Entering the Union Army as a non-commissioned staff officer in April, 1861, in the Ninth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, he served his term of three months enlistment with Gen. Robert Patterson in the Shenandoah Campaign. On August 22, 1861, he re-entered the army as Captain of Company A. Ninety-seventh Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, and was promoted to Major, October 7, 1861; serving in the Tenth Corps, Department of the South, during 1862 and 1863. He was in the engagements at Forts Wagner and Greeg, James Island, Siege of Charleston, capture of Fort Pulaski, and of Fernandina and Jacksonville, Florida. He joined the Army of the James, in Virginia, in April, 1864, and was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel of his regiment, April 3, 1864, and Colonel, June 23, 1864, commanding at Swift Creek, May 9, at Drury's Bluff, May 16, Chester Station, May 18, and Green Plains, May 20, 1864. He was in numerous battles, and was assigned to the command of the Second Brigade, Second Division, Tenth Corps, September, 1864; was in the successful assault on Fort Fisher, North Carolina, January 15, 1865, and received a brevet as Brigadier-General United States Volunteers, January 15, 1865. He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1891 for his actions at Fort Fisher, and appointed Brigadier-General in 1904.
Includes personal correspondence during and after the Civil War, invitations, and photographs. In this excerpt from a letter written during the Expedition to James Island, S.C., then Maj. Galusha Pennypacker writes:
"Head - Quarters 9th Reg’t P.V., Gimball’s Plantation, James Isl’d, S.C., June 25th, 1862
Aunt Lib, a battle is a strange thing. I believe it is competent to make a change in a man that will last through life. When a person is rushing to the fray, and is eager for the strife, and his own Regiment is engaged, there is no thought save that of hate, devilish hate for the foe with whom you are engaged, and a thirst for vindictive retribution, as you see your friends and comrades torn asunder by the shell, or lacerated by the bullet, and hear their dying shriek, as it bursts upon the air. I believe it’s all nonsense about feeling as though the next moment would be your last, and all that, for I tell you the truth, it may seem like braggadocios [sic], or at least egotism, but I never felt less fearless in my life."

(See the NUCMC catalog record)

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 Home    Documentary Heritage of the Civil War    Part 5, 2015: "At War's End: A Nation Mourns and Rebuilds"    Galusha Pennypacker papers, 1860-1914
  The Library of Congress >> Cataloging, Acquisitions
   February 18, 2015
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