• Enterprise and Social Service -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    The Vester and Co.-American Colony Store was just one of the enterprises operated by members of the American Colony that had a significant impact in Jerusalem. In its first five decades of existence, the American Colony developed important auxiliary functions in the realms of commercial photography, business, and medical and social services. Man dancing with swords at Vester & Co.–The American Colony Store, near ...

  • A Community in Jerusalem -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    The story of the American Colony in Jerusalem begins with Anna and Horatio Spafford of Lake View, Illinois, and the involvement of their family in the 1873 shipwreck of the luxury steamer, the Ville du Havre. The majority of passengers traveling aboard the Ville du Havre lost their lives in that catastrophe in the mid-Atlantic. Among the drowned were the Spaffords' four young daughters. ...

  • Modern Times -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    As time progressed, many colonists distanced themselves from the colony's more overtly religious origins. Death or disappointment surprised some of the most pious members, and original founders aged into secondary roles. Many who had grown up as children within the colony left to seek education or work abroad, or preferred a different kind of life as adults. Several younger members who remained became engaged ...

  • 1930 to 1980 -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    1931 As the economic Depression deepens, the struggling Vester and Co.—American Colony Store in New York is sold to Nils Lind, son-in-law of Frederick and Bertha Vester. Women making lace, Jerusalem. American Colony in Jerusalem Collection, Manuscript Division, LOC 1931 Bertha Spafford Vester and others operate the American Colony Aid Association, a charitable organization with financial supporters in Palestine and the United States. The ...

  • Saved Alone -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    On a clear night in November 1873, days into a trans-Atlantic voyage, the Ville du Havre was inexplicably rammed at sea by a passing vessel, the Loch Earn. Among the passengers who were startled from their sleep were Anna Spafford and her children. They were on their way to Europe with family friends. Horatio Spafford had stayed temporarily behind in Chicago to see to ...

  • 1916 to 1930 -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    1916-1918 The population of Jerusalem drops significantly in war time, as residents are deported, drafted into military service or labor, and suffer from famine and disease. American Colony members engage in relief efforts and public health and social welfare activities for the local populace during World War I, including operation of a volunteer nursing corps and a supper kitchen. Bertha Vester organizes a sewing ...

    • Date: 1916
  • The Bertha Vester Diaries -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    By the first part of the 1900s, first-generation founders of the American Colony in Jerusalem had passed away or grown elderly. Esteemed matriarch Anna Spafford continued to offer inspiration to followers, but she focused primarily on religious guidance of the polyglot American Colony community of Americans, local converts, and Swedes. Second-generation members who had come to Jerusalem with their parents as children or teenagers, ...

  • The Locust Plague of 1915 Photograph Album -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    Witnesses to the locust invasion that befell Jerusalem and the nearby Syrian region in 1915 agreed that they had seen nothing to equal it in their life-times. It was truly a natural disaster of biblical proportions. Locust. Image from Locust Plague of 1915 photograph album (page 34). American Colony in Jerusalem Collection, Manuscript Division, LOC Members and employees of the American Colony were active ...

    • Date: 1915
  • Related Resources -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    Bibliography G. Eric and Edith Matson Negatives http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/matpc/bibliography.html Library of Congress Resources Electronic John D. Whiting Papers http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mss/eadmss.ms008123 G. Eric and Edith Matson Papers http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mss/eadmss.ms010210 Visual materials from the papers of John D. Whiting http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2008676355/ Visual Materials from the American Colony in Jerusalem Collection http://lccn.loc.gov/2010646709 G. Eric and Edith Matson Negatives http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/matpc/ Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress http://www.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/ Motion Picture, ...

  • 1881 to 1896 -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    1881 August 17 - September The Spafford family and a core group of their millennialist "Overcomer" friends depart the Chicago area and travel to the Holy Land. The travelers includes Mary and John C. Whiting and their young daughter Ruth (b. 1880), Horatio Gates Spafford's visionary sister Margaret Lee (d. 1891), well-to-do Chicago widow Amelia Gould (Sister Elizabeth) (d. 1914), business man William Rudy ...

  • About this Collection -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    This electronic presentation features selected materials from the physical American Colony in Jerusalem Collection. The full collection in the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress represents well over 16,600 items stemming from the history of the American Colony, a non-denominational utopian Christian community founded by a small group of American expatriates in Ottoman Palestine in 1881. The collection focuses on the personal and ...

    • Date: 1870
  • 1896 to 1915 -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    1896 April and August The American Colony increases dramatically in size and ethnic diversity as groups of Swedish millennialists migrate to Jerusalem to join the community. Members of the Swedish Evangelical Church of Chicago, Ill., led by Olaf Henrik Larsson arrive in Jerusalem in April, after becoming impressed by Anna Spafford during her time in Illinois. Other Swedes, including Tipers Lars Larsson and many ...

  • Chicago Foreground -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    Soon after he came to Chicago from Troy, New York, in 1856 to practice law, Horatio Gates Spafford became an intimate part of a circle of evangelical Protestants who centered around his friend, the influential revivalist Dwight L. Moody. He and Moody met in programs at the Young Men's Christian Association in midtown Chicago, where Horatio availed himself of the advantages of the library, ...

  • Transitions -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    While accepted and admired in many quarters of the city, the colony was not without its detractors. American consuls with more conservative religious beliefs served as long-term critics of the colony's less-than-traditional organizational structure and practices. They were, in effect, diplomatic thorns in the side of the colony, clashing over issues as disparate as custody rights and cemetery usage. Some leaders of foreign missionary ...

  • Jerusalem -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    The travelers from America took up residence in a house on the Old City wall, located in the Muslim Quarter, between Herod's Gate and Damascus Gate. Among them were regulars from the house meetings at the Spafford's home in Lake View. There was Mary and John C. Whiting, and their small daughter Ruth; Amelia "Elizabeth" Gould, a well-to-do widow; William Rudy, a business man ...

  • Rights and Access -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    The Library of Congress has reviewed the copyright status of the documents presented from collection and is not aware of any U.S. copyright or any other restrictions in the documents. However, some of the content may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) and/or by the copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations. Additionally, the reproduction of some materials may be ...

  • The Pasha's Palace -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    The arrival of the large influx of Swedish members in the spring and summer of 1896 meant that the colony had outgrown their original living quarters in the house on the Old City wall. The colony retained the Old City building. It would become home to a photography laboratory and sewing rooms, and be used as a school and eventually as a baby home, ...

  • 1873 to 1881 -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    1873 Nov. 22 - Dec. 1 While progressing across the Atlantic ocean in the middle of the night, the luxury steamer Ville du Havre is mortally damaged in a shocking collision with another vessel, the Loch Earn, under starlit skies. The Spafford party and a group of ministers who befriended them on the ship are among the passengers who gather on deck as the ...

  • The Swedes -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    In the decade of the 1890s, the colony grew more ethnically diverse and attracted new members locally and through immigration. The colony as a whole expanded in membership and in economic self-sufficiency. By the turn of the century, the colony essentially functioned as a settlement house and as a hostel for foreign and regional travelers. American Colony members, Dec. 17, 1904. Image from members ...

  • 1828 to 1873 -- American Colony in Jerusalem, 1870-2006

    1828 Oct. 20 Birth of American Colony founder Horatio Gates Spafford, in Lansingburgh (North Troy), N.Y. (d. 1888). His father Horatio Gates Spafford, Sr., (b. 1778) was born in Vermont, in a family originating in Yorkshire, England. Named for the Revolutionary War general Horatio Gates, the elder Spafford was an inventor and writer, author of a popular gazetteer of the state of New York. ...