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  • Plan of the Battle of Glendale or Frasier's Farm Va. Fought 30th June 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Glendale or Frasier's Farm Va. Fought 3...

    Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., from White Oak Swamp to the north to Glendale to the south. This was the location of both the Battle of White Oak Swamp and the separate skirmish at Frazier's Farm, both part of the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • [Ge]ographical sketch of the city of Richmond, Virginia, with surrounding encampments, 1862.

    [Ge]ographical sketch of the city of Richmond, Virginia, with...

    Shows Confederate encampements and prisons in Richmond and south of the James River in Manchester and Spring Hill. Sneden has added an index listing the governenment buildings and the houses of important persons.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Kettle Run and Bristoe Station August 27 1862.

    Plan of Kettle Run and Bristoe Station August 27 1862.

    Shows the area between Greenwich, Va., to the north and Cedar Run to the south two days prior to the beginning of the 2nd Battle of Bull Run. The location of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-27
  • Map of part of battlefield of Bull Run July 1861 : showing positions of each army at opening of battle.

    Map of part of battlefield of Bull Run July 1861 : showing po...

    Area depicted includes Buck Hill to the north and Bald Hill to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and Market Road are included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861-07
  • Topographical map of Washington, D.C., and vicinity. Showing the Union forts and defences built 1861-3.

    Topographical map of Washington, D.C., and vicinity. Showing ...

    Detail from a printed map of the Potomac River region of Maryland and Virginia, and including Washington, D.C., which Sneden has annotated to show the locations of Union forts and picket lines.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861-18
  • [Map of Alexandria, Virginia]

    [Map of Alexandria, Virginia]

    Illustrates Alexandria's central position in the defense of Washington, where at least 12 outlying forts surrounded the city. Military camps of various Union officers such as Samuel Peter Heintzelman are indicated on this map.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the Peninsula of Virginia : showing route of McClellan's Army toward Richmond [illegible].

    Map of the Peninsula of Virginia : showing route of McClellan...

    On what appears to be a portion of a published travel map showing steamship and railroad routes out of Baltimore, Md., Sheden has indicated the route of the Union Army as it moved up the Virginia Peninsula toward Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Second Battle of Bull Run Va. : position at 6 p.m. August 30th 1862.

    Plan of Second Battle of Bull Run Va. : position at 6 p.m. Au...

    Shows the area between Sudley Springs to the north and the Manassas and Gainesville Road to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-30
  • New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    Originally built by the Confederates and used for winter quarters in 1861-1862, the defenses around Centreville were also used by the Union Army to cover the retreat back to Washington after both 1st and 2nd Bull Run. When Lee began concentrating his forces around Culpeper in July 1863, and Meade, not to be outdone, moved his army to a position opposite them along the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-09
  • Position of Union Army at Cedar Creek Union position and plan of battle.

    Position of Union Army at Cedar Creek Union position and plan...

    However, what initially appeared to be an overwhelming success quickly turned to a rout when the Union forces were redeployed and launched a successful counterattack that drove the Confederates back across the Shenandoah to Fisher's Hill, with heavy losses of men, equipment and supplies. Map shows troop locations along the Strasburg Pike on either side of Cedar Creek, and along the north fork of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • [Map of the First Battle of Bull Run]

    [Map of the First Battle of Bull Run]

    Shows the movement of the Union and Confederate forces as their positions changed over the course of July 21, 1861, during the First Battle of Bull Run. Sneden illustrates the battle over the countryside in Prince William and Fairfax counties, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map shewing [sic] vicinity of Harper's Ferry, Virginia, and the upper Potomac River.

    Map shewing [sic] vicinity of Harper's Ferry, Virginia, and t...

    Concerns an area of Maryland and Virginia between the towns of Cumberland, Md., on the west and Harpers Ferry, Va. [now W.Va.], on the eastern side of the map. Sneden details the mountainous topography highlighting rivers, especially the Potomac River, and including the rail system through this area. Just north of Winchester, Va., there is a line of unidentified Confederate troops. The only other ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-07
  • The Centre position of Union and Rebel armies, Yorktown, Va.

    The Centre position of Union and Rebel armies, Yorktown, Va.

    Shows both of the armies west of Yorktown, with the York River to the east, as the Siege of Yorktown got underway.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04
  • Plan of the battle of the North Anna fought May 23rd-26th, 1864.

    Plan of the battle of the North Anna fought May 23rd-26th, 1864.

    Grant's continued attempts to turn Lee's flank and allow the Union troops access to Richmond were once again thwarted at the North Anna. Hoping to lure the Confederates away from Spotsylvania Court House, Union forces under Hancock headed for Hanover Junction, an important intersection of the Virginia Central and Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac railroads, hoping Lee would follow. Anticipating this maneuver, Lee moved a ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-05-23
  • Plan of the redoubt and rifle pits ensilading [sic] the Leesburg and Fairfax turnpikes 2 miles from Alexandria, Virginia. Built by the 38th, 40th N.Y. and 3rd Maine regiments during October and November 1861.

    Plan of the redoubt and rifle pits ensilading [sic] the Leesb...

    Includes main roads, buildings used for the hospital, chapel, stables, theater, and headquarters encampment of Brigadier General John Sedgwick.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Shows the immediate area surrounding the town of Chancellorsville and the location of Union General Hooker's headquarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : shewing [sic] Union and Rebel positions 13th Decr 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : shewing [sic...

    The map shows positions at the beginning of the battle, with the bulk the of Union Army located across the Rappahannock from Fredericksburg, awaiting the construction of a pontoon bridge. Once across, the Union forces were met with fierce opposition from Confederate forces located in the hills to the west and south of the town. Depicts the area surrounding Fredericksburg and on both sides ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-12-13
  • Plan of the First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia. July 21st 1861.

    Plan of the First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia. July 21st 1861.

    Map shows the area surrounding Bull Run including Centreville and New Market, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861-07-21
  • Plan of the Union and Rebel position at Yorktown, Va., April 7th, 1862.

    Plan of the Union and Rebel position at Yorktown, Va., April ...

    Illustrates a portion of York County, Va., showing headquarters camps of the various generals of the U.S. Army of the Potomac, including the Sawmill, headquarters of General Samuel P. Heintzelman, in the Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-07
  • Plan of the Battle of Ball's Bluff Va. Fought October 21st 1861.

    Plan of the Battle of Ball's Bluff Va. Fought October 21st 1861.

    Shows the Potomac River in the area of Loudoun County, Va., and Montgomery County, Md., where Union troops under Col. Edward D. Baker faced Confederate troops commanded by Evans. What was meant to be a "a slight demonstration" against the Confederate forces guarding the fords quickly became a rout. Col. Baker was one of the casualties.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861-10-21
  • Siege of Yorktown [Virginia].

    Siege of Yorktown [Virginia].

    Illustrates the positions of the Union and Confederate armies in York County, Va., around Yorktown, showing entrenchments and redoubts.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-05
  • Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Va. Fought June 29th 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Va. Fought June 29th 1...

    Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., that includes Savage's Farm to the north and the Williamsburg Stage Road to the south. The Richmond and York River Railroad is also indicated. The Battle of Savage's Station was one of the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-29
  • Map shewing [sic] country opposite Harrison's Landing, Va., and position of [U.S.] Army.

    Map shewing [sic] country opposite Harrison's Landing, Va., a...

    Shows the location along the James River between Petersburg and Harrison's Landing, Va., of the camps of the U.S. Army of the Potomac after the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862. Positions of U.S. gunboats are indicated along the James River as well as Confederate strongholds and positions of the Cavalry.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-07
  • Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., Decr. 13, 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., Decr. 13, 1862.

    Map shows the region surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Marie's Heights outside of the city and Falmouth across the Rappahannock River. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering of the Union forces, Lee was able to use the bluffs overlooking the river to his advantage. After sustaining heavy losses crossing the river, Burnside decided against renewed attacks and withdrew on the 15th of December.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-12-13
  • Position of Union Army

    Position of Union Army

    Map shows the location of Union troops in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia poised to begin McClellan's Peninsular Campaign, March 1862. Among the landmarks noted are the location of McClellan's headquarters in Hampton from 23 March to 4 April 1862; the route of reconnaissance by Smith and Fitz-John Porter in the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., 27 March; and McClellan's new headquarters on the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-03-08
  • [Map of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign, 1864].

    [Map of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign, 1864].

    Shows the area of the Shenandoah Valley including the Blue Ridge Mountains between Staunton and Front Royal, Va. In mid-1864 almost 50,000 troops were placed in the Middle Military Division under General Sheridan. Between August and November Sheridan engaged Early's troops several times at Winchester, Fishers Hill and Cedar Creek, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Map shewing [sic] vicinity of Winchester, Virginia, Potomac, etc.

    Map shewing [sic] vicinity of Winchester, Virginia, Potomac, ...

    Shows portions of southern Maryland and northern Virginia emphasizing Winchester, Va. Sneden notes on the map that Winchester was a city that changed hands 46 times during the war. He lists three major battles near Winchester, fought in March 1862, May 1864, and September 1864. Sneden considered the Battle of Kernstown, Va., to be the First Battle of Winchester but today historians consider the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-03-23
  • Battle of Five Forks 31st March and April 1st 1865 Copy of official plan by Col. W. H. Paine U.S. Engrs.

    Battle of Five Forks 31st March and April 1st 1865 Copy of of...

    Map shows the area five Five Forks, Va., near Hatcher's Run in Diwiddie County. March 30, 1865 General Sheridan's troops engaged Pickett's army at Dinwiddie courthouse and the next day pursued General Pickett who was withdrawing to Five Forks. The Federal attacks overwhelmed the enrenchments, and the Confederates abandoned their efforts to protect the Southdside Railroad.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Paine, William H.
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865-03-31
  • Plan of position of the 12th Corps and part of the 3rd Corps, covering the ground in front of Chancellorsville during May 2nd and 3rd 1863.

    Plan of position of the 12th Corps and part of the 3rd Corps,...

    Shows the locations of the U.S. Army of the Potomac's XII Corps (under Slocum) and III Corps (under Sickles) during Hooker's campaign to circumvent Lee's defenses at Fredericksburg by circling to the west and attacking his flank. Splitting his army, Lee left half to face Union forces at Fredericksburg and moved half to confront Hooker at the Wilderness, an area of dense second-growth forest ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Battle of Chancellorsville Virginia 2nd & 3rd May 1863.

    Battle of Chancellorsville Virginia 2nd & 3rd May 1863.

    Depicts the town of Chancellorsville and environs, including Marie's Bridge over Scott's Creek and the locations of the plank roads to Richard's Ford, Orange Court House, and Fredericksburg. Also shows locations of Union and Confederate troops at various times throughout the two days of battle.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Plan of the 1st Battle of Bull Run Virginia 21st July 1861. Topography from U.S. Engineers official map.

    Plan of the 1st Battle of Bull Run Virginia 21st July 1861. T...

    Shows the area between Sudley Springs and Centreville to the north and New Market to the south. The location of the Warrenton Turnpike is also included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861-07-21
  • The Union assault on the Rebel works Lee's Mill Va.

    The Union assault on the Rebel works Lee's Mill Va.

    Shows the fortifications of the Union and Confederate forces on opposite sides of the Warwick River in Warwick County [now city of Newport News], Va., at the time of the engagement Lee's Mill, also known as Burnt Chimneys.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-16
  • Map showing position of Union and Rebel armies, 28th to 30th Aug. 1862. Genl. Pope's Campaign.

    Map showing position of Union and Rebel armies, 28th to 30th ...

    Shows the region surrounding Bull Run in Virginia, extending from the town of Centreville in the northeast to Brentsville in the southwest.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-28
  • Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia showing attack on the salient angle May 12th.

    Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia showing attack on...

    Shows the distribution of Confederate forces under the commands of Longstreet, Ewell, and Hill facing Union forces under Wright, Warren, Burnside, and Hancock, with special attention to Hancock's assault on Ewell's forces in the "Mule Shoe salient." Oriented with north to the upper left.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-05-12
  • Fort Lyon, near Alexandria, Virginia

    Fort Lyon, near Alexandria, Virginia

    The map shows a close up drawing of Fort Lyon located on Eagle Hill in Alexandria, Virginia. Shows the fort's defenses, including abatis, ditches, salients, sally port, and bomb proof.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Union army encampment at Hampton, Virginia Showing picket lines and Fortress Munroe [sic].

    The Union army encampment at Hampton, Virginia Showing picket...

    Shows the landmarks in the area around Union-occupied Hampton, Va., including the Poor Farm, the Female Seminary, Buckrow's house, Hickman's farm, and "Fox Hill," the home of J. Fox.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Union and Rebel position at Yorktown Va.

    Plan of Union and Rebel position at Yorktown Va.

    Shows the area between the Warwick River and Yorktown to the north and Wormsley Creek to the south that was the Confederacy's first line of defense against McClellan's advance up the Virginia Peninsula. The location of the road to Warwick Court House is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-12
  • Plan of the Battle of Rappahannock Station November 7th 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Rappahannock Station November 7th 1863.

    As part of the Bristoe Campaign, while Union troops fought to cross the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford, Ewell's Confederates defended the pontoon bridge at Rappahannock Station approximately four miles away. This image gives details of the terrain, the elaborate Confederate fortifications, burnt buildings, and destroyed bridges.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-11-07
  • Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 2nd & 3rd 1863

    Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 2nd & 3rd 1863

    This large detailed map shows the area defined by the Rapidan and Rappahannock rivers and Wilderness Run and indicates the locations of various units over the course of the middle two days of fighting.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    Map shows the area between the Rappahannock and Massaponax rivers including Fredericksburg and Marie's Heights. The location of Confederate troops under Longstreet and Jackson and Union troops under Burnside are indicated. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering, the Confederates were able to use the topography to their advantage, in particular the bluffs overlooking the town and river. After sustaining heavy losses crossing the Rappahannock River, ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-12-12
  • Map of Falls Church and vicinity of Lewinsville, Virginia : shewing [sic] Union picket lines October 30th 1862.

    Map of Falls Church and vicinity of Lewinsville, Virginia : s...

    Map shows the area surrounding Falls Church in Fairfax County, Va. The Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-10-30
  • The attack on Harper's Ferry Va., by Jackson, September 14th and 15th, 1862

    The attack on Harper's Ferry Va., by Jackson, September 14th ...

    Shows the area of convergence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers that marks the border of Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia. Details include the location of Union forces in the town of Harper's Ferry and Confederate forces on Maryland Heights across the Potomac.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-09-14
  • Second Battle of Bull Run sunset 5 p.m. Aug 30 1862.

    Second Battle of Bull Run sunset 5 p.m. Aug 30 1862.

    Shows the area between Bull Run to the north and the Manassas and Gainesville Road to the south. The location of Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-30
  • Map of 1st and 2nd Bull Run battles. Official map from the Topographical Bureau, Washington, D.C.

    Map of 1st and 2nd Bull Run battles. Official map from the To...

    In this detail of a printed map, Sneden has juxtaposed troop locations during First Bull Run (21 July 1861) and Second Bull Run (29-30 August 1862). He has also noted the location where Union General Philip Kearny was shot by Confederate troops in 1862; the line of command of the Union Army's Department of Washington as of January 1863; and the Union monument erected ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of battle of Salem Church near Bank's Ford, Virginia : May 3rd & 4th 1863.

    Plan of battle of Salem Church near Bank's Ford, Virginia : M...

    As part of a series depicting the Chancellorsville Campgain, this map gives details of the area around Salem Church, where Union Gen. Sedgwick's forces, en route from Fredericksburg to reinforce Hooker near Chancellorsville, met Confederate opposition under Wilcox. Lee's quick assessment of the potential of the situation led him to redeploy his forces in the hope of destroying Sedgwick's corps. While prevented from joining ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • Map of country between Yorktown and Williamsbu[rg] in Virginia.

    Map of country between Yorktown and Williamsbu[rg] in Virginia.

    Shows a portion of the peninsula outlined by the York River to the north and the James River to the south. Sneden marked the Union line of march, wagon trains, and Confederate works, all related to the Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-03
  • Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. : fought 7th November 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. : fought 7th November...

    Focuses on a small portion of the Rappahannock River close to the line dividing Culpeper and Fauquier counties, Va., and about 8 miles (as indentified by Sneden) from Brandy Station where the Battle of Kelly's Ford occurred on 7 November 1863. Confederate positions are noted as well as the placement of the 3rd, 5th, and 6th corps of the Union Army of the Potomac.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-11-07
  • Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg.

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg.

    Map is oriented with the Rappahannock River to the top (actually, north/northeast) and the Massaponax River [now Creek] to the right (actually, south). Shows the field of action for the first Battle of Fredericksburg, December 12-13, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-12-12
  • Plan of Rebel fort (Camp Misery) on Ship Point Road - Virginia.

    Plan of Rebel fort (Camp Misery) on Ship Point Road - Virginia.

    Shows the layout of "Camp Misery" and the surrounding woods and swamp; Ship Point Road is to the south. The camp was evacuated as the Union forces began their siege of Yorktown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-11
  • Map showing position of Union and Rebel armies and Jackson's flank march during 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Aug. 28th to 31st, 1862.

    Map showing position of Union and Rebel armies and Jackson's ...

    Fortunately, Pope's forces retained control of Henry House Hill, thereby allowing the bulk of his army to retreat safely across Bull Run toward Centreville. As part of Lee's plan to interrupt Pope's line of communications, he sent Jackson in a flank movement around the Union Army to take up a position between it and Centreville; Jackson chose the vicinity of Sudley Mountain. As the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-28
  • Plan of the Rebel position at Howard's Bridge, April 4th 1862.

    Plan of the Rebel position at Howard's Bridge, April 4th 1862.

    The map shows the area of the lower peninsula around Howard's Bridge, including the Confederate works on the north side of the Poquosin River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-04
  • Position of both armies, August 30th - 4 to 5 p.m.

    Position of both armies, August 30th - 4 to 5 p.m.

    Shows the area between Bull Run and the Sudley Road in Prince William County, Va., just before the Federal army retreat.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map showing vicinity of battlefield of Antietam Md.

    Map showing vicinity of battlefield of Antietam Md.

    Shows the area west from Cumberland, Md., east to Hanover, Pa. The maps also show the area surrounding the Antietam battlefield including Hopewell, Pa., to the north down to Winchester, Va., in the south. Despite the indication of Maryland in the lower left of the image, it actually depicts parts of Virginia and West Virginia.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map showing positions of Union and Rebel forces Septr 1861.

    Map showing positions of Union and Rebel forces Septr 1861.

    Depicts the area between Lewinsville, in Fairfax County, and Georgetown in the north, and Alexandria in the south. The location of the Loudoun and Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861-09
  • Second battle field at Bull Run

    Second battle field at Bull Run

    Shows the Union forces under Gen. John Pope and the Confederates under Gen. Robert E. Lee on the 29th, 30th, and 31st of August 1862 in an area of Virginia defined by the towns of Chantilly to the north, Manassas Junction to the South, Centreville to the east and Gainesville to the west.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-29
  • Plan of the Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines, Va. Fought 31st May 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines, Va. Fought 31...

    Shows the distribution of troops during battle, with majority of McClellan's forces northeast of the Chickahominy River and the Confederates under Joseph E. Johnston attacking the two Union corps on the south side of the river. Map indicates locations of 9 Mile Road and Old Williamsburg Road, the Richmond and York River Railroad, and Confederate defenses, chiefly felled trees. Edwin V. Sumner's route of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of Union and Rebel armies at Fredericksburg, Decr. 1st 1862

    Position of Union and Rebel armies at Fredericksburg, Decr. 1...

    Map shows the area surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Spotsylvania Courthouse, Chancellorsville and Falmouth, during the Fredericksburg Campaign. This image shows the situation several days before the battle of Fredericksburg, on December 13th, during which Burnside ordered several futile attacks against Lee's forces. After losing over 12,000 men, the Federal forces withdrew on December 15th.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-12-01
  • Plan of the Battle of Glendale or Frazier's Farm. Virginia. 30th June 1862 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Genl Heintzelman and Sumner commanding.

    Plan of the Battle of Glendale or Frazier's Farm. Virginia. 3...

    Shows the area of Henrico County that includes White Oak Creek and White Oak Swamp.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • The assault on the "Red Battery,"  April 25th, 1862 Yorktown, Va.

    The assault on the "Red Battery," April 25th, 1862 Yorktown,...

    Shows the area between the Warwick River to the west and the Warwick Road to the east as McClellan's forces attacked Confederate batteries on the Peninsula south of Yorktown, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-25
  • Plan of the Second Battle of Bull Run, Va. Showing position of both armies at 6 p.m. 29th august 1862.

    Plan of the Second Battle of Bull Run, Va. Showing position o...

    Below map: "Copy of map made for Maj. Genl. S.P. Heintzelman, 3rd Army Corps, AP, by R.K. Sneden, Topo. Engr." Lower left corner: "Copy of official map by U.S. Engineers of Genl. Pope, USA." NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this scrapbook image. Original scrapbook housed in the Museum Department of the Virginia Historical Society (1994.80.4-525) with restricted access.=500 \\ This ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-29
  • Position of 3rd Army Corps at Harrison's Landing, Va., July 9th 1862. From actual survey made for Genl. Heintzelman /

    Position of 3rd Army Corps at Harrison's Landing, Va., July 9...

    Gives Union Army positions around Harrison's Landing in Charles City County, Va., on July 9th, 1862, with details of the terrain and locations of headquarters for the following Union officers: David Bell Birney, Cuvier Grover, Samuel Peter Heintzelman, Joseph Hooker, Philip Kearny, Israel Bush Richardson, John Sedgwick, and George Sykes.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-07-09
  • Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Map shows the area between Farmville, Va., and Cumberland Courthouse to the north. This was a small skirmish just north of Farmville in Cumberland County on April 7, 1865, just following action at Highbridge and Rice's Station.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865-04-07
  • Map of Mount Vernon, Virginia and vicinity : shewing [sic] Union picket lines, March 186[1].

    Map of Mount Vernon, Virginia and vicinity : shewing [sic] Un...

    Includes main roads, farms, churches, forts, and Union lines in Fairfax County, Va., especially around the estate of Mount Vernon.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861-03
  • The Union assault on the Rebel works at Lee's Mill, Yorktown, Va.

    The Union assault on the Rebel works at Lee's Mill, Yorktown,...

    Shows fortifications on opposite sides of the Warwick River, with the Confederate forces concentrated to the north of the river and the Union forces to the south around Lee's Mill.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-16
  • Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg Va. By Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick, USA, with the 6th Army Corps. Sunday May 3rd 1863.

    Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg Va. By Maj....

    Area depicted includes the Rappahannock River to the northeast, Taylor Hill to the northwest and Deep Run to the south. The Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad is also indicated. As part of Gen. Hooker's plan to drive the Confederate Army back toward Richmond, Gen. Sedgwick was to undertake a diversionary attack across the Rappahannock River toward the Confederate entrenchments above Fredericksburg. On May 3rd, having ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Union and Rebel works Yorktown, Va. [1862]

    Union and Rebel works Yorktown, Va. [1862]

    Shows the York River from Gloucester Point to south of Wormsley Creek. Yorktown appears at top of image, with remaining detail showing interior of the Peninsula. Woods, creeks, fields, roads, houses and other points of reference are included. Also indicates location of the British Army's surrender after the Revolutionary War Battle of Yorktown in 1781.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04
  • 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va. position of both armies, 6 p.m. Aug. 26th 1862, showing Jackson's flank march.

    2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va. position of both armies, 6 p.m. A...

    The map shows the area surrounding the Bull Run Mountains including Centreville and Kellysville, Va. As part of the Second Bull Run Campaign, Pope's U.S. Army of Virginia assigned to protect Washington, the Shenandoah Valley and draw Lee away from the defense of Richmond. Lee split his army, and Jackson's brilliant maneuvering thoroughly confused Pope, and allowed Longstreet to join with reinforcements. While Longstreet's ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-26
  • The March from Hampton to before Yorktown, Va., April 1862. Map showing route of 3rd Army Corps. A.P. from Howard's Bridge to the sawmill, April 5 and 6th, 1862.

    The March from Hampton to before Yorktown, Va., April 1862. M...

    Illustrates a portion of Isle of Wight County, Va., showing headquarters camps of the various generals of the U.S. Army of the Potomac in the Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-05
  • Blockade of the Potomac. Map showing Union and Rebel batteries January 1862. The Rebels evacuated all their batteries night of 4th March 1862.

    Blockade of the Potomac. Map showing Union and Rebel batterie...

    "The Rebel troops and batteries were commanded by Genl. Holmes, C.S.A. during the blockade which lasted from Decr 1861 to 9th March 1862." -- Page caption. Color coding shows location of Union and Confederate forces. NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this diary image. Relief shown by hachures. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-01
  • Plan of the battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia. Fought September 22nd, 1864.

    Plan of the battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia. Fought Septemb...

    Despite a strong natural defensive position near Fisher's Hill, south of Strasburg, Va., Early's Confederates were overwhelmed by Sheridan's greater numbers. Map shows the flanking movement led by Crook as well as the position of the Union forces just prior to their frontal assault. The detail of the distribution of the Confederate forces was contained on that portion of the map that is missing.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-09-22
  • Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg. Fought 13th Decr. 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg. Fought 13th Decr. 1862.

    Map shows Gen. R. E. Lee's strong position on the heights overlooking Fredericksburg, Va. While he could not prevent the Union forces from crossing the Rappahannock River on December 13 and taking the town, they were unable, despite repeated suicidal assaults, to take the hills on which the Confederate forces were entrenched. After several days astride the river, the Union forces withdrew the night ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Paine, William H.
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-12-13
  • Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Virginia. Sunday, June 29th 1862. Fought by the 2nd and 6th Corps.

    Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Virginia. Sunday, June...

    The Battle of Savage's Station was part of the Seven Days' Battles of the Peninsular Campaign. This map shows the area of Savage's Farm in Henrico County, Va., to the north and the Williamsburg Road to the south. The Richmond and York River Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-29
  • Plan of the Battle of Bristoe Station, Orange and Alexandria Railroad, Va., Octr. 14th 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Bristoe Station, Orange and Alexandria ...

    Shows the area of Fairfax County, Va., which was the site of the Battle of Bristoe Station. The map is oriented with Cedar Run to the south, Bristoe to the west and indicates the route of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. Also indicated are A. P. Hill's Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, engaging the Union's II Corps during its withdrawal toward Centreville, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-10-14
  • Plan of the Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Plan of the Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Map shows the location of Confederate Gen. R. E. Lee's troops at Cumberland Church and Union Gen. U. S. Grant's troops south near Farmville, Va., along the Appomattox River. This was a small skirmish in Cumberland County on April 7, 1865, just following action at Highbridge and Rice's Station and just preceding Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865-04-07
  • Battle at Dranesville, Va. Decr. 20th, 1861.

    Battle at Dranesville, Va. Decr. 20th, 1861.

    NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this scrapbook image. Original scrapbook housed in the Museum Department of the Virginia Historical Society (1994.80.4-525) with restricted access. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861-12-20
  • Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 11th Corps at 6 p.m. May 2nd 1863 Maj Genl O.O. Howard commanding

    Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 11th Corps at 6 p.m. Ma...

    Map shows the position of Union and Confederate troops in the area surrounding Chancellorsville, Va., at 6 p.m. on May 2, 1863. By late afternoon on May 2, Stonewall Jackson's troops had moved deeper into the Wilderness and were within striking distance of the 1st Corps, U.S. Army of the Potomac, P.O. Howard, commanding. Jackson gave the order to attack at 6 p.m., pushing ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Battlefield of Dinwiddie Courthouse, Va. from official map made by Col. W. H. Paine U.S. Engineers.

    Battlefield of Dinwiddie Courthouse, Va. from official map ma...

    Map shows the area between Dinwiddie Court House and Five Forks, Va., including the location of troops at different times during the engagement. Beginning on March 30, 1865, Sheridan advanced on the Five Forks area. He was stopped overnight at Dinwiddie Court House due to heavy rain. On March 31st he advanced toward Five Forks only to meet significant Confederate resistance, and was forced ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Paine, William H.
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865-03-31
  • Map of the field of operations in Virginia and Battle of Mine Run, during November 1863.

    Map of the field of operations in Virginia and Battle of Mine...

    Includes areas of Orange and Culpeper counties, Va., where Meade approached the Rapidan River and the Mine Run Valley to try and push Lee's forces unsuccessfully back towards Richmond in the Mine Run Campaign of November 26-December 1, 1863.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-11
  • Plan of the battle of Mine Run, Virginia : fought Monday 30th Novr. 1863.

    Plan of the battle of Mine Run, Virginia : fought Monday 30th...

    Meade's intention was to cross the Rapidan River at Germanna Ford, travel west toward Orange Court House, and force Lee from his position in Orange County, just south of river. Alerted to these movements, Lee deployed his forces in strong defensive positions along Mine Run. There being no feasible point of attack, Meade withdrew his forces to winter quarters at Culpeper. Details on this ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-11-30
  • Second Battle of Bull Run showing rebel position 29 and 30 Aug 1862

    Second Battle of Bull Run showing rebel position 29 and 30 Au...

    Shows the location of Confederate troops along Sudley Springs Road in Prince William County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-29
  • Map of Harrison's Landing, James River, Virginia.

    Map of Harrison's Landing, James River, Virginia.

    Shows the locations along the James River of the camps of the U.S. Army of the Potomac after the Seven Days' Battles, 25 June-1 July 1862. Also shows locations of Berkeley and Westover plantations in Charles City County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-07
  • Plan of the battle of Salem Church or Salem Heights, Va. Attack and repulse of the 6th Army Corps, Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick, U.S.A., afternoon of 3rd May 1863.

    Plan of the battle of Salem Church or Salem Heights, Va. Atta...

    The Battle of Salem Church, Spotsylvania County, Va., was part of the Chancellorsville Campaign of April-May, 1863, and was actually fought on May 4, 1863.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862.

    Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862.

    Shows the Confederate and Union fortifications located between the York River to the north and the James River to the south during the Peninsular campaign of 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04
  • Map of the field of operations, November 1863.

    Map of the field of operations, November 1863.

    Map shows the area between Culpeper Courthouse and Orange Courthouse including the location of Federal troops under Meade in Union-held towns and along the Rappahannock River. On November 7th, the Union army began its advance across the Rappahannock River at Rappahannock Station. The map also indicates the location of Confederate strongholds along the Rapidan River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-11
  • Blockade of the Potomac - by Rebels, winter of 1861

    Blockade of the Potomac - by Rebels, winter of 1861

    Shows the Potomac River with the Confederate forces located near Cockpit Point, Prince William County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Official map of the Union works in front of Yorktown, Va.

    Official map of the Union works in front of Yorktown, Va.

    Shows the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., including Union batteries located along the Warwick Court House Road. Also shows the Confederate barricade made up of abatis, palisades, slashings of trees, felled trees, and dams that flooded low-lying areas. The Union army, under Gen. McClellan, prepared to lay siege to Yorktown as part of its advance up the Virginia Peninsula toward the Confederate capital of Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Heine, William
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04
  • Plan of the Battle of Dranesville Va Decr 20th 1861.

    Plan of the Battle of Dranesville Va Decr 20th 1861.

    Shows Dranesville, Fairfax County, Va., and the area to the north. The locations of the Leesburg Turnpike, Centreville Road and Chain Bridge Road are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861-12-20
  • Map of the defences [sic] of Richmond, Va., April 1865.

    Map of the defences [sic] of Richmond, Va., April 1865.

    Portrays 23 numbered forts around the city of Richmond, which includes the following named forts, Johnson, Magruder, and Harrison.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865-04
  • The Union position before Yorktown, Va., 18th April 1862

    The Union position before Yorktown, Va., 18th April 1862

    A regional view of Yorktown, Va., and vicinity, with Yorktown and Gloucester Point on opposite sides of the York River and indicating where the Warwick River feeds into the James, and also the Poquoson River as it branches off from the York below Yorktown. The headquarters of Gen. John Sedgwick's VI Corps is shown at Warwick Court House.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of the Wilderness, Va. : May 5th to 12th.

    Plan of the Battle of the Wilderness, Va. : May 5th to 12th.

    While labelled the Battle of the Wilderness (May 5-6), this map depicts troop locations and movements during engagements in the days immediately following as both armies met at Spotsylvania Court House (May 8-12) and Union forces under Grant made slow but steady progress moving southeast toward the James River and their ultimate goal, Richmond. This map encompasses the Rapidan River to the northeast, and ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-05-05
  • Plan of the Battle of Five Forks, Va., March 31st 1865 and 1st April.

    Plan of the Battle of Five Forks, Va., March 31st 1865 and 1s...

    Map shows view from Petersburg to Five Forks, Va. As part of an overall plan to force the Confederate troops out of their Petersburg trenches, on March 30, 1865, Gen. Sheridan's troops advanced on Dinwiddie Court House and Five Forks. They were met by Confederate forces under Pickett near Five Forks on March 31st. On April 1st, having heard of his opponent's heavy reinforcement ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865-03-31
  • Entrenched position of the 3rd corps, A.P., at Harrison's Landing, James River, Va., July 9th 1862

    Entrenched position of the 3rd corps, A.P., at Harrison's Lan...

    Shows the area of Charles City County, Va., along the James River (between Kimmage's and Herring creeks) to which McClellan moved his troops at the end of the Peninsular Campaign. They remained here until August 16. Details include the use of slashed or burned trees, ditches, piles of logs, and natural landforms as defenses.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-07-09
  • Plan of Battle of Savage's Station Va.

    Plan of Battle of Savage's Station Va.

    Depicts the locations of troops and landmarks during the Battle of Savage's Station, one of the Seven Days' Battles. Shows the area of Henrico County between the Chickahominy River and White Oak Swamp. The Richmond and York River Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-29
  • Plan of the tunnel and vicinity [of Libby Prison, Richmond, Va.].

    Plan of the tunnel and vicinity [of Libby Prison, Richmond, V...

    Map of an escape tunnel from Libby Prison, Richmond, Va., showing surrounding sites including other prisons, warehouses, the canal and dock closest to Libby, and the railroad depot.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-18
  • Vicinity of Winchester and Harper's Ferry, Va.

    Vicinity of Winchester and Harper's Ferry, Va.

    Detail of a printed map of Winchester, Va., and environs, with annotations and additions by Sneden. Additions include inclusion of roads, notes about and dates of battles and skirmishes, location of the point where the Confederate army recrossed the Potomac River following the Battle of Gettysburg, and note that the town of Winchester changed hands [46] times during the war.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Chantilly, Virginia : September 1st 1862 5 to 9 p.m.

    Plan of the Battle of Chantilly, Virginia : September 1st 186...

    Scene of the last engagement of the Second Battle of Bull Run. Shows the area between Chantilly, Va., in the north and the Centreville Road to the south. The Little River Turnpike and Germantown are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-09-01
  • Second Battle of Bull Run position of troops at 6 p.m.

    Second Battle of Bull Run position of troops at 6 p.m.

    Shows the area of Sudley Springs, Va., to the north and Bethlehem Church to the south. The location of Warrenton Turnpike and Manassas Gap Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Position of Union and Rebel armies near Chancellorsville May 4th 1863

    Position of Union and Rebel armies near Chancellorsville May ...

    Map shows the location of troops in the area surrounding Chancellorsville, Va. The main focus of the map is the troops under Union General Hooker located to the north along the Rapidan River as well as the Confederates under Lee and Stuart to the south and west.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-04
  • Official map of the lower Potomac River picket lines Jany 1862.

    Official map of the lower Potomac River picket lines Jany 1862.

    Shows area of Fairfax County, Va., between Pohick Church and Accotink to the north and Colchester to the south.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-01
  • Battlefield of Bull Run August 29th and 30th 1862.

    Battlefield of Bull Run August 29th and 30th 1862.

    Shows the area of the Bull Run battlefield with the disposition of Union and Confederate forces. Union Gen. Pope's command faced that of Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson, unaware that Longstreet's command had arrived to reinforce Jackson's position. On the second day of fighting, an assault by Pope's forces was repulsed by Jackson's troops, while Longstreet attacked Pope's unprotected left flank. Pope was defeated, but ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-29