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  • The Union assault on the Rebel works Lee's Mill Va.

    The Union assault on the Rebel works Lee's Mill Va.

    Shows the fortifications of the Union and Confederate forces on opposite sides of the Warwick River in Warwick County [now city of Newport News], Va., at the time of the engagement Lee's Mill, also known as Burnt Chimneys.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map showing from Richmond to Fredericksburg, Va.

    Map showing from Richmond to Fredericksburg, Va.

    Printed map with annotations by Sneden highlighting the defenses of Richmond, Va., and locations associated with the Battle of the Wilderness, 5-7 May 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • [Map of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee.]

    [Map of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee.]

    Shows the southern border of South Carolina, northern border of Georgia, and eastern borders of Alabama and Tennessee, with railroads, towns, forts, prisons, landforms, and waterways.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Mill Spring or Logan's Cross Roads : fought January 19th, 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Mill Spring or Logan's Cross Roads : fo...

    NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this diary page. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image. Robert Knox Sneden scrapbook (Mss5:7 Sn237:1), Virginia Historical Society. In the Robert Knox Sneden diary, 1861-1865 (v. 1, p. 361).

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Fredericksburg to Petersburg, Va.

    Fredericksburg to Petersburg, Va.

    The purpose of this map is uncertain; it may have been to identify the rail lines within the corridor between Fredericksburg and Petersburg. Included (as phrased by Sneden) are the Richmond and Danville Railroad, Lynchburg Railroad, Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad, Virginia Central Railroad, and the Richmond Fredericksburg (Railroad). A few key events in the entire war are indicated such as the surrender of Lee ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Va. Fought June 29th 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Va. Fought June 29th 1...

    Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., that includes Savage's Farm to the north and the Williamsburg Stage Road to the south. The Richmond and York River Railroad is also indicated. The Battle of Savage's Station was one of the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Pursuit of the rebel army, April 6th-8th, 1865, and Battle of Sailor's Creek, Va.

    The Pursuit of the rebel army, April 6th-8th, 1865, and Battl...

    In this detail from an unidentified printed map, Sneden depicts the area between Rice's Depot and Jetersville, Va. Named after Sailor's Creek that runs through Prince Edward, Amelia and Nottoway Counties, this engagement of the Appomattox Campaign was fought April 6, 1865. The Confederates sustained heavy losses (7-8,000) before withdrawing to Highbridge, and several generals, including Ewell, were captured.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Entrenched position of the 3rd corps, A.P., at Harrison's Landing, James River, Va., July 9th 1862

    Entrenched position of the 3rd corps, A.P., at Harrison's Lan...

    Shows the area of Charles City County, Va., along the James River (between Kimmage's and Herring creeks) to which McClellan moved his troops at the end of the Peninsular Campaign. They remained here until August 16. Details include the use of slashed or burned trees, ditches, piles of logs, and natural landforms as defenses.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. : fought 7th November 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. : fought 7th November...

    Focuses on a small portion of the Rappahannock River close to the line dividing Culpeper and Fauquier counties, Va., and about 8 miles (as indentified by Sneden) from Brandy Station where the Battle of Kelly's Ford occurred on 7 November 1863. Confederate positions are noted as well as the placement of the 3rd, 5th, and 6th corps of the Union Army of the Potomac.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of both armies, August 30th - 4 to 5 p.m.

    Position of both armies, August 30th - 4 to 5 p.m.

    Shows the area between Bull Run and the Sudley Road in Prince William County, Va., just before the Federal army retreat.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Position of army at Centreville Va. 31st August

    Position of army at Centreville Va. 31st August

    Another view of Pope's Army of Virginia just prior to the Battle of Chantilly, the last engagement of the Second Bull Run Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Rebel position at Howard's Bridge, April 4th 1862.

    Plan of the Rebel position at Howard's Bridge, April 4th 1862.

    The map shows the area of the lower peninsula around Howard's Bridge, including the Confederate works on the north side of the Poquosin River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Andersonville Prison, Georgia. Aug. 1864.

    Plan of Andersonville Prison, Georgia. Aug. 1864.

    Map shows a detailed plan of the Andersonville prison complex including locations of external defenses, guards' and officers' quarters, hospital, storehouses, cook house, and graveyard, and the use of the terrain (swamps, creeks) as boundaries.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map shewing [sic] movements of army from 30th June to 1st July 1863 : and first encounter of 1st Corps with the enemy.

    Map shewing [sic] movements of army from 30th June to 1st Jul...

    Indicates the general terrain and disposition of troops around Gettysburg, Pa., as well the fighting northwest of town between the Union's I Corps, under Maj.Gen. John F. Reynolds and Confederate forces under Hill. Shows the place where Gen. Reynolds was fatally shot on July 1 and the locations of Union forces at 11 a.m., 12 p.m. and 1 p.m. as they fell back toward ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia

    The Battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia

    Shows the area of eastern Henrico County, Va., where the battle of Malvern Hill was fought. The landscape gave the Union forces a strong natural position from which to fend off the Confederate attack.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Investment of Petersburg, Va. Shewing [sic] battlefield of 5 Forks and Hatcher's Run, Friday March 31st, Saturday April 1st & Sunday April 2nd 1865.

    The Investment of Petersburg, Va. Shewing [sic] battlefield o...

    Shows the area surrounding Petersburg on the Appomattox River with all major transportation lines noted. Union forces under Grant are opposed by Lee's Confederates. Five Forks is to the left of the image; Port Walthall to the upper right: Ream's Station is in the lower right; and Dinwiddie Court House is at the bottom center.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865
  • Map showing the investment and siege of Savannah, Georgia by Genl Sherman's army Decr 1864.

    Map showing the investment and siege of Savannah, Georgia by ...

    Regional view of Savannah, Ga., with the many landforms (rivers, sounds, swamps, islands) noted as well as the locations of forts Jackson and Pulaski. The Savannah & Gulf Railroad, Georgia Central Railroad, and Ogeechee Canal are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 11th Corps at 6 p.m. May 2nd 1863 Maj Genl O.O. Howard commanding

    Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 11th Corps at 6 p.m. Ma...

    Map shows the position of Union and Confederate troops in the area surrounding Chancellorsville, Va., at 6 p.m. on May 2, 1863. By late afternoon on May 2, Stonewall Jackson's troops had moved deeper into the Wilderness and were within striking distance of the 1st Corps, U.S. Army of the Potomac, P.O. Howard, commanding. Jackson gave the order to attack at 6 p.m., pushing ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map showing positions of Union and Rebel forces Septr 1861.

    Map showing positions of Union and Rebel forces Septr 1861.

    Depicts the area between Lewinsville, in Fairfax County, and Georgetown in the north, and Alexandria in the south. The location of the Loudoun and Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862.

    Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862.

    Shows the Confederate and Union fortifications located between the York River to the north and the James River to the south during the Peninsular campaign of 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Chart of the battle off Cherbourg.

    Chart of the battle off Cherbourg.

    The map charts the course of the two ships in Cherbourg Harbor and in the British Channel off the coast of Cherbourg, France. Made by the British for the Confederacy and captained by Raphael Semmes the C.S.S. Alabama was a blockade runner. Spotted by the U.S.S. Kearsarge, the Alabama was cornered and sunk.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Camp Lawton, or the rebel prison near Millen, Georgia ... November 1864.

    Plan of Camp Lawton, or the rebel prison near Millen, Georgia...

    Illustrates the fort and its defenses of abatis and rifle pits, the guard camp made of log houses, hospital and surgeon's quarters, commissary, quartermaster, officers' quarters, and prison stockade containing shanties, tents, cooking ovens, and sutler's quarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Gettysburg in peace

    Gettysburg in peace

    Printed map on which Sneden has indicated the places where his unit (the 40th New York) saw action on the battlefield.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Battle of Five Forks 31st March and April 1st 1865 Copy of official plan by Col. W. H. Paine U.S. Engrs.

    Battle of Five Forks 31st March and April 1st 1865 Copy of of...

    Map shows the area five Five Forks, Va., near Hatcher's Run in Diwiddie County. March 30, 1865 General Sheridan's troops engaged Pickett's army at Dinwiddie courthouse and the next day pursued General Pickett who was withdrawing to Five Forks. The Federal attacks overwhelmed the enrenchments, and the Confederates abandoned their efforts to protect the Southdside Railroad.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Cumberland Church

    Battle of Cumberland Church

    Map shows the locations of troops surrounding Lee's headquarters at Cumberland Church, Va. This was a small skirmish on April 7, 1865, just north of Farmville in Cumberland County, immediately following the action at Highbridge and Rice's Station.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of Union Army

    Position of Union Army

    Map shows the location of Union troops in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia poised to begin McClellan's Peninsular Campaign, March 1862. Among the landmarks noted are the location of McClellan's headquarters in Hampton from 23 March to 4 April 1862; the route of reconnaissance by Smith and Fitz-John Porter in the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., 27 March; and McClellan's new headquarters on the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Attack and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn. by Genl. U.S. Grant U.S.A.

    Attack and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn. by Genl. U.S. Gran...

    Shows troop locations around Fort Donelson, Tenn., on the Cumberland River, as the Union army prepared to attack.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Kettle Run and Bristoe Station August 27 1862.

    Plan of Kettle Run and Bristoe Station August 27 1862.

    Shows the area between Greenwich, Va., to the north and Cedar Run to the south two days prior to the beginning of the 2nd Battle of Bull Run. The location of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Rebel redoubt and barracks [at] "Camp Misery" : surveyed April 11th 1862.

    Plan of Rebel redoubt and barracks [at] "Camp Misery" : surve...

    Layout of "Camp Misery," a Confederate fort on the Virginia Peninsula located in a swampy area on the Ship Point road. The camp was evacuated on April 5th, 1862, as Union forces began their siege of Yorktown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Rappahannock Station November 7th 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Rappahannock Station November 7th 1863.

    As part of the Bristoe Campaign, while Union troops fought to cross the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford, Ewell's Confederates defended the pontoon bridge at Rappahannock Station approximately four miles away. This image gives details of the terrain, the elaborate Confederate fortifications, burnt buildings, and destroyed bridges.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the Battle of Gettysburg showing positions held July 1st & 3rd 1863.

    Map of the Battle of Gettysburg showing positions held July 1...

    In this image Sneden compares troop locations during the first day of the battle with those on the third day. One obvious observation is that the Confederate forces have succeeded in pushing the Union line back to the more easily held hills south of the town.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Harrison's Landing, James River, Virginia.

    Map of Harrison's Landing, James River, Virginia.

    Shows the locations along the James River of the camps of the U.S. Army of the Potomac after the Seven Days' Battles, 25 June-1 July 1862. Also shows locations of Berkeley and Westover plantations in Charles City County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of position of the 12th Corps and part of the 3rd Corps, covering the ground in front of Chancellorsville during May 2nd and 3rd 1863.

    Plan of position of the 12th Corps and part of the 3rd Corps,...

    Shows the locations of the U.S. Army of the Potomac's XII Corps (under Slocum) and III Corps (under Sickles) during Hooker's campaign to circumvent Lee's defenses at Fredericksburg by circling to the west and attacking his flank. Splitting his army, Lee left half to face Union forces at Fredericksburg and moved half to confront Hooker at the Wilderness, an area of dense second-growth forest ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Position of Richmond, Va.

    Position of Richmond, Va.

    Area map of Richmond showing locations of roads, railroads, waterways, and landforms, as well as outlying Confederate defenses. Also includes notations of Union positions on June 13th and June 20th, 1862, and of Genl. Grant's position June 1st, 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Mount Vernon, Virginia and vicinity : shewing [sic] Union picket lines, March 186[1].

    Map of Mount Vernon, Virginia and vicinity : shewing [sic] Un...

    Includes main roads, farms, churches, forts, and Union lines in Fairfax County, Va., especially around the estate of Mount Vernon.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of the battle of Salem Church or Salem Heights, Va. Attack and repulse of the 6th Army Corps, Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick, U.S.A., afternoon of 3rd May 1863.

    Plan of the battle of Salem Church or Salem Heights, Va. Atta...

    The Battle of Salem Church, Spotsylvania County, Va., was part of the Chancellorsville Campaign of April-May, 1863, and was actually fought on May 4, 1863.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map shewing [sic] movements of Union and Rebel armies and Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia from April 27th to 4th May 1863.

    Map shewing [sic] movements of Union and Rebel armies and Bat...

    In this regional view of the Chancellorsville Campaign, the Wilderness appears in the upper left, the confluence of the Rapidan and Rappahannock rivers in the upper right, and Fredericksburg and Falmouth, located on opposite sides of the Rappahannock, are at the bottom. Time notations attempt to trace the movements of various units over the course of the campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Rebel attack on Washington, D.C., 11th & 12th July 1864.

    Plan of the Rebel attack on Washington, D.C., 11th & 12th Jul...

    Map shows the location of Union fortifications around Washington, D.C., and the presence of Confederate forces under Gordon, Ramseur and Rhodes poised on the outskirts of the city.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of 3rd Army Corps at Harrison's Landing, Va., July 9th 1862. From actual survey made for Genl. Heintzelman /

    Position of 3rd Army Corps at Harrison's Landing, Va., July 9...

    Gives Union Army positions around Harrison's Landing in Charles City County, Va., on July 9th, 1862, with details of the terrain and locations of headquarters for the following Union officers: David Bell Birney, Cuvier Grover, Samuel Peter Heintzelman, Joseph Hooker, Philip Kearny, Israel Bush Richardson, John Sedgwick, and George Sykes.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Richmond, Virginia...1863.

    Map of Richmond, Virginia...1863.

    Identifies Confederate prisons, forts, and hospitals in Richmond, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Official map of the Union works in front of Yorktown, Va.

    Official map of the Union works in front of Yorktown, Va.

    Shows the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., including Union batteries located along the Warwick Court House Road. Also shows the Confederate barricade made up of abatis, palisades, slashings of trees, felled trees, and dams that flooded low-lying areas. The Union army, under Gen. McClellan, prepared to lay siege to Yorktown as part of its advance up the Virginia Peninsula toward the Confederate capital of Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Battle of Fair Oaks, Va. Fought 31st May 1862.

    The Battle of Fair Oaks, Va. Fought 31st May 1862.

    This map shows an area of Henrico County, Va., east of the city of Richmond and south of the Chickahominy River, where the Battle of Fair Oaks, or Seven Pines, took place 31 May-1 June 1862. Confederate Gen. J. E. Johnston's plan to attack the Union Army of the Potomac's IV Corps (under Keyes) at Fair Oaks called for Longstreet to approach from the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of Pittsburg Landing. Tennessee

    Battle of Pittsburg Landing. Tennessee

    Depicts troop positions during the Battle of Shiloh, Tenn. Shows the area of Owl Creek to the north and the location of Pittsburg Landing along the Tennessee River to the south.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va. position of both armies, 6 p.m. Aug. 26th 1862, showing Jackson's flank march.

    2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va. position of both armies, 6 p.m. A...

    The map shows the area surrounding the Bull Run Mountains including Centreville and Kellysville, Va. As part of the Second Bull Run Campaign, Pope's U.S. Army of Virginia assigned to protect Washington, the Shenandoah Valley and draw Lee away from the defense of Richmond. Lee split his army, and Jackson's brilliant maneuvering thoroughly confused Pope, and allowed Longstreet to join with reinforcements. While Longstreet's ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of part of battlefield of Bull Run July 1861 : showing positions of each army at opening of battle.

    Map of part of battlefield of Bull Run July 1861 : showing po...

    Area depicted includes Buck Hill to the north and Bald Hill to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and Market Road are included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The U.S. forts and batteries near Alexandria Va. Sept 1862 showing Fort Lyon with extended works.

    The U.S. forts and batteries near Alexandria Va. Sept 1862 sh...

    Shows the locations of Union fortifications surrounding Alexandria, Va., including forts Lyon and Ellsworth in Fairfax County. The locations of Hunting Creek and the Potomac River are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of 2nd battle of Bull Run, Va. : Shewing movements of troops from 27 Aug. to Sept. 1.

    Plan of 2nd battle of Bull Run, Va. : Shewing movements of tr...

    Shows the movement of troops in a three county area extending from Warrenton, Va., in Fauquier County through Manassas, Va., in Prince William County, ending to the east around Centreville and Fairfax, Va., in Fairfax County, during the Second Battle of Manassas or Bull Run.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battle [of Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1864].

    The Battle [of Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1864].

    After a day of fierce fighting "above the clouds" on November 24, the Confederates retained a tenuous hold on Lookout Mountain. In this image the focus has shifted to Missionary Ridge. Arrows show the direction of attack as the Union forces under Thomas broke through the Confederate defenses, sending Bragg's army in retreat.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. :

    Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. :

    Detail includes Wilderness and Hunting runs and the locations of Union and Confederate forces on either side of the turnpike going toward Chancellorsville.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the battle of Glendale and White Oak Swamp, Virginia, also known as Frazier's Farm and Charles City Crossroads, fought June 30th, 1862, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

    Plan of the battle of Glendale and White Oak Swamp, Virginia,...

    Concerns the Battle of Frazier's Farm, Henrico County, Va., 30 June 1862, variously known as the Battle of Glendale and the Battle of White Oak Swamp. Considered one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862. Map indicates Union and Rebel brigades with lines of cavalry and artillery and shows homes of local residents, churches, and locations of livestock.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of the battle of Chantilly, Virginia. Fought Septr. 1st 1862, 5 to 10 PM.

    Plan of the battle of Chantilly, Virginia. Fought Septr. 1st ...

    This engagement, known as the Battle of Chantilly, or Ox Hill, was the last action in the 2d Bull Run Campaign (June-September 1862). This map focuses on western Fairfax County, Va. Stonewall Jackson's forces occupy both sides of the road from Centreville to Chantilly, with additional forces based on Ox Hill overlooking the town from the north. There is also a substantial force located ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : fought Decr. 13th 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : fought Decr....

    Map shows the area surrounding Fredericksburg during the first battle, December 12-13 1862. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering, Lee was able to take advantage of the terrain in disbursing his troops. After heavy losses crossing the Rappahannock River, Burnside decided against renewed attacks and withdrew on the 15th of December.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Cavalry battle, Gettysburg, Pa. July 3rd 1863, 2:30 p.m.

    The Cavalry battle, Gettysburg, Pa. July 3rd 1863, 2:30 p.m.

    The cavalry action took place approximately two miles to the east of the town of Gettysburg. This map shows the Confederate cavalry, under Stuart, attempting to cut the Union lines of communication along the Baltimore Turnpike. They were thwarted in their effort by Union cavalry commanded by David McMurtrie Gregg. The map depicts the rough locations of individual skirmishes.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the redoubt and rifle pits ensilading [sic] the Leesburg and Fairfax turnpikes 2 miles from Alexandria, Virginia. Built by the 38th, 40th N.Y. and 3rd Maine regiments during October and November 1861.

    Plan of the redoubt and rifle pits ensilading [sic] the Leesb...

    Includes main roads, buildings used for the hospital, chapel, stables, theater, and headquarters encampment of Brigadier General John Sedgwick.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Map of Charleston Harbor with Morris Island and James, Broad, Folly, and Cole's Islds. : showing the position of the Union and Rebel forts and batteries & & November and December 1863.

    Map of Charleston Harbor with Morris Island and James, Broad,...

    Regional map of Charleston Harbor extending along the Atlantic Coast from Sullivan's Island just north of the harbor entrance to St. John's and Kiawah islands to the south. Indicates the presence of Union warships off the coast and places along the coastline where the Union has established a foothold.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Plan of the Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Map shows the location of Confederate Gen. R. E. Lee's troops at Cumberland Church and Union Gen. U. S. Grant's troops south near Farmville, Va., along the Appomattox River. This was a small skirmish in Cumberland County on April 7, 1865, just following action at Highbridge and Rice's Station and just preceding Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Chancellorsville, May 2, 1863, showing Stonewall Jackson's great flank movement

    Chancellorsville, May 2, 1863, showing Stonewall Jackson's gr...

    This detail from a printed map shows the area around Chancellorsville, Va., including Wilderness Church to the west, the Rapidan River to the north, and the Plank Road to the south. Also indicated is the route taken by Stonewall Jackson's corps to Wilderness Tavern and the direction of their attack on the Union's exposed flank.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • The attack on and surrender of Harper's Ferry

    The attack on and surrender of Harper's Ferry

    Shows the area surrounding Harper's Ferry, W. Va., at the intersection of the Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers as the Confederate forces under Jackson began their assault, Sept. 12-15, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of the rebel position at Vicksburg, Miss., May 1863.

    Map of the rebel position at Vicksburg, Miss., May 1863.

    Shows the Union troops surrounding the Confederate fortified city of Vicksburg, Miss., with blockades and forces on both sides of the Mississippi River. Shows the locations of outlying Confederate forts and other defenses including extensive use of abatis and felled trees to hinder overland advances. The map also indicates the position of Union gunboats on the Mississippi River south of the town of Warrenton, ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Chickamauga, Tenn.

    Plan of the Battle of Chickamauga, Tenn.

    Map shows locations of forces on the second day of battle, before the Confederates broke through the Union line and sent the majority heading back toward Chattanooga.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia showing attack on the salient angle May 12th.

    Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia showing attack on...

    Shows the distribution of Confederate forces under the commands of Longstreet, Ewell, and Hill facing Union forces under Wright, Warren, Burnside, and Hancock, with special attention to Hancock's assault on Ewell's forces in the "Mule Shoe salient." Oriented with north to the upper left.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Union forts on Maryland shore

    Union forts on Maryland shore

    Shows the names and configurations of Union fortifications on the Maryland side of the Potomac River in 1862, and in some cases the name of the regiment that built the structure. This appears to be a companion piece to the image on p. 43.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Enemy's fortifications around Vicksburg

    The Enemy's fortifications around Vicksburg

    Shows the terrain and Confederate fortifications around Vicksburg, Miss., in mid-May, 1863, just after Confederate Gen. Pemberton was forced to evacuate Hayne's Bluff. Indicated are the locations of Union forces under Sherman, McPherson, McClernand, and Carr.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Falls Church and vicinity of Lewinsville, Virginia : shewing [sic] Union picket lines October 30th 1862.

    Map of Falls Church and vicinity of Lewinsville, Virginia : s...

    Map shows the area surrounding Falls Church in Fairfax County, Va. The Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Chantilly Va.

    Battle of Chantilly Va.

    Shows the area between Chantilly to the north and Bull Run to the south where Pope massed his troops prior to their retreat back to Washington. The location of Centreville and Fairfax Station are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Monocacy, Maryland, July 9th, 1864.

    Plan of the Battle of Monocacy, Maryland, July 9th, 1864.

    The map shows the location of troops on either side of the Monocacy River and north into the city of Frederick, Md. This engagement, part of "Early's Washington Raid" took place on July 9, 1864. Early's troops met Federal forces near the river. The Union troops were routed and retreated to Baltimore.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg.

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg.

    Map is oriented with the Rappahannock River to the top (actually, north/northeast) and the Massaponax River [now Creek] to the right (actually, south). Shows the field of action for the first Battle of Fredericksburg, December 12-13, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of the lines at Yorktown, Virginia, April 1862.

    Map of the lines at Yorktown, Virginia, April 1862.

    Shows the vicinity around Yorktown, Va., including Warwick Court House, the Warwick River, and Wormsley Creek as siege lines were drawn by McClellan's Union troops and Magruder's Confederate forces.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines, Va. Fought 31st May 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines, Va. Fought 31...

    Shows the distribution of troops during battle, with majority of McClellan's forces northeast of the Chickahominy River and the Confederates under Joseph E. Johnston attacking the two Union corps on the south side of the river. Map indicates locations of 9 Mile Road and Old Williamsburg Road, the Richmond and York River Railroad, and Confederate defenses, chiefly felled trees. Edwin V. Sumner's route of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Second Battle of Bull Run showing rebel position 29 and 30 Aug 1862

    Second Battle of Bull Run showing rebel position 29 and 30 Au...

    Shows the location of Confederate troops along Sudley Springs Road in Prince William County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Andersonville Prison

    Andersonville Prison

    Detailed plan of Andersonville Prison Camp, showing Sweetwater Lick to the north, and the Southwestern & Enfaula Railroad to the east. Shows the main forts, stockade and cemetery.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Roanoke Island. North Carolina. Feby 8th 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Roanoke Island. North Carolina. Feby 8t...

    Federal forces under Burnside quickly overcame the Confederate defenders, giving the Union control of Pamlico Sound and a base on the Atlantic coast for operations against North Carolina.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 2nd & 3rd 1863

    Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 2nd & 3rd 1863

    This large detailed map shows the area defined by the Rapidan and Rappahannock rivers and Wilderness Run and indicates the locations of various units over the course of the middle two days of fighting.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Antietam Campaign - Sept. 1862

    The Antietam Campaign - Sept. 1862

    Shows the area between Mercerville, Md., to the north and the Potomac River to the south. The location of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Shows the immediate area surrounding the town of Chancellorsville and the location of Union General Hooker's headquarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia. Fought June 30th and July 1st, 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia. Fought June 30t...

    "The position of Union forces at Malvern Hill was on the West. Overlooking Warren were 36 guns having full sweep of the Valley and over the River Road. These batteries were [Stephen Hinsdale] Weed's NYork battery, Edwards', Carlisle's, Smead's and Voegele's. To these later in the day were added the siege guns 1st Conn. Artillery under Col. Robert O. Tyler[,;] these were placed on ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Gettysburg July 2nd The Union and Rebel forces in the cemetery.

    Gettysburg July 2nd The Union and Rebel forces in the cemetery.

    While purporting to depict a meeting of Union and Confederate forces at Cemetery Hill, this map instead shows in detail the disposition of Union forces on Cemetery and Culp's hills. Of greater interest is the indication of the location of Sickles's 3rd Corps along the Emmitsburg Road on the morning of July 2nd, and their new position at the base of Little Round Top ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Genl. Q. A. Gillmore's line of earthworks in front of Fort Wagner, Morris Island, S.C., July 1863

    Genl. Q. A. Gillmore's line of earthworks in front of Fort Wa...

    Map depicts the siege of Fort Wagner, Morris Island, Charleston Harbor, S.C. Details include the locations of swamps, marshes, and sand ridges, and the elaborate earthworks and trenches constructed by Union troops under Gen. Q. A. Gillmore as they prepared to lay siege to the fort.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Fort Lyon, near Alexandria, Virginia

    Fort Lyon, near Alexandria, Virginia

    The map shows a close up drawing of Fort Lyon located on Eagle Hill in Alexandria, Virginia. Shows the fort's defenses, including abatis, ditches, salients, sally port, and bomb proof.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Siege of Yorktown [Virginia].

    Siege of Yorktown [Virginia].

    Illustrates the positions of the Union and Confederate armies in York County, Va., around Yorktown, showing entrenchments and redoubts.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Missionary Ridge or Chickamauga, Tenn.

    Battle of Missionary Ridge or Chickamauga, Tenn.

    This map shows a regional view of north central Tennessee that includes Nashville, Murfreesboro, Knoxville, and Bowling Green.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map made at Andersonville Prison [Sept. 1864].

    Map made at Andersonville Prison [Sept. 1864].

    This regional view locates the prison camp in relation to Columbia, Macon, and Milledgeville, Ga., as well as the town of Andersonville. Parts of bordering Alabama, Tennessee, and South Carolina are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan shewing [sic] battle ground and cavalry fight, 17th March 1863, Kelly's Ford, Va.

    Plan shewing [sic] battle ground and cavalry fight, 17th Marc...

    Map shows the area surrounding Kellysville, Va., and Kelly's Ford on the Rappahannock River. On March 17, 1863, this was the site of a cavalry skirmish between Confederate forces under Fitzhugh Lee and Jeb Stuart, who were trying to defend the route to Brandy Station, and Union forces under Gen. W. W. Averell.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Mine Run, Virginia : fought Monday 30th Novr. 1863.

    Plan of the battle of Mine Run, Virginia : fought Monday 30th...

    Meade's intention was to cross the Rapidan River at Germanna Ford, travel west toward Orange Court House, and force Lee from his position in Orange County, just south of river. Alerted to these movements, Lee deployed his forces in strong defensive positions along Mine Run. There being no feasible point of attack, Meade withdrew his forces to winter quarters at Culpeper. Details on this ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the second Battle of Bull Run Va. Showing position of both armies at 7 p.m. 30th Aug. 1862.

    Plan of the second Battle of Bull Run Va. Showing position of...

    Shows the area of Sudley Springs, Va., to the north and Bethlehem to the south on the second day of the battle. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the prison. March 1, 1864.

    Plan of the prison. March 1, 1864.

    Map shows the plan of Andersonville Prison Camp including the stockade, the town of Anderson Station on the Macon and Americus Rail Road, the locations of Confederate units serving as guards, and the headquarters of camp commandant Maj. Henry Wirz.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • "Camp Lawton" at Millen, Georgia : about 8,600 prisoners confined here 14th November 1864.

    "Camp Lawton" at Millen, Georgia : about 8,600 prisoners conf...

    Concerns a Confederate prison camp for Northern soldiers that was brand new in October 1864 when Sneden was transferred from Savannah, Ga., back inland to Camp Lawton at Millen, Ga. Sneden shows the 44-acre stockade and then the immediate area outside of the stockade where there was a Confederate camp, fort, hospital, and log residences for the Confederate officers. Also, depicted is a tent ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map showing position of Union Army at Pittsburg Landing before and after the battle 6th and 7th April 1862.

    Map showing position of Union Army at Pittsburg Landing befor...

    Depicts troop positions during the Battle of Shiloh, Tenn. Shows the area of Owl Creek to the north and the location of Pittsburg Landing, along the Tennessee River, to the south.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Second Battle of Bull Run, Va. Showing position of both armies at 6 p.m. 29th august 1862.

    Plan of the Second Battle of Bull Run, Va. Showing position o...

    Below map: "Copy of map made for Maj. Genl. S.P. Heintzelman, 3rd Army Corps, AP, by R.K. Sneden, Topo. Engr." Lower left corner: "Copy of official map by U.S. Engineers of Genl. Pope, USA." NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this scrapbook image. Original scrapbook housed in the Museum Department of the Virginia Historical Society (1994.80.4-525) with restricted access.=500 \\ This ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of battles of Kelly's Ford and Rappahannock Station, Virginia : both fought Novr. 7th, 1863.

    Plan of battles of Kelly's Ford and Rappahannock Station, Vir...

    The map shows the area surrounding the Rappahannock River as it runs from north to south; the Orange & Alexandria Railroad is also indicated. The battles of Rappahannock Bridge and Kelly's Ford were part of the Bristoe Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Mud march ... shewing [sic] movement on Bank's Ford Jany. 19th 1863 by Hooker, Franklin & Sumner.

    The Mud march ... shewing [sic] movement on Bank's Ford Jany....

    In mid-January 1863, Union General Burnside ordered his exhausted troops to recross the Rappahannock River above R. E. Lee's left flank. A heavy rain fell as the army began to move and the road soon became a quagmire. Wagons and artillery sank; men and horses floundered. In the end the effort had to be abandoned, much to the disappointment of the amused Confederates who ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map showing the defenses of the Mississippi below New Orleans and Farragut's attack 24 April 1862.

    Map showing the defenses of the Mississippi below New Orleans...

    Map shows the Confederate fortifications at Fort Jackson under Gen. Duncan, Fort St. Philip and the Union fleet along the Mississippi River. This map, also shows the positions of Union ships under Farragut, who captured the strategic port of New Orleans, thereby providing the Federal army access to the Mississippi River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map showing entrance to Mobile Bay and course taken by Union fleet.

    Map showing entrance to Mobile Bay and course taken by Union ...

    Map shows Confederate fortifications (Forts Powell, Gaines, Morgan) and the location of Union fleet in Mobile Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. On August 5, Union Admiral Farragut attempted to lead several ships into Mobile Bay, past formidable Confederate forts and the ironclad C.S.S. Tennessee. Despite the sinking by a mine of the U.S.S. Tecumseh, the Union fleet passed through the channel and engaged ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the Peninsula of Virginia : showing route of McClellan's Army toward Richmond [illegible].

    Map of the Peninsula of Virginia : showing route of McClellan...

    On what appears to be a portion of a published travel map showing steamship and railroad routes out of Baltimore, Md., Sheden has indicated the route of the Union Army as it moved up the Virginia Peninsula toward Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the assault on Ft. Wagner, July 11th 1863.

    Plan of the assault on Ft. Wagner, July 11th 1863.

    Detail of Morris Island, Charleston Harbor, Charleston S.C., showing Confederate Fort Wagner being shelled by the U.S.S. Monitor. Also shown is the daylight assault of Gen. George C. Strong against the heavily-defended fort. Strong's forces were quickly repulsed and with great loss of life.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Vicksburg Missp. and the Rebel batteries 1863.

    Vicksburg Missp. and the Rebel batteries 1863.

    Shows the western theater of the war, focusing on Vicksburg. The Vicksburg & Jackson, and Vicksburg & Texas railroads are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Map shewing [sic] march of the [U.S.] Army from Harrison's Landing or Westover to Williamsburg, Virginia, 15th, 16th, 17th and 18th August.

    Map shewing [sic] march of the [U.S.] Army from Harrison's La...

    Illustrates the path McClellan's troops took in August 1862 after their July encampment at Harrison's Landing ended. The 1st Corps under Fitz-John Porter, the 6th Corps under Sedgwick, and the 4th Corps under Keyes are shown traveling due east from Charles City Courthouse across the Chickahominy River toward Williamsburg while the 3rd Corps under Heintzelman travels on a northeastern route from Charles City Courthouse ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Rebel defences [sic] of Charleston Harbor, S.C., December 11th, 18[64]

    Rebel defences [sic] of Charleston Harbor, S.C., December 11t...

    Outlines the harbor of Charleston, S.C., beginning with the convergence of the Ashley and Cooper rivers and continuing to the Atlantic Ocean. Sneden traveled through the harbor on a Confederate steamer on December 11 headed for exchange and gives in this map a detailed picture of the many Confederate forts and batteries along the harbor as well as all types of vessels, especially noting ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Charleston S.C., A.D. 1864

    Charleston S.C., A.D. 1864

    In this annotated detail from a printed map, the city of Charleston is delineated and Confederate fortifications along the Ashley and Cooper rivers are indicated. Also indicated is the area of the city that burned as a result of Union shelling.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Map showing route taken by Mosby with his prisoners, Nov. 27th-29th, 1863.

    Map showing route taken by Mosby with his prisoners, Nov. 27t...

    In this detail from an unidentified printed map, Sneden has traced the circuitous route he and other prisoners captured by Mosby's Guerillas during the Mine Run Campaign followed from near Rappahannock Station, Va., to Woodville, down the Blue Ridge Valley, through Madison Court House and on to Gordonsville. Sneden has annotated the map with the names and locations of many of the small communities ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861