• Charleston Harbor S.C. Bombardment of Fort Sumter.

    Charleston Harbor S.C. Bombardment of Fort Sumter.

    Regional view of Charleston Harbor showing the city of Charleston on the Ashley and Cooper rivers, Castle Pinckney on Shute's Folly Island, Pleasantville and Mt. Pleasant Battery, Mechanicsville and batteries on Sullivan's Island, and the Morris and James island batteries, and their distances from Fort Sumter. Shipping channels and the U.S. warships and supply fleet are also noted.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Virginia. Sunday, June 29th 1862. Fought by the 2nd and 6th Corps.

    Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Virginia. Sunday, June...

    The Battle of Savage's Station was part of the Seven Days' Battles of the Peninsular Campaign. This map shows the area of Savage's Farm in Henrico County, Va., to the north and the Williamsburg Road to the south. The Richmond and York River Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Roanoke Island. North Carolina. Feby 8th 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Roanoke Island. North Carolina. Feby 8t...

    Federal forces under Burnside quickly overcame the Confederate defenders, giving the Union control of Pamlico Sound and a base on the Atlantic coast for operations against North Carolina.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of the Antietam.

    Battle of the Antietam.

    Conveys the placement of Union and Confederate forces in Washington County, Md., around Sharpsburg during the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Andersonville Prison

    Andersonville Prison

    Detailed plan of Andersonville Prison Camp, showing Sweetwater Lick to the north, and the Southwestern & Enfaula Railroad to the east. Shows the main forts, stockade and cemetery.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battle of Fair Oaks, Va. Fought 31st May 1862.

    The Battle of Fair Oaks, Va. Fought 31st May 1862.

    This map shows an area of Henrico County, Va., east of the city of Richmond and south of the Chickahominy River, where the Battle of Fair Oaks, or Seven Pines, took place 31 May-1 June 1862. Confederate Gen. J. E. Johnston's plan to attack the Union Army of the Potomac's IV Corps (under Keyes) at Fair Oaks called for Longstreet to approach from the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Second Battle of Bull Run sunset 5 p.m. Aug 30 1862.

    Second Battle of Bull Run sunset 5 p.m. Aug 30 1862.

    Shows the area between Bull Run to the north and the Manassas and Gainesville Road to the south. The location of Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • [Map of the lower Potomac River showing picket lines, January 1862]

    [Map of the lower Potomac River showing picket lines, January...

    Concerns Union and Confederate pickets positioned north and south around Pohick Church and Accotink in Fairfax County, Va., in January 1862. Includes a balloon pictured near Pohick Church and labelled as "Decr. 1861," but as noted in Sneden's diary text on pp. 374-376, he indicates that Professor Thaddeus S. C. Lowe also was using the surveillance hot-air balloons in the same area in January ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Georgia.

    Georgia.

    Shows railroad lines emanating south and east of Atlanta going toward Macon and Columbus, Ga., with a notation "125 miles from Atlanta to Andersonville [Prison]."

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the circle battle between the U.S. ship "Keasarge," Capt. Winslow, and the Confederate cruiser "Alabama," Capt. Raphael Semmes, off the harbor [of] Cherbourg, France : forenoon of Sunday June 19th 1864.

    Plan of the circle battle between the U.S. ship "Keasarge," C...

    The map shows the course of the two ships in Cherbourg Harbor and in the English Channel. Made by the British for the Confederacy and captained by Raphael Semmes, the "Alabama" was a successful blockade runner until her sinking by the "Kearsage."

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battle of Chancellorsville, Va., including operations from April 29th to May 5th, 1863

    The Battle of Chancellorsville, Va., including operations fro...

    Map depicts Hooker's attempt to flank Lee's position at Fredericksburg via Kelly's Ford and Chancellorsville, which backfired when Lee discovered it. Dividing his forces, Lee turned half to meet Hooker's Federals head on near Chancellorsville while Jackson's division moved through the Wilderness to flank Hooker's right. Meanwhile, Sedgwick's forces managed to cross the Rappahannock opposite Fredericksburg and dislodge the Confederates holding Marie's Heights, but ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. Plan of position of Union and Rebel forces at 1 o'clock 7th Nov.

    Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. Plan of position of Union and Reb...

    Shows the route of Lee's retreat across the Rappahannock River. Map is oriented with pontoon bridge at Rappahannock Station in upper left of the image, protected by Confederate earthworks and redoubts. Tne Wheatley post office is shown in the center of the image. Kellysville and Kelly's Ford, protected by Ewell's Division, are in lower third, to the left; and Mount Holly is to the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • [Map of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign, 1864].

    [Map of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign, 1864].

    Shows the area of the Shenandoah Valley including the Blue Ridge Mountains between Staunton and Front Royal, Va. In mid-1864 almost 50,000 troops were placed in the Middle Military Division under General Sheridan. Between August and November Sheridan engaged Early's troops several times at Winchester, Fishers Hill and Cedar Creek, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Kernstown, Va. March 23rd 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Kernstown, Va. March 23rd 1862.

    The village of Kernstown was located a few miles south of Winchester, Va. Jackson's Confederates attacked with the intention of drawing Union forces away from the Army of the Potomac's position on the Virginia Peninsula. Kernstown is considered to be the opening engagement of Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map shewing [sic] movements of Union and Rebel armies from 30th June to 13th July 1863.

    Map shewing [sic] movements of Union and Rebel armies from 30...

    Covers parts of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, focusing on the Gettysburg area south through Sharpsburg and Frederick City, Md., and ending around Harpers Ferry, Va. [now W.Va.]. At the end of June 1863, Union and Confederate troops were moving towards Gettysburg, Pa. The conflict at Gettysburg was fought July 1-3 with Confederate troops retreating south after that time. Sneden includes dates at various locations ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Rebel defences [sic] of Mobile shewing [sic] Union attack April 3rd-9th 1865 on Spanish Fort.

    Rebel defences [sic] of Mobile shewing [sic] Union attack Apr...

    Map shows route taken by Union Admiral Farragut in August 1864 as well as that in March 1865, when his fleet provided naval support to land forces under Frederick Steele and E.R.S. Camby. Camby captured Spanish Fort and Blakely, across the bay from Mobile, entering that city on April 18. This map pays attention to the Confederates use of spikes and torpedoes (naval mines) ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg. Fought 13th Decr. 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg. Fought 13th Decr. 1862.

    Map shows Gen. R. E. Lee's strong position on the heights overlooking Fredericksburg, Va. While he could not prevent the Union forces from crossing the Rappahannock River on December 13 and taking the town, they were unable, despite repeated suicidal assaults, to take the hills on which the Confederate forces were entrenched. After several days astride the river, the Union forces withdrew the night ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Contours of Union forts on south side of Potomac, 1862 [map].

    Contours of Union forts on south side of Potomac, 1862 [map].

    This map shows the names and configurations of Union fortifications on the Virginia side of the Potomac River in 1862, and in some cases lists the name of the regiment that built the structure.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • 2nd attack on Fort McAllister on the Ogeechee River, Georgia

    2nd attack on Fort McAllister on the Ogeechee River, Georgia

    Also shown is the result of an attack by Union Gen. William B. Hazen's 2nd Division, 15th Corps, 1864 December 13, which succeeded in taking the garrison. Shows a portion of Big Ogeechee River and indicates the location of Confederate Fort McAllister. On March 3, 1863 Union gunboats and ironclads attacked the fort in order to test the effectiveness of their new monitors, which ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the Second Battle of Bull Run, Va. Showing position of both armies at 6 p.m. 29th august 1862.

    Plan of the Second Battle of Bull Run, Va. Showing position o...

    Below map: "Copy of map made for Maj. Genl. S.P. Heintzelman, 3rd Army Corps, AP, by R.K. Sneden, Topo. Engr." Lower left corner: "Copy of official map by U.S. Engineers of Genl. Pope, USA." NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this scrapbook image. Original scrapbook housed in the Museum Department of the Virginia Historical Society (1994.80.4-525) with restricted access.=500 \\ This ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Route of troops and wagon trains from Warrenton Jnct. to Kettle Run

    Route of troops and wagon trains from Warrenton Jnct. to Kett...

    Shows the area of Fauquier County, Va., between Greenwich and Bristoe to the north and Warrenton Junction to the south on the eve of 2nd Bull Run. The location of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 12th and part of the 3rd Corps covering Chancellorsville Plateau May 2nd and 3rd 1863.

    Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 12th and part...

    Maps shows the location of Union troops including the 2nd Division under Geary and 1st Division under Williams near Chancellorsville, Va., and the extends from the location of Gen. Hooker's and Gen. Slocum's headquarters in the south to Dowdall's Tavern in the north.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle at Dranesville, Va. Decr. 20th, 1861.

    Battle at Dranesville, Va. Decr. 20th, 1861.

    NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this scrapbook image. Original scrapbook housed in the Museum Department of the Virginia Historical Society (1994.80.4-525) with restricted access. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Battle of Beaverdam Creek Va., Chickahominy River, June 27th 1862

    Battle of Beaverdam Creek Va., Chickahominy River, June 27th ...

    While dated June 27th, this map depicts an engagement that took place the day previously, on the second day of the Seven Days' Battles. It shows the area of Hanover County that includes Mechanicsville, with the Chickahominy River to the south of the image and Beaverdam Creek with the Union and Confederate armies located on either side.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Fortress Munroe [sic], Va., 1862.

    Plan of Fortress Munroe [sic], Va., 1862.

    Shows the area surrounding Fort Monroe, including the Chesapeake Bay, Old Point Comfort, and Camp Hamilton to the north.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of part of battlefield of Bull Run July 1861 : showing positions of each army at opening of battle.

    Map of part of battlefield of Bull Run July 1861 : showing po...

    Area depicted includes Buck Hill to the north and Bald Hill to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and Market Road are included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map shewing [sic] retreat of Union Army from Savage's Station to White Oak Swamp, Va. : the position of Army after crossing morning of 30th June 1862, 7 a.m.

    Map shewing [sic] retreat of Union Army from Savage's Station...

    Bottom margin: "The swamp was 8 miles long and 3 miles wide." Key across the bottom margin indicates the symbols for positions of the Union and Confederate armies, including infantry, cavalry, and artillery. Farms, homes, and churches are included as well as all major roads and waterways. NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this diary page. This item is from the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. :

    Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. :

    Detail includes Wilderness and Hunting runs and the locations of Union and Confederate forces on either side of the turnpike going toward Chancellorsville.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the Rebel prison pen at Savannah Georgia, Lt. S. R. Davis, C.S.A., Commandant, Sept. 1864.

    Plan of the Rebel prison pen at Savannah Georgia, Lt. S. R. D...

    Detailed drawing of a Confederate prison camp in Savannah, Ga.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the lines at Yorktown, Virginia, April 1862.

    Map of the lines at Yorktown, Virginia, April 1862.

    Shows the vicinity around Yorktown, Va., including Warwick Court House, the Warwick River, and Wormsley Creek as siege lines were drawn by McClellan's Union troops and Magruder's Confederate forces.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Virginia : fought 7th Nov. 1863 by 3rd Army Corps Gen. W. H. French U.S.A.

    Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Virginia : fought 7th Nov...

    In this detailed view of Kellysville and Kelly's Ford on the Rappahannock River, Sneden shows the placement of Union regiments in a semicircle to the east of town, and the opposing Confederate units in the town itself. Also indicated are the locations of various field fortifications and the difficulties experienced by a terrain that included heavy woods and swamps.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The line of the Rappahannock, 30th April 1863 Showing position of Union and Rebel armies at and near Fredericksburg, Va.

    The line of the Rappahannock, 30th April 1863 Showing positio...

    This map shows the location of the two armies on the eve of the Chancellorsville Campaign. Union Gen. Hooker has moved his forces via Kelly's Ford into position south of the Rappahannock near Chancellorsville, Va., to launch what he believes will be a rear attack on Gen. R. E. Lee's Fredericksburg stronghold. Meanwhile Federal forces under Sedgwick continue a diversionary frontal assault on Fredericksburg. ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Union forts on Maryland shore

    Union forts on Maryland shore

    Shows the names and configurations of Union fortifications on the Maryland side of the Potomac River in 1862, and in some cases the name of the regiment that built the structure. This appears to be a companion piece to the image on p. 43.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Popes [sic] campaign in northern Virginia, August 1862.

    Map of Popes [sic] campaign in northern Virginia, August 1862.

    Shows the line of march of the Confederate Army and of the Union Army of Virginia as commanded by John Pope during the 2nd Bull Run Campaign, June-September 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Some colors and prisoners taken by French : [map of action around Washington Heights, Sharpsburg, Md.].

    Some colors and prisoners taken by French : [map of action ar...

    Shows the location of troops just outside of Sharpsburg, Md., during the battle of Antietam.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Fort Fisher and vicinity, North Carolina. Plan of second attack, January 15th, 1865.

    Plan of Fort Fisher and vicinity, North Carolina. Plan of sec...

    The first assault on Fort Fisher was made in December 1864 by Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, who withdrew when he realized a direct assault on the fort would be costly, and that Confederate reinforcements were only a few miles away. The second assault, led by Gen. Alfred Howe Terry, used a large naval force to bombard the fort before landing 8,000 assault troops. Two ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Plan of the prison. March 1, 1864.

    Plan of the prison. March 1, 1864.

    Map shows the plan of Andersonville Prison Camp including the stockade, the town of Anderson Station on the Macon and Americus Rail Road, the locations of Confederate units serving as guards, and the headquarters of camp commandant Maj. Henry Wirz.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Chancellorsville, Va. Position of armies 3rd May 1863 at 8 a.m. to 5 1/2 p.m.

    Chancellorsville, Va. Position of armies 3rd May 1863 at 8 a....

    The map shows Union troops to the east near the Chancellor House and Confederate soldiers under Stuart to the west near Dowdall's Tavern, Va. At daybreak on May 3, Jackson's corps, now under Early's command, seized a low hill overlooking Chancellorsville from which they were able to shell the Union forces. With the Confederate forces attacking on several sides, the Union line formed an ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Blockade of the Potomac - by Rebels, winter of 1861

    Blockade of the Potomac - by Rebels, winter of 1861

    Shows the Potomac River with the Confederate forces located near Cockpit Point, Prince William County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Copy of official plan of the siege of Fort Pulaski. Cockspur Island. Savannah Georgia April 1862 : by Union forces under Genl Gillmore and Hunter.

    Copy of official plan of the siege of Fort Pulaski. Cockspur ...

    Shows a detailed drawing of Fort Pulaski on Cockspur Island and the other Confederate fortifications on Long Island in the middle of the Savannah River. Union fortifications on Big Tybee Island are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Position of Union Army at Cedar Creek Union position and plan of battle.

    Position of Union Army at Cedar Creek Union position and plan...

    However, what initially appeared to be an overwhelming success quickly turned to a rout when the Union forces were redeployed and launched a successful counterattack that drove the Confederates back across the Shenandoah to Fisher's Hill, with heavy losses of men, equipment and supplies. Map shows troop locations along the Strasburg Pike on either side of Cedar Creek, and along the north fork of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of Richmond, Va.

    Position of Richmond, Va.

    Area map of Richmond showing locations of roads, railroads, waterways, and landforms, as well as outlying Confederate defenses. Also includes notations of Union positions on June 13th and June 20th, 1862, and of Genl. Grant's position June 1st, 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Gettysburg July 2nd The Union and Rebel forces in the cemetery.

    Gettysburg July 2nd The Union and Rebel forces in the cemetery.

    While purporting to depict a meeting of Union and Confederate forces at Cemetery Hill, this map instead shows in detail the disposition of Union forces on Cemetery and Culp's hills. Of greater interest is the indication of the location of Sickles's 3rd Corps along the Emmitsburg Road on the morning of July 2nd, and their new position at the base of Little Round Top ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Cedar Mountain and vicinity - and battle.

    Map of Cedar Mountain and vicinity - and battle.

    Shows the area of Cedar Mountain, Culpeper County, Va., to the north and Gordonsville to the south. Fredericksburg and Stannardsville are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of siege of Fort Pulaski : Savannah River Georgia. 1862.

    Map of siege of Fort Pulaski : Savannah River Georgia. 1862.

    Shows the location of Jones Island, Turtle Island and Daufuskie Island on the north edge of the Savannah River and Querns Island, Wilmington Island and Big Tybee Island to the south, also indicated is the location of Fort Pulaski on Cockspur Island in the middle of the Savannah River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862.

    Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862.

    Shows the Confederate and Union fortifications located between the York River to the north and the James River to the south during the Peninsular campaign of 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia position of Union Army, 2nd May 1863.

    The Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia position of Union Ar...

    Shows the position of Union troops on the second day of the Battle of Chancellorsville, including Oliver Otis Howard's 11th Corps, Daniel Edgar Sickles' 3rd Corps, George Gordon Meade's 5th Corps, Henry Warner Slocum's 12th Corps, cavalry troops of William Woods Averell, David McMurtrie Gregg, and Wesley Merritt, and Joseph Hooker's headquarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Second Battle of Bull Run position of troops at 6 p.m.

    Second Battle of Bull Run position of troops at 6 p.m.

    Shows the area of Sudley Springs, Va., to the north and Bethlehem Church to the south. The location of Warrenton Turnpike and Manassas Gap Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The U.S. forts and batteries near Alexandria Va. Sept 1862 showing Fort Lyon with extended works.

    The U.S. forts and batteries near Alexandria Va. Sept 1862 sh...

    Shows the locations of Union fortifications surrounding Alexandria, Va., including forts Lyon and Ellsworth in Fairfax County. The locations of Hunting Creek and the Potomac River are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map showing positions of Union and Rebel forces Septr 1861.

    Map showing positions of Union and Rebel forces Septr 1861.

    Depicts the area between Lewinsville, in Fairfax County, and Georgetown in the north, and Alexandria in the south. The location of the Loudoun and Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Revised plan of battle of Malvern Hill, July 1st, 1862 (official).

    Revised plan of battle of Malvern Hill, July 1st, 1862 (offic...

    Details the action of July 1, 1862, with most of the major Confederate forces under the command of Stonewall Jackson, D. H. Hill, and Magruder, identified in their location north of Malvern Hill, and all the Union troops due south of the Confederates, notably including Berdan's sharpshooters and the troops of Heintzelman, under whom Sneden served, Couch, Morell, and others.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Rappahannock Station November 7th 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Rappahannock Station November 7th 1863.

    As part of the Bristoe Campaign, while Union troops fought to cross the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford, Ewell's Confederates defended the pontoon bridge at Rappahannock Station approximately four miles away. This image gives details of the terrain, the elaborate Confederate fortifications, burnt buildings, and destroyed bridges.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Harrison's Landing, James River, Virginia.

    Map of Harrison's Landing, James River, Virginia.

    Shows the locations along the James River of the camps of the U.S. Army of the Potomac after the Seven Days' Battles, 25 June-1 July 1862. Also shows locations of Berkeley and Westover plantations in Charles City County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of the battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia. Fought September 22nd, 1864.

    Plan of the battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia. Fought Septemb...

    Despite a strong natural defensive position near Fisher's Hill, south of Strasburg, Va., Early's Confederates were overwhelmed by Sheridan's greater numbers. Map shows the flanking movement led by Crook as well as the position of the Union forces just prior to their frontal assault. The detail of the distribution of the Confederate forces was contained on that portion of the map that is missing.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Position of Union and Rebel armies near Chancellorsville May 4th 1863

    Position of Union and Rebel armies near Chancellorsville May ...

    Map shows the location of troops in the area surrounding Chancellorsville, Va. The main focus of the map is the troops under Union General Hooker located to the north along the Rapidan River as well as the Confederates under Lee and Stuart to the south and west.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map made at Andersonville Prison [Sept. 1864].

    Map made at Andersonville Prison [Sept. 1864].

    This regional view locates the prison camp in relation to Columbia, Macon, and Milledgeville, Ga., as well as the town of Andersonville. Parts of bordering Alabama, Tennessee, and South Carolina are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Cumberland Church

    Battle of Cumberland Church

    Map shows the locations of troops surrounding Lee's headquarters at Cumberland Church, Va. This was a small skirmish on April 7, 1865, just north of Farmville in Cumberland County, immediately following the action at Highbridge and Rice's Station.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map shewing [sic] advance of 6th Army Corps (Genl. John Sedgwick U.S.A.) to assist Gen. Hooker at Chancellorsville.

    Map shewing [sic] advance of 6th Army Corps (Genl. John Sedgw...

    In January of 1863 Joseph Hooker replaced Ambrose Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac. His first order of business was to dislodge R. E. Lee from his position outside of Fredericksburg. Hooker envisioned a two-prong approach, with half his army attacking on Lee's left, while the other half, under the command of John Sedgwick, made a diversionary attack across the Rappahannock ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map showing entrance to Mobile Bay and course taken by Union fleet.

    Map showing entrance to Mobile Bay and course taken by Union ...

    Map shows Confederate fortifications (Forts Powell, Gaines, Morgan) and the location of Union fleet in Mobile Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. On August 5, Union Admiral Farragut attempted to lead several ships into Mobile Bay, past formidable Confederate forts and the ironclad C.S.S. Tennessee. Despite the sinking by a mine of the U.S.S. Tecumseh, the Union fleet passed through the channel and engaged ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the 1st Battle of Bull Run Virginia 21st July 1861. Topography from U.S. Engineers official map.

    Plan of the 1st Battle of Bull Run Virginia 21st July 1861. T...

    Shows the area between Sudley Springs and Centreville to the north and New Market to the south. The location of the Warrenton Turnpike is also included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of battle of Salem Church near Bank's Ford, Virginia : May 3rd & 4th 1863.

    Plan of battle of Salem Church near Bank's Ford, Virginia : M...

    As part of a series depicting the Chancellorsville Campgain, this map gives details of the area around Salem Church, where Union Gen. Sedgwick's forces, en route from Fredericksburg to reinforce Hooker near Chancellorsville, met Confederate opposition under Wilcox. Lee's quick assessment of the potential of the situation led him to redeploy his forces in the hope of destroying Sedgwick's corps. While prevented from joining ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Route from Manassas to Centreville, August 28th to 31st.

    Route from Manassas to Centreville, August 28th to 31st.

    Depicts the path General Samuel Heintzelman took during August 23rd to 31st from Manassas Junction in Prince William County, Va., traveling toward Centreville in Fairfax County, Va., directly before and during the Second Battle of Manassas or Bull Run.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Sketch of manoeuvers [sic] on Antietam and Sharpsburg Maryland : Septr 16-17th 1862.

    Sketch of manoeuvers [sic] on Antietam and Sharpsburg Marylan...

    Shows the area from Harper's Ferry, W. Va., west to Frederick, Md., and the position of Confederate forces under R. E. Lee and Union forces under McClellen. The map also shows Hagerstown, Md., south to the Potomac River. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Chancellorsville, May 2, 1863, showing Stonewall Jackson's great flank movement

    Chancellorsville, May 2, 1863, showing Stonewall Jackson's gr...

    This detail from a printed map shows the area around Chancellorsville, Va., including Wilderness Church to the west, the Rapidan River to the north, and the Plank Road to the south. Also indicated is the route taken by Stonewall Jackson's corps to Wilderness Tavern and the direction of their attack on the Union's exposed flank.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Chart of the battle off Cherbourg.

    Chart of the battle off Cherbourg.

    The map charts the course of the two ships in Cherbourg Harbor and in the British Channel off the coast of Cherbourg, France. Made by the British for the Confederacy and captained by Raphael Semmes the C.S.S. Alabama was a blockade runner. Spotted by the U.S.S. Kearsarge, the Alabama was cornered and sunk.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The defenses of Richmond, 1864

    The defenses of Richmond, 1864

    Shows the fortifications surrounding Richmond including, Brook Run to the north, and Harrison's Landing to the south. The James River and major roads and railroad lines are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Map of the Battle of Gettysburg showing positions held July 1st & 3rd 1863.

    Map of the Battle of Gettysburg showing positions held July 1...

    In this image Sneden compares troop locations during the first day of the battle with those on the third day. One obvious observation is that the Confederate forces have succeeded in pushing the Union line back to the more easily held hills south of the town.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia. Fought June 30th and July 1st, 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia. Fought June 30t...

    "The position of Union forces at Malvern Hill was on the West. Overlooking Warren were 36 guns having full sweep of the Valley and over the River Road. These batteries were [Stephen Hinsdale] Weed's NYork battery, Edwards', Carlisle's, Smead's and Voegele's. To these later in the day were added the siege guns 1st Conn. Artillery under Col. Robert O. Tyler[,;] these were placed on ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Shows the immediate area surrounding the town of Chancellorsville and the location of Union General Hooker's headquarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the attack on Ft. Sumter, April 6th, 1863.

    Plan of the attack on Ft. Sumter, April 6th, 1863.

    Map shows a regional view of Charleston Harbor including Confederate fortifications and Union naval vessels. This April 1863 atttack by Union ironclads was unsuccessful.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the siege and investment of Savannah, Georgia, 5th to 20th Decr. 1864.

    Map of the siege and investment of Savannah, Georgia, 5th to ...

    Map shows the location of Union forces near the Ogeechee River outside of the Confederate held city of Savannah, Ga. The map also depicts the location of the Union fleet on the Savannah River and in the Atlantic Ocean. Details of the terrain show how a direct assault would have been difficult.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Va.

    Plan of Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Va.

    At this midpoint in the Spottsylvania Campaign (May 7-20), Union forces under Grant and Confederate forces under Lee were facing off to the south and east of Spottsylvania Court House. On May 12, Grant ordered Hancock to assault Ewell's position in the "mule's shoe" salient. This map attempts to depict the action during that assault. It shows Ewell's position at the start of the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Pursuit of the rebel army, April 6th-8th, 1865, and Battle of Sailor's Creek, Va.

    The Pursuit of the rebel army, April 6th-8th, 1865, and Battl...

    In this detail from an unidentified printed map, Sneden depicts the area between Rice's Depot and Jetersville, Va. Named after Sailor's Creek that runs through Prince Edward, Amelia and Nottoway Counties, this engagement of the Appomattox Campaign was fought April 6, 1865. The Confederates sustained heavy losses (7-8,000) before withdrawing to Highbridge, and several generals, including Ewell, were captured.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Fort Lyon on Eagle Hill above Alexandria, Va.

    Plan of Fort Lyon on Eagle Hill above Alexandria, Va.

    Shows a detailed drawing of Union Fort Lyon located on Eagle Hill in Fairfax County, Va. This fort was the headquarters for Major General Samuel Peter Heintzelman, U.S.A.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map showing position of Union Army at Pittsburg Landing before and after the battle 6th and 7th April 1862.

    Map showing position of Union Army at Pittsburg Landing befor...

    Depicts troop positions during the Battle of Shiloh, Tenn. Shows the area of Owl Creek to the north and the location of Pittsburg Landing, along the Tennessee River, to the south.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Union assault on the Rebel works Lee's Mill Va.

    The Union assault on the Rebel works Lee's Mill Va.

    Shows the fortifications of the Union and Confederate forces on opposite sides of the Warwick River in Warwick County [now city of Newport News], Va., at the time of the engagement Lee's Mill, also known as Burnt Chimneys.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map shewing [sic] vicinity of Winchester, Virginia, Potomac, etc.

    Map shewing [sic] vicinity of Winchester, Virginia, Potomac, ...

    Shows portions of southern Maryland and northern Virginia emphasizing Winchester, Va. Sneden notes on the map that Winchester was a city that changed hands 46 times during the war. He lists three major battles near Winchester, fought in March 1862, May 1864, and September 1864. Sneden considered the Battle of Kernstown, Va., to be the First Battle of Winchester but today historians consider the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Gettysburg in peace

    Gettysburg in peace

    Printed map on which Sneden has indicated the places where his unit (the 40th New York) saw action on the battlefield.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the second Battle of Bull Run Va. Showing position of both armies at 7 p.m. 30th Aug. 1862.

    Plan of the second Battle of Bull Run Va. Showing position of...

    Shows the area of Sudley Springs, Va., to the north and Bethlehem to the south on the second day of the battle. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 11th Corps at 6 p.m. May 2nd 1863 Maj Genl O.O. Howard commanding

    Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 11th Corps at 6 p.m. Ma...

    Map shows the position of Union and Confederate troops in the area surrounding Chancellorsville, Va., at 6 p.m. on May 2, 1863. By late afternoon on May 2, Stonewall Jackson's troops had moved deeper into the Wilderness and were within striking distance of the 1st Corps, U.S. Army of the Potomac, P.O. Howard, commanding. Jackson gave the order to attack at 6 p.m., pushing ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Lookout Mountain. Fought November 24th-25th, 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Lookout Mountain. Fought November 24th-...

    The northern end of Lookout Mountain is the center point of this image, with the town of Wauhatchie and Lookout Creek to the left and Chattanooga Creek to the right. The Union forces are shown in the vicinity of the Raccoon Mountains, with Hooker and Geary's flanking movements down the west side of Lookout Creek noted. Confederate forces are divided into three lines, the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the battle of Chantilly, Virginia. Fought Septr. 1st 1862, 5 to 10 PM.

    Plan of the battle of Chantilly, Virginia. Fought Septr. 1st ...

    This engagement, known as the Battle of Chantilly, or Ox Hill, was the last action in the 2d Bull Run Campaign (June-September 1862). This map focuses on western Fairfax County, Va. Stonewall Jackson's forces occupy both sides of the road from Centreville to Chantilly, with additional forces based on Ox Hill overlooking the town from the north. There is also a substantial force located ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of the Battle of Gettysburg, Penna. : showing positions held July 2nd 1863.

    Map of the Battle of Gettysburg, Penna. : showing positions h...

    This map shows the disposition of troops on this second day of the battle. The designation "5 p.m." appears slightly to the left of the title. As the fighting began late in the day and continued on well into the evening, this could be interpreted as a depiction of forces going into the second day of the battle.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Gettysburg, Penna. Showing positions held 1st and 3rd July 1863.

    Battle of Gettysburg, Penna. Showing positions held 1st and 3...

    This map of the battlefield at Gettysburg juxtaposes locations of various units on the first and third days of the three-day battle. Most of the fighting on July 1st seems to have taken place to the northwest of the town of Gettysburg, while that on July 3rd is concentrated to the southeast.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Yorktown, Virginia ... April, 1862.

    Plan of Yorktown, Virginia ... April, 1862.

    Shows the area of the York River coastline from Windmill Creek to Wormsley Creek with particular attention to the landforms and defenses around Yorktown and the layout of streets and buildings within the town itself.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Andersonville Prison, Georgia. Aug. 1864.

    Plan of Andersonville Prison, Georgia. Aug. 1864.

    Map shows a detailed plan of the Andersonville prison complex including locations of external defenses, guards' and officers' quarters, hospital, storehouses, cook house, and graveyard, and the use of the terrain (swamps, creeks) as boundaries.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of Union Army

    Position of Union Army

    Map shows the location of Union troops in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia poised to begin McClellan's Peninsular Campaign, March 1862. Among the landmarks noted are the location of McClellan's headquarters in Hampton from 23 March to 4 April 1862; the route of reconnaissance by Smith and Fitz-John Porter in the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., 27 March; and McClellan's new headquarters on the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan shewing [sic] the Rebel concentrated assault on the 3rd Corps, July 2nd

    Plan shewing [sic] the Rebel concentrated assault on the 3rd ...

    Map depicts the situation just prior to Union Gen. Daniel Edgar Sickles' having ordered his 3rd Corps into an advanced position on a ridge overlooking the Emmitsburg Road, unknowingly exposing his left flank. Confederate forces under Longstreet and Hill attacked him, overwhelming the Union position and forcing the troops back, thereby succeeding in forming a wedge between the 2nd and 3rd Corps. Sickles was ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Rebel entrenched position at Fredericksburg, Va. showing Hooker's flank march on Chancellorsville 3rd and 4th May 1863.

    The Rebel entrenched position at Fredericksburg, Va. showing ...

    Regional map of the Chancellorsville area encompassing Kelly's Ford in the upper left, Stafford in the upper right, and Spotsylvania Court House at the bottom. Indicates roads and railroads, fords, bridges, and inhabited buildings. Also, indicates the route taken by Hooker's Union forces across the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford with the intention of attacking Lee's Confederates at Chancellorsville from the west. Union General ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Map of Devaux Neck on Broad River, South Carolina.

    Map of Devaux Neck on Broad River, South Carolina.

    Devaux Neck is formed by the Tulfinny River and Coosawatchie River as they branch off the Broad River. The Peninsula is crossed by the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. Map shows rebel forces protecting the railroad while Union forces, the 127th NY under Gen. Edward E. Potter, advance up the peninsula.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Dranesville Va Decr 20th 1861.

    Plan of the Battle of Dranesville Va Decr 20th 1861.

    Shows Dranesville, Fairfax County, Va., and the area to the north. The locations of the Leesburg Turnpike, Centreville Road and Chain Bridge Road are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of army at Centreville Va. 31st August

    Position of army at Centreville Va. 31st August

    Another view of Pope's Army of Virginia just prior to the Battle of Chantilly, the last engagement of the Second Bull Run Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the battle of the North Anna fought May 23rd-26th, 1864.

    Plan of the battle of the North Anna fought May 23rd-26th, 1864.

    Grant's continued attempts to turn Lee's flank and allow the Union troops access to Richmond were once again thwarted at the North Anna. Hoping to lure the Confederates away from Spotsylvania Court House, Union forces under Hancock headed for Hanover Junction, an important intersection of the Virginia Central and Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac railroads, hoping Lee would follow. Anticipating this maneuver, Lee moved a ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • The Battle of Gettysburg Penna. Showing positions held July 2nd, 1863.

    The Battle of Gettysburg Penna. Showing positions held July 2...

    Gives locations of specific units with some attempt to indicate movement (i.e. direction of charges and assaults) during the course of the day. Also indicates the usual landmarks (Culp's Hill, Cemetery Ridge, Round Top, etc.) plus the locations of hospitals and headquarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : shewing [sic] Union and Rebel positions 13th Decr 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : shewing [sic...

    The map shows positions at the beginning of the battle, with the bulk the of Union Army located across the Rappahannock from Fredericksburg, awaiting the construction of a pontoon bridge. Once across, the Union forces were met with fierce opposition from Confederate forces located in the hills to the west and south of the town. Depicts the area surrounding Fredericksburg and on both sides ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of the battle of Chancellorsville, including operations from April 29th to May 5th, 1863.

    Map of the battle of Chancellorsville, including operations f...

    Concerns the area between Wilderness in Orange County, Va., through Chancellorsville and Fredericksburg in Spotsylvania County, Va., giving a general overview of the placement of troops just prior and during the Battle of Chancellorsville.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Glendale and White Oak Swamp, Virginia, also known as Frazier's Farm and Charles City Crossroads, fought June 30th, 1862, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

    Plan of the battle of Glendale and White Oak Swamp, Virginia,...

    Concerns the Battle of Frazier's Farm, Henrico County, Va., 30 June 1862, variously known as the Battle of Glendale and the Battle of White Oak Swamp. Considered one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862. Map indicates Union and Rebel brigades with lines of cavalry and artillery and shows homes of local residents, churches, and locations of livestock.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of the First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia. July 21st 1861.

    Plan of the First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia. July 21st 1861.

    Map shows the area surrounding Bull Run including Centreville and New Market, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Crampton's Gap, Maryland : fought Septr 14th 1862.

    Battle of Crampton's Gap, Maryland : fought Septr 14th 1862.

    Shows the area surrounding Burkittsville, Frederick County, Md., as the left wing of McClellan's army moved toward Crampton's Gap to try to prevent the Confederate assault on Harper's Ferry, W. Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Chattanooga A chart of the battle between the forces of Gens. Grant and Braxton Bragg, fought Nov. 24-5 1863.

    Chattanooga A chart of the battle between the forces of Gens....

    Detail of a printed map to which Sneden has added color and arrows to highlight the lines of Union advance on Missionary Ridge (Sherman's forces from the north on the Confederate right and Hooker's from the south on the Confederate left) and the Confederate retreat toward Dalton, Ga.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863