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  • Plan of the Battle of Honey Hill, South Carolina, November 30th, 1864.

    Plan of the Battle of Honey Hill, South Carolina, November 30...

    Map shows the Confederate earthworks, as well as the location of Union forces at Honey Hill near Grahamville, in Jasper County, S.C. Sherman sent 5,500 Union troops under J.G. Foster inland to secure a foothold on the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. They were met by 1,400 Confederates, heavily entrenched, and forced to withdraw.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-11-30
  • Plan of the Battle of Glendale or Frasier's Farm Va. Fought 30th June 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Glendale or Frasier's Farm Va. Fought 3...

    Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., from White Oak Swamp to the north to Glendale to the south. This was the location of both the Battle of White Oak Swamp and the separate skirmish at Frazier's Farm, both part of the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • Official map of the lower Potomac River picket lines Jany 1862.

    Official map of the lower Potomac River picket lines Jany 1862.

    Shows area of Fairfax County, Va., between Pohick Church and Accotink to the north and Colchester to the south.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia. Fought September 22nd, 1864.

    Plan of the battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia. Fought Septemb...

    Despite a strong natural defensive position near Fisher's Hill, south of Strasburg, Va., Early's Confederates were overwhelmed by Sheridan's greater numbers. Map shows the flanking movement led by Crook as well as the position of the Union forces just prior to their frontal assault. The detail of the distribution of the Confederate forces was contained on that portion of the map that is missing.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-09-22
  • Map of the Peninsula of Virginia : showing route of McClellan's Army toward Richmond [illegible].

    Map of the Peninsula of Virginia : showing route of McClellan...

    On what appears to be a portion of a published travel map showing steamship and railroad routes out of Baltimore, Md., Sheden has indicated the route of the Union Army as it moved up the Virginia Peninsula toward Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Investment of Petersburg, Va. Shewing [sic] battlefield of 5 Forks and Hatcher's Run, Friday March 31st, Saturday April 1st & Sunday April 2nd 1865.

    The Investment of Petersburg, Va. Shewing [sic] battlefield o...

    Shows the area surrounding Petersburg on the Appomattox River with all major transportation lines noted. Union forces under Grant are opposed by Lee's Confederates. Five Forks is to the left of the image; Port Walthall to the upper right: Ream's Station is in the lower right; and Dinwiddie Court House is at the bottom center.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865-03-31
  • Contours of Union forts on south side of Potomac, 1862 [map].

    Contours of Union forts on south side of Potomac, 1862 [map].

    This map shows the names and configurations of Union fortifications on the Virginia side of the Potomac River in 1862, and in some cases lists the name of the regiment that built the structure.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. : fought 7th November 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. : fought 7th November...

    Focuses on a small portion of the Rappahannock River close to the line dividing Culpeper and Fauquier counties, Va., and about 8 miles (as indentified by Sneden) from Brandy Station where the Battle of Kelly's Ford occurred on 7 November 1863. Confederate positions are noted as well as the placement of the 3rd, 5th, and 6th corps of the Union Army of the Potomac.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-11-07
  • The Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia position of Union Army, 2nd May 1863.

    The Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia position of Union Ar...

    Shows the position of Union troops on the second day of the Battle of Chancellorsville, including Oliver Otis Howard's 11th Corps, Daniel Edgar Sickles' 3rd Corps, George Gordon Meade's 5th Corps, Henry Warner Slocum's 12th Corps, cavalry troops of William Woods Averell, David McMurtrie Gregg, and Wesley Merritt, and Joseph Hooker's headquarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Position of 3rd Army Corps at Harrison's Landing, Va., July 9th 1862. From actual survey made for Genl. Heintzelman /

    Position of 3rd Army Corps at Harrison's Landing, Va., July 9...

    Gives Union Army positions around Harrison's Landing in Charles City County, Va., on July 9th, 1862, with details of the terrain and locations of headquarters for the following Union officers: David Bell Birney, Cuvier Grover, Samuel Peter Heintzelman, Joseph Hooker, Philip Kearny, Israel Bush Richardson, John Sedgwick, and George Sykes.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-07-09
  • The Battle of Crampton's Gap 5 miles south of Turner's Gap, South Mountain, Md. September 14th 1862.

    The Battle of Crampton's Gap 5 miles south of Turner's Gap, S...

    A regional view of South Mountain in Frederick County, Md., showing the location of Crampton's Gap in relation to Sharpsburg, Middletown, Burkittsville, and Brownsville, Md. Illustrates the position of Confederate forces (Anderson's division commanded by Lafayette McLaws) and the Unions VI Corps, 1st and 2nd divisions during this engagement, part of the larger Antietam, or Maryland Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-09-14
  • Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., Decr. 13, 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., Decr. 13, 1862.

    Map shows the region surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Marie's Heights outside of the city and Falmouth across the Rappahannock River. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering of the Union forces, Lee was able to use the bluffs overlooking the river to his advantage. After sustaining heavy losses crossing the river, Burnside decided against renewed attacks and withdrew on the 15th of December.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-12-13
  • Plan of battles of Kelly's Ford and Rappahannock Station, Virginia : both fought Novr. 7th, 1863.

    Plan of battles of Kelly's Ford and Rappahannock Station, Vir...

    The map shows the area surrounding the Rappahannock River as it runs from north to south; the Orange & Alexandria Railroad is also indicated. The battles of Rappahannock Bridge and Kelly's Ford were part of the Bristoe Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-11-07
  • Plan of the battle of Savage's Station, Virginia, fought Sunday, 29th June 1862 /

    Plan of the battle of Savage's Station, Virginia, fought Sund...

    Concerns the Battle of Savage's Station, Henrico County, Va., which was one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-29
  • Map showing position of Union Army at Pittsburg Landing before and after the battle 6th and 7th April 1862.

    Map showing position of Union Army at Pittsburg Landing befor...

    Depicts troop positions during the Battle of Shiloh, Tenn. Shows the area of Owl Creek to the north and the location of Pittsburg Landing, along the Tennessee River, to the south.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-06
  • The Mud march ... shewing [sic] movement on Bank's Ford Jany. 19th 1863 by Hooker, Franklin & Sumner.

    The Mud march ... shewing [sic] movement on Bank's Ford Jany....

    In mid-January 1863, Union General Burnside ordered his exhausted troops to recross the Rappahannock River above R. E. Lee's left flank. A heavy rain fell as the army began to move and the road soon became a quagmire. Wagons and artillery sank; men and horses floundered. In the end the effort had to be abandoned, much to the disappointment of the amused Confederates who ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Antietam Campaign - Sept. 1862

    The Antietam Campaign - Sept. 1862

    Shows the area between Mercerville, Md., to the north and the Potomac River to the south. The location of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Map shows the area between Farmville, Va., and Cumberland Courthouse to the north. This was a small skirmish just north of Farmville in Cumberland County on April 7, 1865, just following action at Highbridge and Rice's Station.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865-04-07
  • Plan of the battle of Gaine's Mill, Virginia fought June 27th, 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Gaine's Mill, Virginia fought June 27th...

    Concerns the Battle of Gaines Mill, Hanover County, Va., one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-27
  • Plan of the Rebel position at Howard's Bridge, April 4th 1862.

    Plan of the Rebel position at Howard's Bridge, April 4th 1862.

    The map shows the area of the lower peninsula around Howard's Bridge, including the Confederate works on the north side of the Poquosin River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-04
  • Map of Chattanooga and vicinity, Tenn.

    Map of Chattanooga and vicinity, Tenn.

    Map shows regional view of troop locations in the mountains south of Chattanooga, Tenn., and near Lafayette and Rome in northwestern Georgia.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Devaux Neck on Broad River, South Carolina.

    Map of Devaux Neck on Broad River, South Carolina.

    Devaux Neck is formed by the Tulfinny River and Coosawatchie River as they branch off the Broad River. The Peninsula is crossed by the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. Map shows rebel forces protecting the railroad while Union forces, the 127th NY under Gen. Edward E. Potter, advance up the peninsula.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-12-08
  • Skirmish at Auburn, Va., Oct. 14th, 1863

    Skirmish at Auburn, Va., Oct. 14th, 1863

    Map shows route of Union army (32nd and 38th New York Infantry Regiments, 10th Massachusetts Infantry and others) along the road from Bristoe Station to Warrenton, Va., when the column was attacked by part of A.P. Hill's forces. Shows road lined by stone walls as it crosses Cedar Creek, passes the McCormack farm house, and turns north toward Greenwich.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-10-14
  • Investment of Petersburg by Genl. Grant 1865

    Investment of Petersburg by Genl. Grant 1865

    Map shows area surrounding Petersburg, Va., on the Appomattox River including all of the Union and Confederate fortifications during the siege of 1864-65 by Genl. Grant. Details include locations of roads, railroads, significant buildings, and creeks. Map extends to north as far as Fort Walthall, to west as far as Wells Church, to south as far as Reams Station, and to east as far ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865
  • The Centre position of Union and Rebel armies, Yorktown, Va.

    The Centre position of Union and Rebel armies, Yorktown, Va.

    Shows both of the armies west of Yorktown, with the York River to the east, as the Siege of Yorktown got underway.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of Roanoke Island showing Rebel forts.

    Map of Roanoke Island showing Rebel forts.

    Shows the area surrounding Roanoke Island, N.C., including Croatan, Roanoke and Pamlico sounds, and the locations of Confederate forces on the eve of the Battle of Roanoke Island in February 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Glendale or Frazier's Farm. Virginia. 30th June 1862 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Genl Heintzelman and Sumner commanding.

    Plan of the Battle of Glendale or Frazier's Farm. Virginia. 3...

    Shows the area of Henrico County that includes White Oak Creek and White Oak Swamp.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • Map of the field of operations in Virginia and Battle of Mine Run, during November 1863.

    Map of the field of operations in Virginia and Battle of Mine...

    Includes areas of Orange and Culpeper counties, Va., where Meade approached the Rapidan River and the Mine Run Valley to try and push Lee's forces unsuccessfully back towards Richmond in the Mine Run Campaign of November 26-December 1, 1863.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the battle of Salem Church or Salem Heights, Va. Attack and repulse of the 6th Army Corps, Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick, U.S.A., afternoon of 3rd May 1863.

    Plan of the battle of Salem Church or Salem Heights, Va. Atta...

    The Battle of Salem Church, Spotsylvania County, Va., was part of the Chancellorsville Campaign of April-May, 1863, and was actually fought on May 4, 1863.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • Plan of the Battle of Rappahannock Station November 7th 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Rappahannock Station November 7th 1863.

    As part of the Bristoe Campaign, while Union troops fought to cross the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford, Ewell's Confederates defended the pontoon bridge at Rappahannock Station approximately four miles away. This image gives details of the terrain, the elaborate Confederate fortifications, burnt buildings, and destroyed bridges.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-11-07
  • Plan of the battle of Chantilly, Virginia. Fought Septr. 1st 1862, 5 to 10 PM.

    Plan of the battle of Chantilly, Virginia. Fought Septr. 1st ...

    This engagement, known as the Battle of Chantilly, or Ox Hill, was the last action in the 2d Bull Run Campaign (June-September 1862). This map focuses on western Fairfax County, Va. Stonewall Jackson's forces occupy both sides of the road from Centreville to Chantilly, with additional forces based on Ox Hill overlooking the town from the north. There is also a substantial force located ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-09-01
  • Gettysburg July 2nd The Union and Rebel forces in the cemetery.

    Gettysburg July 2nd The Union and Rebel forces in the cemetery.

    While purporting to depict a meeting of Union and Confederate forces at Cemetery Hill, this map instead shows in detail the disposition of Union forces on Cemetery and Culp's hills. Of greater interest is the indication of the location of Sickles's 3rd Corps along the Emmitsburg Road on the morning of July 2nd, and their new position at the base of Little Round Top ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-07-02
  • Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 2nd & 3rd 1863

    Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 2nd & 3rd 1863

    This large detailed map shows the area defined by the Rapidan and Rappahannock rivers and Wilderness Run and indicates the locations of various units over the course of the middle two days of fighting.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • The Rebel entrenched position at Fredericksburg, Va. showing Hooker's flank march on Chancellorsville 3rd and 4th May 1863.

    The Rebel entrenched position at Fredericksburg, Va. showing ...

    Regional map of the Chancellorsville area encompassing Kelly's Ford in the upper left, Stafford in the upper right, and Spotsylvania Court House at the bottom. Indicates roads and railroads, fords, bridges, and inhabited buildings. Also, indicates the route taken by Hooker's Union forces across the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford with the intention of attacking Lee's Confederates at Chancellorsville from the west. Union General ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • The Rebel defences [sic] of Savannah, Georgia, Nov. 1864.

    The Rebel defences [sic] of Savannah, Georgia, Nov. 1864.

    Includes Confederate fortifications and batteries in and around Savannah, Ga., during Sherman's March to the Sea, also referred to as the Savannah Campaign of 15 November to 21 December 1864. Sneden includes Argyle Island in the Savannah River, past the city to Fort Pulaski on Cockspur Island, and Big and Little Tybee islands, where Union forces were located in November 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. :

    Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. :

    Detail includes Wilderness and Hunting runs and the locations of Union and Confederate forces on either side of the turnpike going toward Chancellorsville.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Vicinity of Winchester and Harper's Ferry, Va.

    Vicinity of Winchester and Harper's Ferry, Va.

    Detail of a printed map of Winchester, Va., and environs, with annotations and additions by Sneden. Additions include inclusion of roads, notes about and dates of battles and skirmishes, location of the point where the Confederate army recrossed the Potomac River following the Battle of Gettysburg, and note that the town of Winchester changed hands [46] times during the war.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the defences [sic] of Richmond, Va., April 1865.

    Map of the defences [sic] of Richmond, Va., April 1865.

    Portrays 23 numbered forts around the city of Richmond, which includes the following named forts, Johnson, Magruder, and Harrison.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865
  • [Map of Alexandria, Virginia]

    [Map of Alexandria, Virginia]

    Illustrates Alexandria's central position in the defense of Washington, where at least 12 outlying forts surrounded the city. Military camps of various Union officers such as Samuel Peter Heintzelman are indicated on this map.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of the Wilderness, Va. : May 5th to 12th.

    Plan of the Battle of the Wilderness, Va. : May 5th to 12th.

    While labelled the Battle of the Wilderness (May 5-6), this map depicts troop locations and movements during engagements in the days immediately following as both armies met at Spotsylvania Court House (May 8-12) and Union forces under Grant made slow but steady progress moving southeast toward the James River and their ultimate goal, Richmond. This map encompasses the Rapidan River to the northeast, and ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-05-05
  • The Battlefield of Chicamauga Fought the 19th and 20th of Septr 1863.

    The Battlefield of Chicamauga Fought the 19th and 20th of Sep...

    This detailed view gives the location of Bragg's Confederate forces, primarily on the east bank of West Chickamauga Creek, on the first day of the battle.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-09-19
  • Battlefield of Dinwiddie Courthouse, Va. from official map made by Col. W. H. Paine U.S. Engineers.

    Battlefield of Dinwiddie Courthouse, Va. from official map ma...

    Map shows the area between Dinwiddie Court House and Five Forks, Va., including the location of troops at different times during the engagement. Beginning on March 30, 1865, Sheridan advanced on the Five Forks area. He was stopped overnight at Dinwiddie Court House due to heavy rain. On March 31st he advanced toward Five Forks only to meet significant Confederate resistance, and was forced ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Paine, William H.
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865-03-31
  • The 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va., August 1862. Map showing position of the Union and Rebel forces, August 26th, 1862 at 7 p.m.

    The 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va., August 1862. Map showing pos...

    Below title: "Copy of Official Map Headquarters 3rd Corps. Drawn by R.K. Sneden, 40th N.Y. Vols. & Topog. Engineer. 3rd Army Corps." NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this scrapbook image. Original scrapbook housed in the Museum Department of the Virginia Historical Society (1994.80.4-525) with restricted access. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-26
  • Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Virginia : fought 7th Nov. 1863 by 3rd Army Corps Gen. W. H. French U.S.A.

    Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Virginia : fought 7th Nov...

    In this detailed view of Kellysville and Kelly's Ford on the Rappahannock River, Sneden shows the placement of Union regiments in a semicircle to the east of town, and the opposing Confederate units in the town itself. Also indicated are the locations of various field fortifications and the difficulties experienced by a terrain that included heavy woods and swamps.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-11-07
  • Ft. Fisher shewing [sic] Union attack, Jany 15th 1865 From survey made after surrender by U.S. Engineers.

    Ft. Fisher shewing [sic] Union attack, Jany 15th 1865 From su...

    Map shows area surrounding forts Fisher, Buchanan and Anderson near Smithville, N.C. Fort Fisher, located on the peninsula formed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Cape Fear River, was the primary target of the Union assault. Details include locations of Confederate batteries, abatis, spikes, palisades, and ditches, and arrows showing the direction of the advance of the various Union forces.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865-01-15
  • Battle of Pittsburg Landing or Shiloh April 6th and 7th 1862.

    Battle of Pittsburg Landing or Shiloh April 6th and 7th 1862.

    Detailed map shows the area surrounding Shiloh, Tenn., including Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River. Arrows show the direction of the Confederate assault.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-06
  • Plan of the battle of Mine Run, Virginia : fought Monday 30th Novr. 1863.

    Plan of the battle of Mine Run, Virginia : fought Monday 30th...

    Meade's intention was to cross the Rapidan River at Germanna Ford, travel west toward Orange Court House, and force Lee from his position in Orange County, just south of river. Alerted to these movements, Lee deployed his forces in strong defensive positions along Mine Run. There being no feasible point of attack, Meade withdrew his forces to winter quarters at Culpeper. Details on this ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-11-30
  • Plan of Rebel redoubt and barracks [at] "Camp Misery" : surveyed April 11th 1862.

    Plan of Rebel redoubt and barracks [at] "Camp Misery" : surve...

    Layout of "Camp Misery," a Confederate fort on the Virginia Peninsula located in a swampy area on the Ship Point road. The camp was evacuated on April 5th, 1862, as Union forces began their siege of Yorktown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-11
  • Plan of the battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia. Fought June 30th and July 1st, 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia. Fought June 30t...

    "The position of Union forces at Malvern Hill was on the West. Overlooking Warren were 36 guns having full sweep of the Valley and over the River Road. These batteries were [Stephen Hinsdale] Weed's NYork battery, Edwards', Carlisle's, Smead's and Voegele's. To these later in the day were added the siege guns 1st Conn. Artillery under Col. Robert O. Tyler[,;] these were placed on ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • Position of Richmond, Va.

    Position of Richmond, Va.

    Area map of Richmond showing locations of roads, railroads, waterways, and landforms, as well as outlying Confederate defenses. Also includes notations of Union positions on June 13th and June 20th, 1862, and of Genl. Grant's position June 1st, 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Humphreys, A. A. (Andrew Atkinson)
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-05-27
  • Map of Popes [sic] campaign in northern Virginia, August 1862.

    Map of Popes [sic] campaign in northern Virginia, August 1862.

    Shows the line of march of the Confederate Army and of the Union Army of Virginia as commanded by John Pope during the 2nd Bull Run Campaign, June-September 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Blockade of the Potomac - by Rebels, winter of 1861

    Blockade of the Potomac - by Rebels, winter of 1861

    Shows the Potomac River with the Confederate forces located near Cockpit Point, Prince William County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Shows the immediate area surrounding the town of Chancellorsville and the location of Union General Hooker's headquarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • The Battle of Chancellorsville, Sunday May 3rd 9 p.m.

    The Battle of Chancellorsville, Sunday May 3rd 9 p.m.

    Map shows troop locations around Chancellorsville, Va., and on both sides of the Rapidan River. The map depicts the formation of Confederate troops under McLaws, Slocum and Stuart to the west of Chancellorsville facing Union troops under Reynolds Meade and Hancock north and east of the town.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • Plan shewing [sic] the Rebel concentrated assault on the 3rd Corps, July 2nd

    Plan shewing [sic] the Rebel concentrated assault on the 3rd ...

    Map depicts the situation just prior to Union Gen. Daniel Edgar Sickles' having ordered his 3rd Corps into an advanced position on a ridge overlooking the Emmitsburg Road, unknowingly exposing his left flank. Confederate forces under Longstreet and Hill attacked him, overwhelming the Union position and forcing the troops back, thereby succeeding in forming a wedge between the 2nd and 3rd Corps. Sickles was ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-07-02
  • Chart of the battle off Cherbourg.

    Chart of the battle off Cherbourg.

    The map charts the course of the two ships in Cherbourg Harbor and in the British Channel off the coast of Cherbourg, France. Made by the British for the Confederacy and captained by Raphael Semmes the C.S.S. Alabama was a blockade runner. Spotted by the U.S.S. Kearsarge, the Alabama was cornered and sunk.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-06-14
  • Plan of the Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Plan of the Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Map shows the location of Confederate Gen. R. E. Lee's troops at Cumberland Church and Union Gen. U. S. Grant's troops south near Farmville, Va., along the Appomattox River. This was a small skirmish in Cumberland County on April 7, 1865, just following action at Highbridge and Rice's Station and just preceding Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865-04-07
  • Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. Plan of position of Union and Rebel forces at 1 o'clock 7th Nov.

    Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. Plan of position of Union and Reb...

    Shows the route of Lee's retreat across the Rappahannock River. Map is oriented with pontoon bridge at Rappahannock Station in upper left of the image, protected by Confederate earthworks and redoubts. Tne Wheatley post office is shown in the center of the image. Kellysville and Kelly's Ford, protected by Ewell's Division, are in lower third, to the left; and Mount Holly is to the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-11-07
  • Plan of the circle battle between the U.S. ship "Keasarge," Capt. Winslow, and the Confederate cruiser "Alabama," Capt. Raphael Semmes, off the harbor [of] Cherbourg, France : forenoon of Sunday June 19th 1864.

    Plan of the circle battle between the U.S. ship "Keasarge," C...

    The map shows the course of the two ships in Cherbourg Harbor and in the English Channel. Made by the British for the Confederacy and captained by Raphael Semmes, the "Alabama" was a successful blockade runner until her sinking by the "Kearsage."

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-06-19
  • Map of the rebel position at Vicksburg, Miss., May 1863.

    Map of the rebel position at Vicksburg, Miss., May 1863.

    Shows the Union troops surrounding the Confederate fortified city of Vicksburg, Miss., with blockades and forces on both sides of the Mississippi River. Shows the locations of outlying Confederate forts and other defenses including extensive use of abatis and felled trees to hinder overland advances. The map also indicates the position of Union gunboats on the Mississippi River south of the town of Warrenton, ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Gettysburg in peace

    Gettysburg in peace

    Printed map on which Sneden has indicated the places where his unit (the 40th New York) saw action on the battlefield.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • The Rebel works at Howard's Bridge Virginia April 4th 1862.

    The Rebel works at Howard's Bridge Virginia April 4th 1862.

    Shows the fortifications of the Confederate forces at Howard's Bridge on the banks of the Poquoson River, which succeeded in slowing McClellan's advance up the Peninsula.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-04
  • Battle of Malvern Hill showing Magruder's 1st attack June 30th

    Battle of Malvern Hill showing Magruder's 1st attack June 30th

    Shows the area of Malvern Hill, Henrico County, Va., where McClellan's retreating army made a final stand, effectively ending the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • Map of Harrison's Landing, James River, Virginia.

    Map of Harrison's Landing, James River, Virginia.

    Shows the locations along the James River of the camps of the U.S. Army of the Potomac after the Seven Days' Battles, 25 June-1 July 1862. Also shows locations of Berkeley and Westover plantations in Charles City County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Position of Union Army

    Position of Union Army

    Map shows the location of Union troops in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia poised to begin McClellan's Peninsular Campaign, March 1862. Among the landmarks noted are the location of McClellan's headquarters in Hampton from 23 March to 4 April 1862; the route of reconnaissance by Smith and Fitz-John Porter in the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., 27 March; and McClellan's new headquarters on the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-03-08
  • The Defences [sic] of Savannah, Georgia, November 1864.

    The Defences [sic] of Savannah, Georgia, November 1864.

    Regional view of Savannah and enrivons just before the Union arrival at that place. Shows the layout of canals, creeks, rivers, swamps, roads and railroads around Savannah as well as the various outlying Confederate batteries and those occupied by Federal troops. There is some indication of the names of property owners and also notations of rice and cotton fields that were either flooded or ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Battle of the Antietam.

    Battle of the Antietam.

    Conveys the placement of Union and Confederate forces in Washington County, Md., around Sharpsburg during the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-09-17
  • Plan of the battle of Chancellorsville. Virginia position, 5 p.m., 2nd May 1863.

    Plan of the battle of Chancellorsville. Virginia position, 5 ...

    Sneden uses his usual eye for detail in showing the nature of the terrain with crop fields, woods, areas of felled trees, roads, and waterways in the vicinity of the Battle of Chancellorsville. He particularly emphasizes the positions of the following corps in the U.S. Army of the Potomac: 2nd Corps (commanded by Winfield Scott Hancock), 3rd Corps (commanded by Daniel Edgar Sickles), 5th ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • The attack on Harper's Ferry Va., by Jackson, September 14th and 15th, 1862

    The attack on Harper's Ferry Va., by Jackson, September 14th ...

    Shows the area of convergence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers that marks the border of Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia. Details include the location of Union forces in the town of Harper's Ferry and Confederate forces on Maryland Heights across the Potomac.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-09-14
  • Plan of the Battle of Antietam, Maryland. Sept 1862 /

    Plan of the Battle of Antietam, Maryland. Sept 1862 /

    Shows the area between Keedysville, Md., to the north and the Potomac River to the south. The locations of Sharpsburg, Md., and Antietam Creek are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-09-16
  • New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    Originally built by the Confederates and used for winter quarters in 1861-1862, the defenses around Centreville were also used by the Union Army to cover the retreat back to Washington after both 1st and 2nd Bull Run. When Lee began concentrating his forces around Culpeper in July 1863, and Meade, not to be outdone, moved his army to a position opposite them along the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Battle of Shiloh or Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee

    Battle of Shiloh or Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee

    In this copy of an official map, Sneden gives a regional view of the area around Shiloh, Tenn.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of Hampton to Howard's Bridge, Virginia.

    Map of Hampton to Howard's Bridge, Virginia.

    The area depicted includes the York River to the north, the James River to the south and the Hampton/Five Points area to the east.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-03-27
  • Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg, Va. or 2nd Battle of Fredericksburg. By Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick with 6th Army Corps, Sunday, May 3rd, 1863.

    Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg, Va. or 2nd...

    Illustrates the placement of Union and Confederate forces during the Chancellorsville Campaign of April-May, 1863, culminating in the battle of Chancellorsville fought May 1-4, 1863. This map focuses on the Sunday, May 3rd, action, which is referred to by Sneden as "Second Fredericksburg."

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • Route of 3rd Corps from Cattlet's [sic] to Greenwich, Va.

    Route of 3rd Corps from Cattlet's [sic] to Greenwich, Va.

    The maps shows the location of the Union III Corps under Sickles and Confederate troops under A.P. Hill between Catlett's Station and Manassas Junction, Va. The Manassas Gap and the Orange and Alexandria railroads are also indicated, and also shown is the location of the skirmish that took place at Auburn earlier in the day.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-10-14
  • Plan of the Battle of Five Forks, Va., March 31st 1865 and 1st April.

    Plan of the Battle of Five Forks, Va., March 31st 1865 and 1s...

    Map shows view from Petersburg to Five Forks, Va. As part of an overall plan to force the Confederate troops out of their Petersburg trenches, on March 30, 1865, Gen. Sheridan's troops advanced on Dinwiddie Court House and Five Forks. They were met by Confederate forces under Pickett near Five Forks on March 31st. On April 1st, having heard of his opponent's heavy reinforcement ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865-03-31
  • Plan of the Battle of Ball's Bluff Va. Fought October 21st 1861.

    Plan of the Battle of Ball's Bluff Va. Fought October 21st 1861.

    Shows the Potomac River in the area of Loudoun County, Va., and Montgomery County, Md., where Union troops under Col. Edward D. Baker faced Confederate troops commanded by Evans. What was meant to be a "a slight demonstration" against the Confederate forces guarding the fords quickly became a rout. Col. Baker was one of the casualties.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861-10-21
  • Second battle field at Bull Run

    Second battle field at Bull Run

    Shows the Union forces under Gen. John Pope and the Confederates under Gen. Robert E. Lee on the 29th, 30th, and 31st of August 1862 in an area of Virginia defined by the towns of Chantilly to the north, Manassas Junction to the South, Centreville to the east and Gainesville to the west.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-29
  • Plan of the Battle of Lookout Mountain. Fought November 24th-25th, 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Lookout Mountain. Fought November 24th-...

    The northern end of Lookout Mountain is the center point of this image, with the town of Wauhatchie and Lookout Creek to the left and Chattanooga Creek to the right. The Union forces are shown in the vicinity of the Raccoon Mountains, with Hooker and Geary's flanking movements down the west side of Lookout Creek noted. Confederate forces are divided into three lines, the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-11-24
  • Map showing positions of Union and Rebel forces Septr 1861.

    Map showing positions of Union and Rebel forces Septr 1861.

    Depicts the area between Lewinsville, in Fairfax County, and Georgetown in the north, and Alexandria in the south. The location of the Loudoun and Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of Union Army 30th June 10 1/2 a.m. and 2 1/2 p.m.

    Position of Union Army 30th June 10 1/2 a.m. and 2 1/2 p.m.

    Concerns the Battle of Frazier's Farm, 30 June 1862, also known as the Battle of Glendale and the Battle of White Oak Swamp. It was one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862. Includes the Confederate positions as well as the Union positions.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • Atlanta, Georgia and its rebel defences [sic]

    Atlanta, Georgia and its rebel defences [sic]

    Map shows a detailed layout of the city of Atlanta, Ga., including the batteries and earthworks in the surrounding area. The Western Atlanta and the Macon & Western Railroad are also indicated. The map depicts the situation in the city as of 1 September 1864; the city fell to Sherman's army on the 8th.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-09-01
  • Siege of Port Hudson

    Siege of Port Hudson

    The map shows the Union troops on land and water surrounding Confederate fortifications at Port Hudson, La., on the Mississippi River, approximately 25 miles north of Baton Rouge. The Union XIX Corps under Gen. Banks had its first engagement May 26th on the Bayou Sara Road, and laid siege to the fort on May 27th. Confederate Gen. Franklin Gardner surrendered Port Hudson on July ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Map of the Battle of Gettysburg, Penna. : showing positions held July 2nd 1863.

    Map of the Battle of Gettysburg, Penna. : showing positions h...

    This map shows the disposition of troops on this second day of the battle. The designation "5 p.m." appears slightly to the left of the title. As the fighting began late in the day and continued on well into the evening, this could be interpreted as a depiction of forces going into the second day of the battle.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Paine, William H.
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-07-02
  • The Battle of South Mountain Md. showing positions at Fox's and Turner's Gaps, Sept. 14th 1862.

    The Battle of South Mountain Md. showing positions at Fox's a...

    This very detailed map shows South Mountain, Turner's and Fox's gaps, and their relationships to Boonsboro and Frost town, Md. The locations of roads and buildings, many identified by owner, are included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-09-14
  • Position of Union and Rebel armies at Fredericksburg, Decr. 1st 1862

    Position of Union and Rebel armies at Fredericksburg, Decr. 1...

    Map shows the area surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Spotsylvania Courthouse, Chancellorsville and Falmouth, during the Fredericksburg Campaign. This image shows the situation several days before the battle of Fredericksburg, on December 13th, during which Burnside ordered several futile attacks against Lee's forces. After losing over 12,000 men, the Federal forces withdrew on December 15th.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-12-01
  • Map of Monocacy, Md., and vicinity.

    Map of Monocacy, Md., and vicinity.

    In this section of an unidentified printed map, Sneden shows just how close Early's men got to the Federal capitol. Several skirmishes are indicated, including Early and McCausland's cavalry battle on July 8th and the position of Confederate forces south of Rockville, Md., July 11-12, 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Plan of the tunnel and vicinity [of Libby Prison, Richmond, Va.].

    Plan of the tunnel and vicinity [of Libby Prison, Richmond, V...

    Map of an escape tunnel from Libby Prison, Richmond, Va., showing surrounding sites including other prisons, warehouses, the canal and dock closest to Libby, and the railroad depot.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
  • Map showing vicinity of battlefield of Antietam Md.

    Map showing vicinity of battlefield of Antietam Md.

    Shows the area west from Cumberland, Md., east to Hanover, Pa. The maps also show the area surrounding the Antietam battlefield including Hopewell, Pa., to the north down to Winchester, Va., in the south. Despite the indication of Maryland in the lower left of the image, it actually depicts parts of Virginia and West Virginia.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map showing position Union and Rebel armies 2 p.m. 30th June : and the routes of advance of enemy on the Union Army at White Oak Swamp Creek Va.

    Map showing position Union and Rebel armies 2 p.m. 30th June ...

    Shows the area of Henrico County between Richmond and New Market, in which occurred the Battle of White Oak Swamp, one of the Seven Day's Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • Position of Union Army April 5th and 6th 1862

    Position of Union Army April 5th and 6th 1862

    Shows the area of Wormsley Creek to the north and Poquoson River to the south as McClellan's forces prepared to launch the siege of Yorktown, Va. The locations of Howard's Bridge across the Poquoson and the road from Yorktown to Hampton are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-05
  • Plan of the Battle of Kernstown, Va. March 23rd 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Kernstown, Va. March 23rd 1862.

    The village of Kernstown was located a few miles south of Winchester, Va. Jackson's Confederates attacked with the intention of drawing Union forces away from the Army of the Potomac's position on the Virginia Peninsula. Kernstown is considered to be the opening engagement of Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-03-23
  • Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : shewing [sic] Union and Rebel positions 13th Decr 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : shewing [sic...

    The map shows positions at the beginning of the battle, with the bulk the of Union Army located across the Rappahannock from Fredericksburg, awaiting the construction of a pontoon bridge. Once across, the Union forces were met with fierce opposition from Confederate forces located in the hills to the west and south of the town. Depicts the area surrounding Fredericksburg and on both sides ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-12-13
  • Copy of official plan of Gettysburg. Pennsylvania, fought 1st, 2nd, 3rd July 1863.

    Copy of official plan of Gettysburg. Pennsylvania, fought 1st...

    Map attempts to show the locations of various units during each day of the battle. All major landmarks are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Birney, David Bell
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-07-01
  • Plan of part of Richmond, Virginia : showing locations of Rebel prisons [in] winter of 1863.

    Plan of part of Richmond, Virginia : showing locations of Reb...

    Shows the streets of Richmond below Church Hill from the Canal to Broad Street and from 17th to 21st streets, including Castle Thunder and Libby prisons and the Union officers' and soldiers' hospitals.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • The Union army encampment at Hampton, Virginia Showing picket lines and Fortress Munroe [sic].

    The Union army encampment at Hampton, Virginia Showing picket...

    Shows the landmarks in the area around Union-occupied Hampton, Va., including the Poor Farm, the Female Seminary, Buckrow's house, Hickman's farm, and "Fox Hill," the home of J. Fox.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map showing from Richmond to Fredericksburg, Va.

    Map showing from Richmond to Fredericksburg, Va.

    Printed map with annotations by Sneden highlighting the defenses of Richmond, Va., and locations associated with the Battle of the Wilderness, 5-7 May 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Schott, Charles A. (Charles Anthony)
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the second Battle of Bull Run Va. Showing position of both armies at 7 p.m. 30th Aug. 1862.

    Plan of the second Battle of Bull Run Va. Showing position of...

    Shows the area of Sudley Springs, Va., to the north and Bethlehem to the south on the second day of the battle. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Union forts on Maryland shore

    Union forts on Maryland shore

    Shows the names and configurations of Union fortifications on the Maryland side of the Potomac River in 1862, and in some cases the name of the regiment that built the structure. This appears to be a companion piece to the image on p. 43.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Union assault on the Rebel works Lee's Mill Va.

    The Union assault on the Rebel works Lee's Mill Va.

    Shows the fortifications of the Union and Confederate forces on opposite sides of the Warwick River in Warwick County [now city of Newport News], Va., at the time of the engagement Lee's Mill, also known as Burnt Chimneys.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04-16