Library of Congress > Collections > Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

Collection Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

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  • Testing large turbines, Westinghouse Co. works /

    On the left of the screen, a small group of men lift the top off of what appears to be a turbine with a crane and continue to check the machine, tightening various parts with wrenches. On the right side, a few men appear to be testing the workings of what may be a turbine.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1904
  • Welding the big ring /

    A group of men weld one area of a large ring in a fire. They lift the ring, which is hanging horizontally on chains, out of the fire. Four men hammer the hot area on the ring into shape while the remaining men hold the ring. They put the ring into the fire again, take it out, and take it over to a machine ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1904
  • Spelling Pittsburgh -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Pittsburgh is an important industrial city at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in southwest Pennsylvania. The French built Fort Duquesne at this site in the mid-eighteenth century but it fell to the British in 1758. The following year, British forces occupied the site and named it Fort Pitt in honor of the then-Prime Minister. The city was incorporated as Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, ...

  • Girls winding armatures /

    Numerous women sit in rows at machines where they appear to be winding some type of wire and tooling it onto machines. Two young men push spools of this wire down the aisle. Supervisors, male and female, walk down the aisle and observe the women's work, stopping for a while at one woman's station.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1904
  • Panorama of Machine Co. aisle, Westinghouse Co. works /

    A camera on an overhead crane travels down a large, long aisle where men are shown working on large machinery on either side. Carts carrying equipment are shown traveling on rails down the aisles. There are also men walking in the aisles.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1904
  • Assembling and testing turbines, Westinghouse Co. works /

    A turbine is shown operating. Two men walk up to it, check the running of various parts on it, and write their findings down on paper. A third man is seen walking through a few times, once stopping to look at one of the men's writings.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1904
  • Coil winding machines, Westinghouse works /

    Numerous women stand in rows at winding machines, taking material from large spools behind them. A male supervisor walks down the aisle, checking the work of the women.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1904
  • Projects -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Worked On By the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company During This Period At the early part of the twentieth century when the motion pictures of the Westinghouse Works were filmed, the Westinghouse companies worked on several projects which brought them great notoriety. This was especially true of the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company which obtained contracts for several highly visible projects, namely the Interborough ...

  • Life in Wilmerding -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    The Ideal Home Town (From The Wilmerding News, September 2, 1904) Wilmerding, as Described by the Pittsburg Sunday Leader--Its Advantages and Shortcomings as Viewed by an Outsider--Credited With Being the Leading Center of Socialism of the Peaceful, Sane Variety--Reporter Selects His Prominent Citizens. How Wilmerding is viewed by outsiders is aptly told in the following article, which appeared in the Pittsburg Leader of last ...

  • About George Westinghouse -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    George Westinghouse The various Westinghouse Companies were the product of the mechanical inventiveness and the business acumen of one man--inventor and manufacturer George Westinghouse. This prolific inventor influenced the course of history by enabling the growth of the railroads through his inventions and by promoting the use of electricity for power and transportation. As an industrial manager, his influence on industrial history is considerable, ...

  • Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    The Westinghouse Works Collection contains 21 actuality films showing various views of Westinghouse companies. Most prominently featured are the Westinghouse Air Brake Company, the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company, and the Westinghouse Machine Company. The films were intended to showcase the company's operations. Exterior and interior shots of the factories are shown along with scenes of male and female workers performing their duties at ...

    • Date: 1904
  • Westinghouse Air Brake Co. Westinghouse works /

    A large group of men are shown performing various tasks in one room at the Westinghouse Air Brake Co. On one side, men are shown pouring a hot liquid into molds on the floor. A conveyor belt delivers items which are then taken off the belt by a man. Men on the other side of the screen appear to be lifting items out of ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1904
  • Taping coils, Westinghouse works /

    Numerous women stand at several rows of tables where they appear to be wrapping tape around some devices, presumably coils. Male supervisors walk down the aisles, observing the women's work.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1904
  • The Paper Print Film Collection -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Most of the films featured in the American Memory presentations are from the Paper Print Collection of the Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division. Because the copyright law did not cover motion pictures until 1912, early film producers who desired protection for their work sent paper contact prints of their motion pictures to the U.S. Copyright Office at the Library ...

  • About the Westinghouse Works -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Map of the Westinghouse interests By the time that the American Mutoscope & Biograph Co. had filmed the Westinghouse Works in 1904, the Westinghouse enterprise had grown to include many companies both in the United States and abroad. Background information is provided here on three of the companies most prominently featured in the AM&B films: the Air Brake Company, the Electric & Manufacturing Company, ...

  • Panorama view street car motor room /

    A camera moving forward on an overhead crane gives a traveling view of men working on machinery. Carts carrying parts and pieces of machinery pass by on rails; cranes lift machinery; and men perform their various duties, including hammering objects.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1904
  • Westinghouse Air Brake Co. Westinghouse Co. works (casting scene) /

    What appear to be molds pass by some men on conveyor belts. The men take them off the belt and dump the contents onto the ground. Other men pick up with tongs the parts that have been dumped onto the ground and put them on a pile in the foreground.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1904
  • "A Big Man With a Hundred Thousand Horsepower Inside" -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    (Excerpt from The Wilmerding News, September 30, 1904) --George Westinghouse, Controls 25,000 Men-- --THE GENIUS OF THE AGE-- --One Day of His Personal Work in This District-- A big man, with a hundred thousand horse power inside him; a masterful man, with 25,000 men directly under his leadership; a man who controls whatever he touches; an absolute ruler, as absolute as the Czar. George ...

  • Related Resources -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Selected Bibliography About the Westinghouse Companies circa 1904 75th Anniversary of the Westinghouse Brake Company: Commemorating Three-Quarters of a Century of Pioneering, Wilmerding, PA: The Westinghouse Air Brake Company, 1944. The Westinghouse Companies in the Railway & Industrial Fields, Westinghouse Companies Publishing Department, 1905. Works of Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company: Their Industrial and Sociological Aspect, Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, 1904. About George ...

  • Testing a rotary, Westinghouse works /

    A small group of men turn on what appears to be a generator. As the rotary spins, the men make adjustments to the machine and check its operations.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1904
  • Timeline -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    1846 George Westinghouse born. 1865 George Westinghouse obtains first patent for rotary steam engine. 1869 George Westinghouse receives patent for the air brake. Westinghouse Air Brake Company organized with George Westinghouse as president. 9-hour workday and 55-hour workweek instituted. 1871 Company institutes Saturday half-holiday. 1872 Automatic air brake invented. 1878 First foreign air brake company started at Sevran, France. 1881 Westinghouse Machine Company formed. ...

    • Date: 1904
  • Rights and Access -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division, Library of Congress The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. The ...

  • Casting a guide box, Westinghouse works /

    A large bucket full of molten material is poured into a large container, possibly a mold, by a group of men using machinery. Some other men stoke the fire under the container. When finished pouring, the men lift the bucket up from the container and take it away on a crane. Two men put prods down repeatedly into the container, while others lay covers ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1904
  • The Actuality Film -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    The earliest popular venues for motion pictures were nickelodeons -- peep show parlors where machines played short film loops, or films on flip cards called mutoscopes, for individual viewers on demand. By the turn of the century, films were being shown in store-front theaters and traveling carnivals. Significantly, movies also began to be projected in vaudeville and burlesque theaters, sharing the bill with a ...

    • Date: 1904