• Rights and Access -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division, Library of Congress The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. The ...

  • The Paper Print Film Collection -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Most of the films featured in the American Memory presentations are from the Paper Print Collection of the Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division. Because the copyright law did not cover motion pictures until 1912, early film producers who desired protection for their work sent paper contact prints of their motion pictures to the U.S. Copyright Office at the Library ...

  • About this Collection -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    The Westinghouse Works Collection contains 21 actuality films showing various views of Westinghouse companies. Most prominently featured are the Westinghouse Air Brake Company, the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company, and the Westinghouse Machine Company. The films were intended to showcase the company's operations. Exterior and interior shots of the factories are shown along with scenes of male and female workers performing their duties at ...

    • Date: 1904
  • Life in Wilmerding -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    The Ideal Home Town (From The Wilmerding News, September 2, 1904) Wilmerding, as Described by the Pittsburg Sunday Leader--Its Advantages and Shortcomings as Viewed by an Outsider--Credited With Being the Leading Center of Socialism of the Peaceful, Sane Variety--Reporter Selects His Prominent Citizens. How Wilmerding is viewed by outsiders is aptly told in the following article, which appeared in the Pittsburg Leader of last ...

    • Date: 1904-09-02
  • Related Resources -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Selected Bibliography About the Westinghouse Companies circa 1904 75th Anniversary of the Westinghouse Brake Company: Commemorating Three-Quarters of a Century of Pioneering, Wilmerding, PA: The Westinghouse Air Brake Company, 1944. The Westinghouse Companies in the Railway & Industrial Fields, Westinghouse Companies Publishing Department, 1905. Works of Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company: Their Industrial and Sociological Aspect, Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, 1904. About George ...

  • About George Westinghouse -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    George Westinghouse The various Westinghouse Companies were the product of the mechanical inventiveness and the business acumen of one man--inventor and manufacturer George Westinghouse. This prolific inventor influenced the course of history by enabling the growth of the railroads through his inventions and by promoting the use of electricity for power and transportation. As an industrial manager, his influence on industrial history is considerable, ...

  • Projects -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Worked On By the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company During This Period At the early part of the twentieth century when the motion pictures of the Westinghouse Works were filmed, the Westinghouse companies worked on several projects which brought them great notoriety. This was especially true of the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company which obtained contracts for several highly visible projects, namely the Interborough ...

  • Spelling Pittsburgh -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Pittsburgh is an important industrial city at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in southwest Pennsylvania. The French built Fort Duquesne at this site in the mid-eighteenth century but it fell to the British in 1758. The following year, British forces occupied the site and named it Fort Pitt in honor of the then-Prime Minister. The city was incorporated as Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, ...

  • Working Conditions -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    The companies that made up the Westinghouse Works prided themselves on being modern and progressive. This opinion is probably what led them to allow motion pictures to be taken of the working conditions in these plants, since they felt that their progressive ideas were in particular evidence there. MICA Splitting Department An example of these forward-thinking ideas was the institution of the 9-hour workday ...

  • The Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    The main works and branch factories of the Electric & Manufacturing Company Organized in 1886 as the Westinghouse Electric Company with a force of 200 men, the name of the company later became the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company. By 1904, the number of workers grew to 9,000 at the main plant with 3,000 additional employees in branch factories. It became the largest of ...

  • The Actuality Film -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    The earliest popular venues for motion pictures were nickelodeons -- peep show parlors where machines played short film loops, or films on flip cards called mutoscopes, for individual viewers on demand. By the turn of the century, films were being shown in store-front theaters and traveling carnivals. Significantly, movies also began to be projected in vaudeville and burlesque theaters, sharing the bill with a ...

    • Date: 1904
  • "A Big Man With a Hundred Thousand Horsepower Inside" -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    (Excerpt from The Wilmerding News, September 30, 1904) --George Westinghouse, Controls 25,000 Men-- --THE GENIUS OF THE AGE-- --One Day of His Personal Work in This District-- A big man, with a hundred thousand horse power inside him; a masterful man, with 25,000 men directly under his leadership; a man who controls whatever he touches; an absolute ruler, as absolute as the Czar. George ...

    • Date: 1904-09-30
  • The Westinghouse Air Brake Co. -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Originally organized in 1869 to manufacture the air brakes invented by George Westinghouse, the company moved to the larger and more modern plant featured in the AM&B motion pictures in Wilmerding, PA, in 1889. The works for this plant comprised over nine acres of floor space. The works and the yard together occupied approximately thirty acres. In 1905, approximately 3,000 workers were employed, and ...

  • About the Westinghouse Works -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Map of the Westinghouse interests By the time that the American Mutoscope & Biograph Co. had filmed the Westinghouse Works in 1904, the Westinghouse enterprise had grown to include many companies both in the United States and abroad. Background information is provided here on three of the companies most prominently featured in the AM&B films: the Air Brake Company, the Electric & Manufacturing Company, ...

  • Timeline -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    1846 George Westinghouse born. 1865 George Westinghouse obtains first patent for rotary steam engine. 1869 George Westinghouse receives patent for the air brake. Westinghouse Air Brake Company organized with George Westinghouse as president. 9-hour workday and 55-hour workweek instituted. 1871 Company institutes Saturday half-holiday. 1872 Automatic air brake invented. 1878 First foreign air brake company started at Sevran, France. 1881 Westinghouse Machine Company formed. ...

    • Date: 1904
  • The Westinghouse Machine Co. -- Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904

    Organized in 1881, the Westinghouse Machine Company was devoted primarily to the manufacture of gas and steam engines, turbines and mechanical stokers. The main works were located at East Pittsburgh at a property covering nearly 50 acres. With a working floor space of 20.4 acres, the company employed approximately 3,500 men by 1905. Some of the company's most notable products were the Westinghouse-Parsons steam ...