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Audio Recordings Gathering greens and winnowing beans.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings Fishing with "Tommy-Toes".                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings William Dickens' time.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Audio Recordings "I rode the bus with the miners."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings Some people call them merkles.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Audio Recordings Coming to Montcoal Mountain.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings "Here everything is a 'Creek'."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Audio Recordings Gathering chestnuts on Montcoal Mountain.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-06-29  
Photos, Prints, Drawings Patrons on the ramp house porch (L-R): Mary Hufford, John Flynn, Mae Bongalis, Lois and Lloyd Burnside                                          Contributor: Hufford, Mary - Flynn, John - Bongalis, Mae - Burnside, Lloyd - Burnside, Lois - Eiler, Terry Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1995-04-22  
Audio Recordings Signs of the zodiac I.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Photos, Prints, Drawings Mae Bongalis in her kitchen with locally-gathered black walnuts that she has been canning                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Eiler, Lyntha Scott Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1996-01-31  
Audio Recordings Mae Bongalis's homemade canned goods.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Audio Recordings "Reading, writing, and Route 21."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary - Flynn, John Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings "You know how a snake crawls?"                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary - Flynn, John Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings "There's nice places to camp up and down this river."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings "Plenty of wild mushrooms."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings Preferred woods for making lye.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Photos, Prints, Drawings Mae Bongalis in her basement bagging black walnuts                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Eiler, Lyntha Scott Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1996-01-31  
Audio Recordings "A lot of old remedies work."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Audio Recordings "They called it Greeksville instead of Whitesville."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Audio Recordings Why some people eat ramps and some don't.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Flynn, John - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-04-22  
Audio Recordings "Fare you well, Brown."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-06-29  
Audio Recordings "Bad luck for a woman to go in the mines."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings Hulling and shelling black walnuts.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Audio Recordings Growing your own ramps.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Audio Recordings Signs of the zodiac II.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Photos, Prints, Drawings Mae Bongalis strings beans for drying. The dried beans are known as leather britches.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Eiler, Lyntha Scott Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1996-10-05  
Audio Recordings "Sheeptit" blackberries I.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Flynn, John Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings Stripmining and cemetery access.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Audio Recordings Storing potatoes, apples, and cabbages for winter use.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Audio Recordings Mountain Perry Jarrell.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Audio Recordings Medicinal plants I.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Griffy, Judy Turner - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-04-22  
Audio Recordings A foghorn on Coal River.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary - Flynn, John Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings Medicinal plants II.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Griffy, Judy Turner Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-04-22  
Photos, Prints, Drawings Mae Bongalis holding a pail of cracked black walnut shells                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Eiler, Lyntha Scott Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1996-01-31  
Photos, Prints, Drawings Patrons enjoying their ramp suppers. John Flynn, Mary Hufford, and Mae Bongalis at table in foreground.                                          Contributor: Hufford, Mary - Flynn, John - Bongalis, Mae - Eiler, Terry Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1995-04-22  
Audio Recordings "Did any of them tell you about Marrying Rock?"                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-04-22  
Photos, Prints, Drawings Mae Bongalis and John Flynn, at the 1995 Ramp Supper                                          Contributor: Flynn, John - Bongalis, Mae - Eiler, Terry Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1995-04-22  
Audio Recordings How to cook leather britches.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Audio Recordings "I like to go pick wild greens."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Audio Recordings "Scratch back was at Montcoal."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Photos, Prints, Drawings Mae Bongalis strings beans for drying. The dried beans are known as leather britches.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Eiler, Lyntha Scott Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1996-10-05  
Audio Recordings Stringing leather britches.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Audio Recordings Making chow-chow.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Audio Recordings Making sorghum molasses.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Audio Recordings Making seng hoes from mining picks.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Audio Recordings "Ramps are supposed to be good for you."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Photos, Prints, Drawings Mae Bongalis and "Aunt" Eva Burnside at the Pine Knob Ramp Supper                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Burnside, Eva - Eiler, Terry Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1995-04-22  
Audio Recordings "They raised everything they ate."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Audio Recordings Children working in mines.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Audio Recordings "The roots would glow in the moonlight."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings  
Audio Recordings "Indian Creek was full of Indians."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings "We had that whole mountain cleared up in Newground."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings Winnowing beans on Montcoal Mountain.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Audio Recordings Mixed mesophytic forest composition.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings "Dead work."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary - Flynn, John Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings Rats, mules, and mine gas.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings "John L. Lewis come up there in Montcoal."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings "That place has been called everything."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Photos, Prints, Drawings Mae Bongalis in her basement adding more coal to the stove. The basement is where the cracking of the black walnuts takes place.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Eiler, Lyntha Scott Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1996-01-31  
Audio Recordings Shorty Bongalis' walnut cracking place.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Audio Recordings "New miners don't know what the older miners had to go through."                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Audio Recordings A visit with Mother Jones.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1995-03-11  
Audio Recordings "Sheeptit" blackberries II.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary - Flynn, John Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings Childhood summers on Indian Creek.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Photos, Prints, Drawings Mae Bongalis at the Pine Knob Ramp Supper                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Eiler, Terry Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1995-04-22  
Audio Recordings Getting to Perry Jarrell's farm.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Kostis "Shorty - Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1996-10-04  
Audio Recordings The death of a company thug.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings "Did you take your children in the woods?"                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Flynn, John Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Audio Recordings Gathering medicinal plants.                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Hufford, Mary Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Audio Recordings Date: 1994-12-15  
Photos, Prints, Drawings Mae Bongalis cracking black walnuts in her basement                                          Contributor: Bongalis, Mae - Eiler, Lyntha Scott Site: American Folklife Center - Coal River Folklife Collection - Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia - American Memory Original Format: Photos, Prints, Drawings Date: 1996-01-31