• Consultants of Poetry -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    Joseph Auslander (1897-1965) Portrait of Joseph Auslander, undated. Papers of David C. Mearns, 1918-1979, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. Photo Credit: Bachrach Studio. Joseph Auslander, poet and editor, became the Library's first Consultant in Poetry in 1937. He vigorously carried out his responsibilities — seeking sponsors for the Library's literary programs, gifts of manuscripts, and organizing public readings by poets of note. Librarian MacLeish ...

  • 1943 to 1944 -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    February 18, 1943 Librarian Archibald MacLeish appoints a Committee on the Collection of Photographic Materials to formulate a policy governing the acquisition of photographic materials for the Library's collections. Chaired by David C. Mearns, the Committee concludes that the Library should set up a national photographic collection, study the costs of servicing such a collection, define its nature, and develop classification and cataloging procedures ...

    • Date: 1943-02-18
  • 1939 -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    May 3, 1939 President Franklin D. Roosevelt sends a letter to Felix Frankfurter, newly appointed associate justice of the Supreme Court, asking Frankfurter if he believes that Archibald MacLeish would be a suitable successor to Herbert Putnam as Librarian of Congress (1899-39). Despite the efforts of the American library community to influence his choice, Roosevelt is determined to choose his own candidate. Letter from ...

    • Date: 1939-05-03
  • About this Collection -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    Freedom's Fortress: The Library of Congress, 1939-1953, contains a selection of 209 letters, memoranda, photographs, and publications (1,176 images) documenting a momentous period in the history of the Library of Congress when the institution underwent a myriad of changes that established it as one of America's foremost citadels of intellectual freedom. During and shortly after World War II, Librarians of Congress Archibald MacLeish and ...

    • Date: 1939
  • 1940 -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    October 12, 1940 The Hispanic Society Reading Room of the Hispanic Foundation is formally opened. March 31, 1940 Archibald MacLeish appoints Arthur A. Houghton, Jr., former vice president of Corning Glass Works and a major American collector of rare books, curator of the Library's Rare Book Collection. Press Release, Office of the Librarian, Library of Congress, March 31, 1940. Library of Congress Archives, Manuscript ...

    • Date: 1940-10-12
  • Key Staff Members -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    Verner W. Clapp (1901-1972) Portrait of Verner W. Clapp, undated. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. Photo Credit: Leet Brothers Photography Verner W. Clapp began his Library of Congress career in 1921 in the Manuscript Division. Over the years he held a number of administrative positions, including Chief Assistant Librarian of Congress (1947) and Acting Librarian of Congress (1953-54). During his years at the Library ...

  • 1942 -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    January 12, 1942 The Library of Congress unveils a series of four murals in the anteroom of the Hispanic Foundation. Among the most distinguished gifts in the Library's history, the murals were painted by Cândido Portinari, who was commissioned by the Brazilian Government. [Detail] "Murals by Cândido Portinari," Hispanic Division, Library of Congress, 1943, p. 17. Library of Congress Archives, Manuscript Division, Library of ...

    • Date: 1942-01-12
  • Rights and Access -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    The Library of Congress provides access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or holders of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory ...

  • Donors -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    Lessing J. Rosenwald (1891-1979) Photograph of Lessing J. Rosenwald (left) and Luther Harris Evans, 1947. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. In 1943 Lessing Rosenwald, a Sears, Roebuck and Company executive and bibliophile, gave the first of many gifts to the Library of Congress. His initial gift of illustrated books and manuscripts consisted of about five hundred titles. The gift included books, plates, proofs, and ...

  • Related Resources -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    Bibliography Donaldson, Scott. In collaboration with R. H. Winnick. Archibald MacLeish: An American Life. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992. Library of Congress. Librarians of Congress, 1802-1974. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977. ___________. Luther Harris Evans, 1902-1981, A Memorial Tribute to the Tenth Librarian of Congress. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1982. Salamanca, Lucy. Fortress of Freedom: The Story of the Library of Congress. ...

  • External Figures -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    Felix Frankfurter (1882-1965) Letter from Felix Frankfurter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, May 11, 1939. Papers of Archibald MacLeish, 1907-1981, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress Appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to the Supreme Court in 1939, Justice Frankfurter served until 1962. Frankfurter had a long-established relationship with Roosevelt. When Roosevelt was governor of New York (1929-32), he served as his legal adviser; he advised ...

    • Date: 1939-05-11
  • Librarians of Congress -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    Luther Harris Evans (1902-1981) Portrait of Luther Harris Evans, June 18, 1945. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress Archibald MacLeish appointed Luther Harris Evans director of the Legislative Reference Service (currently the Congressional Research Service) in 1939 and as Chief Assistant Librarian in 1940. For a time, he was also the director of the Reference Department. While Acting Librarian from December 19, 1944 through June ...

    • Date: 1945-06-18
  • 1945 to 1953 -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    February 13, 1945 Archibald MacLeish sends President Franklin D. Roosevelt a confidential letter in which he offers a list of possible successors as Librarian of Congress. He recommends Vannevar Bush of the Carnegie Institute, Theodore Christian Blegen of the University of Minnesota, Kenneth Murdock of Harvard University, and Wilmarth Lewis, bibliophile and the editor of the Horace Walpole correspondence. Letter from Archibald MacLeish to ...

    • Date: 1945-02-13
  • 1941 -- Freedom's Fortress: the Library of Congress, 1939-1953

    January 8, 1941 The Library sends notices to members of Congress announcing orientation sessions about its services. Memorandum from Archibald MacLeish, January 8, 1941. Library of Congress Archives, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress February 17, 1941 Using material from the collections of the Library of Congress, Alan Lomax, an assistant in charge of the Library's Archive of American Folk Song, arranges and presents a ...

    • Date: 1941-01-08