• About this Collection --                        Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase

    About this Collection -- Louisiana: Eu...

    The Louisiana Purchase is a landmark event in American history, one that had a lasting impact not only on the size of the United States, but also on its economic, cultural, and political makeup. Before President Thomas Jefferson's administration purchased the territory in 1803, parts or all of the territory had been under the control of various Native American nations. From the 16th century ...

  • Articles and Essays --                        Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase
  • Louisiana as a French Colony --                        Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana as a French Colony -- Louisi...

    Difficult Early Years of the Colony From its inception Louisiana faced an inauspicious existence. Its fate was bound to the French economy during the last years of the reign of Louis XIV. Already a vast empire, the French government and its highly centralized bureaucracy disfavored policies that would have nurtured the economic independence of its colonies. Further, the French treasury, depleted by wars in ...

    • Date: 1701
  • Rights & Access --                        Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase

    Rights & Access -- Louisiana: European...

    The maps in the Map Collections materials were either published prior to 1922, produced by the United States government, or both (see catalogue records that accompany each map for information regarding date of publication and source). The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of ...

  • The Louisiana Purchase --                        Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase

    The Louisiana Purchase -- Louisiana: E...

    Napoleonic France Acquires Louisiana On October 1, 1800, within 24 hours of signing a peace settlement with the United States, First Consul of the Republic of France Napoleon Bonaparte, acquired Louisiana from Spain by the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso. To the distress of the United States, Napoleon held title to the Mississippi River and the port of New Orleans. Napoleon I, Emperor of ...

    • Date: 1800
  • A Question of Boundaries --                        Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase

    A Question of Boundaries -- Louisiana:...

    French and American representatives faced a vexing issue when they met in Paris in April 1803 to negotiate a treaty by which the United States would purchase the province of Louisiana from France. Since most of the territory to be exchanged had never been explored, surveyed, or mapped by any European nation or the United States, the negotiators were unable to include within the ...

    • Date: 1803
  • The Exploration and Legacy of the Louisiana Territory --                        Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase

    The Exploration and Legacy of the Louisiana Territory -- ...

    American Exploration of Louisiana Acquisition and exploration of American lands throughout the first decade of the 19th century began and ended with President Thomas Jefferson. Whether involved in purchasing the Louisiana Territory; promoting national interests or nurturing his own curiosity by obtaining scientific, cultural, and geographic knowledge; or, organizing expeditions by choosing their leaders; planning their goals; and raising public and private funds for ...

    • Date: 1783
  • The Cartographic Setting --                        Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase

    The Cartographic Setting -- Louisiana:...

    Evolving European and American Conceptions of Louisiana to 1803 Until 1803 the exploration and mapping of the territory acquired by the United States in the Louisiana Purchase was undertaken by the major colonial powers for a variety of reasons. Chief among them was the occupation of the lower Mississippi Valley, as well as the attempted possession of the Great Plains, the Missouri Basin, and ...

    • Date: 1650
  • Related Resources --                        Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase

    Related Resources -- Louisiana: Europe...

    The American Memory collections contain many references to the Louisiana Purchase in various formats including photographs, prints, maps, songs, and oral histories. An American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera includes broadsides, leaflets, and pamphlets relating to the Louisiana Purchase. A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875 includes many documents about the Louisiana ...

    • Date: 1774
  • Louisiana as a Spanish Colony --                        Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana as a Spanish Colony -- Louis...

    Diplomacy of the French Cession The impetus to cede the French colony of Louisiana to the Spanish was the long, expensive conflict of the French and Indian War, also known as the Seven Year's War, between France and Great Britain. Initially, France offered Louisiana to Spain in order to bring Spain into the conflict on the French side. Spain declined. Spanish officials were uncertain ...

    • Date: 1762