Collection Military Battles and Campaigns

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  • Plan of the Battle of Glendale or Frasier's Farm Va. Fought 30th June 1862.

    Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., from White Oak Swamp to the north to Glendale to the south. This was the location of both the Battle of White Oak Swamp and the separate skirmish at Frazier's Farm, both part of the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • Plan of Andersonville Prison, Sumter Co., Georgia.

    This is a revised plan showing the physical layout of Andersonville Prison in August 1864. This is a corrected drawing of his map cataloged as Mss5:1 Sn237:1 (v. 5, p. 451).

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-08
  • [Ge]ographical sketch of the city of Richmond, Virginia, with surrounding encampments, 1862.

    Shows Confederate encampements and prisons in Richmond and south of the James River in Manchester and Spring Hill. Sneden has added an index listing the governenment buildings and the houses of important persons.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Kettle Run and Bristoe Station August 27 1862.

    Shows the area between Greenwich, Va., to the north and Cedar Run to the south two days prior to the beginning of the 2nd Battle of Bull Run. The location of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-27
  • Plan of Andersonville Prison or "Camp Sumter," April, 1864.

    Illustrates the layout of Andersonville Camp, as Sneden refers to the prison, and the surrounding area where Confederate guard troops of the 1st Florida Battery were stationed including the headquarters of Captain Henry Wirz, roads in and out, topographical features such as swampland, a graveyard presumed to be connected with the prison, and "Anderson Village." Sneden revised this map and it is available as ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-04
  • Map of part of battlefield of Bull Run July 1861 : showing positions of each army at opening of battle.

    Area depicted includes Buck Hill to the north and Bald Hill to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and Market Road are included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861-07
  • Topographical map of Washington, D.C., and vicinity. Showing the Union forts and defences built 1861-3.

    Detail from a printed map of the Potomac River region of Maryland and Virginia, and including Washington, D.C., which Sneden has annotated to show the locations of Union forts and picket lines.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861-18
  • [Map of Alexandria, Virginia]

    Illustrates Alexandria's central position in the defense of Washington, where at least 12 outlying forts surrounded the city. Military camps of various Union officers such as Samuel Peter Heintzelman are indicated on this map.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battle of South Mountain Md. showing positions at Fox's and Turner's Gaps, Sept. 14th 1862.

    This very detailed map shows South Mountain, Turner's and Fox's gaps, and their relationships to Boonsboro and Frost town, Md. The locations of roads and buildings, many identified by owner, are included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-09-14
  • Map of the Peninsula of Virginia : showing route of McClellan's Army toward Richmond [illegible].

    On what appears to be a portion of a published travel map showing steamship and railroad routes out of Baltimore, Md., Sheden has indicated the route of the Union Army as it moved up the Virginia Peninsula toward Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Genl Q. A. Gillmore's position on Morris Island, Charleston S.C.

    Shows the progression of earthworks constructed to allow Union forces to approach Fort Wagner. Gillmore's troops reached the ditch surrounding the fort on September 6. The Confederate forces abandoned the fort during the night.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Honey Hill, South Carolina, November 30th, 1864.

    Map shows the Confederate earthworks, as well as the location of Union forces at Honey Hill near Grahamville, in Jasper County, S.C. Sherman sent 5,500 Union troops under J.G. Foster inland to secure a foothold on the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. They were met by 1,400 Confederates, heavily entrenched, and forced to withdraw.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-11-30
  • Sketch of manoeuvers [sic] on Antietam and Sharpsburg Maryland : Septr 16-17th 1862.

    Shows the area from Harper's Ferry, W. Va., west to Frederick, Md., and the position of Confederate forces under R. E. Lee and Union forces under McClellen. The map also shows Hagerstown, Md., south to the Potomac River. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-09-16
  • Plan of Second Battle of Bull Run Va. : position at 6 p.m. August 30th 1862.

    Shows the area between Sudley Springs to the north and the Manassas and Gainesville Road to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-08-30
  • Capture of forts [sic] ... Donelson, Tennessee By U.S. Grant, January 1862.

    This map shows the area surrounding Fort Donelson, Tenn., including the Cumberland River, the town of Dover, and Fort Henry Road, and includes the locations of confederate earthworks as well as roads, buildings, woods, and creeks.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-01
  • Plan of approaches to the Vicksburg Mine.

    Shows Brig. Genl. Hickenlooper's design for the trenches approaching Vicksburg, Miss., for the placement of the explosives detonated on 25 June.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-07-01
  • New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    Originally built by the Confederates and used for winter quarters in 1861-1862, the defenses around Centreville were also used by the Union Army to cover the retreat back to Washington after both 1st and 2nd Bull Run. When Lee began concentrating his forces around Culpeper in July 1863, and Meade, not to be outdone, moved his army to a position opposite them along the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-09
  • Position of Union Army at Cedar Creek Union position and plan of battle.

    However, what initially appeared to be an overwhelming success quickly turned to a rout when the Union forces were redeployed and launched a successful counterattack that drove the Confederates back across the Shenandoah to Fisher's Hill, with heavy losses of men, equipment and supplies. Map shows troop locations along the Strasburg Pike on either side of Cedar Creek, and along the north fork of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • [Map of the First Battle of Bull Run]

    Shows the movement of the Union and Confederate forces as their positions changed over the course of July 21, 1861, during the First Battle of Bull Run. Sneden illustrates the battle over the countryside in Prince William and Fairfax counties, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map shewing [sic] vicinity of Harper's Ferry, Virginia, and the upper Potomac River.

    Concerns an area of Maryland and Virginia between the towns of Cumberland, Md., on the west and Harpers Ferry, Va. [now W.Va.], on the eastern side of the map. Sneden details the mountainous topography highlighting rivers, especially the Potomac River, and including the rail system through this area. Just north of Winchester, Va., there is a line of unidentified Confederate troops. The only other ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-07
  • The Centre position of Union and Rebel armies, Yorktown, Va.

    Shows both of the armies west of Yorktown, with the York River to the east, as the Siege of Yorktown got underway.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-04
  • Plan of the battle of the North Anna fought May 23rd-26th, 1864.

    Grant's continued attempts to turn Lee's flank and allow the Union troops access to Richmond were once again thwarted at the North Anna. Hoping to lure the Confederates away from Spotsylvania Court House, Union forces under Hancock headed for Hanover Junction, an important intersection of the Virginia Central and Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac railroads, hoping Lee would follow. Anticipating this maneuver, Lee moved a ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864-05-23
  • Plan of the redoubt and rifle pits ensilading [sic] the Leesburg and Fairfax turnpikes 2 miles from Alexandria, Virginia. Built by the 38th, 40th N.Y. and 3rd Maine regiments during October and ...

    Includes main roads, buildings used for the hospital, chapel, stables, theater, and headquarters encampment of Brigadier General John Sedgwick.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Shows the immediate area surrounding the town of Chancellorsville and the location of Union General Hooker's headquarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : shewing [sic] Union and Rebel positions 13th Decr 1862.

    The map shows positions at the beginning of the battle, with the bulk the of Union Army located across the Rappahannock from Fredericksburg, awaiting the construction of a pontoon bridge. Once across, the Union forces were met with fierce opposition from Confederate forces located in the hills to the west and south of the town. Depicts the area surrounding Fredericksburg and on both sides ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862-12-13