• Bobby Bumps starts a lodge /

    Copyright: Bray Studios, Inc.; 21Sep16; MP723. Duration: 5:15 at 24 fps. Bobby Bumps plays a trick on his friend who wants to be initiated into his lodge. When his friend outsmarts him and saves his life, they both agree to be initiated into the lodge together. Summary from J. McIntire, Silent animated films at the Library of Congress, 1995. Additional holdings for this title ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1916
  • Dud leaves home /

    Copyright: Bray Studios, Inc.; 9Oct19; MP1443. Duration: 4:57 at 22 fps. Dud wants to buy his girlfriend Maime an ice cream cone so he breaks open his mother's bank, and splits their last dime in half in the process. His mother punishes him so he runs away. Dud is scared by imaginary ghosts in the dark, so he runs back home where he gets ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1919
  • Krazy Kat goes a-wooing /

    Copyright: International Film Service, Inc.; 29Feb16; MP557. Story, George Herriman. Duration: 2:15 at 22 fps. Krazy Kat's serenade outside the window of Ignatz Mouse meets with a barrage of bricks. Summary from M/B/RS preliminary catalog card. Based on George Herriman's comic strip Krazy Kat. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as digital files. Digital file includes a piano score composed and ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1916
  • Keeping up with the Joneses. [Women's styles] /

    Copyright: no reg. Duration: 2:49 at 22 fps. "Mutual program." A domestic comedy about the McGinis family--husband Aloysius, wife Clarice, daughter Julie, and housemaid Belladonna. The simple story lines often parody society's concern with material goods as an indicator of social standing, but the series was not as narrowly focused as the title implies. The Joneses were the McGinis's neighbors, but were not depicted. ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1915
  • [Gertie on tour--excerpts] /

    Copyright: no reg. Additional animators, John McCay, John Fitzsimmons. Main and end titles and parts of film lacking. DLC Duration: 1:22 at 24 fps. Gertie is a dinosaur who lives in present times. She encounters a train and dreams of being the life of the party in her time. Summary from J. McIntire, Silent animated films at the Library of Congress. On reel with: ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1921
  • Digitizing the Collection -- Origins of American Animation

    The films included in Origins of American Animation were taken from several collections in the Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division. These include the Paper Print, American Film Institute/J. Stuart Blackton, A.F.I./Maurice Zouary, A.F.I./Frederick Edell, A.F.I./George Marshall, A.F.I./Dennis Atkinson, A.F.I./James Ashton, A.F.I./Rhode Island Historical Society, A.F.I./Thomas Souder, A.F.I./Bernard Uhl, Louise Ernst, George Kleine, and Cinémathèque Québécoise Collections. These films were previously released in ...

  • [The centaurs--excerpts] /

    Copyright: no reg. Additional animators, John McCay, John Fitzsimmons. Main and end titles and parts of film lacking. DLC Duration: 2:06 at 26 fps. A half human-half horse boy and girl meet and fall in love. They have a baby and go home to their parents for a happy reunion. Summary from J. McIntire, Silent animated films at the Library of Congress. On reel ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1921
  • Dreamy Dud--he resolves not to smoke /

    Copyright: Essanay Film Mfg. Co.; 22Jun15; MP356. Copyrighted along with Scenic picture (not on LC's copy). DLC Duration: 5:03 at 24 fps. Dreamy Dud steals a man's pipe because he is fascinated with smoking and blowing smoke rings. He smokes the pipe and the smoke turns into a ghost and carries him up to the moon and leaves him. Dud falls off the moon ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1915
  • Rights and Access -- Origins of American Animation

    The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory ...

  • Keeping up with the Joneses. [Men's styles] /

    Copyright: no reg. Duration: 3:34 at 22 fps. "Mutual program." A domestic comedy about the McGinis family--husband Aloysius, wife Clarice, daughter Julie, and housemaid Belladonna. The simple story lines often parody society's concern with material goods as an indicator of social standing, but the series was not as narrowly focused as the title implies. The Joneses were the McGinis's neighbors, but were not depicted. ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1915
  • The first circus /

    Copyright: no reg. Main and end titles lacking. DLC Duration: 2:24 (part 1) and 3:28 (part 2) at 20 fps. During the stone-age the Stonehenge Circus entertained cavemen and women. The circus had a dinosaur that doubled as a trampoline and tightrope for the acrobats. Summary from J. McIntire, Silent animated films at the Library of Congress. Additional holdings for this title may be ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1921
  • About this Collection -- Origins of American Animation

    The development of early American animation is represented by this collection of 21 animated films and 2 fragments, which spans the years 1900 to 1921. The films include clay, puppet, and cut-out animation, as well as pen drawings. They point to a connection between newspaper comic strips and early animated films, as represented by Keeping Up With the Joneses, Krazy Kat, and The Katzenjammer ...

    • Date: 1900
  • The enchanted drawing /

    Copyright: Thomas A. Edison; 16Nov1900; D21656. Performer: J. Stuart Blackton. Camera, Albert E. Smith. Duration: 1:26 at 18 fps. From Edison films catalog: Upon a large sheet of white paper a cartoonist is seen at work rapidly sketching the portrait of an elderly gentleman of most comical feature and expression. After completing the likeness the artist rapidly draws on the paper a clever sketch ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1900
  • Notes on the Origins of American Animation, 1900-1921 -- Origins of American Animation

    Animated drawings were introduced to film a full decade after George Méliès had demonstrated in 1896 that objects could be set in motion through single-frame exposures. J. Stuart Blackton's 1906 animated chalk experiment Humorous Phases of Funny Faces was followed by the imaginative works of Winsor McCay, who made between four thousand and ten thousand separate line drawings for each of his three one-reel ...

    • Date: 1900
  • The dinosaur and the missing link, a prehistoric tragedy /

    Copyright: Thomas A. Edison, Inc.; 24Mar17; MP893. Original release was tinted. Duration: 3:23 (part 1) and 2:50 (part 2) at 22 fps. Uses clay animation to tell a story of prehistoric times. Three suitors, named the Duke, Stonejaw Steve, and Theophilus Ivoryhead, compete for the hand of Miss Araminta Rockface. Ivoryhead, an unassuming weakling, wins her hand when the others mistakenly believe that he ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1917
  • Related Resources -- Origins of American Animation

    Bendazzi, Giannalberto. Cartoons: One Hundred Years of Cinema Animation. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 1994. Canemaker, John. Winsor McCay: His Life and Art. New York: Abbeville Press, 1987. Crafton, Donald. Before Mickey: The Animated Film, 1898-1928. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1982. Gifford, Denis. American Animated Films: 1897-1929. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland and Company, Inc., 1990. Heraldson, Donald. Creators of Life: A History of Animation. New ...

  • Mary & Gretel /

    Copyright: no reg. Approximate release date from nitrate edge code. DLC Duration: 4:02 (part 1) and 2:51 (part 2) at 20 fps. From Origin of American animation 1900-1921 notes: Alice in Wonderland meets the Garden of Eden in this surreal fable of a drunk rabbit, bowling dwarfs, and the two bewildered girls of the title. From J. McIntire, Silent animated films at the Library ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1917
  • The phable of the phat woman /

    Copyright: International Film Service, Inc.; 18Jan16; MP506. Story, Tom E. Powers. Duration: 2:08 at 22 fps. An animated cartoon about a fat lady who attempts unsuccessfully to lose weight. Summary from M/B/RS preliminary catalog card. Based on Tom Powers' newspaper comics. Sources used: Copyright catalog, motion pictures, 1912-1939; Library of Congress video collection, v. 3, Origins of American animation, 1900-1921; McIntire, J. Silent animated ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1916
  • Humorous phases of funny faces /

    Copyright: The Vitagraph Co. of America; 6Apr1906; H75272. Duration: 3:00 at 20 fps (American Memory online digital file). Incomplete: all material from the Paper Print Collection (paper roll and 16 mm. print and neg) lacking beginning and end credits and most of picture; only sample frames were originally submitted for copyright. DLC J. Stuart Blackton "draws" a series of funny faces, including a line ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1906
  • Fun in a bakery shop /

    Copyright: Thomas A. Edison; 3Apr1902; H15916. Duration: 1:19 at 20 fps. The set is of the interior of a bakery. A man in a baker's hat and costume enters and begins kneading some dough on a table by the oven. He notices a make-believe rat crawling up the side of a nearby barrel and throws the dough at the rat, covering it completely. He ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1902
  • Mr. Nobody Holme--he buys a jitney /

    Copyright: International Film Service, Inc.; 1Feb16; MP517. Story, Tom E. Powers. Duration: 1:21 at 22 fps. An animated cartoon about Mr. Nobody Holme, who warms up his sluggish automobile with the assistance of a stick of dynamite. Summary from M/B/RS preliminary catalog card. Based on Tom Powers' newspaper comics. Sources used: Copyright catalog, motion pictures, 1912-1939; Library of Congress video collection, v. 3, Origins ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1916
  • Never again! The story of a speeder cop /

    Copyright: International Film Service, Inc.; 4Feb16; MP519. Story, Tom E. Powers. Duration: 2:01 at 22 fps. An animated cartoon about an ineffectual policeman (Officer Heeler) who quits the force after a losing battle against speeders. Summary from M/B/RS preliminary catalog card. Based on Tom Powers' newspaper comics. Additional holdings for this title may be available. See reference librarian. DLC Available also through the Library ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1916
  • The phable of a busted romance /

    Copyright: International Film Service, Inc.; 7Jan16; MP507. Story, Tom E. Powers. Duration: 1:58 at 22 fps. An animated cartoon about a workman who recovers and returns Miss Gotrox's lost purse containing 10,000 dollars, and receives a Canadian dime as a reward. Summary from M/B/RS shelflist card. Based on Tom Powers' newspaper comics. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as digital files. ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1916
  • Policy and pie /

    Title appears in some sources as Policy & pie. Copyright: no reg. Duration: 3:31 (part 1) and 3:29 (part 2) at 22 fps. The Captain gets a life insurance policy and gives it to his wife. In gratitude she makes him a pie. The Katzenjammer Kids play a trick on the Captain and sneak toads into his pie so that he would think his ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1918
  • AWOL, all wrong old Laddiebuck /

    Copyright: no reg. Duration: 3:05 (part 1) and 2:35 (part 2) at 22 fps. From J. McIntire, Silent animated films at the Library of Congress: Concerns American soldiers in Europe after the armstice [sic]. One goes AWOL with "Joy" (Miss AWOL) and after a series of mishaps with her, he is thrown in a guard house while his fellow soldiers go home. From Origin ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1919
  • Krazy Kat, bugologist /

    Copyright: International Film Service, Inc.; 14Mar16; MP573. Story, George Herriman. Duration: 3:21 at 22 fps. While in the woods studying bugs, Krazy Kat and Ignatz Mouse encounter a sleeping bee and an angry elephant. Summary from M/B/RS shelflist card. Based on George Herriman's comic strip Krazy Kat. Sources used: Copyright catalog, motion pictures, 1912-1939; Library of Congress video collection, v. 3, Origins of American ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1916
  • Krazy Kat and Ignatz Mouse at the circus /

    Copyright: International Film Service, Inc.; 17Mar16; MP574. Story, George Herriman. Duration: 3:00 at 22 fps. An animated cartoon about the adventures of Krazy Kat and Ignatz Mouse at the circus, where they demonstrate their courage to each other by attempting to scare a woman. Summary from M/B/RS shelflist preliminary catalog card. Based on George Herriman's comic strip Krazy Kat. Available also through the Library ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1916
  • W.S.S. Thriftettes /

    Copyright: no reg. Duration: 0:33 at 18 fps. A promotion for war savings stamps, reputed here to help confine Germany's Kaiser to a circus cage. Summary from Origin of American animation 1900-1921 notes. On reel with: Down on the phoney farm, and The man higher up. Reel also contains promos for a hospital fund drive. Total footage for reel: ca. 300 feet. DLC Digital ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1918