Collection The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America

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  • Sponger Money

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Bahamian Bahamian fish peddler Greek American man A Bahamian folksong, also very popular in Key West, where sponge fishing had long been an occupation of Bahamian settlers. Performance Note: "Sponger Money" (vocals with accordion) performed by an unidentified Bahamian at Key West, Florida, on January ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Performer - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Bahamian - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Hoist Up the John B Sail

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 35 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The complete version of this Bahamian folksong. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Hoist Up the John B Sail" (vocals ...

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Bellamena

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 28 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Bahamian folksong, commemorating the role of Caribbean vessels in "rum-running," or transporting alcohol, to the United States during Prohibition (1919-1933). The 18th amendment to the Constitution, known as the Volstead Act, or Prohibition Act, had outlawed the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages in ...

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-20
  • Mr. Bethel Dog Bit Me

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 2 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A folksong from Nassau, Bahamas. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Mr. Bethel Dog Bit Me" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • The Crow

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 17 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song from the Bahama Islands, said by Dr. [Melville] Herskovits to have originated in West Africa, where the crow is sacred. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "The Crow" (vocals with accordion, drums, and trombone) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle ...

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Flowers, Kind Friends

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 50 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An incomplete version of a Bahamian folksong. Performance Note: "Flowers, Kind Friends" (vocals) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • El sacrificio

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 7 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An incomplete version of a song composed by a Mexican in Miami, Florida, and now popular also in Key West. Performance Note: "El sacrificio" (vocals with claves, bongo, bass viol, and two guitars) performed by Sesteto Encanto at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. ...

    • Contributor: Sesteto Encanto - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Flowers, Kind Friends

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 12 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The complete version of this Bahamian folksong. Performance Note: "Flowers, Kind Friends" (vocals) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Round and Round the Bar-room

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Round and Round the Bar-room" (vocals with piano, tambourine-bongo, and orchestra) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, Ed Burroughs, tambourine-bongo, and Orchestra at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc ...

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Burroughs, Ed - Delete "Orchestra" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano - Tambourine Bongo - Orchestra
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Bingo Was His Name

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 45 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Performance Note: "Bingo Was His Name" (vocals with accordion) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Crab is a Better Man Than Man

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 26 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Crab is a Better Man Than Man" (vocals with accordion) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • El caballo de palo

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song about a local Cuban boy composed and made popular in Key West, Florida. Performance Note: "El caballo de palo" (vocals with claves, bongo, bass viol, and two guitars) performed by Sesteto Encanto at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). ...

    • Contributor: Sesteto Encanto - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • You Shall Be Free

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 35 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "You Shall Be Free" (vocals with piano and trumpet) performed by Shorty (Sweet Papa) Harris at Key West, Florida, on January ...

    • Contributor: Harris, Shorty "Sweet Papa" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Harris, Shorty (Sweet Papa)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Hoist Up the John B Sail

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 40 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An incomplete version of this Bahamian folksong. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Hoist Up the John B Sail" (vocals with piano, trombone, and guitar) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 20, 1940. Sound Recording ...

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-20
  • Pescador

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 22 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Bahamian Bahamian fish peddler Greek American man The call of a Bahamian fish peddler. Performance Note: "Pescador" (vocals) performed by an unidentified Bahamian fish peddler at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Performer referred to elsewhere as unidentified Bahamian fish peddler Sound Recording ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Performer - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Bahamian Fish Peddler
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Boil Them Cabbage Down

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 17 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Performance Note: "Boil Them Cabbage Down" (vocals with accordion) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • I'm a Pilgrim

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 38 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "I'm a Pilgrim" (vocals) performed by an unidentified quartet at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Performers referred to elsewhere ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Vocal Quartet - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Quartet
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • The More You Scratch

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 48 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "The More You Scratch" (vocals with piano, trombone, and guitar) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 20, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-20
  • Coocoo Bobo

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 36 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An imitation of a train. Performance Note: "Coocoo Bobo" (vocals) performed by Enrique Rodriguez at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rodriguez, Enrique - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Bonefish

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 49 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Bahamian Bahamian fish peddler Greek American man A Bahamian folksong. Performance Note: "Bonefish" (vocals with accordion) performed by an unidentified Bahamian at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Performer referred to elsewhere as unidentified Bahamian Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Unidentified Performer - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Bahamian - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • They'll Only Talk About You

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "They'll Only Talk About You" (vocals with accordion) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • El patio de mi casa

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 38 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Sarris children Schoolchildren An old Spanish-Cuban childrens' folksong, sung while skipping rope. Performed by students at the San Carlos Institute, a grammar school in Key West owned and operated by the Cuban government, with classes taught in both English and Spanish. Performance Note: "El patio de ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Children - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Schoolchildren
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-22
  • El raton y el gato

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 20 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Sarris children Schoolchildren Sung by students at the San Carlos Institute, a grammar school in Key West owned and operated by the Cuban government, with classes taught in both English and Spanish. Performance Note: "El raton y el gato" (vocals) performed by Dalia Soto, and ...

    • Contributor: Soto, Dalia - Unidentified Children - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Schoolchildren
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-22
  • Abaco

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 49 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Bahamian folksong. Abaco refers to Abaco Island, Bahamas. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Abaco" (vocals with accordion) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - [Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)] - Butler, Robert - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Puntos Guajiro

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A typical Cuban peasant melody. Performance Note: "Puntos Guajiro" (vocals with claves, bongo, bass viol, and two guitars) performed by Sesteto Encanto at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Sesteto Encanto - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18