• Abaco

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 49 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Bahamian folksong. Abaco refers to Abaco Island, Bahamas. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Abaco" (vocals with accordion) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - [Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)] - Butler, Robert - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • L&N Mobile

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 40 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A railroad work song, sung while lining track. The singer, "Uncle" Bradley Eberhard, a work-crippled, 66-year-old African American, worked more than a quarter of a century in railroad work gangs and is still proud of his role as singer when the men were laying track. ...

    • Contributor: Eberhard, Bradley, Uncle - Corse, Carita Doggett - Cornwall, Robert - Eberhard, Bradley (Uncle)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-07-26
  • Tap Dance

    Field Recordings. Instrumental Music. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 20 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Crew of "The Boys," a 108-foot menhaden (or pogey) fishing boat of Mayport, Florida, commanded by Captain J. C. Willard. Crew of "The Boys," a 108-foot menhaden (or pogey) fishing boat of Mayport, Florida, commanded by Captain J. C. Willard. Shrimphouse workers A tap dance ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Performers - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cornwall, Robert - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Group of Workers
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-06-27
  • You Shall Be Free

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 35 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "You Shall Be Free" (vocals with piano and trumpet) performed by Shorty (Sweet Papa) Harris at Key West, Florida, on January ...

    • Contributor: Harris, Shorty "Sweet Papa - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Harris, Shorty (Sweet Papa)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Captain's Mule (Part 2 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 43 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A mule-skinning song sung in the hard roads camp. It would be sung during the day, to give the muleskinners more energy. The singer, age 30, learned it while working as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. He was born in Georgia and reared ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold B. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • A Ghost Story (Part 1 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 19 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A ghost story based on an actual incident during the Civil War. The story was told by Eartha White's mother, Clara White, who was raised in slavery on Amelia Island, Fernandina, Florida. The Clara White Mission, founded by Eartha White, was named for her ...

    • Contributor: White, Eartha - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - White, Ertha
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940
  • Crab is a Better Man Than Man

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 26 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Crab is a Better Man Than Man" (vocals with accordion) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Captain's Mule (Part 1 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A mule-skinning song sung in the hard roads camp. It would be sung during the day, to give the muleskinners more energy. The singer, age 30, learned it while working as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. He was born in Georgia and reared ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold B. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Day's a-Breakin'

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 47 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This is a jumped-up song sung by Rufus Bland and James Brown. Performance Note: "Day's a-Breakin'" (vocals) performed by James Brown, Rufus Bland at Caruja Ranch, Kenansville, Florida, on July 1, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Brown, James - Bland, Rufus - Corse, Carita Doggett - Cornwall, Robert - [Bland, Rufus]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-07-01
  • Crow Dance

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 23 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song from the Bahama Islands, said by Dr. [Melville] Herskovits to have originated in West Africa, where the crow is sacred. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Possum Up the Simmon Tree

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 46 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Berry Johnson discusses women and food, and recites a song about 'possums. Performance Note: "Possum Up the Simmon Tree" (spoken) performed by Berry Johnson at Office of the Aycock & Lindsey Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 19, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). ...

    • Contributor: Johnson, Berry - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Joe Mows

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 5 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Jack describes methods of killing the Joe Mows (good luck items, also known as "Mojos," said to be helpful in winning at gambling games) of other players in a skin (card) game. A Joe Mow can be killed by throwing salt or carrying ...

    • Contributor: Jack - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Johnson, Berry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • I Heard a Mighty Rumblin' at the Water Trough

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 43 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A work song performed by Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia. Performance Note: "I Heard a Mighty Rumblin' at the Water Trough" (vocals) performed by Fred Lee Fox at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Uncle Bud

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 19 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A social song, for amusement, sung by men all over the South; a "jook song," it is not sung in front of respectable ladies. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • All You Rounders Better Lie Down

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 54 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia, learned this song in the Dixie County Prison Camp. A rooster can be heard in the background as this song is sung. The record concludes with skipping. Performance Note: "All You Rounders Better Lie Down" ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Got a Letter from My Baby This Morning

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 59 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A work song performed by David Wood, a 27-year-old Florida-born turpentine worker. He learned this song in the Nassau County Prison Farm, where he was jailed for fist-fighting. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online ...

    • Contributor: Wood, David - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • The Crow

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 17 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song from the Bahama Islands, said by Dr. [Melville] Herskovits to have originated in West Africa, where the crow is sacred. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "The Crow" (vocals with accordion, drums, and trombone) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle ...

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Sponger Money

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 45 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Bahamian folksong, also very popular in Key West, where sponge fishing had long been an occupation of Bahamian settlers. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Sponger Money" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, ...

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Shove It Over

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 47 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A lining rhythm generally distributed throughout Florida, learned from Charlie Jones on a railroad construction camp near Lakeland, Florida, in 1933. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' Project ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Georgia Skin

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 2 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A description of the card game "Georgia Skin"--"the most favorite gambling game among the workers of the South." Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' Project in ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Hurston, Zora Neale Hurston
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Turn Her Away

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 14 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Turn Her Away" (vocals with accordion, drums, and trombone) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Halimuhfack

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 7 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A "jook" song, learned on the East coast of Florida. After the song, Zora Neale Hurston describes how she collects and learns songs (including those she has published). Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Sally Went to Mobile

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 54 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The original lyrics, which the singer modified in an earlier performance. Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia, learned this song in the Dixie County Prison Camp. Performance Note: "Sally Went to Mobile" (vocals) performed by Fred Lee Fox at Turpentine Camp, ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Poor Stranger Blues

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 45 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A jook joint song. In an earlier interview, the singers answered questions about jook joints, and defined them as "bar rooms," formerly known as "festival halls," "a name colored people give dance halls," etc. They think the term jook joint originated in sawmill camps. Jook ...

    • Contributor: Dixie Harmony Four - Smith, Ire - Arnold, L. G. - Choice, Doc - Tatum S. T. - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Tatum, S. T.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Shack Rouster Holler

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 35 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A holler sung by the shack rouster (foreman) every morning, at about 4 am. The singer, a 30-year-old born in Georgia and reared in Florida, learned the holler when he worked as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. Performance Note: "Shack Rouster Holler" (chanted) ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold B. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18