Collection The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America

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  • Monologue on Travels

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 52 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The life history of Cull Stacey, a 56-year-old turpentine worker originally from Rockingham, North Carolina. Performance Note: "Monologue on Travels" (spoken) performed by Cull Stacey at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Stacey, Cull - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Joe Mows

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Albert Spaulding, 21-year-old assistant manager of the turpentine camp commissary, tells of a worker coming to the commissary to purchase three eight-penny nails and a new paper bag; he was making a Joe Mow for under his pillow, to keep the witches away. A ...

    • Contributor: Spaulding, Albert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Halkiticos, Sousta

    Field Recordings. Instrumental Music. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 32 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A classic dance of the Island of Halki, originated on the Asia Minor Coast three to four thousand years ago. The natives adopted this dance, when the only musical instrument which we now know was a small lyra, still used by these Islanders and ...

    • Contributor: Kaletizis, George - Peronis, Louis - Perris, Charylaos "Harry" - Filareton, John - Lavouto - Violin - Perris, Charylaos (Harry) - Santouri (Cymbal) - Kapsalos, Louis - Perris, Harris - Parris, Harry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-05-12
  • Maloney Is Dead

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 44 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch song. The singer is the wife of Wilbur Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama Islands who later emigrated to South Florida. The unique ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Mary Jane - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - [Roberts, Mary Jane] - Roberts, Wilbur
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • Aby nás zbojníci nepobrali

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 40 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The Slavia colony in Florida was established by Slovaks who had first settled in Cleveland in 1912. Performance Note: "Aby nás zbojníci nepobrali" (vocals) performed by a group of girls at [St. Luke's Lutheran Church], Slavia, Florida, on August 31, 1939. Performers referred to elsewhere as ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Girls - Morris, Alton Chester - Morris, Alton C. - Group of Girls
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-31
  • Antio

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 38 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Antio" (vocals) performed by Evee G. Anastassiou at ...

    • Contributor: Anastassiou, Evee G. - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Uncle Bud

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 46 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This is 'Uncle Bud' sung by James Brown and Rufus Bland.'" According to Zora Neale Hurston, who also performed a version of this song for a WPA fieldworker, this is a social song, for amusement, sung by men all over the South; it's a "jook ...

    • Contributor: Brown, James - Bland, Rufus - Corse, Carita Doggett - Cornwall, Robert - [Brown, James]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-07-01
  • Stewboy

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 12 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This song combines "Stewball" with gambling verses. The last verse was not recorded (cf. Zora Neale Hurston's version, "Mule on the Mount"). The singer, a 30-year-old born in Georgia and reared in Florida, worked as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. Performance Note: "Stewboy" ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Buffalo Song

    Field Recordings. Instrumental Music. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 8 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The Buffalo Song from the Green Corn Dance. The Green Corn Dance is a spiritual ritual of purification and thanksgiving held each spring. In this instance, the song was performed with the purpose of being recorded, not as part of the ceremony itself. ...

    • Contributor: Osceola, Richard - Osceola, Robert - Tiger, Naha - Josh, John - Johns, Barfield - Bowlegs, Billy, 1808 - Corse, Carita Doggett - Cornwall, Robert - Boehmer, William J. - Bowlegs, Billy
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-07-25
  • Life History of Mrs. Isabel Barnwell's father

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 46 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. Her father was a judge in the Florida Territory. Performance Note: "Life History of Mrs. Isabel Barnwell's father" (spoken) performed by Isabel Barnwell at Home of Mrs. ...

    • Contributor: Barnwell, Isabel - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Woman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Test of recording equipment

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 18 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A test of the recording equipment, including a description of the components of the portable disk-cutting equipment. Performance Note: "Test of recording equipment" (spoken) performed at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • El raton y el gato

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 20 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Sarris children Schoolchildren Sung by students at the San Carlos Institute, a grammar school in Key West owned and operated by the Cuban government, with classes taught in both English and Spanish. Performance Note: "El raton y el gato" (vocals) performed by Dalia Soto, and ...

    • Contributor: Soto, Dalia - Unidentified Children - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Schoolchildren
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-22
  • Agapimenoi

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 31 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong about sweethearts." Greeks, along with Italians and Minorcans, first came to Florida in 1768, led by Dr. Andrew Turnbull. Turnbull settled New Smyrna Beach, Florida. When the colony came to an end in 1777, the settlers relocated to St. Augustine. The sound quality ...

    • Contributor: Tsangaris, Haiclice - Morris, Alton Chester - Corse, Carita Doggett - Morris, Alton C. - [Corse, Carita Doggett]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-09-27
  • Gianos ke e Pagona

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 12 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A very old song loved by Greek mountaineers and shepherds. John fondly nicknames his sweetheart ""Pagona"," or Peacock. He is calling her to bring the "stamna" (water-vase) that she has gone to fill at the mountain waterhole while he labors on the harvest. The singer ...

    • Contributor: Spanos, Mary Gillas - Filareton, John - Gillas, Maria
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-05-12
  • First Time I Come Into This Countree

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 36 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Performance Note: "First Time I Come Into This Countree" (vocals) performed by an unidentified quartet at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Performers referred to elsewhere as unidentified quartet Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Unidentified Vocal Quartet - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Quartet
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Aunt Jemima

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 38 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song learned in the Bahamas, followed by a verse of "Yankee Doodle." The singer is the wife of Wilbur Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Mary Jane - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - [Roberts, Mary Jane] - Roberts, Wilbur
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • Worked All Summer Long

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 20 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer, a 21-year-old Tennessee-born turpentine worker at Putnam Lumber Company, learned this song while at the Dixie County Prison Camp. He served three months for not paying the lumber company $50 for three months' rent, which he said he accumulated while ...

    • Contributor: Griffin, James - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • A Ghost Story (Part 2 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 9 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A ghost story based on an actual incident during the Civil War. The story was told by Eartha White's mother, Clara White, who was raised in slavery on Amelia Island, Fernandina, Florida. The Clara White Mission, founded by Eartha White, was named for her ...

    • Contributor: White, Eartha - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - White, Ertha
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940
  • To aidoni

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A duet of a Greek folksong, sung by two sisters. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "To aidoni" (vocals) performed by Magdaline Kavouklis, and Katherine Kavouklis at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 25, 1939. Performer referred to elsewhere as ...

    • Contributor: Kavouklis, Magdaline - Kavouklis, Katherine - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Kavouklees, Magdalena - Kavouklees, Kathryn - Kavoukli, Catherine
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Sta-Xena-Traho

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 32 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Jennie Castrounis will sing 'Sta-Xena-Traho,' a Greek national hymn about the Mother Country." Greeks, along with Italians and Minorcans, first came to Florida in 1768, led by Dr. Andrew Turnbull. Turnbull settled New Smyrna Beach, Florida. When the colony came to an end in 1777, ...

    • Contributor: Castrounis, Jennie - Morris, Alton Chester - Corse, Carita Doggett - Morris, Alton C. - [Corse, Carita Doggett]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-10-04
  • Introduction to Tarpon Springs recordings

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This Florida folklore recording expedition is jointly sponsored by the Library of Congress, the WPA Florida Music Project, and the WPA Florida Writers' Project. This record is being made in Tarpon Springs, Florida, August 26, 1939. Alton C. Morris, editor of the "Southern Folklore Quarterly", ...

    • Contributor: Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Horned Owl

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 9 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Performance Note: "Horned Owl" (vocals) performed by John Josh at Cow Creek settlement, Seminole Indian Reservation, Florida, on July 1, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Josh, John - Corse, Carita Doggett - Cornwall, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-07-01
  • La canción de panadería

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 2 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Evelio Andux, age 37, of Cuban descent (father of French descent), born in Key West, Florida, sings a bakery work song which he used to sing when he worked at a bakery in Key West, Florida, where they pulled the dough by hand and threw ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelio - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Claves
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Boleráz, boleráz

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 6 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A folksong sung by a group of young people of Slavia, Florida. The Slavia colony in Florida was established by Slovaks who had first settled in Cleveland in 1912. Performance Note: "Boleráz, boleráz" (vocals) performed by Rev. Stephen M. (S. M.) Tuhy, leader, and a ...

    • Contributor: Tuhy, Stephen M., Rev - Unidentified Young People - Morris, Alton Chester - Morris, Alton C. - Tuhy, Rev. Stephen M. (S. M.) - Leader - Group of Young People - Tuhy, Rev. S. M.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-31
  • Maroulli

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (5 minutes, 24 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Maroulli" (vocals with fiddle, santouri (cymbal), and mandola) performed by Charles M. Brown, Louis Peronis, violin, Charylaos (Harry) Perris, George Kafezio, mandola, at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 26, 1939. ...

    • Contributor: Brown, Charles M. - Peronis, Louis - Perris, Charylaos "Harry" - Kafezio, George - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Violin - Perris, Charylaos (Harry) - Santouri (Cymbal) - Mandola - Brown, Chas. M. - Perris, Harris - Parris, Harry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26