• Po' Gal

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 4 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A blues tune sung throughout the South. "The words are not rhymed; it's the typical Negro pattern, the same line repeated three times with a sort of flip line on the end; and the change is in the tune rather than in the words, for ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Hawk and Chickens

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 35 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A description of a children's game. The singer, age 43, grew up in Leesville, South Carolina. Performance Note: "Hawk and Chickens" (spoken) performed by Maggie Fulton at Federal Music Project Office, Jacksonville, Florida, on June 18, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Fulton, Maggie - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Gallito el torero (Part 2 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 40 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Spanish story about a bootblack who became a bullfighter, told by Martin Noriega, age 51, of Cuban parentage. He may have learned from the reading of a "lectore" in the cigar factory. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • To aidoni

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A duet of a Greek folksong, sung by two sisters. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "To aidoni" (vocals) performed by Magdaline Kavouklis, and Katherine Kavouklis at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 25, 1939. Performer referred to elsewhere as ...

    • Contributor: Kavouklis, Magdaline - Kavouklis, Katherine - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Kavouklees, Magdalena - Kavouklees, Kathryn - Kavoukli, Catherine
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Alto, alto como un pino

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 34 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A riddle, told to several children by Mrs. Edith Kennedy, age 18, born of Cuban and Bahamian-American parentage in Key West, Florida. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. ...

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Edith - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Andux, Ziomara - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Abaco

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 49 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Bahamian folksong. Abaco refers to Abaco Island, Bahamas. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Abaco" (vocals with accordion) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - [Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)] - Butler, Robert - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Halimuhfack

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 7 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A "jook" song, learned on the East coast of Florida. After the song, Zora Neale Hurston describes how she collects and learns songs (including those she has published). Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Monologue on Travels

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 52 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The life history of Cull Stacey, a 56-year-old turpentine worker originally from Rockingham, North Carolina. Performance Note: "Monologue on Travels" (spoken) performed by Cull Stacey at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Stacey, Cull - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Antonio the Woodcutter (Part 2 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 46 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A traditional Spanish story, told by Martin Noriega, age 51, of Cuban parentage. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Have You Ever Seen a Monkey

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 47 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A holler used in the afternoon, at quitting-time. The singer, a 43-year-old blind preacher of the Missionary Baptist Church and WPA instructor for the blind, grew up on a farm in Lee County, South Carolina. Performance Note: "Have You Ever Seen a Monkey" (vocals) performed ...

    • Contributor: Stuckey, Harden W. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Stuckey, Rev. Harden W. (H. W.) - Stucky, Rev. Harden W. - Stuckey, Rev. H. W.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Tranquitro

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 59 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This is a taunting song made up by the children of Ybor City, and was used to mock the rhythm of the peculiar walk of an Italian vendor of crabs who lived in Ybor City about 20 years ago (ca. 1919). The song ...

    • Contributor: Valdez, Amado - Valdez, Señora - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - [Valdez, Señora]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-27
  • Story of a Man of Ybor City

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 5 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Martin Noriega is a 51-year-old of Cuban parentage. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid unionization of their workers. ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Test of recording equipment

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 18 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A test of the recording equipment, including a description of the components of the portable disk-cutting equipment. Performance Note: "Test of recording equipment" (spoken) performed at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Introduction to Florida Folklore Recording Expedition

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 21 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This Florida folklore recording expedition is jointly sponsored by the Library of Congress, the WPA Florida Music Project, and the WPA Florida Writers' Project. This record is being made in Tampa, Florida, August 27, 1939. Stetson Kennedy is the interviewer/operator." Ybor City, now a neighborhood ...

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-27
  • Watermelon Vendor's Street Call

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 8 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Imitation of a watermelon vendor's street cry, heard in Savannah, Georgia when a child. Performance Note: "Watermelon Vendor's Street Call" (vocals) performed by Ellabell Singleton at Federal Music Project Office, Jacksonville, Florida, on June 18, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Singleton, Ellabell - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Tea Roll Idea

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 44 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An original composition by Theodore Rolle (alias "Tea Roll"), originally of Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Tea Roll Idea" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • La Bayamese (Himno Nacional Cubano)

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 39 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The National Anthem of Cuba was written by Pedro Felipe (Perucho) Figueredo, a patriot, in the year 1868 during the Revolution. He composed it in Bayamo, the first town captured in the War against Spain. It was sung by a quartet of girls from the San ...

    • Contributor: Soto, Dalia - Soto, Violeta - Leon, Auroia - Baso, Evelia - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-22
  • To tango tou Thanatou

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "To tango tou Thanatou" (vocals) performed by Nick Mandalou at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 28, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Mandalou, Nick - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Alphabet Song

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 13 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch song learned in the Bahamas. The singer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • Mule on the Mount

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 34 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The most widely-distributed work song in the United States, with a consistent tune but varying verses. Zora Neale Hurston originally learned "Mule on the Mount" from George Thomas in Eatonville, Florida. Sung here in track-lining rhythm, it is also sung in other work sites, such ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Where Have You Been, Charming Billy

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This ballad was used as a lullaby by the singer (a 43-year-old blind preacher of the Missionary Baptist Church and WPA instructor for the blind, who grew up on a farm in Lee County, South Carolina). Performance Note: "Where Have You Been, Charming Billy" (vocals) ...

    • Contributor: Stuckey, Harden W. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Stuckey, Rev. Harden W. (H. W.) - Stucky, Rev. Harden W. - Stuckey, Rev. H. W.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Bulwarks Turn Upside Down

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 9 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Bulwarks Turn Upside Down" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Turn Her Away

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 14 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Turn Her Away" (vocals with accordion, drums, and trombone) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Boil Them Cabbage Down

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 17 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Performance Note: "Boil Them Cabbage Down" (vocals with accordion) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Let the Deal Go Down

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 28 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A gambling song to accompany the game "Georgia Skin," learned at a turpentine camp in Florida. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' Project in Florida. This recording begins ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18