Collection The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America

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  • Phylis Stole the Ham

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 24 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Sung to the tune of "Old Grey came a-tearing out the wilderness. Performance Note: "Phylis Stole the Ham" (vocals with accordion) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Bonefish

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 49 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Bahamian Bahamian fish peddler Greek American man A Bahamian folksong. Performance Note: "Bonefish" (vocals with accordion) performed by an unidentified Bahamian at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Performer referred to elsewhere as unidentified Bahamian Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Unidentified Performer - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Bahamian - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Evelia Andux, age 11, daughter of Evelio Andux, tells a different version of the same story her father told. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelia - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Pescador

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 22 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Bahamian Bahamian fish peddler Greek American man The call of a Bahamian fish peddler. Performance Note: "Pescador" (vocals) performed by an unidentified Bahamian fish peddler at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Performer referred to elsewhere as unidentified Bahamian fish peddler Sound Recording ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Performer - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Bahamian Fish Peddler
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Joe Mows

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 5 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Jack describes methods of killing the Joe Mows (good luck items, also known as "Mojos," said to be helpful in winning at gambling games) of other players in a skin (card) game. A Joe Mow can be killed by throwing salt or carrying ...

    • Contributor: Jack - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Johnson, Berry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Old Black Mammy's Lullaby

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 9 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. She explains the meaning of "We Hab a Jest Gawd" and sings a song she learned from her "mammy" (a slave serving as nursemaid) when she was very ...

    • Contributor: Barnwell, Isabel - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Un Punto Cubano

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 40 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Sung by Martin Noriega, age 51, of Cuban parentage. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid unionization of their workers. ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Duermate mi niña

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 23 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An ancient lullaby which has remained popular among the Cuban people and their descendants in Key West. Sung by a pupil at the San Carlos Institute, a grammar school in Key West owned and operated by the Cuban government, with classes taught in both English and ...

    • Contributor: Rodriguez, Alva - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rodriguez, Alba
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-22
  • Tobacco Is a Noxious Weed

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 31 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch axiom. The performer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • I'm Going to Georgia

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (6 minutes, 32 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A turpentine worker's song. Cull Stacey, a 56-year-old turpentine worker born in Rockingham, North Carolina, describes the song and the turpentine industry but does not sing. The sound quality of this recording is poor. Performance Note: "I'm Going to Georgia" (spoken) performed by ...

    • Contributor: Stacey, Cull - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Bellamena

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 42 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Bahamian Bahamian fish peddler Greek American man A Bahamian folksong, commemorating the role of Caribbean vessels in "rum-running," or transporting alcohol, to the United States during Prohibition (1919-1933). The 18th amendment to the Constitution, known as the Volstead Act, or Prohibition Act, had outlawed the manufacture ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Performer - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Bahamian - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Joe Mows, Witches and Hants

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (6 minutes, 41 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Stetson Kennedy asks Jack about other superstitious tokens. Jack never has been able to tell why people tie dimes or strings around their necks--if he has a dime he spends it. A nutmeg on a string around one's neck is supposed to be ...

    • Contributor: Jack - Johnson, Berry - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • The Story of Juan José (Explanation)

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 3 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A discussion of the origins of "The Story of Juan José." Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Andux, Esther - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Andux, Evelia - Rollato, Esther - Pollato, Esther
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Maroulli

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (5 minutes, 24 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Maroulli" (vocals with fiddle, santouri (cymbal), and mandola) performed by Charles M. Brown, Louis Peronis, violin, Charylaos (Harry) Perris, George Kafezio, mandola, at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 26, 1939. ...

    • Contributor: Brown, Charles M. - Peronis, Louis - Perris, Charylaos "Harry" - Kafezio, George - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Violin - Perris, Charylaos (Harry) - Santouri (Cymbal) - Mandola - Brown, Chas. M. - Perris, Harris - Parris, Harry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Test of acetate steel needles

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Robert Cook tests the scratch level of acetate steel needles. Performance Note: "Test of acetate steel needles" (spoken) performed at Office of the Aycock & Lindsey Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 19, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • If Something Sees Something

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 38 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch riddle. The performer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • We Hab a Jest Gawd

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 48 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. Performance Note: "We Hab a Jest Gawd" (vocals) performed by Isabel Barnwell at Home of Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, Jacksonville, Florida, on August 14, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound ...

    • Contributor: Barnwell, Isabel - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Kerosene Charlie Eats 'Taters

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Recitations. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 47 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A humorous story told by Cull Stacey, a 56-year-old turpentine worker originally from Rockingham, North Carolina. Performance Note: "Kerosene Charlie Eats 'Taters" (spoken) performed by Cull Stacey at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Stacey, Cull - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Bill Burroughs

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 10 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Bill Burroughs" (vocals with piano, trombone, and saxophone) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Marse Tommy's Son

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 14 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Marse Tommy's Son" (vocals) ...

    • Contributor: Barnwell, Isabel - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Introduction to Florida Folklore Recording Expedition

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 21 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This Florida folklore recording expedition is jointly sponsored by the Library of Congress, the WPA Florida Music Project, and the WPA Florida Writers' Project. This record is being made in Tampa, Florida, August 27, 1939. Stetson Kennedy is the interviewer/operator." Ybor City, now a neighborhood ...

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-27
  • When the Leaf Turns Red

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 38 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch song learned in the Bahamas, described as "a kind of Baptist 'Jumper' song, 'shouting song.'" The singer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • Just a Jitterbug

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 3 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Crew of "The Boys," a 108-foot menhaden (or pogey) fishing boat of Mayport, Florida, commanded by Captain J. C. Willard. Crew of "The Boys," a 108-foot menhaden (or pogey) fishing boat of Mayport, Florida, commanded by Captain J. C. Willard. Shrimphouse workers The singer, a ...

    • Contributor: Griffin, James - Unidentified Performers - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Group
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Jump Isabel, Slide Water

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 27 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. This song, to be sung while rowing a boat, originated on the plantation in Mrs. Barnwell's childhood. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has ...

    • Contributor: Barnwell, Isabel - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Bulwarks Turn Upside Down

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 9 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Bulwarks Turn Upside Down" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23