Collection The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America

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  • Watermelon Vendor's Street Call

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 8 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Imitation of a watermelon vendor's street cry, heard in Savannah, Georgia when a child. Performance Note: "Watermelon Vendor's Street Call" (vocals) performed by Ellabell Singleton at Federal Music Project Office, Jacksonville, Florida, on June 18, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Singleton, Ellabell - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Proi-proi

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (5 minutes, 11 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. The singer learned this song at her island in Hellena. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Proi-proi" (vocals) performed by Mrs. Nick Alvanos at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 28, 1939. Performer referred to elsewhere as ...

    • Contributor: Alvanos, Nick, Mrs - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Alvanos, Mrs. Nick - Mandalou, Miss - Translator - Alvanon, Mrs. Nick
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 4 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Evelio Andux, age 37, of Cuban descent (father of French descent), born in Key West, Florida, tells the story of "Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse," in Spanish. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelio - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Crow Dance

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 23 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song from the Bahama Islands, said by Dr. [Melville] Herskovits to have originated in West Africa, where the crow is sacred. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Chiquitin

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 36 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song that originated in Cuba, with an explanation of the song in Spanish. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to ...

    • Contributor: Valdez, Amado - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-27
  • Georgia Skin

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 2 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A description of the card game "Georgia Skin"--"the most favorite gambling game among the workers of the South." Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' Project in ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Hurston, Zora Neale Hurston
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Abaco

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 49 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Bahamian folksong. Abaco refers to Abaco Island, Bahamas. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Abaco" (vocals with accordion) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - [Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)] - Butler, Robert - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Aunt Jemima

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 38 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song learned in the Bahamas, followed by a verse of "Yankee Doodle." The singer is the wife of Wilbur Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Mary Jane - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - [Roberts, Mary Jane] - Roberts, Wilbur
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • L-O-N-D-O-N

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 51 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch riddle. The performer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • Sponger Money

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 45 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Bahamian folksong, also very popular in Key West, where sponge fishing had long been an occupation of Bahamian settlers. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Sponger Money" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, ...

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Captain's Mule (Part 2 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 43 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A mule-skinning song sung in the hard roads camp. It would be sung during the day, to give the muleskinners more energy. The singer, age 30, learned it while working as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. He was born in Georgia and reared ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • A Spiritual Brother Song Explanation

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 29 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An explanation of the term "spiritual brother," used in the title of the song. A "spiritual brother" occurs when the father of one child baptizes the child of a different family; those two children become spiritual brothers. This custom is common among all the ...

    • Contributor: Alvanos, Nick, Mrs - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Alvanos, Mrs. Nick - Alvanon, Mrs. Nick
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • El sacrificio

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 49 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The complete version of the song composed by a Mexican in Miami, Florida, and now popular also in Key West. Performance Note: "El sacrificio" (vocals with claves, bongo, bass viol, and two guitars) performed by Sesteto Encanto at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. ...

    • Contributor: Sesteto Encanto - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Marse Tommy's Son Comment

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 27 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. Performance Note: "Marse Tommy's Son Comment" (spoken) performed at Home of Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, Jacksonville, Florida, on August 14, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Barnwell, Isabel - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Tall Tale

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 5 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A story of an old native of Georgia who came to Florida in the 1890s, read from her own manuscript by Beatrice Lang, age 35, originally of Woodbine (Calhoun County, South Georgia). Performance Note: "Tall Tale" (spoken) performed by Beatrice Lang at Federal Music ...

    • Contributor: Lang, Beatrice - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Long, Beatrice
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Para subir al cielo

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 44 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer, Adelpha Pollato, learned the song in Key West, Florida. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid unionization of their ...

    • Contributor: Pollato, Adelpha - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-27
  • Gallito el torero (Part 2 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 40 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Spanish story about a bootblack who became a bullfighter, told by Martin Noriega, age 51, of Cuban parentage. He may have learned from the reading of a "lectore" in the cigar factory. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • [Una canción para niños]

    sound recording | 1 sound disc : analog ; 12 in. | 1 minute, 3 seconds The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. In Spanish. (Language). Also included in The John and Ruby Florida 1939 Southern States Recording Trip. (Exhibitions). Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Unidentified Group of Children - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940
  • Mr. Bethel Dog Bit Me

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 2 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A folksong from Nassau, Bahamas. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Mr. Bethel Dog Bit Me" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Shack Rouster Holler

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 35 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A holler sung by the shack rouster (foreman) every morning, at about 4 am. The singer, a 30-year-old born in Georgia and reared in Florida, learned the holler when he worked as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. Performance Note: "Shack Rouster Holler" (chanted) ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Barba Yiani

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 6 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong, learned by the performers in Tarpon Springs and sung by "everyone" there. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still ...

    • Contributor: Stamatopoulou, Kaliope - Gianèskis, Helen - Manticos, Mary G. - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - [Stamatopoulou, Kaliope] - Gianèskis, Mary - Stamatopoulo, Calliope - Granèskis, Helen - Granèskis, Mary
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Evelia Andux, age 11, daughter of Evelio Andux, tells a different version of the same story her father told. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelia - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Around the World on Twenty-Five Cents

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 46 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A tall tale told by Cull Stacey, a 56-year-old turpentine worker originally from Rockingham, North Carolina. The sound quality of this recording is poor. Performance Note: "Around the World on Twenty-Five Cents" (spoken) performed by Cull Stacey at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August ...

    • Contributor: Stacey, Cull - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Maria

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 53 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer's mother used to sing this song to her when she was a child. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Maria" (vocals) performed by Mary Gianèskis at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 25, 1939. Performer referred to elsewhere as ...

    • Contributor: Manticos, Mary G. - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Gianèskis, Mary - Granèskis, Mary
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • I Lost My Jersey Cow Last Year

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 59 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A "play church" song, which had been sung by children playing church who would make up their own songs rather than sing church songs. The singer, age 39, grew up in South Jacksonville, Florida. She is a blind student of WPA instructor Rev. H. W. ...

    • Contributor: Jackson, Irene - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18