Collection The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America

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  • Sponger Money

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Bahamian Bahamian fish peddler Greek American man A Bahamian folksong, also very popular in Key West, where sponge fishing had long been an occupation of Bahamian settlers. Performance Note: "Sponger Money" (vocals with accordion) performed by an unidentified Bahamian at Key West, Florida, on January ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Performer - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Bahamian - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Hoist Up the John B Sail

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 35 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The complete version of this Bahamian folksong. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Hoist Up the John B Sail" (vocals ...

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Kerosene Charlie Eats 'Taters

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Recitations. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 47 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A humorous story told by Cull Stacey, a 56-year-old turpentine worker originally from Rockingham, North Carolina. Performance Note: "Kerosene Charlie Eats 'Taters" (spoken) performed by Cull Stacey at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Stacey, Cull - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Poor Stranger Blues

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 45 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A jook joint song. In an earlier interview, the singers answered questions about jook joints, and defined them as "bar rooms," formerly known as "festival halls," "a name colored people give dance halls," etc. They think the term jook joint originated in sawmill camps. Jook ...

    • Contributor: Dixie Harmony Four - Smith, Ire - Arnold, L. G. - Choice, Doc - Tatum S. T. - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Tatum, S. T.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Captain's Mule (Part 2 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 43 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A mule-skinning song sung in the hard roads camp. It would be sung during the day, to give the muleskinners more energy. The singer, age 30, learned it while working as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. He was born in Georgia and reared ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Shack Rouster Holler

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 35 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A holler sung by the shack rouster (foreman) every morning, at about 4 am. The singer, a 30-year-old born in Georgia and reared in Florida, learned the holler when he worked as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. Performance Note: "Shack Rouster Holler" (chanted) ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Sally Went to Mobile

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 58 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia, learned this song in the Dixie County Prison Camp. The sound quality of this recording is poor. Performance Note: "Sally Went to Mobile" (vocals) performed by Fred Lee Fox at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Tea Roll Idea

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 44 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An original composition by Theodore Rolle (alias "Tea Roll"), originally of Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Tea Roll Idea" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Crab is a Better Man Than Man

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 26 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Crab is a Better Man Than Man" (vocals with accordion) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Mama Don't Want No Peas, No Rice

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 15 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song from Nassau, the Bahama Islands, sung at jumping dances and fire dances. According to Zora Neale Hurston, "They're great songmakers, and their tunes are decidedly more African than the ones made by the Negroes in America. They make songs so rapidly, they say, ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Bill Burroughs

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 55 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Bill Burroughs" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Monologue on Travels

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 52 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The life history of Cull Stacey, a 56-year-old turpentine worker originally from Rockingham, North Carolina. Performance Note: "Monologue on Travels" (spoken) performed by Cull Stacey at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Stacey, Cull - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Interview with Mrs. Isabel Barnwell

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (5 minutes, 23 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. The sound quality of this recording is poor. Performance Note: "Interview with Mrs. Isabel Barnwell" (spoken) performed by Isabel Barnwell at Home of Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, ...

    • Contributor: Barnwell, Isabel - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • The Fox

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 49 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch folksong learned in a school in the Bahamas. The singer is the daughter of Wilbur and Mary Jane Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the ...

    • Contributor: Nelson, Naomi - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • Captain's Mule (Part 1 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A mule-skinning song sung in the hard roads camp. It would be sung during the day, to give the muleskinners more energy. The singer, age 30, learned it while working as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. He was born in Georgia and reared ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • We Hab a Jest Gawd

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 48 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. Performance Note: "We Hab a Jest Gawd" (vocals) performed by Isabel Barnwell at Home of Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, Jacksonville, Florida, on August 14, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound ...

    • Contributor: Barnwell, Isabel - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Oh, the Buford Boat Done Come

    Field Recordings. Instrumental Music. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 6 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A dance song in the Charleston rhythm from the Geechee country in South Carolina, learned in Florida from a Geechee woman. "Geechee," or "Gullah," refers to a group of African Americans who settled on the sea islands of South Carolina and Georgia. Their ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Witches and Ghosts

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 53 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Jack has seen ghosts in West Florida, but not near Cross City. He says ghosts can't hurt you but can make you hurt yourself. Performance Note: "Witches and Ghosts" (spoken) performed by Jack at Office of the Aycock & Lindsey Turpentine Camp, Cross ...

    • Contributor: Jack - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Johnson, Berry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Way Down Yonder

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 37 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A farm song, made up between the boys plowing on two or more plantations," sung to signal noon-time. The singer, a 43-year-old blind preacher of the Missionary Baptist Church and WPA instructor for the blind, grew up on a farm in Lee County, South Carolina. ...

    • Contributor: Stuckey, Harden W. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Stuckey, Rev. Harden W. (H. W.) - Stucky, Rev. Harden W. - Stuckey, Rev. H. W.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Sponger Money

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 45 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Bahamian folksong, also very popular in Key West, where sponge fishing had long been an occupation of Bahamian settlers. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Sponger Money" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, ...

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • I Heard a Mighty Rumblin' at the Water Trough

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 43 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A work song performed by Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia. Performance Note: "I Heard a Mighty Rumblin' at the Water Trough" (vocals) performed by Fred Lee Fox at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Wish I Was a Single Man Again

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Instrumental Music. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 21 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A set-calling song for dances. The singer, a 43-year-old blind preacher of the Missionary Baptist Church and WPA instructor for the blind, grew up on a farm in Lee County, South Carolina. Performance Note: "Wish I Was a Single Man Again" ...

    • Contributor: Stuckey, Harden W. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Stuckey, Rev. Harden W. (H. W.) - Stucky, Rev. Harden W. - Stuckey, Rev. H. W.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • The Story of Juan José Introduction

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 52 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Martin Noriega, age 51, of Cuban parentage, is introduced and says that he is going to tell the story of Juan José. Ziomara Andux, age 13, acts as interpreter for Martin Noriega, giving his explanation of the type of story he is going to tell. ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Andux, Ziomara - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Jump Isabel, Slide Water

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 27 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. This song, to be sung while rowing a boat, originated on the plantation in Mrs. Barnwell's childhood. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has ...

    • Contributor: Barnwell, Isabel - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Halimuhfack

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 7 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A "jook" song, learned on the East coast of Florida. After the song, Zora Neale Hurston describes how she collects and learns songs (including those she has published). Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18