Collection The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America

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  • Tobacco Is a Noxious Weed

    Tobacco Is a Noxious Weed

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 31 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch axiom. The performer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • Let the Deal Go Down

    Let the Deal Go Down

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 28 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A gambling song to accompany the game "Georgia Skin," learned at a turpentine camp in Florida. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' Project in Florida. This recording begins ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Flowers, Kind Friends

    Flowers, Kind Friends

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 12 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The complete version of this Bahamian folksong. Performance Note: "Flowers, Kind Friends" (vocals) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • El sacrificio

    El sacrificio

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 7 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An incomplete version of a song composed by a Mexican in Miami, Florida, and now popular also in Key West. Performance Note: "El sacrificio" (vocals with claves, bongo, bass viol, and two guitars) performed by Sesteto Encanto at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. ...

    • Contributor: Sesteto Encanto - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Mr. Bethel Dog Bit Me

    Mr. Bethel Dog Bit Me

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 2 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A folksong from Nassau, Bahamas. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Mr. Bethel Dog Bit Me" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • El columpio

    El columpio

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 52 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A rhythmical Cuban song composed by Dr. Matilde R. Cruz Planas in Havana, Cuba. The singer, Benildes Remond Isern, was then a schoolteacher and later, under the married name Benildes Remond Sanchez, director of the San Carlos Institute for twenty-five years. The San Carlos Institute in ...

    • Contributor: Isern, Benildes Remond - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Isern, Benildes Ramond - Isern, Benuildes Remond - Isern, Señorita Benildes Remond
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-22
  • Greek Song about an Old Love Who Has Been Forgotten

    Greek Song about an Old Love Who Has Been Forgotten

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 14 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Greek Song about an Old Love Who Has Been Forgotten" (vocals) ...

    • Contributor: Manticos, Mary G. - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Gianèskis, Mary - Granèskis, Mary
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Watermelon Vendor's Street Call

    Watermelon Vendor's Street Call

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 8 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Imitation of a watermelon vendor's street cry, heard in Savannah, Georgia when a child. Performance Note: "Watermelon Vendor's Street Call" (vocals) performed by Ellabell Singleton at Federal Music Project Office, Jacksonville, Florida, on June 18, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Singleton, Ellabell - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Kerosene Charlie Winching the Mule Up to the Feed Loft

    Kerosene Charlie Winching the Mule Up to the Feed Loft

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Recitations. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 29 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A humorous story told by Cull Stacey, a 56-year-old turpentine worker originally from Rockingham, North Carolina. The sound quality of this recording is poor. Performance Note: "Kerosene Charlie Winching the Mule Up to the Feed Loft" (spoken) performed by Cull Stacey at Turpentine ...

    • Contributor: Stacey, Cull - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Introduction to Mrs. Isabel Barnwell

    Introduction to Mrs. Isabel Barnwell

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 44 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Rose Shepherd, who had conducted earlier interviews with Isabel Barnwell for the Federal Writers' Project, served as intermediary between her and Stetson Kennedy and Robert Cook for this recording project. Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in ...

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Barnwell, Isabel - Cook, Robert - Shepherd, Rose
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • The Story of Juan José (Explanation)

    The Story of Juan José (Explanation)

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 3 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A discussion of the origins of "The Story of Juan José." Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Andux, Esther - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Andux, Evelia - Rollato, Esther - Pollato, Esther
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Joe Mows

    Joe Mows

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 5 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Jack describes methods of killing the Joe Mows (good luck items, also known as "Mojos," said to be helpful in winning at gambling games) of other players in a skin (card) game. A Joe Mow can be killed by throwing salt or carrying ...

    • Contributor: Jack - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Johnson, Berry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Tom White

    Tom White

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 49 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch song learned in the Bahamas. The singer is the wife of Wilbur Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama Islands who later emigrated to South ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Mary Jane - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • The More You Scratch

    The More You Scratch

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 48 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "The More You Scratch" (vocals with piano, trombone, and guitar) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 20, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-20
  • Shack Rouster Holler

    Shack Rouster Holler

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 35 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A holler sung by the shack rouster (foreman) every morning, at about 4 am. The singer, a 30-year-old born in Georgia and reared in Florida, learned the holler when he worked as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. Performance Note: "Shack Rouster Holler" (chanted) ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Misirlou

    Misirlou

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek-Arabian folksong. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Misirlou" (vocals) performed by Mary Gianèskis at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 25, 1939. Performer referred to elsewhere as Mary Gianèskis, Mary Graneskis, or Mary Granèskis Sound Recording (Form). Sound ...

    • Contributor: Manticos, Mary G. - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Gianèskis, Mary - Granèskis, Mary
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • We Hab a Jest Gawd

    We Hab a Jest Gawd

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 48 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. Performance Note: "We Hab a Jest Gawd" (vocals) performed by Isabel Barnwell at Home of Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, Jacksonville, Florida, on August 14, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound ...

    • Contributor: Barnwell, Isabel - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Joe Mows, Witches and Hants

    Joe Mows, Witches and Hants

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (6 minutes, 41 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Stetson Kennedy asks Jack about other superstitious tokens. Jack never has been able to tell why people tie dimes or strings around their necks--if he has a dime he spends it. A nutmeg on a string around one's neck is supposed to be ...

    • Contributor: Jack - Johnson, Berry - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Para subir al cielo

    Para subir al cielo

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 44 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer, Adelpha Pollato, learned the song in Key West, Florida. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid unionization of their ...

    • Contributor: Pollato, Adelpha - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-27
  • El caballo de palo

    El caballo de palo

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song about a local Cuban boy composed and made popular in Key West, Florida. Performance Note: "El caballo de palo" (vocals with claves, bongo, bass viol, and two guitars) performed by Sesteto Encanto at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). ...

    • Contributor: Sesteto Encanto - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • John Henry

    John Henry

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer, born in Georgia and reared in Florida, learned the song from workers driving spikes when a waterboy, aged 15-16, on a logging camp railroad in middle Florida. The song always had the same tune but the verses would vary. Performance Note: "John Henry" ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Introduction to Tarpon Springs recordings

    Introduction to Tarpon Springs recordings

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This Florida folklore recording expedition is jointly sponsored by the Library of Congress, the WPA Florida Music Project, and the WPA Florida Writers' Project. This record is being made in Tarpon Springs, Florida, August 26, 1939. Alton C. Morris, editor of the "Southern Folklore Quarterly", ...

    • Contributor: Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Sally Went to Mobile

    Sally Went to Mobile

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 58 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia, learned this song in the Dixie County Prison Camp. The sound quality of this recording is poor. Performance Note: "Sally Went to Mobile" (vocals) performed by Fred Lee Fox at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Glyke vasilike mou

    Glyke vasilike mou

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 7 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. The singer, age 48, learned this song from his grandmother. He says the song is over 300 years old. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included ...

    • Contributor: Brown, Charles M. - Peronis, Louis - Perris, Charylaos "Harry" - Kafezio, George - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Violin - Perris, Charylaos (Harry) - Santouri (Cymbal) - Mandola - Brown, Chas. M. - Perris, Harris - Parris, Harry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Test of recording equipment

    Test of recording equipment

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 18 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A test of the recording equipment, including a description of the components of the portable disk-cutting equipment. Performance Note: "Test of recording equipment" (spoken) performed at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Boil Them Cabbage Down

    Boil Them Cabbage Down

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 17 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Performance Note: "Boil Them Cabbage Down" (vocals with accordion) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Hawk and Chickens

    Hawk and Chickens

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 35 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A description of a children's game. The singer, age 43, grew up in Leesville, South Carolina. Performance Note: "Hawk and Chickens" (spoken) performed by Maggie Fulton at Federal Music Project Office, Jacksonville, Florida, on June 18, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Fulton, Maggie - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Bulwarks Turn Upside Down

    Bulwarks Turn Upside Down

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 9 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Bulwarks Turn Upside Down" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Uncle Bud

    Uncle Bud

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 19 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A social song, for amusement, sung by men all over the South; a "jook song," it is not sung in front of respectable ladies. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Mosquito and the Sand Fly

    Mosquito and the Sand Fly

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 42 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Mosquito and the Sand Fly" (vocals with accordion) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - [Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)] - Butler, Robert - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Antonio the Woodcutter (Explanation)

    Antonio the Woodcutter (Explanation)

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 17 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A description, in English, of the plot of this traditional Spanish story. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Esther - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Noriega, Martin - Cook, Robert - Rollato, Esther - Pollato, Esther
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • L-O-N-D-O-N

    L-O-N-D-O-N

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 51 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch riddle. The performer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • Little Girl

    Little Girl

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 37 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A game song, learned as a child in Leesville, South Carolina. The singer is 43 years old. Performance Note: "Little Girl" (vocals) performed by Maggie Fulton at Federal Music Project Office, Jacksonville, Florida, on June 18, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Fulton, Maggie - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • I Heard a Mighty Rumblin' at the Water Trough

    I Heard a Mighty Rumblin' at the Water Trough

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 43 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A work song performed by Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia. Performance Note: "I Heard a Mighty Rumblin' at the Water Trough" (vocals) performed by Fred Lee Fox at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Just a Jitterbug

    Just a Jitterbug

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 3 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Crew of "The Boys," a 108-foot menhaden (or pogey) fishing boat of Mayport, Florida, commanded by Captain J. C. Willard. Crew of "The Boys," a 108-foot menhaden (or pogey) fishing boat of Mayport, Florida, commanded by Captain J. C. Willard. Shrimphouse workers The singer, a ...

    • Contributor: Griffin, James - Unidentified Performers - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Group
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Witches and Ghosts

    Witches and Ghosts

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 53 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Jack has seen ghosts in West Florida, but not near Cross City. He says ghosts can't hurt you but can make you hurt yourself. Performance Note: "Witches and Ghosts" (spoken) performed by Jack at Office of the Aycock & Lindsey Turpentine Camp, Cross ...

    • Contributor: Jack - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Johnson, Berry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Stewboy

    Stewboy

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 12 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This song combines "Stewball" with gambling verses. The last verse was not recorded (cf. Zora Neale Hurston's version, "Mule on the Mount"). The singer, a 30-year-old born in Georgia and reared in Florida, worked as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. Performance Note: "Stewboy" ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Cachumbambe

    Cachumbambe

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 12 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song sung while see-sawing, performed by Isabel Garcia, age 9; Ziomara Andux, age 13; Evelia Andux, age 11; and Tony Lopez, age 11. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez ...

    • Contributor: Garcia, Isabel - Andux, Ziomara - Andux, Evelia - Lopez, Tony - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Andux, Evelio
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-23
  • They'll Only Talk About You

    They'll Only Talk About You

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "They'll Only Talk About You" (vocals with accordion) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Bill Burroughs

    Bill Burroughs

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 10 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Bill Burroughs" (vocals with piano, trombone, and saxophone) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse

    Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Evelia Andux, age 11, daughter of Evelio Andux, tells a different version of the same story her father told. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelia - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Chiquitin

    Chiquitin

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 36 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song that originated in Cuba, with an explanation of the song in Spanish. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to ...

    • Contributor: Valdez, Amado - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-27
  • Marse Tommy's Son

    Marse Tommy's Son

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 14 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Marse Tommy's Son" (vocals) ...

    • Contributor: Barnwell, Isabel - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Amaxas

    Amaxas

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 52 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong about a man who runs a horse and buggy. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Amaxas" (vocals with fiddle, santouri (cymbal), and mandola) performed by Charles M. Brown, Louis Peronis, violin, Charylaos (Harry) Perris, George Kafezio, ...

    • Contributor: Brown, Charles M. - Peronis, Louis - Perris, Charylaos "Harry" - Kafezio, George - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Violin - Perris, Charylaos (Harry) - Santouri (Cymbal) - Mandola - Brown, Chas. M. - Perris, Harris - Parris, Harry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Tall Tale

    Tall Tale

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 5 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A story of an old native of Georgia who came to Florida in the 1890s, read from her own manuscript by Beatrice Lang, age 35, originally of Woodbine (Calhoun County, South Georgia). Performance Note: "Tall Tale" (spoken) performed by Beatrice Lang at Federal Music ...

    • Contributor: Lang, Beatrice - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Long, Beatrice
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Dance Song (Patriotic)

    Dance Song (Patriotic)

    Field Recordings. Instrumental Music. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 1 second) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong, with an announcement in English. The singer is director of the Byzantine Choir of Tarpon Springs, Florida. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included ...

    • Contributor: Anastassiou, George - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Anastassio, George - Anastassiou, Professor George
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Maria

    Maria

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 53 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer's mother used to sing this song to her when she was a child. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Maria" (vocals) performed by Mary Gianèskis at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 25, 1939. Performer referred to elsewhere as ...

    • Contributor: Manticos, Mary G. - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Gianèskis, Mary - Granèskis, Mary
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Introduction to Tarpon Springs recordings

    Introduction to Tarpon Springs recordings

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 34 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This record [is] being made in Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 28, 1939. Alton C. Morris, editor of the "Southern Folklore Quarterly", is intermediary and interviewer. This Florida Folklore Recording Expedition is jointly sponsored by the Library of Congress, the Federal Music Project, and the ...

    • Contributor: Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Around the World on Twenty-Five Cents

    Around the World on Twenty-Five Cents

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 46 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A tall tale told by Cull Stacey, a 56-year-old turpentine worker originally from Rockingham, North Carolina. The sound quality of this recording is poor. Performance Note: "Around the World on Twenty-Five Cents" (spoken) performed by Cull Stacey at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August ...

    • Contributor: Stacey, Cull - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Sally Went to Mobile

    Sally Went to Mobile

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 54 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The original lyrics, which the singer modified in an earlier performance. Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia, learned this song in the Dixie County Prison Camp. Performance Note: "Sally Went to Mobile" (vocals) performed by Fred Lee Fox at Turpentine Camp, ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Bingo Was His Name

    Bingo Was His Name

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 45 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Performance Note: "Bingo Was His Name" (vocals with accordion) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Una tarde en mayo

    Una tarde en mayo

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 29 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Cuban folk ballad, learned from the singer's grandmother in his childhood. Performance Note: "Una tarde en mayo" (vocals with guitar) performed by Felipe Valdez, and Milton Esquinaldo, guitar at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Valdez, Felipe - Esquinaldo, Milton - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Guitar
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • La mata persima en el cemeteria

    La mata persima en el cemeteria

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A story told by Tony Lopez, age 11. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid unionization of their workers. ...

    • Contributor: Lopez, Tony - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-23
  • Helleno-Americanike Nea Genia

    Helleno-Americanike Nea Genia

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 21 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek song about the Greek-American experience, with an announcement in English. The singer is director of the Byzantine Choir of Tarpon Springs, Florida. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has ...

    • Contributor: Anastassiou, George - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Anastassio, George - Anastassiou, Professor George
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Interview with Augustine Vicari

    Interview with Augustine Vicari

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 30 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Augustine Vicari, a 24-year-old WPA worker, was born in Tampa of Italian parentage. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to ...

    • Contributor: Vicari, Augustine - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Phylis Stole the Ham

    Phylis Stole the Ham

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 24 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Sung to the tune of "Old Grey came a-tearing out the wilderness. Performance Note: "Phylis Stole the Ham" (vocals with accordion) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Crab is a Better Man Than Man

    Crab is a Better Man Than Man

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 26 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Crab is a Better Man Than Man" (vocals with accordion) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Maria

    Maria

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 31 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Maria" (vocals) performed by Nick Theos at Tarpon ...

    • Contributor: Theos, Nick - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Jack and the Beanstalk

    Jack and the Beanstalk

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 31 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A folktale explaining why you see squint-eyed people today, learned from a Puerto Rican man in Florida. The performer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. Performance Note: "Jack and the Beanstalk" (spoken) performed by Wilbur ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • You Don't Even Pass By and See Me

    You Don't Even Pass By and See Me

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 37 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. Mr. Harry (Charylaos) Perris, the cymbal player of the orchestra, also performs the vocals on this song. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because ...

    • Contributor: Perris, Charylaos "Harry" - Peronis, Louis - Kafezio, George - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Perris, Charylaos (Harry) - Santouri (Cymbal) - Violin - Mandola - Perris, Harris - Parris, Harry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse

    Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 4 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Evelio Andux, age 37, of Cuban descent (father of French descent), born in Key West, Florida, tells the story of "Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse," in Spanish. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelio - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • A Ghost Story

    A Ghost Story

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 34 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A ghost story about a woman who fed her husband a human leg which she dug up from a cemetery, described in English and told in Spanish by Evelia Andux, age 11, and prompted by Tony Lopez, age 11. Ybor City, now a neighborhood ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelia - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Lopez, Tony - Cook, Robert - Andux, Ziomara
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-23
  • Marse Tommy's Son Comment

    Marse Tommy's Son Comment

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 27 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. Performance Note: "Marse Tommy's Son Comment" (spoken) performed at Home of Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, Jacksonville, Florida, on August 14, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Barnwell, Isabel - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Possum Up the Simmon Tree

    Possum Up the Simmon Tree

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 46 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Berry Johnson discusses women and food, and recites a song about 'possums. Performance Note: "Possum Up the Simmon Tree" (spoken) performed by Berry Johnson at Office of the Aycock & Lindsey Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 19, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). ...

    • Contributor: Johnson, Berry - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Stars and Stripes Forever

    Stars and Stripes Forever

    Field Recordings. Instrumental Music. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 26 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The John Philip Sousa march, played on a homemade bazooka. Performance Note: "Stars and Stripes Forever" (bazooka) performed by Enrique Rodriguez, bazooka at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rodriguez, Enrique - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Bazooka
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • I'm a Pilgrim

    I'm a Pilgrim

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 38 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "I'm a Pilgrim" (vocals) performed by an unidentified quartet at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Performers referred to elsewhere ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Vocal Quartet - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Quartet
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Liverpool

    Liverpool

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 27 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch riddle. The performer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Roberts, Mary Jane - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • Hzeliara agapimeni

    Hzeliara agapimeni

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 3 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. The singer learned this song from fishermen in the Aegean Isles. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be ...

    • Contributor: Mandalou, Nick - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Amaxas Introduction

    Amaxas Introduction

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 15 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | . . . Folklore Recording Expedition is jointly sponsored by the Library of Congress, the WPA Music Project, and the WPA Florida Writers' Project. This record is being made in Tarpon Springs, Florida, August 26, 1939. Alton C. Morris, editor of "Southern Folklore Quarterly", ...

    • Contributor: Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Brown, Charles M. - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Opinion of recording program of folksongs in Florida

    Opinion of recording program of folksongs in Florida

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 7 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A statement by Mrs. Rolla Southworth, state director of Professional & Service Projects Division, Federal Works Agency, WPA; introduced by Dr. Carita Doggett Corse, state director, Florida Federal Writers' Project, WPA: "Dr. Corse, it would really seem that we have finally grown up as ...

    • Contributor: Southworth, Rolla - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - Corse, Carita Doggett - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Mama Don't Want No Peas, No Rice

    Mama Don't Want No Peas, No Rice

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 15 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song from Nassau, the Bahama Islands, sung at jumping dances and fire dances. According to Zora Neale Hurston, "They're great songmakers, and their tunes are decidedly more African than the ones made by the Negroes in America. They make songs so rapidly, they say, ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Señora Santana

    Señora Santana

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 59 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A story about a child who had an apple and lost it; someone tried to give him another, but he wanted the one which he had lost. The singer, Adelpha Pollato, learned the song as a child in Key West, Florida. Ybor City, now a neighborhood ...

    • Contributor: Pollato, Adelpha - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-27
  • All You Rounders Better Lie Down Comment

    All You Rounders Better Lie Down Comment

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 10 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia, discusses the song he learned in the Dixie County Prison Camp. The sound quality of this recording is poor. Performance Note: "All You Rounders Better Lie Down Comment" (spoken) performed by Fred Lee ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Amambrocha To

    Amambrocha To

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 14 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Ziomara Andux, age 13, and her sister, Evelia Andux, age 11, describe a game played by the Cuban children in Ybor City. To play the game, a group of children line up, with the exception of one who faces the line and sings the first ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Ziomara - Andux, Evelia - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Guitar Song

    Guitar Song

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 29 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. The singer learned this song in Greece. It tells the story of a boy singing to his girlfriend with his guitar. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Guitar Song" (vocals) performed by Nick Mandalou at Tarpon ...

    • Contributor: Mandalou, Nick - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Sponger Money

    Sponger Money

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Bahamian Bahamian fish peddler Greek American man A Bahamian folksong, also very popular in Key West, where sponge fishing had long been an occupation of Bahamian settlers. Performance Note: "Sponger Money" (vocals with accordion) performed by an unidentified Bahamian at Key West, Florida, on January ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Performer - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Bahamian - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Shack Rouster Holler

    Shack Rouster Holler

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 34 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The holler as modified by African Americans, doing the "rousting" instead of the white foreman. The singer, a 30-year-old born in Georgia and reared in Florida, learned the holler when he worked as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. Performance Note: "Shack Rouster Holler" (chanted) ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Right Back in Jail Again

    Right Back in Jail Again

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 50 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer, a 21-year-old Tennessee-born turpentine worker at Putnam Lumber Company, composed this song when imprisoned at the Dixie County Prison Camp. Performance Note: "Right Back in Jail Again" (vocals) performed by James Griffin at Office of the Aycock & Lindsey Turpentine ...

    • Contributor: Griffin, James - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Kerosene Charlie Eats 'Taters

    Kerosene Charlie Eats 'Taters

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Recitations. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 47 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A humorous story told by Cull Stacey, a 56-year-old turpentine worker originally from Rockingham, North Carolina. Performance Note: "Kerosene Charlie Eats 'Taters" (spoken) performed by Cull Stacey at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Stacey, Cull - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Samiotisa

    Samiotisa

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 31 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Samiotisa" (vocals) performed by Mary Gianèskis, and John Gonatos at Tarpon ...

    • Contributor: Manticos, Mary G. - Gonatos, John - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Gianèskis, Mary - Granèskis, Mary - Gnatos, John
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Coocoo Bobo

    Coocoo Bobo

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 36 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An imitation of a train. Performance Note: "Coocoo Bobo" (vocals) performed by Enrique Rodriguez at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rodriguez, Enrique - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Captain's Mule (Part 1 of 2)

    Captain's Mule (Part 1 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A mule-skinning song sung in the hard roads camp. It would be sung during the day, to give the muleskinners more energy. The singer, age 30, learned it while working as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. He was born in Georgia and reared ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Church Door-Opening Song

    Church Door-Opening Song

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 52 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song used at the close of the sermon and the opening of the church door. The singer, a 43-year-old blind preacher of the Missionary Baptist Church and WPA instructor for the blind, grew up on a farm in Lee County, South Carolina. "Geechee," or "Gullah," ...

    • Contributor: Stuckey, Harden W. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Stuckey, Rev. Harden W. (H. W.) - Stucky, Rev. Harden W. - Stuckey, Rev. H. W.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Oh, the Buford Boat Done Come

    Oh, the Buford Boat Done Come

    Field Recordings. Instrumental Music. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 6 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A dance song in the Charleston rhythm from the Geechee country in South Carolina, learned in Florida from a Geechee woman. "Geechee," or "Gullah," refers to a group of African Americans who settled on the sea islands of South Carolina and Georgia. Their ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Way Down Yonder

    Way Down Yonder

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 37 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A farm song, made up between the boys plowing on two or more plantations," sung to signal noon-time. The singer, a 43-year-old blind preacher of the Missionary Baptist Church and WPA instructor for the blind, grew up on a farm in Lee County, South Carolina. ...

    • Contributor: Stuckey, Harden W. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Stuckey, Rev. Harden W. (H. W.) - Stucky, Rev. Harden W. - Stuckey, Rev. H. W.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Introduction to Florida Folklore Recording Expedition

    Introduction to Florida Folklore Recording Expedition

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 21 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This Florida folklore recording expedition is jointly sponsored by the Library of Congress, the WPA Florida Music Project, and the WPA Florida Writers' Project. This record is being made in Tampa, Florida, August 27, 1939. Stetson Kennedy is the interviewer/operator." Ybor City, now a neighborhood ...

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-27
  • Gotta Make a Hundred

    Gotta Make a Hundred

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 31 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Crew of "The Boys," a 108-foot menhaden (or pogey) fishing boat of Mayport, Florida, commanded by Captain J. C. Willard. Crew of "The Boys," a 108-foot menhaden (or pogey) fishing boat of Mayport, Florida, commanded by Captain J. C. Willard. Shrimphouse workers The singer, age ...

    • Contributor: Whittaker, Annie - Unidentified Performers - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Group
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940
  • Canto Juajiro

    Canto Juajiro

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 55 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Evelio Andux, age 37, of Cuban descent (father of French descent), born in Key West, Florida, describes and sings an old work song that is sung on the farms of Cuba. He says it is a Cuban farmer song, sung while digging in the dirt. ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelio - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Maracas
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Worked All Summer Long

    Worked All Summer Long

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 20 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer, a 21-year-old Tennessee-born turpentine worker at Putnam Lumber Company, learned this song while at the Dixie County Prison Camp. He served three months for not paying the lumber company $50 for three months' rent, which he said he accumulated while ...

    • Contributor: Griffin, James - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • La mata de higo

    La mata de higo

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (5 minutes, 20 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A story described in English, then told and sung in Spanish, by Ziomara Andux, age 13. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Ziomara - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-23
  • Test of acetate steel needles

    Test of acetate steel needles

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Robert Cook tests the scratch level of acetate steel needles. Performance Note: "Test of acetate steel needles" (spoken) performed at Office of the Aycock & Lindsey Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 19, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Little Girl

    Little Girl

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 20 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A game song, learned as a child in Leesville, South Carolina. The singer is 43 years old. Performance Note: "Little Girl" (vocals) performed by Maggie Fulton at Federal Music Project Office, Jacksonville, Florida, on June 18, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Fulton, Maggie - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Imitation of Geechee Preacher

    Imitation of Geechee Preacher

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An imitation of a Geechee preacher giving a sermon. As explained by the performer, a 43-year-old blind preacher of the Missionary Baptist Church and WPA instructor for the blind who grew up on a farm in Lee County, South Carolina: "In the early days ...

    • Contributor: Stuckey, Harden W. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Stuckey, Rev. Harden W. (H. W.) - Stucky, Rev. Harden W. - Stuckey, Rev. H. W.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Duermate mi niño

    Duermate mi niño

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 34 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A lullaby sung by Zenaida Beuron, age 28, who was born in Tampa. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid ...

    • Contributor: Beuron, Zenaida - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-23
  • Antio

    Antio

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 38 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Antio" (vocals) performed by Evee G. Anastassiou at ...

    • Contributor: Anastassiou, Evee G. - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Ta nychtopoulia

    Ta nychtopoulia

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 3 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Ta nychtopoulia" (vocals) performed by Mary Gianèskis, Michael Nicholis, and Nick ...

    • Contributor: Manticos, Mary G. - Nicholis, Michael - Theos, Nick - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Gianèskis, Mary - Granèskis, Mary
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Proi-proi

    Proi-proi

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (5 minutes, 11 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. The singer learned this song at her island in Hellena. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Proi-proi" (vocals) performed by Mrs. Nick Alvanos at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 28, 1939. Performer referred to elsewhere as ...

    • Contributor: Alvanos, Nick, Mrs - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Alvanos, Mrs. Nick - Mandalou, Miss - Translator - Alvanon, Mrs. Nick
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Hoist Up the John B Sail

    Hoist Up the John B Sail

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 1 second) : analog ; 12 in. | Performance Note: "Hoist Up the John B Sail" (vocals with accordion) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Pescador

    Pescador

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 22 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Bahamian Bahamian fish peddler Greek American man The call of a Bahamian fish peddler. Performance Note: "Pescador" (vocals) performed by an unidentified Bahamian fish peddler at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Performer referred to elsewhere as unidentified Bahamian fish peddler Sound Recording ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Performer - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Bahamian Fish Peddler
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Trenaban los riseñores

    Trenaban los riseñores

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 1 second) : analog ; 12 in. | An old Cuban song sung by Martin Noriega, age 51, of Cuban parentage. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26