Collection The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America

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  • I'm Going to Georgia

    I'm Going to Georgia

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (6 minutes, 32 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A turpentine worker's song. Cull Stacey, a 56-year-old turpentine worker born in Rockingham, North Carolina, describes the song and the turpentine industry but does not sing. The sound quality of this recording is poor. Performance Note: "I'm Going to Georgia" (spoken) performed by ...

    • Contributor: Stacey, Cull - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Maria

    Maria

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 53 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer's mother used to sing this song to her when she was a child. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Maria" (vocals) performed by Mary Gianèskis at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 25, 1939. Performer referred to elsewhere as ...

    • Contributor: Manticos, Mary G. - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Gianèskis, Mary - Granèskis, Mary
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • To tragoudi to psara

    To tragoudi to psara

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 27 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song which the Greek fishermen used while pulling their nets. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: ...

    • Contributor: Manticos, Mary G. - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Gianèskis, Mary - Granèskis, Mary
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Poor Stranger Blues Comment

    Poor Stranger Blues Comment

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (5 minutes, 11 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singers answer questions about jook joints, and define them as "bar rooms," formerly known as "festival halls," "a name colored people give dance halls," etc. They think the term jook joint originated in sawmill camps. Jooks are described: "an outlaw place; don't ...

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Smith, Ire - Arnold, L. G. - Choice, Doc - Cook, Robert - Tatum, S. T.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Shack Rouster Holler

    Shack Rouster Holler

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 35 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A holler sung by the shack rouster (foreman) every morning, at about 4 am. The singer, a 30-year-old born in Georgia and reared in Florida, learned the holler when he worked as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. Performance Note: "Shack Rouster Holler" (chanted) ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Joe Mows, Witches and Hants

    Joe Mows, Witches and Hants

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 46 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Berry Johnson believes that Joe Mows (good luck items, also known as "Mojos," said to be helpful in winning at gambling games) are not much good unless you pay $75-100 for them. He had a $100 Joe Mow from New Orleans which won ...

    • Contributor: Johnson, Berry - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • La mata persima en el cemeteria

    La mata persima en el cemeteria

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A story told by Tony Lopez, age 11. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid unionization of their workers. ...

    • Contributor: Lopez, Tony - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-23
  • Where Have You Been, Charming Billy

    Where Have You Been, Charming Billy

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This ballad was used as a lullaby by the singer (a 43-year-old blind preacher of the Missionary Baptist Church and WPA instructor for the blind, who grew up on a farm in Lee County, South Carolina). Performance Note: "Where Have You Been, Charming Billy" (vocals) ...

    • Contributor: Stuckey, Harden W. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Stuckey, Rev. Harden W. (H. W.) - Stucky, Rev. Harden W. - Stuckey, Rev. H. W.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Cuban Love Song

    Cuban Love Song

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes) : analog ; 12 in. | An old Spanish love song, heard in Key West. Evelio Andux, age 37, of Cuban descent (father of French descent), was born in Key West. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelio - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Story of a Man of Ybor City

    Story of a Man of Ybor City

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 5 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Martin Noriega is a 51-year-old of Cuban parentage. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid unionization of their workers. ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • I Heard a Sweet Robin

    I Heard a Sweet Robin

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 45 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch song learned in the Bahamas. The singer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • Captain's Mule (Part 2 of 2)

    Captain's Mule (Part 2 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 43 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A mule-skinning song sung in the hard roads camp. It would be sung during the day, to give the muleskinners more energy. The singer, age 30, learned it while working as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. He was born in Georgia and reared ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Interview with Augustine Vicari

    Interview with Augustine Vicari

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 30 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Augustine Vicari, a 24-year-old WPA worker, was born in Tampa of Italian parentage. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to ...

    • Contributor: Vicari, Augustine - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Bonefish

    Bonefish

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 56 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Bahamian fisherman's song. The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Bonefish" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Tobacco Is a Noxious Weed

    Tobacco Is a Noxious Weed

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 31 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch axiom. The performer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • I'm Going to Georgia Introduction

    I'm Going to Georgia Introduction

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 20 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer, born in Southton County, North Carolina, first heard this song sung in Seville, Georgia in 1889. Performance Note: "I'm Going to Georgia Introduction" (spoken) performed by Phillip H. (P. H.) Thomas at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. ...

    • Contributor: Thomas, Phillip H. - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Stacey, Cull - Cook, Robert - Thomas, Phillip H. (P. H.) - Thomas, P. H.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Proi-proi

    Proi-proi

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (5 minutes, 11 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. The singer learned this song at her island in Hellena. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Proi-proi" (vocals) performed by Mrs. Nick Alvanos at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 28, 1939. Performer referred to elsewhere as ...

    • Contributor: Alvanos, Nick, Mrs - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Alvanos, Mrs. Nick - Mandalou, Miss - Translator - Alvanon, Mrs. Nick
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • When the Leaf Turns Red

    When the Leaf Turns Red

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 38 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch song learned in the Bahamas, described as "a kind of Baptist 'Jumper' song, 'shouting song.'" The singer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • Captain's Mule (Part 1 of 2)

    Captain's Mule (Part 1 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A mule-skinning song sung in the hard roads camp. It would be sung during the day, to give the muleskinners more energy. The singer, age 30, learned it while working as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. He was born in Georgia and reared ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • All You Rounders Better Lie Down

    All You Rounders Better Lie Down

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 54 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia, learned this song in the Dixie County Prison Camp. A rooster can be heard in the background as this song is sung. The record concludes with skipping. Performance Note: "All You Rounders Better Lie Down" ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Introduction to Florida Folklore Recording Expedition

    Introduction to Florida Folklore Recording Expedition

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 21 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This Florida folklore recording expedition is jointly sponsored by the Library of Congress, the WPA Florida Music Project, and the WPA Florida Writers' Project. This record is being made in Tampa, Florida, August 27, 1939. Stetson Kennedy is the interviewer/operator." Ybor City, now a neighborhood ...

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-27
  • Story of Juanito

    Story of Juanito

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 3 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Martin Noriega is a 51-year-old of Cuban parentage. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid unionization of their workers. ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Oh, the Buford Boat Done Come

    Oh, the Buford Boat Done Come

    Field Recordings. Instrumental Music. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 6 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A dance song in the Charleston rhythm from the Geechee country in South Carolina, learned in Florida from a Geechee woman. "Geechee," or "Gullah," refers to a group of African Americans who settled on the sea islands of South Carolina and Georgia. Their ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Have You Ever Seen a Monkey

    Have You Ever Seen a Monkey

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 47 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A holler used in the afternoon, at quitting-time. The singer, a 43-year-old blind preacher of the Missionary Baptist Church and WPA instructor for the blind, grew up on a farm in Lee County, South Carolina. Performance Note: "Have You Ever Seen a Monkey" (vocals) performed ...

    • Contributor: Stuckey, Harden W. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Stuckey, Rev. Harden W. (H. W.) - Stucky, Rev. Harden W. - Stuckey, Rev. H. W.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Jump Isabel, Slide Water

    Jump Isabel, Slide Water

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 27 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. This song, to be sung while rowing a boat, originated on the plantation in Mrs. Barnwell's childhood. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has ...

    • Contributor: Barnwell, Isabel - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Misirlou

    Misirlou

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek-Arabian folksong. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Misirlou" (vocals) performed by Mary Gianèskis at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 25, 1939. Performer referred to elsewhere as Mary Gianèskis, Mary Graneskis, or Mary Granèskis Sound Recording (Form). Sound ...

    • Contributor: Manticos, Mary G. - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Gianèskis, Mary - Granèskis, Mary
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • El caballo de palo

    El caballo de palo

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song about a local Cuban boy composed and made popular in Key West, Florida. Performance Note: "El caballo de palo" (vocals with claves, bongo, bass viol, and two guitars) performed by Sesteto Encanto at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). ...

    • Contributor: Sesteto Encanto - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Jack and the Beanstalk

    Jack and the Beanstalk

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 31 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A folktale explaining why you see squint-eyed people today, learned from a Puerto Rican man in Florida. The performer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. Performance Note: "Jack and the Beanstalk" (spoken) performed by Wilbur ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • El raton y el gato

    El raton y el gato

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 20 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Sarris children Schoolchildren Sung by students at the San Carlos Institute, a grammar school in Key West owned and operated by the Cuban government, with classes taught in both English and Spanish. Performance Note: "El raton y el gato" (vocals) performed by Dalia Soto, and ...

    • Contributor: Soto, Dalia - Unidentified Children - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Schoolchildren
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-22
  • Palia Geitonia

    Palia Geitonia

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (6 minutes, 20 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong commemorating the liberation of Greece from Turkish rule in 1832. The singer is director of the Byzantine Choir of Tarpon Springs, Florida. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It ...

    • Contributor: Anastassiou, George - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Anastassio, George - Anastassiou, Professor George
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Bonefish

    Bonefish

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 49 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Bahamian Bahamian fish peddler Greek American man A Bahamian folksong. Performance Note: "Bonefish" (vocals with accordion) performed by an unidentified Bahamian at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Performer referred to elsewhere as unidentified Bahamian Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Unidentified Performer - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Bahamian - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Samiotisa

    Samiotisa

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 31 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Samiotisa" (vocals) performed by Mary Gianèskis, and John Gonatos at Tarpon ...

    • Contributor: Manticos, Mary G. - Gonatos, John - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Gianèskis, Mary - Granèskis, Mary - Gnatos, John
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Una tarde en mayo

    Una tarde en mayo

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 29 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Cuban folk ballad, learned from the singer's grandmother in his childhood. Performance Note: "Una tarde en mayo" (vocals with guitar) performed by Felipe Valdez, and Milton Esquinaldo, guitar at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Valdez, Felipe - Esquinaldo, Milton - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Guitar
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse

    Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Evelia Andux, age 11, daughter of Evelio Andux, tells a different version of the same story her father told. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelia - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Stewboy

    Stewboy

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 12 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This song combines "Stewball" with gambling verses. The last verse was not recorded (cf. Zora Neale Hurston's version, "Mule on the Mount"). The singer, a 30-year-old born in Georgia and reared in Florida, worked as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. Performance Note: "Stewboy" ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Got a Letter from My Baby This Morning

    Got a Letter from My Baby This Morning

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 59 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A work song performed by David Wood, a 27-year-old Florida-born turpentine worker. He learned this song in the Nassau County Prison Farm, where he was jailed for fist-fighting. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online ...

    • Contributor: Wood, David - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • San Blas

    San Blas

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 49 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A story of Cuba, told by Martin Noriega is a 51-year-old of Cuban parentage. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Wish I Was a Single Man Again

    Wish I Was a Single Man Again

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Instrumental Music. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 21 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A set-calling song for dances. The singer, a 43-year-old blind preacher of the Missionary Baptist Church and WPA instructor for the blind, grew up on a farm in Lee County, South Carolina. Performance Note: "Wish I Was a Single Man Again" ...

    • Contributor: Stuckey, Harden W. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Stuckey, Rev. Harden W. (H. W.) - Stucky, Rev. Harden W. - Stuckey, Rev. H. W.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Crow Dance

    Crow Dance

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 23 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song from the Bahama Islands, said by Dr. [Melville] Herskovits to have originated in West Africa, where the crow is sacred. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Life History of Mrs. Isabel Barnwell's father

    Life History of Mrs. Isabel Barnwell's father

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 46 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. Her father was a judge in the Florida Territory. Performance Note: "Life History of Mrs. Isabel Barnwell's father" (spoken) performed by Isabel Barnwell at Home of Mrs. ...

    • Contributor: Barnwell, Isabel - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Woman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • My Pigeon Gone Wild in the Bush

    My Pigeon Gone Wild in the Bush

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 53 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "My Pigeon Gone Wild in the Bush" (vocals with accordion) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Marse Tommy's Son Comment

    Marse Tommy's Son Comment

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 27 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. Performance Note: "Marse Tommy's Son Comment" (spoken) performed at Home of Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, Jacksonville, Florida, on August 14, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Barnwell, Isabel - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • All You Rounders Better Lie Down Comment

    All You Rounders Better Lie Down Comment

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 10 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia, discusses the song he learned in the Dixie County Prison Camp. The sound quality of this recording is poor. Performance Note: "All You Rounders Better Lie Down Comment" (spoken) performed by Fred Lee ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • I'm Going to Georgia

    I'm Going to Georgia

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 58 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A turpentine worker's song. The singer, born in Southton County, North Carolina, first heard this song sung in Seville, Georgia in 1889. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance ...

    • Contributor: Thomas, Phillip H. - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Thomas, Phillip H. (P. H.) - Thomas, P. H.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Puntos Guajiro

    Puntos Guajiro

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 26 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A typical Cuban peasant melody. Performance Note: "Puntos Guajiro" (vocals with claves, bongo, bass viol, and two guitars) performed by Sesteto Encanto at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Sesteto Encanto - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Old Ben Tucker

    Old Ben Tucker

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 51 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is the wife of Wilbur Roberts. Performance Note: "Old Ben Tucker" (vocals) performed by Mary Jane Roberts at Gospel Hall, Riviera, Florida, on January 16, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Roberts, Mary Jane - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - [Roberts, Mary Jane] - Roberts, Wilbur
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • Mule on the Mount

    Mule on the Mount

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 34 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The most widely-distributed work song in the United States, with a consistent tune but varying verses. Zora Neale Hurston originally learned "Mule on the Mount" from George Thomas in Eatonville, Florida. Sung here in track-lining rhythm, it is also sung in other work sites, such ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Hzeliara agapimeni

    Hzeliara agapimeni

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 3 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. The singer learned this song from fishermen in the Aegean Isles. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be ...

    • Contributor: Mandalou, Nick - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Aunt Jemima

    Aunt Jemima

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 38 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song learned in the Bahamas, followed by a verse of "Yankee Doodle." The singer is the wife of Wilbur Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Mary Jane - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - [Roberts, Mary Jane] - Roberts, Wilbur
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • Joe Mows, Witches and Hants

    Joe Mows, Witches and Hants

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (6 minutes, 41 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Stetson Kennedy asks Jack about other superstitious tokens. Jack never has been able to tell why people tie dimes or strings around their necks--if he has a dime he spends it. A nutmeg on a string around one's neck is supposed to be ...

    • Contributor: Jack - Johnson, Berry - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Drive the Nail A'right, Boys

    Drive the Nail A'right, Boys

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 44 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch folksong. The singer is the daughter of Wilbur and Mary Jane Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama Islands who later emigrated to South Florida. ...

    • Contributor: Nelson, Naomi - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • Bellamena

    Bellamena

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 42 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Bahamian Bahamian fish peddler Greek American man A Bahamian folksong, commemorating the role of Caribbean vessels in "rum-running," or transporting alcohol, to the United States during Prohibition (1919-1933). The 18th amendment to the Constitution, known as the Volstead Act, or Prohibition Act, had outlawed the manufacture ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Performer - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Bahamian - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Worked All Summer Long

    Worked All Summer Long

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 20 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer, a 21-year-old Tennessee-born turpentine worker at Putnam Lumber Company, learned this song while at the Dixie County Prison Camp. He served three months for not paying the lumber company $50 for three months' rent, which he said he accumulated while ...

    • Contributor: Griffin, James - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Plantation Story

    Plantation Story

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 17 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Dr. Carita Doggett Corse, state director of the Florida Writers' Project, explains the reason for recording this story: "This record was made for the purpose of recording the enunciation of an educated Southern white voice, and the story was one which was recorded by ...

    • Contributor: Werner, Evelyn - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - Corse, Carita Doggett - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Bingo Was His Name

    Bingo Was His Name

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 45 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Performance Note: "Bingo Was His Name" (vocals with accordion) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Puntos Guajiro

    Puntos Guajiro

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A typical Cuban peasant melody. Performance Note: "Puntos Guajiro" (vocals with claves, bongo, bass viol, and two guitars) performed by Sesteto Encanto at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Sesteto Encanto - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Cuban Lullaby

    Cuban Lullaby

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 25 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An old Cuban lullaby. Evelio Andux, age 37, was born in Key West, Florida, of Cuban descent (father of French descent). Martin Noriega is a 51-year-old of Cuban parentage. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Andux, Evelio - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Antio

    Antio

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 38 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Antio" (vocals) performed by Evee G. Anastassiou at ...

    • Contributor: Anastassiou, Evee G. - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Hymnos pro tin Elphtherian (Greek National Anthem)

    Hymnos pro tin Elphtherian (Greek National Anthem)

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 41 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Hymnos pro tin Elphtherian (Greek National Anthem)" (vocals) performed by Kaliope Stamatopoulou, Helen Gianèskis, and Mary Gianèskis at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 28, 1939. Performer referred to elsewhere as Helen Granèskis Performer ...

    • Contributor: Stamatopoulou, Kaliope - Gianèskis, Helen - Manticos, Mary G. - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - [Stamatopoulou, Kaliope] - Gianèskis, Mary - Stamatopoulo, Calliope - Granèskis, Helen - Granèskis, Mary
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Alto, alto como un pino

    Alto, alto como un pino

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 34 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A riddle, told to several children by Mrs. Edith Kennedy, age 18, born of Cuban and Bahamian-American parentage in Key West, Florida. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. ...

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Edith - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Andux, Ziomara - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Tilly, Lend Me Your Pigeon

    Tilly, Lend Me Your Pigeon

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 34 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A fragment of a story song from the Bahamas. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' Project in Florida. Performance Note: "Tilly, Lend Me Your Pigeon" (vocals) performed by Zora ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Hurston, Zora Hurston
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • The Story of Juan José, A Working Man, and His Beautiful Wife, Rosa

    The Story of Juan José, A Working Man, and His Beautiful Wife...

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (9 minutes, 8 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Martin Noriega, age 51, of Cuban parentage, tells the story of Juan José, which he may have learned from the reading of a "lectore" in the cigar factory. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Para subir al cielo

    Para subir al cielo

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 44 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer, Adelpha Pollato, learned the song in Key West, Florida. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid unionization of their ...

    • Contributor: Pollato, Adelpha - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-27
  • Monologue on Travels

    Monologue on Travels

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 52 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The life history of Cull Stacey, a 56-year-old turpentine worker originally from Rockingham, North Carolina. Performance Note: "Monologue on Travels" (spoken) performed by Cull Stacey at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Stacey, Cull - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • The Old Black Cat

    The Old Black Cat

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 24 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch folksong. The singer is the daughter of Wilbur and Mary Jane Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama Islands who later emigrated to South ...

    • Contributor: Nelson, Naomi - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • Bill Burroughs

    Bill Burroughs

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 55 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Bill Burroughs" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Maria

    Maria

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 31 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Maria" (vocals) performed by Nick Theos at Tarpon ...

    • Contributor: Theos, Nick - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Flowers, Kind Friends

    Flowers, Kind Friends

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 50 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An incomplete version of a Bahamian folksong. Performance Note: "Flowers, Kind Friends" (vocals) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • The Story of Juan José (Explanation)

    The Story of Juan José (Explanation)

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 3 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A discussion of the origins of "The Story of Juan José." Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Andux, Esther - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Andux, Evelia - Rollato, Esther - Pollato, Esther
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Trenaban los riseñores

    Trenaban los riseñores

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 1 second) : analog ; 12 in. | An old Cuban song sung by Martin Noriega, age 51, of Cuban parentage. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Martin - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • El sacrificio

    El sacrificio

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 7 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An incomplete version of a song composed by a Mexican in Miami, Florida, and now popular also in Key West. Performance Note: "El sacrificio" (vocals with claves, bongo, bass viol, and two guitars) performed by Sesteto Encanto at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. ...

    • Contributor: Sesteto Encanto - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Possum Up the Simmon Tree

    Possum Up the Simmon Tree

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 46 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Berry Johnson discusses women and food, and recites a song about 'possums. Performance Note: "Possum Up the Simmon Tree" (spoken) performed by Berry Johnson at Office of the Aycock & Lindsey Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 19, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). ...

    • Contributor: Johnson, Berry - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • La mata de higo

    La mata de higo

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (5 minutes, 20 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A story described in English, then told and sung in Spanish, by Ziomara Andux, age 13. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Ziomara - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-23
  • Description of lining track

    Description of lining track

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 43 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A description of track lining by Zora Neale Hurston, in response to Herbert Halpert's inquiries. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' Project in Florida. Performance Note: ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Children's Sermon

    Children's Sermon

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 48 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A chant used by children when playing church. The singer, aged 39, grew up in South Jacksonville, Florida. She is a blind student of WPA instructor Rev. H. W. Stuckey. Performance Note: "Children's Sermon" (chanted) performed by Irene Jackson at Federal Music Project Office, Jacksonville, ...

    • Contributor: Jackson, Irene - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • The Frost Looked Forth One Still, Clear Night

    The Frost Looked Forth One Still, Clear Night

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 2 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song learned in the Bahamas. The singer is the wife of Wilbur Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama Islands who later emigrated to South ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Mary Jane - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - [Roberts, Mary Jane] - Roberts, Wilbur
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • Dat Old Black Gal

    Dat Old Black Gal

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 25 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A railroad spiking song learned in Miami from Max Ford, the singing liner. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' Project in Florida. Performance Note: "Dat Old Black Gal" ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • La canción de panadería

    La canción de panadería

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 2 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Evelio Andux, age 37, of Cuban descent (father of French descent), born in Key West, Florida, sings a bakery work song which he used to sing when he worked at a bakery in Key West, Florida, where they pulled the dough by hand and threw ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelio - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Claves
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Hoist Up the John B Sail

    Hoist Up the John B Sail

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 1 second) : analog ; 12 in. | Performance Note: "Hoist Up the John B Sail" (vocals with accordion) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Evalina

    Evalina

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 58 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A group song, usually sung with drums. This song is sung in Florida as well as in the West Indies, because there are a great number of Bahamians in Florida. Dr. Carita Doggett Corse, state director of the Florida Federal Writers' Project, interviews Zora Neale Hurston, ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - Corse, Carita Doggett - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Way Down Yonder

    Way Down Yonder

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 37 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A farm song, made up between the boys plowing on two or more plantations," sung to signal noon-time. The singer, a 43-year-old blind preacher of the Missionary Baptist Church and WPA instructor for the blind, grew up on a farm in Lee County, South Carolina. ...

    • Contributor: Stuckey, Harden W. - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Stuckey, Rev. Harden W. (H. W.) - Stucky, Rev. Harden W. - Stuckey, Rev. H. W.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • All Around the Maypole

    All Around the Maypole

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 26 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A ring play known since childhood by the singer, age 33, who grew up in Savannah, Georgia. The tempo of this song slows down in the first minute, then speeds up again. Performance Note: "All Around the Maypole" (vocals with patting) performed by Ellabell Singleton ...

    • Contributor: Singleton, Ellabell - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Amambrocha To

    Amambrocha To

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 14 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Ziomara Andux, age 13, and her sister, Evelia Andux, age 11, describe a game played by the Cuban children in Ybor City. To play the game, a group of children line up, with the exception of one who faces the line and sings the first ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Ziomara - Andux, Evelia - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Pipi Sigallo

    Pipi Sigallo

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A children's game, told by Mrs. Edith Kennedy, age 18, born of Cuban and Bahamian-American parentage in Key West, Florida. She learned the game among the Cuban colony of Key West, but it is reportedly popular in Ybor City as well. Ybor City, now a ...

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Edith - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Oi vounisioi

    Oi vounisioi

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 57 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "Oi vounisioi" (vocals) performed by Magdaline Kavouklis at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 25, 1939. Performer referred to elsewhere as Magdalena Kavouklees Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Kavouklis, Magdaline - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Kavouklees, Magdalena
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Yati, Yati

    Yati, Yati

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 47 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong about lovers who have quarreled. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Yati, Yati" (vocals ...

    • Contributor: Brown, Charles M. - Perris, Charylaos "Harry" - Peronis, Louis - Kafezio, George - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Perris, Charylaos (Harry) - Santouri (Cymbal) - Violin - Mandola - Brown, Chas. M. - Perris, Harris - Parris, Harry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Barba Yiani

    Barba Yiani

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 6 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong, learned by the performers in Tarpon Springs and sung by "everyone" there. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still ...

    • Contributor: Stamatopoulou, Kaliope - Gianèskis, Helen - Manticos, Mary G. - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - [Stamatopoulou, Kaliope] - Gianèskis, Mary - Stamatopoulo, Calliope - Granèskis, Helen - Granèskis, Mary
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • First Time I Come Into This Countree

    First Time I Come Into This Countree

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 36 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Performance Note: "First Time I Come Into This Countree" (vocals) performed by an unidentified quartet at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Performers referred to elsewhere as unidentified quartet Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Unidentified Vocal Quartet - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Quartet
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Teasing Game

    Teasing Game

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 43 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Victoria Valdez, age 25, and Zenaida Beuron, age 28, born in Tampa, play a teasing game. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key ...

    • Contributor: Valdez, Victoria - Beuron, Zenaida - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-23
  • A Ghost Story (Part 2 of 2)

    A Ghost Story (Part 2 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 9 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A ghost story based on an actual incident during the Civil War. The story was told by Eartha White's mother, Clara White, who was raised in slavery on Amelia Island, Fernandina, Florida. The Clara White Mission, founded by Eartha White, was named for her ...

    • Contributor: White, Eartha - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - White, Ertha
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940
  • Señora Santana

    Señora Santana

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 59 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A story about a child who had an apple and lost it; someone tried to give him another, but he wanted the one which he had lost. The singer, Adelpha Pollato, learned the song as a child in Key West, Florida. Ybor City, now a neighborhood ...

    • Contributor: Pollato, Adelpha - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-27
  • Introduction to Tarpon Springs recordings

    Introduction to Tarpon Springs recordings

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This Florida folklore recording expedition is jointly sponsored by the Library of Congress, the WPA Florida Music Project, and the WPA Florida Writers' Project. This record is being made in Tarpon Springs, Florida, August 26, 1939. Alton C. Morris, editor of the "Southern Folklore Quarterly", ...

    • Contributor: Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse

    Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 4 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Evelio Andux, age 37, of Cuban descent (father of French descent), born in Key West, Florida, tells the story of "Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse," in Spanish. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelio - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Love Serenade

    Love Serenade

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 57 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Evelio Andux, age 37, of Cuban descent (father of French descent), born in Key West, Florida, sings a love serenade which he heard his father sing to his sweetheart in Key West, Florida. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelio - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Amaxas Introduction

    Amaxas Introduction

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 15 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | . . . Folklore Recording Expedition is jointly sponsored by the Library of Congress, the WPA Music Project, and the WPA Florida Writers' Project. This record is being made in Tarpon Springs, Florida, August 26, 1939. Alton C. Morris, editor of "Southern Folklore Quarterly", ...

    • Contributor: Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Brown, Charles M. - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Gonna See My Long-Haired Babe

    Gonna See My Long-Haired Babe

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 1 second) : analog ; 12 in. | A railroad work (spiking) song, learned from Max Ford, an old railroad employee on a construction gang near Miami ca. 1930. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' Project ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • I Belong To the Union Band

    I Belong To the Union Band

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 36 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch song. The singer is the daughter of Naomi Nelson, and the granddaughter of Wilbur and Mary Jane Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama Islands ...

    • Contributor: Nelson, Sally - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • Epiphaneia

    Epiphaneia

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 13 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Greek folksong, with a description in English. The singer is director of the Byzantine Choir of Tarpon Springs, Florida. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because ...

    • Contributor: Anastassiou, George - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Anastassio, George - Anastassiou, Professor George
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-28
  • Let the Deal Go Down

    Let the Deal Go Down

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 28 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A gambling song to accompany the game "Georgia Skin," learned at a turpentine camp in Florida. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' Project in Florida. This recording begins ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Italian Rhymed Prayer

    Italian Rhymed Prayer

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 23 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Augustine Vicari, a 24-year-old WPA worker born in Tampa, was taught this rhymed prayer by his father, who was born in Italy. It's the Italian equivalent of "Now I lay me down to sleep . . . ." Ybor City, now a neighborhood within ...

    • Contributor: Vicari, Augustine - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26