Collection The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America

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  • Tambo Eating Tamarind

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 17 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch folksong about a bird, nicknamed "Tambo," that was frequently seen eating Tamarind fruit. The singer is the wife of Wilbur Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Mary Jane - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - [Roberts, Mary Jane] - Roberts, Wilbur
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • I'm in His Care

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 11 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This is an old spiritual song sung by James Brown and Rufus Bland. Performance Note: "I'm in His Care" (vocals) performed by James Brown, Rufus Bland at Caruja Ranch, Kenansville, Florida, on July 1, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Brown, James - Bland, Rufus - Corse, Carita Doggett - Cornwall, Robert - [Bland, Rufus]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-07-01
  • Just a Jitterbug

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 3 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Crew of "The Boys," a 108-foot menhaden (or pogey) fishing boat of Mayport, Florida, commanded by Captain J. C. Willard. Crew of "The Boys," a 108-foot menhaden (or pogey) fishing boat of Mayport, Florida, commanded by Captain J. C. Willard. Shrimphouse workers The singer, a ...

    • Contributor: Griffin, James - Unidentified Performers - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Group
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Alphabet Song

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 13 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch song learned in the Bahamas. The singer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • John Henry

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer, born in Georgia and reared in Florida, learned the song from workers driving spikes when a waterboy, aged 15-16, on a logging camp railroad in middle Florida. The song always had the same tune but the verses would vary. Performance Note: "John Henry" ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Counting Out Rhyme

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 40 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An eeny-meeny-miny-mo in "Pig Latin," recited by Dolores Noriega, age 16, of Cuban parentage. She learned the rhyme in Jacksonville, Florida at the St. Mary's Home, and has taught it to her friends in Ybor City. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled ...

    • Contributor: Noriega, Dolores - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-23
  • Day's a-Breakin'

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 47 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | This is a jumped-up song sung by Rufus Bland and James Brown. Performance Note: "Day's a-Breakin'" (vocals) performed by James Brown, Rufus Bland at Caruja Ranch, Kenansville, Florida, on July 1, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Brown, James - Bland, Rufus - Corse, Carita Doggett - Cornwall, Robert - [Bland, Rufus]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-07-01
  • Uncle Bud

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 19 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A social song, for amusement, sung by men all over the South; a "jook song," it is not sung in front of respectable ladies. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Mule on the Mount

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 34 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The most widely-distributed work song in the United States, with a consistent tune but varying verses. Zora Neale Hurston originally learned "Mule on the Mount" from George Thomas in Eatonville, Florida. Sung here in track-lining rhythm, it is also sung in other work sites, such ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Little Girl

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 37 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A game song, learned as a child in Leesville, South Carolina. The singer is 43 years old. Performance Note: "Little Girl" (vocals) performed by Maggie Fulton at Federal Music Project Office, Jacksonville, Florida, on June 18, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Fulton, Maggie - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Shove It Over

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 47 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A lining rhythm generally distributed throughout Florida, learned from Charlie Jones on a railroad construction camp near Lakeland, Florida, in 1933. Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' Project ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • I Heard a Mighty Rumblin' at the Water Trough

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 43 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A work song performed by Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia. Performance Note: "I Heard a Mighty Rumblin' at the Water Trough" (vocals) performed by Fred Lee Fox at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, on August 1, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Jeremiah Jumped in the Fire

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is the wife of Wilbur Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama Islands who later emigrated to South Florida. The unique accent of the Conchs--a ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Mary Jane - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - [Roberts, Mary Jane] - Roberts, Wilbur
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • Sally Went to Mobile

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 58 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia, learned this song in the Dixie County Prison Camp. The sound quality of this recording is poor. Performance Note: "Sally Went to Mobile" (vocals) performed by Fred Lee Fox at Turpentine Camp, Cross City, Florida, ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • When a Sinner Comes, As a Sinner May

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch song learned in the Bahamas. The singer, an 84-year-old blind man, was born in the Bahamas and emigrated to Florida ca. 1911. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Wilbur - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • A Sweet Little Woodmouse

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch song learned in the Bahamas. The singer is the wife of Wilbur Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama Islands who later emigrated to ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Mary Jane - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - [Roberts, Mary Jane] - Roberts, Wilbur
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • Melon Game

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 38 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Cuban game, played by the Andux children. They explain the game in English, and then play it in Spanish. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Ziomara - Andux, Evelia - Andux, Orbito - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • Watermelon Vendor's Street Call

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 8 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Imitation of a watermelon vendor's street cry, heard in Savannah, Georgia when a child. Performance Note: "Watermelon Vendor's Street Call" (vocals) performed by Ellabell Singleton at Federal Music Project Office, Jacksonville, Florida, on June 18, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Singleton, Ellabell - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Coocoo Bobo

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 36 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An imitation of a train. Performance Note: "Coocoo Bobo" (vocals) performed by Enrique Rodriguez at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rodriguez, Enrique - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Drive the Nail A'right, Boys

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 44 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch folksong. The singer is the daughter of Wilbur and Mary Jane Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama Islands who later emigrated to South Florida. ...

    • Contributor: Nelson, Naomi - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • [Una canción para niños]

    sound recording | 1 sound disc : analog ; 12 in. | 1 minute, 3 seconds The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. In Spanish. (Language). Also included in The John and Ruby Florida 1939 Southern States Recording Trip. (Exhibitions). Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Unidentified Group of Children - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940
  • Po' Gal

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 4 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A blues tune sung throughout the South. "The words are not rhymed; it's the typical Negro pattern, the same line repeated three times with a sort of flip line on the end; and the change is in the tune rather than in the words, for ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • All You Rounders Better Lie Down

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 54 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Fred Lee Fox, a 20-year-old turpentine worker born in Georgia, learned this song in the Dixie County Prison Camp. A rooster can be heard in the background as this song is sung. The record concludes with skipping. Performance Note: "All You Rounders Better Lie Down" ...

    • Contributor: Fox, Fred Lee - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-01
  • Flowers, Kind Friends

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 12 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The complete version of this Bahamian folksong. Performance Note: "Flowers, Kind Friends" (vocals) performed by Robert Butler at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Bulter, Robert - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Butler, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Captain's Mule (Part 2 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 43 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A mule-skinning song sung in the hard roads camp. It would be sung during the day, to give the muleskinners more energy. The singer, age 30, learned it while working as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. He was born in Georgia and reared ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18