• Captain's Mule (Part 1 of 2)

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A mule-skinning song sung in the hard roads camp. It would be sung during the day, to give the muleskinners more energy. The singer, age 30, learned it while working as a waterboy (aged 15-16) in middle Florida. He was born in Georgia and reared ...

    • Contributor: Hazelhurst, Harold - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Introduction to Mrs. Isabel Barnwell

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 44 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Rose Shepherd, who had conducted earlier interviews with Isabel Barnwell for the Federal Writers' Project, served as intermediary between her and Stetson Kennedy and Robert Cook for this recording project. Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in ...

    • Contributor: Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Barnwell, Isabel - Cook, Robert - Shepherd, Rose
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Teasing Game

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 43 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Victoria Valdez, age 25, and Zenaida Beuron, age 28, born in Tampa, play a teasing game. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key ...

    • Contributor: Valdez, Victoria - Beuron, Zenaida - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-23
  • El sacrificio

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 7 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | An incomplete version of a song composed by a Mexican in Miami, Florida, and now popular also in Key West. Performance Note: "El sacrificio" (vocals with claves, bongo, bass viol, and two guitars) performed by Sesteto Encanto at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. ...

    • Contributor: Sesteto Encanto - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18
  • Marse Tommy's Son

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 14 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Mrs. Isabel Barnwell, age 85, was raised on Nueva Esperanza (New Hope) Plantation in Nassau County, Florida. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Marse Tommy's Son" (vocals) ...

    • Contributor: Barnwell, Isabel - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-14
  • Tom White

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 49 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch song learned in the Bahamas. The singer is the wife of Wilbur Roberts. The term "Conch," while now more widely used to refer to a native of Key West, Florida, originally referred to British settlers of the Bahama Islands who later emigrated to South ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Mary Jane - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-15
  • Chiquitin

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 36 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A song that originated in Cuba, with an explanation of the song in Spanish. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to ...

    • Contributor: Valdez, Amado - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-27
  • Po' Gal

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 4 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A blues tune sung throughout the South. "The words are not rhymed; it's the typical Negro pattern, the same line repeated three times with a sort of flip line on the end; and the change is in the tune rather than in the words, for ...

    • Contributor: Hurston, Zora Neale - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Joe Mows, Witches and Hants

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 36 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The performer, identified only as "Jack," believes that spirits return after death, and contends that Joe Mows cannot help against spirits. He reports that some turpentine workers make Joe Mows (good luck items, also known as "Mojos," said to be helpful in winning ...

    • Contributor: Jack - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Johnson, Berry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Samiotisa

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 31 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "Samiotisa" (vocals) performed by Mary Gianèskis, and John Gonatos at Tarpon ...

    • Contributor: Manticos, Mary G. - Gonatos, John - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Gianèskis, Mary - Granèskis, Mary - Gnatos, John
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • They'll Only Talk About You

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "They'll Only Talk About You" (vocals with accordion) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Tall Tale

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 5 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A story of an old native of Georgia who came to Florida in the 1890s, read from her own manuscript by Beatrice Lang, age 35, originally of Woodbine (Calhoun County, South Georgia). Performance Note: "Tall Tale" (spoken) performed by Beatrice Lang at Federal Music ...

    • Contributor: Lang, Beatrice - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson] - Long, Beatrice
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Bill Burroughs

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 55 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas. Performance Note: "Bill Burroughs" (vocals with piano) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 23, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Rolle, Theodore (Tea Roll) - Piano
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Watermelon Vendor's Street Call

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 8 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Imitation of a watermelon vendor's street cry, heard in Savannah, Georgia when a child. Performance Note: "Watermelon Vendor's Street Call" (vocals) performed by Ellabell Singleton at Federal Music Project Office, Jacksonville, Florida, on June 18, 1939. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Singleton, Ellabell - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • Birdie, Birdie In the Tree

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 37 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A Conch song about a small child who tells its mother about some snow birds it sees on a limb outside the window. The child thinks the birds are real, but they are actually made of snow and were placed there by the child's father. ...

    • Contributor: Roberts, Mary Jane - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - [Roberts, Mary Jane] - Roberts, Wilbur
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-16
  • Bellamena

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 42 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Bahamian Bahamian fish peddler Greek American man A Bahamian folksong, commemorating the role of Caribbean vessels in "rum-running," or transporting alcohol, to the United States during Prohibition (1919-1933). The 18th amendment to the Constitution, known as the Volstead Act, or Prohibition Act, had outlawed the manufacture ...

    • Contributor: Unidentified Performer - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Unidentified Bahamian - Unidentified Bahaman
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Children's Sermon

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 48 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A chant used by children when playing church. The singer, aged 39, grew up in South Jacksonville, Florida. She is a blind student of WPA instructor Rev. H. W. Stuckey. Performance Note: "Children's Sermon" (chanted) performed by Irene Jackson at Federal Music Project Office, Jacksonville, ...

    • Contributor: Jackson, Irene - Halpert, Herbert - Kennedy, Stetson - [Kennedy, Stetson]
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-06-18
  • To aidoni

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 16 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A duet of a Greek folksong, sung by two sisters. Tarpon Springs was settled by Greek sponge fishers in 1905. Performance Note: "To aidoni" (vocals) performed by Magdaline Kavouklis, and Katherine Kavouklis at Tarpon Springs, Florida, on August 25, 1939. Performer referred to elsewhere as ...

    • Contributor: Kavouklis, Magdaline - Kavouklis, Katherine - Morris, Alton Chester - Cook, Robert Harrison - Kennedy, Stetson - Morris, Alton C. - Cook, Robert - Kavouklees, Magdalena - Kavouklees, Kathryn - Kavoukli, Catherine
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-25
  • The Girl Who Didn't Mind Her Mother

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 43 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A moral tale told by Eartha White's mother, Clara White, who was raised in slavery on Amelia Island, Fernandina, Florida. The Clara White Mission, founded by Eartha White, was named for her mother. The sound quality of this recording is poor. Performance Note: "The ...

    • Contributor: White, Eartha - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - White, Ertha
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940
  • Interview with Augustine Vicari

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc ( 30 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Augustine Vicari, a 24-year-old WPA worker, was born in Tampa of Italian parentage. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to ...

    • Contributor: Vicari, Augustine - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-26
  • Witches and Ghosts

    Field Recordings. Interviews. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 53 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Jack has seen ghosts in West Florida, but not near Cross City. He says ghosts can't hurt you but can make you hurt yourself. Performance Note: "Witches and Ghosts" (spoken) performed by Jack at Office of the Aycock & Lindsey Turpentine Camp, Cross ...

    • Contributor: Jack - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Johnson, Berry
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse

    Field Recordings. Spoken Word. sound recording | 1 sound disc (3 minutes, 4 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | Evelio Andux, age 37, of Cuban descent (father of French descent), born in Key West, Florida, tells the story of "Miss Martinez Cockroach and Mr. Perez Mouse," in Spanish. Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers ...

    • Contributor: Andux, Evelio - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-24
  • Poor Stranger Blues

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (2 minutes, 45 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A jook joint song. In an earlier interview, the singers answered questions about jook joints, and defined them as "bar rooms," formerly known as "festival halls," "a name colored people give dance halls," etc. They think the term jook joint originated in sawmill camps. Jook ...

    • Contributor: Dixie Harmony Four - Smith, Ire - Arnold, L. G. - Choice, Doc - Tatum S. T. - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Tatum, S. T.
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1939-08-19
  • You Shall Be Free

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (4 minutes, 35 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | The sound quality of this recording is extremely poor. It has been included online because the melody line can still be identified. Performance Note: "You Shall Be Free" (vocals with piano and trumpet) performed by Shorty (Sweet Papa) Harris at Key West, Florida, on January ...

    • Contributor: Harris, Shorty "Sweet Papa - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert - Harris, Shorty (Sweet Papa)
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-23
  • Puntos Guajiro

    Field Recordings. Songs. sound recording | 1 sound disc (1 minute, 33 seconds) : analog ; 12 in. | A typical Cuban peasant melody. Performance Note: "Puntos Guajiro" (vocals with claves, bongo, bass viol, and two guitars) performed by Sesteto Encanto at Key West, Florida, on January 18, 1940. Sound Recording (Form). Sound Disc (Form).

    • Contributor: Sesteto Encanto - Kennedy, Stetson - Cook, Robert Harrison - Cook, Robert
    • Original Format: Audio Recordings
    • Date: 1940-01-18