• 1911 to 1929 -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    March 12, 1911 Wilbur leaves for Europe to testify in a French Wright patent suit in Paris and to train pilots in Germany. [Telegram from Katherine to Orville Wright. . .], Family Papers: Correspondence --Wright, Katharine, 1912-1918. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. Jan-April 1912 Wilbur and Orville testify for patent infringement lawsuits. May 30, 1912 Wilbur dies of typhoid fever in Dayton. Wilbur Wright ...

    • Date: 1911-03-12
  • Kitty Hawk -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    Letter from J. J. Dosher, Weather Bureau, to Wilbur Wright, August 16, 1900 [Letter, J. J. Dosher, Weather Bureau, to Wilbur Wright . . .] General Correspondence: Dosher, J.J., 1900. Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. Having already corresponded with Octave Chanute, Wilbur and Orville realized the importance of a safe, sandy, test site and steady winds to their gliding ...

    • Date: 1900-08-16
  • Wright Family Tree -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    Milton Wright (1828-1917) married Susan Catherine Koerner (1831-1889) Milton and Susan Wright's seven children: Reuchlin Wright (1861-1920) married Lulu Bilheimer (1865-1951) Reuchlin and Lulu Wright's four children: Catherine Wright (1887-1892) Helen Wright (1889-1972) Herbert Wright (1893-1960) Bertha Wright (1896-1977) Lorin Wright (1862-1939) married Ivonette Stokes (1865-1940) Lorin and Ivonette Wright's four children: Milton Wright (1892-1961) Ivonette Wright (1896-1995) Leontine Wright (1898-1977) Horace Wright (1901-?) ...

    • Date: 1828
  • Starting the Business -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    Page from Patent of O. & W. Wright Flying Machine, May 22, 1906 It took the Wrights more than three years to obtain the patent that they originally sought in 1903, but when it was finally granted, it was exactly what they wanted. Following the solid advice of their experienced patent attorney, Henry A. Toulmin of Springfield, Ohio, the Wrights decided to patent not ...

    • Date: 1906-05-22
  • 1901 to 1910 -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    June 26, 1901 Octave Chanute meets the Wrights for the first time in Dayton. O. Chanute. [between 1900 and 1910]. George Grantham Bain Collection. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. LC-USZ62-106858 July 1901 Wilbur's articles, "Angle of Incidence," published in Aeronautical Journal, and "Die Wagerechte Lage Wahrend des Gleitfluges," published in Ilustrierte Aeronautische Mitteilungen, are the brothers' first published aeronautical writings. July 10, ...

    • Date: 1901-06-26
  • The Wrights Go Public -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    Ticket for Admittance to Champ de Tir d'Auvours, 1908 As Orville was about to make his successful demonstration flights for the U.S. Army at Fort Meyer, Virginia, Wilbur was in France showing Europe and the world to what degree he and his brother had mastered the problem of flight. For four months beginning in August, Wilbur flew at the large artillery field seven miles ...

  • 1932 to 1948 -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    November 19, 1932 Orville attends dedication of Kill Devil Hill National Memorial honoring the Wright brothers in Kitty Hawk. [Letter from Herbert Hoover] General Correspondence: Hoover, Herbert, 1926, 1932 The Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. April 16, 1938 Wright brothers' home and bicycle shop, moved from Dayton to Greenfield Village in Dearborn, Michigan, are ...

    • Date: 1932-11-19
  • Photography and the Wright Brothers -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    Among the materials acquired by the Library of Congress in 1949 from the estate of Orville Wright were 303 negative photographic plates. Nearly all these glass plate negatives were taken and developed by the Wrights themselves between 1898 and 1911. The images are as important as the Wrights' diaries, notebooks, and letters to knowledge and understanding of the brothers' historic accomplishments. Rarely in the ...

    • Date: 1881
  • The Flying Machine in Exile -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    Letter, Maurice John Bernard Davy to Orville Wright, April 1, 1941 During World War II, while the German air force bombed London, M. J. B. Davy, director of the Science Museum in London, wrote to Orville to assure him that the 1903 machine was safe. The historic plane had been on display in England for thirteen years and Davy felt the need to explain ...

    • Date: 1941-04-01
  • 1890 to 1900 -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    April 30, 1890 Orville and Wilbur turn West Side News into an evening newspaper, The Evening Item, although publication ceases in August. West Side News, 23 March 1889. Subject File: Printing and Publishing Business --West Side News, 1889. Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. September 1890 Orville begins final year of high school as a special student in Latin. Leaves ...

    • Date: 1890-04-30
  • Rights and Access -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    The Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers in the Library of Congress's Manuscript Division consist of personal papers and other manuscript materials. The majority of the collection was given to the Library by the executors of Orville Wright's estate in 1949; additional items were acquired through purchase and gift between 1949 and 1999. Rights to Orville and Wilbur Wrights' unpublished writings in this collection have ...

  • The Brothers' Boyhood -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    Postcard from Orville Wright to Milton Wright, 1881 It is no coincidence that the earliest communication found from either Wilbur or Orville is this postcard, written by nine-year-old Orville to his father, in which he demonstrates a typical Wright Brothers trait–natural curiosity followed by an experiment. Bishop Wright made sure that his children knew how to write letters in clear language at an early ...

  • First Flight -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    Photograph of First Flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, 10:35 AM, December 17, 1903 One of the most famous photographs of all time, this image was made from one of the five-by-seven- inch glass-plate negatives deposited in the Library of Congress in 1949. The camera had been set on a tripod by Orville, who instructed John T. Daniels of the Kill Devil Hill Lifesaving ...

    • Date: 1903-12-17
  • "The Belief that Flight is Possible to Man" -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    O. Chanute. [between 1900 and 1910]. George Grantham Bain Collection. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. LC-USZ62-106858 On May 13, 1900, Wilbur Wright wrote one of the most remarkable letters in the history of science. In his letter to Octave Chanute, a wealthy businessman and successful engineer, Wilbur seems not at all hindered by the fact that an essentially unknown person from Ohio ...

    • Date: 1900
  • Related Resources -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    Selected Bibliography Combs, Harry. Kill Devil Hill: Discovering the Secret of the Wright Brothers. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979. Crouch, Tom D. The Bishop's Boys. New York: W. W. Norton, 1989. ---. First Flight: The Wright Brothers and the Invention of the Airplane. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, 2002. --- and Peter L. Jakab. The Wright Brothers and the Invention ...

  • Huffman Prairie -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    Photograph of Wright 1904 Machine at Huffman Prairie, Dayton, Ohio, June or July 1904 The Wrights began to build a new machine in January 1904 and by early summer they were ready to try it out. Although it looked similar to their 1903 original, it was sturdier, heavier, and had an entirely new engine. This photo shows the 1904 model from the rear, with ...

  • 1867 to 1889 -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    April 16, 1867 Wilbur Wright born to Reverend Milton Wright and Susan Catherine Koerner Wright near Milville, Indiana. He is their third child; his older siblings are Reuchlin (b. 1861) and Lorin (b. 1862). [Childhood portrait of Wilbur Wright]. Circa 1877. Glass negatives from the Papers of Wilbur and Orville Wright, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. LC-W861-85 Spring, 1869 Wright family moves ...

    • Date: 1867-04-16
  • Early Business Ventures -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    West Side Newspaper, May 11, 1889 West Side News, 11 May 1889. Subject File: Printing & Publishing Business --West Side News, 1889. Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. Printing was one of Orville's hobbies as a youngster and the first publication that he and his friend, Ed Sines, produced was a brief newspaper for their eighth-grade schoolmates. By the time ...

    • Date: 1889-05-11
  • Aviation Colleagues -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    Letter, Charles S. Rolls to Wilbur Wright, February 20, 1910 Less than five months before his death in a French-built Wright machine, Charles Stewart Rolls, the British founder of the Rolls-Royce Motor Company, wrote to Wilbur Wright complaining about the quality of the Wright flyer that he had purchased in Europe. Unlike the sturdy machines built in Dayton, these license-built machines were often "unsafe ...

    • Date: 1910-02-20
  • About this Collection -- Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress

    This selection of Wilbur and Orville Wright's papers at the Library of Congress comprises about 10,121 items (approximately 49,084 digital images) documenting the lives of the Wright brothers and their pioneering work leading to the world's first powered, controlled and sustained flight. Included in the collection are diaries and notebooks, correspondence, scrapbooks, drawings, printed matter, and other documents, largely from 1900 to 1940, as ...

    • Date: 1900