• Propagandist --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    Propagandist -- Women of Protest: Phot...

    Nina Allender (1872-1957) Born Nina Evans in Auburn, Kansas, Allender was the daughter of a superintendent of schools. She received formal training in art and studied at the Corcoran School of Art and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. She was an instrumental propagandist for the suffrage movement and the key artist on the staff of the NWP's publication, The Suffragist. Nina E. Allender, ...

  • Rights and Access --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    Rights and Access -- Women of Protest:...

    The Library of Congress provides access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or holders of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory ...

  • Benefactor --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    Benefactor -- Women of Protest: Photog...

    Alva Belmont (1853-1933) Often referred to as "Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont" in suffrage literature, wealthy New Yorker Alva Belmont was the most important financial benefactor among the leaders of the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage (CU) and its successor organization, the National Woman's Party (NWP). Her 1895 divorce from William Vanderbilt, the grandson of mogul Cornelius Vanderbilt, brought her a personal fortune, along ...

  • 1921 to 1929 --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    1921 to 1929 -- Women of Protest: Phot...

    1921 Feb. Last issue of The Suffragist published. Feb. 15 Dedication of Adelaide Johnson's suffrage sculpture, Portrait Monument to Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Susan B. Anthony, in U.S. Capitol. Feb. 15-19 NWP convention in Washington, D.C., discusses future course for organization. NWP undertakes new campaign to improve women's legal, social, and economic status in United States and world. Sept. 23 Second pageant ...

  • 1930 to 1997 --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    1930 to 1997 -- Women of Protest: Phot...

    1930 Feb. 17 First conference of Inter-American Commission of Women held in Havana, Cuba. Alice Paul proposes international adoption of Equal Nationality Treaty, which she drafted. 1932 Mar. 23 House Judiciary Committee holds hearings on ERA. 1933 Feb. 12 Funeral services for Alva Belmont in New York City, following her death in Paris on Jan. 26. July 8 Memorial service for Alva Belmont at ...

  • 1912 to 1914 --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    1912 to 1914 -- Women of Protest: Phot...

    1912 Dec. Alice Paul appointed chairman of NAWSA's Congressional Committee at 1912 NAWSA convention. Women begin to assemble for the first national suffrage parade, Washington, D.C. Harris & Ewing. March 3, 1913. 1913 Mar. 3 Massive national suffrage parade, held in Washington, D.C., led by Inez Milholland Boissevain. Mar. 17 Alice Paul heads suffrage delegation to President Woodrow Wilson. April Paul founds Congressional Union ...

    • Date: 1913-03-03
  • Lobbyists --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    Lobbyists -- Women of Protest: Photogr...

    Abby Scott Baker (1871-1944) Abby Scott Baker, of Washington, D.C., came from a multi-generational military family. She was one of Alice Paul's earliest associates and helped Paul and Burns plan their first major event–the March 3, 1913, national suffrage parade on the eve of Woodrow Wilson's inauguration. She served as treasurer of the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage (CU) in 1914 and quickly became ...

    • Date: 1913-03-03
  • Articles and Essays --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party
  • Historical Timeline of the National Womans Party --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party
  • About this Collection --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    About this Collection -- Women of Prot...

    This collection includes 448 digitized photographs selected from approximately 2,650 print photographs in the Records of the National Woman's Party, a collection of more than 438,000 items, housed in the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress. The images span from 1875 to 1938 but largely were created in the years between 1913 and 1922. The images depict the tactics used by the militant ...

    • Date: 1913
  • Icon --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    Icon -- Women of Protest: Photographs ...

    Inez Milholland (Boissevain) (1886-1916) Inez Milholland remains famous as the beautiful Joan of Arc-like symbol of the suffrage movement. She appeared dramatically astride a white horse leading more than 8,000 marchers at the head of the March 3, 1913, suffrage parade held the day before Woodrow Wilson's presidential inauguration in Washington, D.C. Mrs. Inez Milholland Boissevain, of New York. Edmonston. ca. 1913. Born into ...

    • Date: 1913-03-03
  • Tactics and Techniques of the National Womans Party Suffrage Campaign --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    Tactics and Techniques of the National Womans Party Suffrage ...

    Founded in 1913 as the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage (CU), the National Woman's Party (NWP) was instrumental in raising public awareness of the women's suffrage campaign. Using a variety of tactics, the party successfully pressured President Woodrow Wilson, members of Congress, and state legislators to support passage of a 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guaranteeing women nationwide the right to vote. In ...

    • Date: 1912
  • Visionaries --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    Visionaries -- Women of Protest: Photo...

    Lucy Burns (1879-1966) Lucy Burns was a versatile and pivotal figure within the National Woman's Party (NWP). With distinctive flame-red hair that matched her personality and convictions, she was often characterized as a charmer and a firebrand–and the crucial support behind her friend Alice Paul's higher-profile leadership. [Detail] Lucy Burns, Vice Chairman Congressional Union, 1913. Clinedinst Studio. Born in Brooklyn, New York, to an ...

  • Historical Overview of the National Womans Party --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    Historical Overview of the National Womans Party -- ...

    The origins of the National Woman's Party (NWP) date from 1912, when Alice Paul and Lucy Burns, young Americans schooled in the militant tactics of the British suffrage movement, were appointed to the National American Woman Suffrage Association's (NAWSA) Congressional Committee. They injected a renewed militancy into the American campaign and shifted attention away from state voting rights toward a federal suffrage amendment. [Detail] ...

    • Date: 1912
  • 1917 --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    1917 -- Women of Protest: Photographs ...

    1917 Jan. 9 President Wilson rebukes deputation presenting him with Boissevain memorial resolutions. Jan. 10 NWP begins silent picketing of White House. Mar. 1-4 CU and NWP merge into one organization—the NWP, at convention in Washington, D.C. Mar. 4 "Grand Picket" — More than 1,000 women march around White House in icy, driving rain on eve of President Wilson's second inauguration. Apr. 2 Federal ...

  • Selected Leaders of the National Woman's Party --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party
  • Related Resources --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    Related Resources -- Women of Protest:...

    Library of Congress Resources Electronic American Women: A Gateway to Library of Congress Resources for the Study of Women's History and Culture in the United States. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/awhhtml/index.html An American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/rbpehtml/ By Popular Demand: "Votes for Women" Suffrage Pictures, 1850-1920 http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/vfwhtml/vfwhome.html List of Individual Portraits Contained in the Records of the National Woman's Party (Groups ...

  • Officers and National Organizers --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    Officers and National Organizers -- Wo...

    Lucy Gwynne Branham (1892-1966) Lucy Gwynne Branham was born in Kempsville, Virginia, and raised in Baltimore, Maryland, the daughter of a suffrage activist and a physician. A student of history, Branham graduated from Washington College in Maryland and earned a master's degree from Johns Hopkins University and a Ph.D. from Columbia University. While teaching in Florida, she received a Carnegie Hero Medal for saving ...

  • Gallery of Suffrage Prisoners --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    Gallery of Suffrage Prisoners -- Women...

    The following individuals depicted in "Women of Protest" were among the many National Woman's Party activists who were arrested and imprisoned for their role in suffrage protests.

    • Date: 1910
  • 1918 to 1920 --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    1918 to 1920 -- Women of Protest: Phot...

    1918 Jan. 9 President Wilson publicly declares support for federal woman suffrage amendment. Jan. 10 House of Representatives passes federal woman suffrage amendment by two-thirds majority. Jan.-June NWP lobbies for passage of federal woman suffrage amendment in Senate. NWP leaders go on national speaking tours. Mar. 4 U.S. federal appeals court declares unconstitutional arrests and detainment of all White House suffrage pickets. Aug. 6-14 ...

  • 1915 to 1916 --                        Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

    1915 to 1916 -- Women of Protest: Phot...

    1915 Jan. CU opens "freedom booth" at Panama Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco. Jan. 12 House of Representatives votes for first time on federal woman suffrage amendment, defeating the measure. Mar. 31 CU National Advisory Council adopts a constitution and restructures CU officially as national organization. Apr.-Dec. CU, despite objections from NAWSA, sends organizers to all states to plan conventions and establish state ...