Articles and Essays

  • Historical Overview of the National Womans Party

    The origins of the National Woman's Party (NWP) date from 1912, when Alice Paul and Lucy Burns, young Americans schooled in the militant tactics of the British suffrage movement, were appointed to the National American Woman Suffrage Association's (NAWSA) Congressional Committee. They injected a renewed militancy into the American campaign and shifted attention away from state voting rights toward a federal suffrage amendment.

  • Historical Timeline of the National Womans Party

    1912 to 1914. 1912 Dec. Alice Paul appointed chairman of NAWSA's Congressional Committee at 1912 NAWSA convention.

  • Selected Leaders of the National Woman's Party

    Visionaries. Lucy Burns (1879-1966) Lucy Burns was a versatile and pivotal figure within the National Woman's Party (NWP). With distinctive flame-red hair that matched her personality and convictions, she was often characterized as a charmer and a firebrand–and the crucial support behind her friend Alice Paul's higher-profile leadership.

  • Tactics and Techniques of the National Womans Party Suffrage Campaign

    Founded in 1913 as the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage (CU), the National Woman's Party (NWP) was instrumental in raising public awareness of the women's suffrage campaign. Using a variety of tactics, the party successfully pressured President Woodrow Wilson, members of Congress, and state legislators to support passage of a 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guaranteeing women nationwide the right to vote. In ...

  • Gallery of Suffrage Prisoners

    The following individuals depicted in "Women of Protest" were among the many National Woman's Party activists who were arrested and imprisoned for their role in suffrage protests.