Library of Congress > Collections with Film and Videos > Theodore Roosevelt: His Life and Times on Film

1858 to 1879

  • 1858

    October 27

    Theodore Roosevelt Jr., is born in New York City to Theodore and Martha Bulloch Roosevelt.

  • 1869

    May 1869-March 1870

    T. R. travels to Europe for the first time with his family.

  • 1870

    T. R. begins to work out in a gym to improve his health and frequent asthma attacks.

  • 1872

    T. R.'s family travels to Egypt and the Holy Land.

  • 1873

    T. R. is sent to live with a German family in Dresden to learn German for five months with brother Elliott and sister Corinne.

  • 1876

    September

    T. R. begins attending Harvard College.

  • 1878

    February 9

    T. R.'s father dies.

    October 18

    T. R. meets Alice Hathaway Lee, who will later become his first wife.

Next: 1880 to 1889
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1880 to 1889

  • 1880

    June 30

    T. R. graduates from Harvard magna cum laude.

    October

    T. R. begins law studies at Columbia.

    October 27

    T. R. and Alice marry.

    Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt (1st wife of Theodore Roosevelt) Prints & Photographs Division, Library of Congress.

  • 1881

    November 9

    T. R. is elected to the state assembly for the twenty-first district of New York State at the age of twenty-three.

  • 1882

    T. R.'s book The Naval War of 1812 is published to critical acclaim.

  • 1883

    September

    T. R. goes on a trip to the Dakota Bad Lands to hunt bison; the experience persuades him to buy his own cattle herd there.

    November

    T. R. is reelected to the state assembly.

  • 1884

    February 12

    A baby daughter is born to T. R. and Alice.

    February 14

    T. R.'s mother dies from typhoid fever; Alice dies later the same day from Bright's disease.

    February 17

    The baby is christened Alice Lee.

    T. R. sells his house and goes to the Dakota Bad Lands, leaving Alice Lee with his sister Bamie.

    Theodore Roosevelt's Diary entries, on the most tragic times of his life.

  • 1885

    T. R.'s book Hunting Trips of a Ranchman is published.

    T. R. returns from the Dakota Territory briefly to live in New York.

  • 1886

    T. R. returns to the Bad Lands after secretly getting engaged to childhood friend Edith Kermit Carow; he returns to New York in September.

    T. R. is the Republican candidate for mayor of New York. He is defeated by Abram S. Hewitt. December 2

    T. R. and Edith Carow are married at St. George's Church, Hanover Square, England.

    [Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, three-quarters length portrait, seated at desk,facing forward]. ca.1900-1910. (2nd wife of President Theodore Roosevelt)

  • 1887

    March

    T. R. and Edith return from their honeymoon in Europe to their home, Sagamore Hill, in Oyster Bay, Long Island. Alice Lee comes to live with them in May.

    T. R.'s book Thomas Hart Benton is published.

    September 13

    Theodore Roosevelt Jr. is born to T. R. and Edith Carow Roosevelt.

  • 1888

    T. R.'s books Ranch Life and the Hunting Trail, Gouverneur Morris, and Essays on Practical Politics are published.

  • 1889

    T. R. is appointed U.S. Civil Service commissioner and moves to Washington, while his family remains at Sagamore Hill, Long Island.

    The first two volumes of T. R.'s work The Winning of the West are published, the third in 1894, the fourth in 1896.

    October 10

    A son, Kermit, is born to T. R. and his wife.

    December

    Edith comes to Washington.

Next: 1890 to 1899
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1890 to 1899

  • 1891

    August 13

    A daughter, Ethel Carow, is born to T. R. and his wife.

  • 1893

    T. R.'s book The Wilderness Hunter is published.

  • 1894

    Archibald Bulloch is born to T. R. and his wife.

  • 1895

    T. R.'s book Hero Tales from American History, written with Henry Cabot Lodge, is published.

    T. R. accepts a post on the Board of Police Commissioners in New York.

  • 1897

    T. R.'s books American Ideals and Some American Game are published.

    April

    President William McKinley appoints T. R. Assistant Secretary of the Navy.

    November 19

    A son, Quentin, is born to T. R. and his wife.

  • 1898

    May

    T. R. resigns his post and becomes lieutenant colonel of the first U.S. Volunteer Cavalry Regiment to fight in the Spanish-American War.

    June 22

    T. R. and his "Rough Riders" land at Daiquiri, Cuba.

    June 30

    T. R. given command of the Rough Riders as colonel.

    July 1

    T. R. leads his regiment in a victorious charge up San Juan Hill.

    August 15

    The Rough Riders arrive in Montauk, New York, where a camp is set up to care for the soldiers sick with malaria.

    November 8

    T. R. is elected governor of New York State at the age of forty.

  • 1899

    T. R.'s book The Rough Riders is published.

Next: 1900 to 1905
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1900 to 1905

  • 1900

    T. R.'s books The Strenuous Life and Oliver Cromwell are published.

  • 1901

    March 4

    McKinley is inaugurated as president for a second term with T. R. as his vice-president.

    September 14

    McKinley dies after being shot at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo eight days earlier. T. R. takes the oath of office for the presidency.

  • 1902

    February 18

    T. R. attacks monopolies by ordering the Justice Department to bring suit against Northern Securities for violating the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. In March 1904, the court rules that Northern Securities should be dissolved.

    T. R. persuades Congress to pass the Reclamation Act (also known as the Newlands Act), which allows funds from the sale of Western public lands to be used for dams and irrigation in the dry West.

    May

    T. R. establishes Crater Lake National Park in Oregon, the first of several national parks he will authorize.

    October

    T. R. intervenes in a labor dispute between the United Mine Workers and the coal industry, the first time a president has done so. He pressures the industry to meet and settle with the workers and threatens to send in troops to seize operation of the mines.

    December

    T. R. warns Germany that the U.S. will intervene if Germany invades Venezuela to collect on debts. He later helps to settle the dispute between Germany and Venezuela.

  • 1903

    March

    T. R. establishes Pelican Island, Florida, as a federal bird reservation, the first of many federally-protected wildlife refuges.

    September-October

    T. R. agrees to have a jury of six arbitrate a dispute between Canada and the U.S. over a claim to land in the Klondike region. The jury rules in favor of the U.S. claim.

    November

    T. R. supports the claims of a revolutionary government in Panama. A treaty is ratified on Feb. 23, 1904, between this government and the U.S., giving the U.S. the right to build and control a canal across Panama's isthmus.

  • 1904

    When Santo Domingo falls behind on its debts to European countries, T. R. warns the European powers not to intervene in Latin American matters. The U.S. takes control of customs in Santo Domingo in 1904 to aid the country in paying off its debts.

    November 8

    T. R. is reelected as president, defeating Judge Alton B. Parker, the Democratic nominee.

  • 1905

    February 1

    T. R. signs the act establishing the National Forest Service.

    March 4

    T. R. is inaugurated as president.

    June 2

    The first federal game preserve is established in Wichita Forest, Oklahoma.

    June

    T. R. proposes to mediate at peace talks between Russia and Japan in an attempt to end the Russo-Japanese War; both parties accept his offer.

    August 9

    Peace talks begin at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, between Russia and Japan. Agreements are reached by August 29.

    T. R.'s book Outdoor Pastimes of an American Hunter is published.

Next: 1906 to 1910
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1906 to 1910

  • 1906

    January

    T. R. is instrumental in mediation between Germany and France over the influence both countries wish to exert in Morocco.

    The Hepburn Railway Rate Act is passed, curbing the practice of railroads giving rebates to chosen shippers.

    February 17

    T. R.'s daughter Alice is married at the White House to Nicholas Longworth, a Republican congressman.

    June 30

    The Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act are passed as a result of T. R.'s orders to investigate the meat-packing industry.

    August

    In a controversial move, T. R. discharges without honor a regiment of black soldiers accused of conducting a raid in Brownsville, although fourteen of the men are later allowed to reenlist.

    November

    T. R. visits Panama, becoming the first president to travel to a foreign country while in office.

    December

    T. R. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in ending the Russo-Japanese War. He is the first American to win a Nobel Prize.

  • 1907

    T. R.'s book Good Hunting is published.

    October

    The stock market crashes. To aid the situation the Treasury issues certificates and bonds which are sold to banks and T. R. refrains from blocking U.S. Steel's attempts to buy monopoly shares.

    December 16

    The tour of the Great White Fleet around the world begins. T. R.'s intention is to impress other countries with U.S. naval might. The fleet returns on February 22, 1909.

  • 1909

    March 4

    William Howard Taft is inaugurated as president.

    April

    T. R. goes to Mombasa, British East Africa, for a year to go on safari for the Smithsonian Institution; he kills 296 animals while there.

    T. R.'s book Outlook Editorials is published.

  • 1910

    March

    Joined by his wife, T. R. travels to Khartoum in Sudan and Egypt.

    T. R.'s books African Game Trails, American Problems, The New Nationalism, and African and European Addresses are published.

    T. R. tours Europe where he is treated with high esteem. The destinations include Italy, Vienna, Budapest, Paris, Brussels, The Hague, Copenhagen, and Christiana, Norway, where he gives his Nobel Prize speech. In Germany he attends the field maneuvers of the German army with Kaiser Wilhelm.

    May 20

    T. R. represents the United States at the state funeral of King Edward VII in Great Britain.

    June 18

    T. R. returns to New York and is given a hero's welcome.

    August 23

    T. R. begins a speaking tour of sixteen states in the West. There he puts forward the doctrine of New Nationalism, which encourages the government to enact reforms to ensure equality and justice for all.

Next: 1911 to 1919
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1911 to 1919

  • 1911

    T. R. becomes a contributing editor for The Outlook magazine.

  • 1912

    February

    T. R. announces his candidacy for the presidency.

    June

    Despite T. R.'s winning the popular vote in almost every primary election, Republican delegates vote for Taft as their candidate for the presidential election.

    August 5

    The Progressive party, or Bull Moose party, is formed in Chicago, and two days later T. R. accepts its nomination for president.

    October 14

    T. R. is shot in the chest in Milwaukee by John N. Schrank, who opposes third terms for presidents. T. R. continues to give his speech for an hour and a half before seeking medical attention.

    T. R.'s books The Conservation of Womanhood and Childhood and Realizable Ideals are published.

    November

    Woodrow Wilson is elected president.

    December

    T. R. begins work on his Autobiography, some chapters of which are serialized first in The Outlook.

  • 1913

    T. R.'s books History as Literature and Other Essays and Progressive Principles are published.

    May

    T. R. brings a libel suit against George J. Newett, the editor of Iron Ore, for writing that Roosevelt is a drunk. T. R. wins the suit when Newett cannot produce any witnesses to verify his claim, and Newett apologizes to T. R.

    October

    T. R. goes to South America to deliver lectures.

  • 1914

    January

    T. R. begins an expedition with Colonel Candido Rondon down the unexplored River of Doubt in Brazil. He becomes gravely ill, but manages to return with his party two months later. The river is renamed Rio Roosevelt or Rio Teodoro.

    May 19

    T. R. returns to New York from South America.

    T. R.'s books Through the Brazilian Wilderness and Life-Histories of African Game Animals (with Edmund Heller) are published.

    August 4

    Germany invades Belgium. T. R. initially supports the president's view of neutrality, but soon begins to lobby for the United States to prepare itself for the eventuality of war.

  • 1915

    T. R.'s book America and the World War is published.

  • 1916

    June

    T. R. is nominated by the Progressive party for president, but, surprisingly, he declines.

    T. R.'s books A Book-Lover's Holidays in the Open and Fear God and Take Your Own Part are published.

  • 1917

    April 2

    Wilson brings a declaration of war against Germany to Congress; the U.S. enters World War I four days later.

    T. R.'s books The Foes of Our Own Household and National Strength and International Duty are published.

    April 10

    T. R. meets with Wilson at the White House and asks to start a volunteer division to fight in Europe, but Wilson rejects the proposal. T. R.'s sons enlist.

    September

    T. R. begins touring the country, urging Americans to buy Liberty Bonds and to support war efforts.

  • 1918

    T. R.'s book The Great Adventure is published.

    July

    T. R.'s son Quentin is killed when he is shot down behind German lines.

  • 1919

    January 6

    Theodore Roosevelt dies from an embolism. He is later buried at Sagamore Hill in Oyster Bay, New York.

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