EAD (Encoded Archival Description ; Version 2002 Official Site)

Encoded Archival Description Tag Library, Version 2002

EAD Elements

<bioghist> Biography or History


A concise essay or chronology that places the archival materials in context by providing information about their creator(s). Includes significant information about the life of an individual or family, or the administrative history of a corporate body. The <bioghist> may contain just text in a series of Paragraphs <p>, and/or a Chronology List <chronlist> that matches dates and date ranges with associated events. Additional <bioghist> elements may be nested inside one another when a complex body of materials, such as a collection of family papers, is being described, and separately headed sections are desired. The <bioghist> element may also be nested to designate a portion of the essay or chronology that might be extracted as a MARC 545 subfield.

Many elements, such as <bioghist> are recursive (i.e., the elements are available within themselves) to facilitate the use of multiple headings with subdivided descriptions for complex collections, and to enable EAD markup to be used for a variety of output. In Example 1 below, <bioghist> is repeated within itself to enable the extraction of a brief biographical note for a MARC record.

The <bioghist> element is comparable to ISAD(G) data element 3.2.2 and MARC field 545.

May contain:

address, bioghist, blockquote, chronlist, dao, daogrp, head, list, note, p, table

May occur within:

archdesc, archdescgrp, bioghist, c, c01, c02, c03, c04, c05, c06, c07, c08, c09, c10, c11, c12, descgrp


AUDIENCE #IMPLIED, external, internal


        <head>Administrative History</head>
        <bioghist encodinganalog="545$a">
            <p id="PRO123">In October 1964 the incoming Labour government created new office
            of Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (combined with First Secretary of State) and
            set up the Department of Economic Affairs under the Ministers of the Crown Act 1964 to
            carry primary responsibility for long term economic planning.</p>
        	<p>Under the Act the posts of Economic Secretary to the Treasury and Secretary of
        	State for Industry, Trade and Regional Development were abolished.</p>
        	<p>George Brown was appointed as First Secretary of State and Secretary of
        	<p>Composition of DEA: most of Treasury's National Economy Group (excluding the
        	short term forecasting team); economic planning staff from the National Economic
        	Development Office (NEDO); the regional policy divisions from the Board of Trade;
        	a team of industrial experts.</p>
        	<p>DEA charged with duty of formulating, with both sides of industry, a National Plan
        	(published in September 1965), co-ordinating the work of other departments in implementing
        	policies of economic growth, particularly in the fields of industry, the regions,
        	and prices and incomes.</p> . . .

                <date normal="18401012">1840</date>
                <event>Born Helena Opid in Krakow, Poland on October 12th.</event>
                <date normal="1861">1861</date>
                <event>Made stage debut as Helena Modrzejewska in charity fair production
                of <title>The White Camellia</title>, in Bochnia, Poland.</event>
            </chronitem> . . .
                <date normal="19090409">1909</date>
                <event>Died April 8th at her home on Bay Island. Funeral services held at
                St. Vibiana's Cathedral in Los Angeles, and Modjeska was later buried in her
                native Krakow.</event>