Encoded Archival Description Tag Library, Version 2002
<geogname> Geographic Name
The proper noun designation for a place, natural feature, or political jurisdiction. Examples include: Appalachian Mountains; Baltimore, Md.; Chinatown, San Francisco; and Kew Gardens, England.
All names in a finding aid do not have to be tagged. One option is to tag those names for which access other than basic, undifferentiated keyword retrieval is desired. Use of controlled vocabulary names is recommended to facilitate access to the names within and across finding aid systems. The <geogname> element may be used in text elements such as <p>. To indicate a place name with major representation in the materials being described, nest <geogname> within the <controlaccess> element.
The ROLE attribute can be used to specify the relationship(s) of the name to the materials being described, for example, "subject." The NORMAL attribute can be used to provide the authority form of a term that has been encoded with <geogname> in narrative text, e.g., within a paragraph. Use the SOURCE attribute to specify the vocabulary from which the name has been taken and/or the RULES attribute to specify the descriptive rules followed when forming the name. The AUTHFILENUMBER attribute can be used to identify a link to an authority file record that has more information about the name or cross references for alternative forms of the name and related names.
See also the related access elements under <controlaccess>.
The <geogname> element is comparable to MARC fields 651 and 752.
#PCDATA, emph, extptr, lb, ptr
May occur within:
controlaccess, entry, event, extref, extrefloc, imprint, indexentry, item, label, namegrp, p, physdesc, physfacet, ref, refloc, unittitle
<controlaccess> <head>Controlled Vocabulary Indexing Terms:</head> <controlaccess> <head>Subjects:</head> <famname encodinganalog="600" source="lcnaf">Ferry family.</famname> <geogname encodinganalog="651" source="lcsh">Ferry Field (University of Michigan)</geogname> </controlaccess> </controlaccess>
May 26, 2006