EAD Tag Library for Version 1.0

EAD Elements: <bioghist> Biography or History


A concise essay or chronology that places the archival materials in context by providing information about their creator(s). Includes significant information about the life of an individual or family, or the administrative history of a corporate body. The <bioghist> may contain just text in a series of Paragraphs <p>, or a Chronology List <chronlist> that matches dates and date ranges with associated events. Additional <bioghist> elements may be nested inside one another when a complex body of materials, such as a collection of family papers, is being described, and separately headed sections are desired. The <bioghist> element may also be nested to designate a portion of the essay or chronology that might be extracted as a MARC 545 subfield.

This element is comparable to ISAD(G) data element 3.2.2 and MARC field 545, subfields a and b.

May contain:

address, bioghist, blockquote, chronlist, dao, daogrp, head, list, note, p, table

May occur within:

archdesc, archdescgrp, bioghist, c, c01, c02, c03, c04, c05, c06, c07, c08, c09, c10, c11, c12, dentry


AUDIENCE#IMPLIED, external, internal


  1. <archdesc langmaterial="eng" level="subgrp" legalstatus="public">
    <head>Administrative History</head>
    <bioghist encodinganalog="545$a"><p id="PRO123">In October 1964 the
    incoming Labour government created new office of Secretary of State for Economic Affairs
    (combined with First Secretary of State) and set up the Department of Economic Affairs
    under the Ministers of the Crown Act 1964 to carry primary responsibility for long term
    economic planning.</p></bioghist>
    <p>Under the Act the posts of Economic Secretary to the Treasury and Secretary of
    State for Industry, Trade and Regional Development were abolished.</p>
    <p>George Brown was appointed as First Secretary of State and Secretary of State for
    Economic Affairs, and as chairman of the National Economic Development Council (NEDC).</p>
    <p>Composition of DEA: most of Treasury's National Economy Group (excluding the short
    term forecasting team); economic planning staff from the National Economic Development Office
    (NEDO); the regional policy divisions from the Board of Trade; a team of industrial experts.</p>
    <p>DEA charged with duty of formulating, with both sides of industry, a National Plan
    (published in September 1965), co-ordinating the work of other departments in implementing
    policies of economic growth, particularly in the fields of industry, the regions, and prices
    and incomes.</p>
    [other possible elements and text... ]

  2. <archdesc langmaterial="eng" level="collection">
    <bioghist><head>Biographical Information</head>
    <eventgrp><event>Edgar James Holden is born to James and
    Alvina Holden on September 24</event>
    <event>Alvina Holden dies shortly after childbirth on September 24</event></eventgrp></chronitem>
    <event>Edgar Holden dies on January 2 of injuries suffered in an automobile
    [other possible elements and text... ]

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