Statisical Report


Top Secret          
                                                              Special Folder

Committee
of State Security of the USSR
March 21, 1988  No. 458-Ch
Moscow                                   TO THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE of the CPSU

Results of the work of the KGB in
investigating authors of anonymous
materials of a hostile nature.

      In 1987 the measures implemented in the country for
economic perestroika and the broadening of democratization and
glasnost resulted in a 29.5% reduction in the distribution of
anonymous materials of an anti-Soviet, nationalistic, and politically
injurious content as compared with the previous year.  However,
the number of persons who took part in their preparation and
distribution (1663) increased by 9.4% because of some growth of
cliquish, negative occurrences among the youth of the Kazakh SRR
and Latvia.

      The number of instances of distributed materials criticizing the
international assistance to Afghanistan by the USSR declined by
77%, and the number of pro-fascist slogans and symbols fell by
24%.

      During the year 44 instances of distribution of anonymous
materials containing terrorist statements against leaders of the
CPSU and the Soviet government, 108 threats of physical violence
against representatives of the local party, soviet activists, and
functionaries, 308 nationalistic, basically anti-Russian fabrications,
and 46 instances of disagreement with the measures for perestroika
in Soviet society were recorded.

       A significant number of anonymous incidents occurred in
Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moscow, and Leningrad.
 
      In 1987, 1,312 authors of pamphlets, letters, and graffiti were
identified.  Of this number, 33 persons admitted to statements of a
terrorist nature about the leaders of the party and the government;
and 67, to threats of physical violence against local party and
soviet activists and functionaries.

      Of the total number of authors investigated, 37.2% are
university students and students in vocational and trade schools,
18.6% are workers, 16.8% are office workers, 9.5% are
retiredpersons, 17.9% are other categories of citizens, including
persons serving time in correctional-labor facilities.

      Among the authors who were identified are 59 members and
candidate members in the Communist Party and 361 in the Young
Communist League.  

      Reasons for preparing and distributing anonymous materials
are:  nationalist sentiments (248 persons); dissatisfaction with
measures taken to strengthen discipline and fight drunkenness and
alcoholism (187 persons); inadequacies in the food supply to the
population and also high prices for certain commercial products (43
persons); difficulties with housing and household needs (41
persons); hooliganism (238 persons); mercenary motives (86
persons); mental illness (86 persons); illegal actions by some local
managers manifested in coarse treatment of subordinates, officious
treatment of citizens' petitions, violations of ethical behavior, etc.
(23 persons).

      The reasons for the preparation and distribution of anonymous
materials by the remaining 276 authors are now being investigated.

      After appropriate review, the majority of the authors under
investigation (55.6%) were dealt with through measures of a
preventive nature, 66 persons were tried pursuant to articles of the
general Criminal Code of the RSFSR and the criminal codes of
other union republics.

      The KGB is implementing measures to prevent and suppress in
a timely fashion negative incidents connected with the distribution
of anonymous materials of hostile content and to increase the
effectiveness of the effort to identify the authors and distributors of
these materials.

      For your information.

Committee Chairman                             /s/ V. Chebrikov 



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