A slave is a human being, who is by law deprived of his or her liberty for life, and is the property of another. A slave has no political rights and generally has no civil rights.

When the fact of slavery is clear, the nature of the relation of master and slave admits of no modification; nor will courts either of law or equity lend aid to the attempts of individuals to ingraft upon it new and incongruous features. A slave cannot become partially free. The law recognized only freedom on the one side and slavery on the other; and there is no intermediate status.

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