Marshall Plan Countries
This map shows the countries that were part of the Marshall Plan. Almost all European nations outside the Soviet bloc were members of the plan from the beginning. The two exceptions were Spain, which as a dictatorship under Franco was not invited to participate, and West Germany, which was under Allied occupation and did not become a full member until 1949, after a significant measure of self-government had been restored. Graphs on the map compare agriculture, industry, and foreign-trade levels in 1950, the midpoint of the Marshall Plan, with prewar production in 1938.
After two years of the plan and less than five years after World War II, most of the areas were at or near prewar levels and industrial production was not merely at prewar levels but 15 percent above. The map appears in The Marshall Plan at the Mid-Mark, a hand-made book of photographs documenting progress under the plan that was presented to Averell Harriman, the special representative to the participating countries.
Map from The Marshall Plan at the
Library of Congress
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