BROTHERS IN WAR
Brothers Charles Sandler and Lewis
Sandler served during World War II in unique ways. Petty Officer
Charles Sandler served in the Navy as a chemist in the Defense
Department. Sergeant Lewis Sandler served as radio announcer for
the United States Army Radio Services (USARS) and is seen here
giving New York City natives a chance to reach their hometown from
London, England, on March 14, 1945. Rosalind Sandler-Sigman, daughter
of Charles Sandler and niece of Lewis Sandler, donated the collection.
ROBERT G. FICKLE ON THE AIR WAVES
Radioman Third Class Robert G. Fickle served in the communications
section of a Naval Beach Battalion during World War II. Fickle,
pictured in 1944 with a friend, took basic training at Camp Pendleton,
California. Fickle also served on the USS Clarendon (as
pictured) in Tsingtao, China, in 1945. Camaraderie was a vital
component on a naval ship. Fickle, far right, poses with his buddies
aboard the USS Clarendon in Guam in 1944. The gun crew
is pictured aboard ship somewhere in the Pacific. Once the war
ended, Robert G. Fickle, left, and his friends held a decommissioning
party in Tacoma, Washington, in 1946. Bill Carr of Erie, Pennsylvania,
donated the Fickle collection.
PLANES WITH CHARACTER
Corporal Erwin R. Steele served in the 91st Bomb Group of the
Army Air Corps during World War II and was stationed at Kimbolton
Air Base and Bassingburn Air Base in England. The planes shown
here were assigned names varying from General "Ike" to
names such as Dame Satan II and Extra Special, frequently accompanied
by illustrations of pin-up girls. Joseph Harlick, Steele's friend
from the 91st Bomb Group, donated the Erwin R. Steele Collection.
WALTER MORRIS: SMOKEJUMPER
Second Lieutenant Walter Morris was the first African American
assigned to the "Triple Nickles," the 555th Parachute Infantry
Battalion, the first all-black parachute infantry unit activated
in World War II. This unique company functioned as smokejumpers
fighting forest fires started by Japanese fire bombs dropped on
the Pacific Coast. In one of the displayed photographs, Walter
Morris, second from left, prepares for a jump at Fort Benning,
Georgia, in 1944. In another, a line of smokejumpers at Camp Pendleton,
California, wait for an equipment check before battling a fire.
Walter Morris, pictured in 2002, now lives in Palm Coast, Florida.
The Morris Collection also consists of a compact disc containing
memoirs and photographs of the 555th Parachute Infantry Battalion.
Judith Kent of Flagler County Florida Library donated the Walter
Morris Collection along with many other veterans' collections.
CHARLES RESTIFO: LOOKING THROUGH THE LENS
Staff Sergeant Charles Restifo served in the 161st Photographic
Company of the Army Signal Corps from June 1942. He carried official
identification displayed here. Also on view are several of the
photographs Restifo took during his service. His photos include
images of injured soldiers, preparations for landings and battle,
and local people and traditions, including the displayed photograph
of Fijians performing a Kava Ceremony for American solders in Sava,
Fiji, in 1943. His autobiography consists of letters home from
August 1942 to September 1945 and thirty-eight photos of life in
the Pacific Theater. Beatrice L. Restifo, wife of Charles Restifo,
donated his collection.
JOHN CASPAR WISTER PHOTOGRAPHS
First Sergeant John Caspar Wister served during World War I. He
received his training at Augusta Arsenal Training School, Georgia,
the barracks of which can be seen in this photograph. Although
he never served on the front lines, Wister was First Sergeant of
the Advance Ordnance Depot 4 Jonchery, Haute-Marne, France. In
his letters, Wister remarks on military life, the situation in
Germany, the signing of the Armistice, and Paris after the Armistice.
Ella Wister Haines, the veteran's older sister, had his collection
of World War I letters and photographs privately bound during the
1950s. Laura Haines Belman donated her great-uncle's collection.
MARTIN LORENZ ON PORK CHOP HILL
Sergeant Martin Lorenz served in the 7th Infantry Division of
the Army during the Korean War. He is seen here standing in his
camp in Korea in 1952 and posing with a South Korean soldier. In
1953, Lorenz and a fellow soldier smile for the camera on the infamous
Pork Chop Hill, Korea. Lorenz spent three days without food, water,
or ammunition on Pork Chop Hill, a piece of land in Korea that
neither the Americans nor the Chinese would surrender. As the veteran
wrote on the back of one of his 1953 photographs, "Me and
my bunker on Pork Chop Hill before all hell broke loose." Lorenz's
company was overwhelmed by the numbers of Chinese attacking from
both sides of their outpost, but another company finally relieved
them from duty after three hellish days. The battle on Pork Chop
Hill resulted in massive casualties on both sides. Martin Lorenz
donated his collection.
WILBUR BROCK, JR., IN KOREA
Corporal Wilbur Brock, Jr., was just seventeen years old when
he enlisted in 1950. While serving in the 7th Army Division during
the Korean War, Brock captured both the light and dark sides of
military life, as shown in these four photographs. One shows Korean
prisoners of war in a camp around 1952. Others show a soldier in
front of a tent with his buddy, chow time, and a soldier discovering
that getting a haircut in the military differs a little from the
traditional barbershop. Senator Richard Lugar of Indiana donated
this collection in addition to 1600 other veterans' stories.
JAMES PRICE: THE PRICE OF COMBAT
Corporal James Price served as a team leader in the 1st Combined
Group, 3rd Marine Amphibious Force during the Vietnam War. He participated
in counterinsurgency operations against the Viet Cong, including
Operation Citrus, December 15 to December 24, 1967. Because Corporal
Price was wounded in action three times during 1968 in the Quang
Ngai Province of Vietnam, he received three Purple Hearts. His
photographs show a child in a South Vietnamese village sitting
by an intimidating Viet Cong guardsman; relief workers visiting
the war-weary American soldiers around 1969; and a U.S. Army helicopter
landing in Da Nang, Vietnam, in 1968. Senator Richard Lugar of
Indiana donated this collection in addition to 1600 other veterans'
PATRICIA SEAWALT: RISING TO THE OCCASION
Sergeant Patricia Seawalt, Soldier of the Year in 1982, served
in the 102nd Quality Management Unit of the Army's 101st Airborne
Division during the Persian Gulf War (1991). Before the war, the
Army Oil Analysis Program had always contracted out for specialists
in this field. The military sent Seawalt to the Persian Gulf because
she was the only one qualified to perform oil analysis within the
military. Seawalt taught oil analysis to Arab men who initially
distrusted her because she was a woman but came to respect her.
She was stationed at Guardian City and at King Faad Airbase, Saudi
Arabia, during the war. The living quarters were simple at best,
as reflected by these photographs of a bed, the showers, and long
rows of simple, white tents. Women soldiers are shown in 1990 spending
some time in their modest quarters in Guardian City, Saudi Arabia.
In another, Seawalt stands next to the 102nd Headquarters sign.
Because of exposure to oil fires during the Persian Gulf War, she
is a disabled veteran. Patricia Seawalt donated her collection.
IN LOVE AND WAR
The left photograph shows First Lieutenants Brian and Jeanne Markle,
who met in Long Binh, Vietnam. They are shown on their wedding
day in August 1966 in Springfield, Ohio, in full military dress.
Jeanne Markle donated this collection.
The center photograph shows the wedding of Clare Marie Crane and
Lieutenant Herbert G. Johns on May 29, 1943, in Cleveland, Ohio.
Only two years after their marriage, Johns died of leukemia while
overseas. Elizabeth Henderson donated the Clare Marie Crane collection.
Private First Class Antonio DaCosta met Helen J. Hibbler at a
dance in a small town in Pennsylvania while on leave. A few months
later, Hibbler's aunt gave her $25 so that they could get married.
In the photograph (right) are (left to right)
Mrs. Henry F. Samuels, Helen DaCosta, Antonio DaCosta, and Minister
Henry F. Samuels. Antonio DaCosta donated the collection.
NOW AND FOREVER
Norma Stearns and First Lieutenant Carroll A. Stearns, Jr., are
shown on their wedding day, October 8, 1943, in Burlington, North
Carolina. They are still happily married after nearly sixty years,
as shown in the later photograph. Robert M. Mebane donated the
Corporal Reginald A. Stowe married his bride on May 6, 1941, months
before the attack on Pearl Harbor triggered America's military
participation in World War II. Reginald A. Stowe donated the collection.