A Quaker School
James Bringhurst (1730-1810)
to John Chaloner
Holograph letter, March 22, 1792
At the suggestion of the Quaker reformer Anthony
Benezet, the Philadelphia Society of Friends (Quakers) established
a coeducational "Negro school" in 1770. Opened to slaves and free
blacks of all ages, the school offered instruction in reading,
writing, arithmetic, and Christian doctrine. James Bringhurst,
a master carpenter and merchant, was among the school's trustees.
Reporting on the progress of the school, Bringhurst extols the
students for their intelligence and tenacity.