Map of Manhattan
Manatus gelegen op de Noot Rivier,
Manuscript map on vellum in pen
and ink and watercolor wash)
Geography & Map Division
This 1639 map is the earliest portrayal of Manhattan
and its environs. The map may have been drawn by Johannes Vingboons,
cartographer to the Prince of Nassau for the West India Company
of Holland. This map, possibly done to encourage Dutch settlement,
depicts plantations and small farms. These widely dispersed settlements
are keyed by number in the lower right-hand corner to a list of
land occupants. The list of references includes a grist mill,
two sawmills and "Quarters of the Blacks, the Company's Slaves."
Also delineated are a few roads represented by dashed lines and
four Indian villages situated in what is now Brooklyn.