the Civil War
United Order "Bné B'rith"
to Abraham Lincoln
Holograph letter with seal,
January 5, 1863
Gift of Robert Lincoln, ca. 1923 (41.3)
The first Jewish organization to formally protest
against Order No.11 "expelling and ostracizing all Jews, as a
class . . . issued by Maj. GenL. U.S. Grant" was the United Order
"Bné B'rith" Missouri Lodge. It states: "In the name of
hundreds who have been driven from their houses, deprived of their
liberty, and injured in their property without having violated
any law or regulation. . . . In the name of religious liberty
and humanity. . . [we ask you] to annul that Order and protect
the liberties even of your humblest constituents. Lincoln complied
and the order was rescinded.