Warren's handwritten notes
concerning the Miranda decision
Miranda v. Arizona
Preliminary notes, 1966
Miranda v. Arizona (1966) was one
of Chief Justice Earl Warren's (1891-1974) best-known opinions.
Warren's handwritten notes contain his initial considerations
about the decision that required police to warn an arrested suspect
that the government could use any information provided as evidence
and that the suspect had a right to remain silent and the right
to counsel. Warren sent his notes to Justice William E. Brennan,
Jr., for comment. Brennan's response advocated more flexibility
and a far greater role for Congress and the States. Warren incorporated
many important elements suggested by Brennan before he circulated
the opinion to the other justices.