Publius (pseudonym for James Madison)
in the New York Daily Advertiser
(November 22, 1787)
Serial and Government
Publications Division (6.7a,b)
In the ensuing debate over adoption of the Constitution, James
Madison teamed with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay of New York
to write a masterful dissection and analysis of the system of
government presented in the Constitution. The eighty-five
Federalist articles were originally published in the daily
newspapers in New York City as arguments aimed at the anti-Federal
forces in that state, but their intended scope was far larger.
James Madison's Federalist no. 10 is one of the
most important and enduring statements of American political theory.
Its reasoned statement explains what an expanding nation might
do if it accepted the basic premise of majority rule, a balanced
government of three separate branches, and a commitment to balance
all the diverse interests through a system of checks and balances.