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  • Page 1 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 1 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduct...

    Dr. Doris Derby Interview, 4-26-11 Page 1 of 17 Civil Rights History Project Interview completed by the Southern Oral History Program under contract to the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of African American ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 2 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 2 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduct...

    Doris Derby: You're quite welcome. JM: Um, let me start today with a - I'd love to have you talk a little bit about, um, your childhood, your parents - I know ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 3 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 3 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduct...

    DD: Well, uh, I grew up in a community in the Bronx called Williamsbridge, and, uh, it was an interesting community. It was diverse, and yet we had a, um - the ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 4 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 4 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduct...

    I was very privileged to grow up in New York City, because in Manhattan we had something called the Schomburg Library [Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture]. And the Schomburg Library ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 5 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 5 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduct...

    There were a lot of things that, uh - even though I grew up in New York, the part of New York that I grew up in was really outside - it ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 6 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 6 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduct...

    Um, my uncle that was married to my mother's oldest sister, he talked about his story. Uh, he was - he did training at Tufts University to be a dentist. And, um, ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 7 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 7 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduct...

    DD: No, not '40s. '30s. JM: Um-hmm. DD: No, wait a minute. It was after - it was after World War II. JM: Okay, so it was late '40s? DD: I think ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 8 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 8 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduct...

    DD: Okay. Let me, uh, just say a few things before that. Uh, my grandparents believed in traveling. And, um, none of them were ever in the military, but they, uh, they, ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 9 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 9 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduct...

    And so the other group that I was active with was the Christian, um, Hunter College Christian Human Relations Group. So, yes, uh, we had a mixed group, blacks and whites. Uh, ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 10 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 10 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    And then, of course, I had been reading about Africa. I had been associating with people who were looking - who were exploring African culture. It was the AMSAC, the American Society ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 11 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 11 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    DD: I always used to take pictures, but that was just, you know, family and friends. But then, later on, I wanted to document so that the things that I felt I ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 12 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 12 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    And so, as it turned out, I was told, "Well, if you're going to go to Albany, Georgia, you have to go to Atlanta first and meet up with, um, the SNCC ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 13 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 13 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    DD: Albany Movement office in Albany, and, uh, see what was on the agenda: what had transpired, what - you know, what the police were doing, what was - you know, what ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 14 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 14 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    DD: Well, there were so many things, so many activities going on, and there was excitement. There was the mass meetings, and people were planning things, and, um, uh, you know, there ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 15 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 15 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    And so, we - SNCC needed a New York office for fundraising, so there were a group of us who would - you know, went there in the afternoon or the evening, ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 16 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 16 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    DD: Well, I mentioned that I was - my charge from Charles Sherrod was: we need to, you know, get - we need funds and we need this, uh - we need ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 17 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 17 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    JM: [Coughs] Okay. [Recording stops and then resumes] JB: We're rolling. JM: We just took a little short break. Um, you just explained how, having seen so much of the, um, violence ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 18 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 18 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    DD: Well, I'll start with, uh, that first year. When I arrived, uh, you know, I was given the title of a SNCC field secretary [1:00:00] and put on the payroll for ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 19 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 19 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    JM: [Sneezes] How did you find your way forward most successfully, crossing that space between, um, your education and background outside the South and the conditions that you would find in rural ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 20 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 20 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    Uh, we used to joke about that, but in reality, uh, the women, you know, were strong. In the struggle, the women were strong. Uh, when you see the young girls, teenagers ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 21 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 21 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    And then, um, so, my areas were art and dance, but I also had - I used to go to a lot of off-Broadway and Broadway plays - off-Broadway black theaters, theatrical ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 22 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 22 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    JM: Yeah. Do you remember - I think the Theater's first performance was, um, summer of '64, Freedom Summer, I think in McComb, Mississippi. I don't know if you maybe were there ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 23 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 23 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    JM: Right. DD: So I said, "I'm going back." And there was a professor from the University of Michigan who was doing a research project on looking at achievement, uh, by black ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 24 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 24 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    So I got, uh, tires, and we painted the tires and put them in different places and made designs. And, uh, horses that you use to build, um, you put - got ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 25 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 25 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    DD: So, I enjoyed that. During that time, uh, Adam Gifford from England, uh, was hired to make a movie, a documentary film, about that Head Start. They chose that Head Start ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 26 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 26 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    DD: "If you think you can do that, call, you know, contact us, and we'll come back up. And we will arrange to have someone come and teach you how to make ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 27 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 27 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    DD: Well, there was the "America I Am" exhibit that traveled across the country last year and the year before, and, um, they had a few of my items, including my SNCC ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 28 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 28 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    And I always was the experimenter, the one [1:40:00] that, um, "Okay, we have a project. Let's do it. Okay, you do it." [Laughs] And so, I said, "Okay," you know, "I'd ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 29 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 29 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    DD: And I became a member of that. [microphone noise] And so, the main thing I had to do was get the photographs together, start to look at the negatives and contact ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 30 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 30 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    DD: Well, you know, Alice Walker, um, she described it briefly. I mean I don't really go into long philosophical discussion about it. Um, I thought that what - how, uh, she, ...

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26
  • Page 31 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-04-26.

    Page 31 of Doris Adelaide Derby oral history interview conduc...

    JB: Thanks. DD: Okay. [Recording ends at 1:51:05] END OF INTERVIEW

    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Derby, Doris Adelaide
    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 2011-04-26