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  • General Lee's procession, Havana /

    General Lee's procession, Havana /

    From Edison films catalog: A magnificent view of the Prado, from the balcony of the United States Club. The procession is headed by a troop of horsemen. Prominent among them is General Lee. Then come the soldiers, file after file and company after company; filling the broad avenue from curb to curb and as far as the eye can reach with marching men. It ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1899
  • Skirmish of Rough Riders /

    Skirmish of Rough Riders /

    From Edison films catalog: Shielded by a thick bit of timber at a turn of the road stands a company of mounted men, awaiting the order to advance. In the foreground, left as the flotsam of battle, is a dead horse from the shelter of which two marksmen are picking off the enemy. Suddenly comes the command, "Forward," and the riders dash up the ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1899
  • Capture of Boer battery /

    Capture of Boer battery /

    From New York clipper: By the Gordon Highlanders. In the foreground are two Creusot guns, manned by the Dutch burghers. Smoke effects are due. The Highlanders are seen in the distance, approaching rapidly, easily distinguished by their kilts and bare legs. They sweep all before them, leaving the guns smoking and deserted as they pursue the flying Boers.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1900
  • San Francisco's future /

    San Francisco's future /

    By mid-1916, after viewing the carnage in Europe, the United States saw itself poised with great reluctance on the edge of participation in World War I. Isolationism and anti-preparedness feeling remained strong in San Francisco, not only among radicals such as the International Workers of the Worlds ("the Wobblies"), but also among responsible labor leaders. At the same time, with the rise of Bolshevism ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1916
  • Army pack train bringing supplies. /

    Army pack train bringing supplies. /

    This film highlights the role of the United States Army in transporting supplies following the 1906 earthquake and fire in San Francisco. The Army's relief operations headquarters was at their base, the Presidio, outside the burned part of the city. The Army played a major role in relief and refugee operations. In the first weeks after the fire, food, water, tents, blankets, medical supplies, ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1906
  • Sham battle at the Pan-American Exposition /

    Sham battle at the Pan-American Exposition /

    Large arches and columns are seen surrounding a flat field. In the foreground of the field, some American Indians on horseback ride toward the camera. The Indians are wearing feathers, war paint, and are carrying frontier rifles across the bare backs of their horses. In the middle of this flat area, men dressed as U.S. Army troops in battle regalia are lined up in ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1901
  • 10th U.S. Infantry, 2nd Battalion, leaving cars /

    10th U.S. Infantry, 2nd Battalion, leaving cars /

    "American infantry troops dressed in field uniforms of the Spanish-American War can be seen close to the foreground of the camera position. Three companies of men, in columns of fours, march by the camera. In the background are railroad passengers, indicating the film was photographed on a rail siding area." -- Early motion pictures : the Paper Print Collection in the Library of Congress.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • Governor Roosevelt and staff /

    Governor Roosevelt and staff /

    From the Biograph picture catalogue: 65 feet. Taken during the land parade in honor of Admiral Dewey, just before the turn into 72nd Street, with Grant's tomb and decorated residences in the background. This entire series of pictures [of the Dewey land parade] has a very high photographic quality, and the various organizations appear at their best.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1899
  • Military camp at Tampa, taken from train /

    Military camp at Tampa, taken from train /

    From Edison films "war extra" catalog: A wide plain, dotted with tents, gleaming white in the bright sunshine. Soldiers moving about everywhere, at all sorts of duties. In the background looms up a big cigar factory; giving the prosaic touch to the picture needful to bring out in sharp contrast the patriotism with which the scene inspires us. The camera was on a rapidly ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • TR reviewing and speaking to 13th Regiment at Sagamore Hill, 1917 /

    TR reviewing and speaking to 13th Regiment at Sagamore Hill, ...

    TR speaks to several unidentified people, including a man who looks like TR, on the porch at Sagamore Hill. There are two views of TR addressing soldiers assembled on the lawn of Sagamore Hill: the first segment shows TR's back as he speaks; the second is a long shot of TR, shot from the rear of the group of soldiers.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1917
  • TR's return to New York, 1910 [1].

    TR's return to New York, 1910 [1].

    On June 18, 1910, Theodore Roosevelt returned to New York City after a fifteen-month tour abroad, having travelled through Africa and western Europe. An elaborate city celebration drawing a million people marked his homecoming. Aboard the ocean liner Kaiserin Auguste Victoria ex-President and Mrs. Roosevelt were met by a revenue cutter, the Manhattan, carrying the Roosevelt children. TR then went aboard a larger cutter, ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1910
  • An historic feat /

    An historic feat /

    From the Biograph picture catalogue: 54 feet. Gen. Franklin Bell's famous mule pack train swimming the Agno River in Northern Luzon. This is one of the most notable incidents of the Philippine War. The picture has made a decided sensation wherever it has been shown.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1900
  • TR speaking to a group of men from the porch at Sagamore Hill /

    TR speaking to a group of men from the porch at Sagamore Hill /

    On May 27, 1916, groups of men, the 7th Regiment Band, and several children march on the road from the Oyster Bay railroad station to Sagamore Hill to demonstrate their support of TR for the 1916 Presidential nomination. Views of TR addressing the large crowd assembled on the lawn of Sagamore Hill. The rally was organized by the Roosevelt Non-Partisan League of New York ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1916
  • Packing ammunition on mules, Cuba /

    Packing ammunition on mules, Cuba /

    From The Phonoscope, October 1898, p. 15: Dotting the horizon on the right of the picture is the great fleet of transports, while scattered all along the beach and piled high to the left are hundreds upon hundreds of ammunition cases. Soldier boys in the foreground are packing the boxes on the patient army mules. An officer stands by bossing the job. Two boxes ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • Capture of trenches at Candaba /

    Capture of trenches at Candaba /

    From Edison films catalog: The Filipinos execute a flank movement and re-occupy the trenches, cutting off the advance guard of Americans. The rebel flag waves over the ditch and they defend their position bravely. A fierce charge by our soldiers makes them give way and they scatter in all directions. The officer in command pays dearly for his desperate sortie. Just as his horse ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1899
  • Fun in camp /

    Fun in camp /

    From Edison films catalog: Showing a group of soldiers and Red Cross nurses being amused by a number of small children who are riding upon the backs of trick bears. A remarkably fine picture, with U.S. Infantry camp in the background. 30 feet. $4.50.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1899
  • Roosevelt's Rough Riders /

    Roosevelt's Rough Riders /

    From the Biograph picture catalogue: 27 feet. A charge full of cowboy enthusiasm by Troop "I," the famous regiment, at Tampa, before its departure for the front.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • Astor Battery on parade /

    Astor Battery on parade /

    From The Phonoscope, January 1899, p. 15: As they appeared in New York on Saturday, January 21 [sic], 1899, on their return from active service in the Philippines. The picture is taken as they cross Broadway, Union Square, north. First come the mounted police, proud and prancing, then the band, then the famous Astor Battery, marching twenty-four abreast. As the second file approaches, the ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1899
  • U.S. troops landing at Daiquirí, Cuba /

    U.S. troops landing at Daiquirí, Cuba /

    "These are the first U.S. troops to land on Cuban soil, June 22, 1898. The picture shows a long perspective view of the pier at Baiquiri [sic], the point chosen so strategically for the landing of General Shafter's army. At the end of the wharf are the coal dumps and ore elevators used by the mining company operating the famous iron mines at Juragua, ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • TR reviews and addresses troops [Fort Sheridan, Ill.]; TR riding in auto, Chicago, 1917 /

    TR reviews and addresses troops [Fort Sheridan, Ill.]; TR rid...

    Two segments of TR during a midwestern speaking tour in support of military preparedness. On September 27, 1917, TR visited the officers' training camp at Fort Sheridan, Illinois. Views of troops marching past a reviewing stand for inspection by TR and several civilian and military personnel; identified on the platform with TR are Captain Georges Etienne Bertrand (wearing beret), a visiting Frenchman who instructed ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1917
  • Wounded soldiers embarking in row boats /

    Wounded soldiers embarking in row boats /

    From the Biograph picture catalogue: 27 feet. This picture was taken after the battle of Las Guaymas, and shows a large number of wounded soldiers embarking in a rowboat from an extemporized dock, on their way to the hospital ship "Olivette." A high sea was rolling in at the time, which made embarkation exceedingly difficult, and the pitiful condition of the wounded soldiers under ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • Buffalo Bill's Wild West parade /

    Buffalo Bill's Wild West parade /

    The film shows a parade down Fifth Avenue, New York. In the foreground many children, both black and white, can be seen following alongside the parade. The participants in the parade include cowboys, Indians, and soldiers in the uniform of the United States Cavalry on horseback and riding horse-drawn coaches. Buffalo Bill can be seen on horseback, lifting his hat to the crowd.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1902
  • Roosevelt's Rough Riders embarking for Santiago /

    Roosevelt's Rough Riders embarking for Santiago /

    Soldiers in Spanish-American War uniforms moving boxes towards a steamship on the dock.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • Colonel Funston swimming the Bagbag River /

    Colonel Funston swimming the Bagbag River /

    A fictionalized reenactment of an incident in the Spanish-American War when an American officer swam the Bagbag River despite the presence of enemy soldiers on the opposite shore. He jumps into the river under cover of fire by his men at the enemy, leading some on a raft, and eventually the American flag is unfurled in victory.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1899
  • TR's inauguration, 1905 [1]  /

    TR's inauguration, 1905 [1] /

    Scenes of TR's second inauguration on March 4, 1905 in Washington, D.C.: long panning shots of crowds gathered at the Capitol; on a platform erected on the East Front of the Capitol, Chief Justice Melville W. Fuller administers the presidential oath of office to TR as Chief Clerk of the Supreme Court James H. McKenney holds the Bible; TR speaks to crowd. Views of ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1905
  • Boers bringing in British prisoners /

    Boers bringing in British prisoners /

    "Here we have a mixed Company of Gordon Highlanders, Irish Fusilliers and English Lancers, as a group of prisoners taken to the rear by a troop of Boer Cavalry. The expression of their faces show who is the victor, and who the vanquished. You can read in the dust and smoke-begrimed countenances of the prisoners, the story of their stubborn resistance to superior numbers ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1900
  • U.S. cavalry supplies unloading at Tampa, Florida /

    U.S. cavalry supplies unloading at Tampa, Florida /

    "Here is a freight train of thirty cars loaded with baggage and ambulance supplies for the 9th U.S. Cavalry. In the foreground a score of troopers are pulling, lifting and hauling an ambulance from a flat car. It slides down the inclined planks with a sudden rush that makes the men "hustle" to keep it from falling off. Drill engine on the next track ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • Filipinos retreat from trenches /

    Filipinos retreat from trenches /

    "An incident of the Battle of the Trenches at Candabar [sic]. The enemy threw up a high earth embankment during the night, and are defending it with great stubbornness. The pits are crowded with Filipinos, who fire volley after volley. The artillery of the Americans plays havoc with their ranks and they fall back, leaving many dead. Their retreat is hotly covered by a ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1899
  • Troops at evacuation of Havana /

    Troops at evacuation of Havana /

    From Edison films catalog: The troops are turning into the Prado from a side street, where stands a triumphal arch erected by the Cubans; but which Gen. Brooke, the Military Governor of Cuba, would not permit to be finished, as he allowed no demonstrations of any kind. The soldiers are the First Texas troops. The streets are crowded with people. Many typical Cubans are ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1899
  • Capture of Boer battery by British /

    Capture of Boer battery by British /

    From Edison films catalog: Nothing can exceed the stubborn resistance shown by the Gordon Highlanders, as we see them steadily advancing in the face of a murderous fire of the Boers, who are making their guns speak with rapid volleys. One by one the gunners fall beside their guns, and as the smoke clears for an instant the Highlanders are seen gaining nearer and ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1900
  • 71st Regiment, Camp Wyckoff /

    71st Regiment, Camp Wyckoff /

    From the Biograph picture catalogue: 55 feet. Of the thousand and more men who left New York for the Cuban Campaign, scarcely three hundred were able to shoulder their rifles to march before the Biograph camera at Camp Wikoff. The picture shows many of the companies reduced to seven or eight men, and the whole regiment, rank and file is in a sad condition. ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • President Roosevelt and the Rough Riders /

    President Roosevelt and the Rough Riders /

    From the Biograph picture catalogue: 29 feet. This picture shows Col. Roosevelt, accompanied by Lieut. Greenway and other prominent officers of the Rough Riders, galloping up to his headquarters, where he dismounts and walks into his tent. This view was taken in the camp with the Rough Riders, and is an excellent picture of Col. Roosevelt in the environment he loves so well.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • Trick bears /

    Trick bears /

    77519 U.S. Copyright Office Copyright: Thomas A. Edison; 27Nov1899; 77519. Duration: 1:49 at 16 fps. Filmed ca. June to September 1899, probably in Orange, New Jersey. Sources used: Copyright catalog, motion pictures, 1894-1912; Musser, C. Edison motion pictures 1890-1900, 1997, p. 526; Niver, K.R. Early motion pictures, 1985. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as digital files.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1899
  • TR's reception in Albuquerque, N.M., 1916 /

    TR's reception in Albuquerque, N.M., 1916 /

    TR is cordially received on October 23, 1916 in Albuquerque, N.M. where he speaks on behalf of the Republican presidential candidate, Charles Evans Hughes, and attacks President Wilson's Mexican policies. There are long shots of TR being greeted in the courtyard of the Alvarado Hotel; TR walks with a group of men that includes former Rough Rider George Curry, appointed territorial Governor of New ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1916
  • Advance of Kansas Volunteers at Caloocan /

    Advance of Kansas Volunteers at Caloocan /

    "From the thick underbrush where the Filipinos are massed comes volley after volley. They are making one of those determined stands that marks Caloocan as the bloodiest battle of the Filipino rebellion. Suddenly, with impetuous rush, Funston's men appear. They pause but for a moment, to fire, reload and fire. The color bearer falls, but the standard is caught up by brave Sergeant Squires ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1899
  • AWOL, all wrong old Laddiebuck /

    AWOL, all wrong old Laddiebuck /

    From J. McIntire, Silent animated films at the Library of Congress: Concerns American soldiers in Europe after the armstice [sic]. One goes AWOL with "Joy" (Miss AWOL) and after a series of mishaps with her, he is thrown in a guard house while his fellow soldiers go home. From Origin of American animation 1900-1921 notes: A cautionary tale for troops impatient to return home ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1919
  • McKinley and party /

    McKinley and party /

    From the Biograph picture catalogue: 54 feet. This picture has been very popular wherever it has been shown on the Biograph. To begin with, the film is unusually fine photographically, and the picture is taken from a point of view which shows the immense distances of Camp Wikoff with its multitude of tents in the background. The President, with Vice-President Hobart and Secretary of ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • 9th Infantry boys' morning wash /

    9th Infantry boys' morning wash /

    "Imagine forty or fifty soldier boys each with a pail of water on the ground before him, sousing and spattering and scrubbing away for dear life. Soap and towels too. Every man jack of them looks as if he were enjoying the wash immensely, and also the novelty of having his picture taken. The big fellow in the center of the picture is laughing ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • Trained cavalry horses /

    Trained cavalry horses /

    From Edison films catalog: Shows the wonderful intelligence of these Troop F, 6th U.S. Cavalry, horses. At a command they lie down promptly, and at another order scramble to their feet. 50 feet. $7.50.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • TR with Rough Rider friends /

    TR with Rough Rider friends /

    Scenes of TR in a western setting; the man on TR's immediate left appears to be Albert B. Fall, Senator from New Mexico (1913-1921) and four unidentified men, two wearing Western hats, who may be Rough Riders; a woman is barely visible directly behind TR.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 191?
  • Troops making military road in front of Santiago /

    Troops making military road in front of Santiago /

    "Here is a detail of the 34th Michigan Regiment engaged in road making. Under command of Captain Dodd of Troop E, 3rd Regular Cavalry, they are road making, that the siege guns may go to the front. The chaparral and thick underbrush has been cleared away, and the soldiers are working with picks and shovels, to make the way passable"--The Phonoscope.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • Transport "Whitney" leaving dock /

    Transport "Whitney" leaving dock /

    From Edison films "war extra" catalog: This boat was the first one to leave for the South with troops. On board is a battalion of the 5th U.S. Infantry. She is a sidewheeler, and the churn of her wide paddles makes the white foam seethe and boil as she backs out of the dock. The constant seesaw of the walking beam on the upper ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • TR in San Francisco, 1903 /

    TR in San Francisco, 1903 /

    The following is a scene-by-scene description of the film: The camera was positioned on the southeast corner of O'Farrell Street and Van Ness Avenue, and pans from north to west to south, and then back to west. [Frame: 0100] The view is north on Van Ness Avenue toward the approaching band and cavalry. Students of Whittier School are in the foreground. [0604] The band ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1903
  • Major General Shafter /

    Major General Shafter /

    "The commander of the 5th Army Corps rides forward with a party of officers. He wears a white helmet, a broad expanse of shirt bosom and a general air of avoirdupois. 50 feet"--Edison films catalog.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • [TR's inaugural ceremony, 1905] /

    [TR's inaugural ceremony, 1905] /

    On Mar. 4, 1905, TR is inaugurated in Washington, D.C. with much celebration and fanfare. TR rides in an open landau on Fifteenth St., NW, escorted by mounted Rough Riders; Secret Service men and detectives walk on either side of the carriage; TR tips his hat to the crowd. Sitting beside him is Sen. John C. Spooner of Wis., Chairman of the joint Congressional ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1905
  • Blanket-tossing a new recruit /

    Blanket-tossing a new recruit /

    "Company F, 1st Ohio Volunteers, initiating a new man. Nineteen times he bounces in the blanket, and each toss is funnier than the last one. 50 feet"--Edison films catalog.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • Colored troops disembarking /

    Colored troops disembarking /

    "The steamer "Mascotte" has reached her dock at Port Tampa, and the 2d Battalion of Colored Infantry is going ashore. Tide is very high, and the gang plank is extra steep; and it is laughable to see the extreme caution displayed by the soldiers clambering down. The commanding officer struts on the wharf, urging them to hurry. Two boat stewards in glistening white duck ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • [Quentin Roosevelt]; Clemenceau and Foch, 1917-1919 /

    [Quentin Roosevelt]; Clemenceau and Foch, 1917-1919 /

    Film appears to have been photographed in France during WWI. Medium close shot of Quentin Roosevelt with a small building in background; brief shot of French and American officers, including Lieutenant Edward V. Rickenbacker at immediate right, talking; view of a troop train moving through a European town as people line the tracks waving to soldiers. Final sequence is medium close panning shots, from ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1918
  • 25th Infantry /

    25th Infantry /

    From the Biograph picture catalogue: Gen. Frederick D. Grant and Gen. A.S. Burt [commander of the 25th Infantry Regiment] returning from Mt. Ariat [sic], at the head of the famous 25th Infantry, colored.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1900
  • TR's sons' regiments during war, 1917-1918 [1] /

    TR's sons' regiments during war, 1917-1918 [1] /

    Soldiers walk in formation on a road accompanied by several mounted men. Because of the soldiers' heavy clothing, it must be winter. This group may be the 26th Infantry, Theodore and Archibald Roosevelt's regiment. Following sequence is of biplanes flying in formation; third sequence is shot at a hangar where men appear to be preparing a plane for flight. The second and third sequences ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1918
  • General Wheeler and Secretary Alger /

    General Wheeler and Secretary Alger /

    From the Biograph picture catalogue: 25 feet. This picture was taken in front of Gen. Wheeler's headquarters at Camp Wikoff during Gen. Alger's tour of inspection of the camp. The two distinguished military men are seen overlooking the immense camp ground, and then turning and walking toward the camera. The negative is very fine photographically, and the portraiture unexcelled.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • U.S. Infantry supported by Rough Riders at El Caney /

    U.S. Infantry supported by Rough Riders at El Caney /

    From Edison films catalog: Up the road comes a detachment of infantry, firing, advancing, kneeling and firing, again and again. The advance of the foot soldiers is followed by a troop of Rough Riders, riding like demons, yelling and firing revolvers as they pass out of sight. Other troops follow in quick succession, pressing on to front. 100 feet. $15.00

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1899
  • Troop ships for the Philippines /

    Troop ships for the Philippines /

    Shows the departure from San Francisco of two troop ships, the S.S. Australia and the S.S. City of Sydney, bound for Manila during the Spanish-American War. The first ship shown is the Australia with many troops on deck, some waving. The ship's name is visible on the hull at the end of the sequence. The second ship, the City of Sydney, is shown being ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • Troops embarking at San Francisco /

    Troops embarking at San Francisco /

    This film shows troops of the First Regiment, California Volunteers, boarding the Pacific Mail steamer City of Peking to serve in the Philippine theater of the Spanish-American War. The film was shot at the Pacific Mail Steamship Company dock between 10:50am and 1:50pm on Friday, May 13, 1898. The dock was located at First Street between Brannan and Townsend streets, and is now a ...

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898
  • Soldiers washing dishes /

    Soldiers washing dishes /

    Some men in military uniform, others in civilian clothes, bringing cups and cutlery to wash, tents and building in background. Actual washing not shown.

    • Original Format: Film, Video
    • Date: 1898